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Connexipedia Title Index


ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ

    A

    1. Abahlali baseMjondolo
      Connexipedia Article
      A shack-dwellers' movement in South Africa.
    2. Abbey, Edward
      Connexipedia Article
      American author and essayist noted for his advocacy of environmental issues and criticism of public land policies. (1927-1989).
    3. Abdi, Dekha Ibrahim
      Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
      A global peacemaker from rural Kenya who has engaged in peace work and conflict resolution in many of the world's most divided countries. Her comprehensive methodology combines grassroots activism, soft but uncompromising leadership, and spiritual motivation drawing on the teachings of Islam. (Born 1964).
    4. Abolition of Slavery Timeline
      Connexipedia Article
      Timelines tracing abolition in specific countries, abolition of the trade in slaves and abolition throughout empires.
    5. Abolitionism
      Connexipedia Article
      A movement in Western Europe and the Americas to end the slave trade and emancipate slaves.
    6. Abu-Jamal, Mumia
      Connexipedia Article
      An African-American activist who was convicted and sentenced to death for the 1981 murder of a Philadelphia police officer. His conviction was based on dubious evidence and dubious legal proceedings. (Born 1954).
    7. Academic Boycott of South Africa
      Connexipedia Article
    8. Accumulation by Dispossession
      Connexipedia Article
    9. Action T4
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      Action T4 (German: Aktion T4) was an euthanasia program implemented in Nazi Germany, officially, from October 1939 until August 1941, however, it continued unofficially until the demise of the Nazi regime in 1945 and even beyond.
    10. Active listening
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      Active listening is a communication technique that requires the listener to understand, interpret, and evaluate what they hear.
    11. Adalen shootings
      Connexipedia Article
      A series of events in and around the sawmill district of Ådalen, Kramfors Municipality, Ångermanland, Sweden, in May 1931 during which five persons were killed by Swedish military troops called in as reinforcements by the police.
    12. Adorno, Theodor W.
      Connexipedia Article
      German-born international intellectual, sociologist, philosopher, musicologist, and composer. (1903-1969).
    13. Advocacy Journalism
      Connexipedia Article
      A genre of journalism that intentionally and transparently adopts a non-objective viewpoint, usually for some social or political purpose.
    14. African Mine Workers' Strike of 1946
      Connexipedia Article
      A strike, by mine workers of Witwatersrand, which started on August 12, 1946 and lasted around 1 week. The strike was attacked by police and over the week, at least 1,248 workers were wounded and at least 9 killed.
    15. African slave trade
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      African slaves became part of the Atlantic slave trade, from which comes the modern, Western conception of slavery, as an institution of African-descended slaves and non-African slave owners.
    16. Ageism
      Connexipedia Article
      Also called age discrimination, it is stereotyping of and discrimination against individuals or groups because of their age.
    17. Agent provocateur
      Connexipedia Article
      A person employed by the police or other entity to act undercover to entice or provoke another person to commit an illegal act.
    18. Aggett, Neil
      Connexipedia Article
      South African physician and labour activist who was tortured and killed by the apartheid 'security forces'. (1953-1982).
    19. Algerian War of Independence
      Connexipedia Article
      A conflict between France and Algerian independence movements from 1954 to 1962, which led to Algeria gaining its independence from France.
    20. Ali, Tariq
      Connexipedia Article
      Historian, novelist, filmmaker, political campaigner, and commentator. (Born 1943).
    21. Alienation
      Connexipedia: Entry in Encyclopedia of Marxism Glossary of Terms
      The process whereby people become foreign to the world they are living in.
    22. Alienation, Marx's theory of
      Connexipedia Article
      As expressed in the writings of the young Karl Marx, refers to the separation of things that naturally belong together, or to put antagonism between things that are properly in harmony. In the concept's most important use, it refers to the social alienation of people from aspects of their "human nature". He believed that alienation is a systematic result of capitalism.
    23. Alinsky, Saul
      Connexipedia Article
      American community organizer and writer. (1909-1972).
    24. Allende, Salvador
      Connexipedia Article
      Democratically elected socialist president of Chile, overthrown and killed in a coup engineered by the CIA. (1908-1973).
    25. Almada, Martín
      Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
      Paraguayan human rights activist known for his outstanding courage in bringing torturers to justice, and promoting democracy, human rights and sustainable development. (Born 1937).
    26. Almanac Singers
      Connexipedia Article
      Group of American folk musicians specialized in topical songs, especially songs connected with union organizing.
    27. Alter-globalization
      Connexipedia Article
      A social movement that supports global cooperation and interaction, but which opposes the negative effects of economic globalization.
    28. Alternative Media
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
    29. Alternative media
      Connexipedia Article
      Media (newspapers, radio, television, movies, Internet, etc.) which are alternatives to the business or government-owned mass media.
    30. American Anti-Slavery Society
      Connexipedia Article
      An abolitionist society (1833-1870) founded by William Lloyd Garrison and Arthur Tappan.
    31. American Civil War
      Connexipedia Article
      Also known as the War Between the States and several other names, this was a civil war in the United States of America in which eleven Southern slave states declared their secession from the United States.
    32. American Indian Movement
      Connexipedia Article
      Native American activist organization in the United States which has led protests advocating indigenous American rights, inspired cultural renewal, monitored police activities, and coordinated employment programs in cities and in rural reservation communities across the country.
    33. American Nazi Party
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      The American Nazi Party (ANP) was founded by retired U.S. Navy Commander George Lincoln Rockwell. The party was based largely upon the ideals and policies of Adolf Hitler's NSDAP in Germany during the Third Reich but also expressed allegiance to the Constitutional principles of the U.S.'s Founding Fathers.
    34. American Revolution
      Connexipedia Article
      The American Revolution is the political upheaval during the last half of the 18th century in which thirteen of Britain's colonies in North America at first rejected the governance of the Parliament of Great Britain, and later the British monarchy itself, to become the sovereign United States of America.
    35. Amish
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      The Amish or Amish Mennonites are a group of Christian church fellowships that form a subgroup of the Mennonite churches. The Amish are known for simple living, plain dress, and a reluctance to adopt many conveniences of modern technology.
    36. Anabaptist
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      Anabaptists are Christians of the Radical Reformation of 16th-century Europe, and their direct descendents, particularly the Amish, Brethren, Hutterites, and Mennonites.
    37. Anarchism and Marxism
      Connexipedia Article
      Political movements focused on achieving human liberation through political action.
    38. Anarchist communism
      Connexipedia Article
      A theory of anarchism which advocates the abolition of the state, private property, and capitalism in favor of common ownership of the means of production, direct or consensus democracy and a horizontal network of voluntary associations, workers' councils, and a gift economy through which everyone will be free to satisfy their needs.
    39. Anarchist Periodicals: List of anarchist periodicals - Wikipedia
      Connexipedia Article
      A chronoligical list of anarchist periodicals.
    40. Anarchist St. Imier International
      Connexipedia Article
      An international anarchist organization formed in 1872.
    41. Anarcho-capitalism
      Connexipedia
      Anarcho-capitalists hold that "anarchy", meaning "without rulers", implies that people should be free to own property and engage in business. They hold that preventing them from voluntarily doing so would be a form of institutionalized coercion, and therefore by definition not anarchy. They accept that this would mean some inequality in society, but they argue that equality must not be enforced by social coercion.
    42. Anarcho-pacifism
      Connexipedia Article
      A form of anarchism which completely rejects the use of violence in any form for any purpose.
    43. Anarcho-syndicalism
      Connexipedia Article
    44. Anderson, Doris
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Canadian author, journalist and women's rights activist. (1921-2007).
    45. Anderson, Doris
      Connexipedia: Article in Library and Archives Canada
      Canadian author, journalist and women's rights activist. (1921-2007).
    46. Anschluss
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      The Anschluss, also known as the Anschluss Osterreichs, was the occupation and annexation of Austria into Nazi Germany in 1938.
    47. Anthony, Susan B.
      Connexipedia Article
      American civil rights leader who played a pivotal role in the 19th century women's rights movement to introduce women's suffrage into the United States. (1820-1906).
    48. Anti-abortion violence
      Connexipedia Article
      Violence committed against individuals and organizations that provide abortion.
    49. Anti-capitalism
      Connexipedia Article
      Describes a wide variety of movements, ideas, and attitudes which oppose capitalism.
    50. Anti-consumerism
      Connexipedia Article
      The socio-political movement against consumerism, the equation of personal happiness with consumption and the purchase of material possessions.
    51. Anti-globalization movement
      Connexipedia Article
      Critical of the globalization of capitalism. The movement is also commonly referred to as the global justice movement, alter-globalization movement, anti-corporate globalization movement, or movement against neoliberal globalization.
    52. Anti-intellectualism
      Connexipedia Article
      The hostility towards and mistrust of intellect, intellectuals, and intellectual pursuits, usually expressed as the derision of education, philosophy, literature, art, and science.
    53. Anti-nuclear movement
      Connexipedia Article
      A international movement against the use of nuclear power and nuclear weapons.
    54. Anti-Socialist Laws
      Connexipedia Article
      Were a series of acts, the first of which was passed on October 19, 1878 by the German Reichstag for a limited term, and the later ones regularly extending the term of its application.
    55. Anti-Comintern Pact
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      The Anti-Comintern Pact was concluded between Nazi Germany and Japan (later to be joined by other countries) on November 25, 1936 and was directed against the Communist International (Comintern), an organ of the Soviet Union.
    56. Anti-Apartheid Movement (British)
      Connexipedia Article
    57. Anti-statism
      Connexipedia Article
    58. Arab Revolt (1916 - 1918)
      Connexipedia Article
      Was initiated by the Sherif Hussein ibn Ali with the aim of securing independence from the ruling Ottoman Turks and creating a single unified Arab state spanning from Aleppo in Syria to Aden in Yemen.
    59. Arab slave trade
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      The Arab slave trade was the practice of slavery in the Arab World, mainly Western Asia, North Africa, East Africa and certain parts of Europe (such as Iberia and southern Italy) during their period of domination by Arab leaders.
    60. Arbeiter-Illustrierte-Zeitung
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      Arbeiter-Illustrierte-Zeitung or AIZ (in English, The Workers Pictorial Newspaper) was a weekly German illustrated magazine published between 1924 and 1938 in Berlin and later in Prague. Anti-Fascist and pro-Communist, it was published by Willi Munzenberg and is best remembered for the brilliantly propagandistic photomontages of John Heartfield.
    61. Arbeter Fraynd
      Connexipedia Article
      Meaning "Worker's Friend" in Yiddish, was a London-based weekly Yiddish radical paper founded in 1885 by socialist Morris Winchevsky.
    62. Argentina: Documents from the History of the Left in Argentina
      Documents from Juan Peron and Peronism. Documents from Argentine Trotskyism.
    63. Arizona Copper Mine Strike of 1983
      Connexipedia Article
      Dispute between the Phelps Dodge Corporation and a unionized copper miners.
    64. Art of the Third Reich
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      The Art of the Third Reich, the officially approved art produced in Nazi Germany between 1933 and 1945, was characterized by a style of Romantic realism based on classical models.
    65. Arumer Zwarte Hoop
      Connexipedia Article
      An army of peasant rebels in Friesland fighting the Dutch authorities from 1515 to 1523.
    66. Arvida Strike
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Began July 24, 1941 when some 700 workers in the Aluminium Co. of Canada (Alcan) in Arvida, Québec, spontaneously walked off the job.
    67. Asamblea Popular de los Pueblos de Oaxaca
      Connexipedia Article
      An organization that came together in response to the political situation in the Mexican state of Oaxaca, first meeting in June 2006.
    68. Asbestos Strike
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      The Asbestos Strike of 1949, based in and around Asbestos, Quebec, Canada, was a four-month labour dispute by the asbestos miners.
    69. Asbestos Strike
      Connexipedia Article
      The Asbestos Strike of 1949, based in and around Asbestos, Quebec, Canada, was a four-month labour dispute by the asbestos miners.
    70. Asch, Moses
      Connexipedia Article
      Founder of Folkways Records. The label, founded in 1948, was instrumental in bringing folk music into the American mainstream. (1905-1986).
    71. Atlantic slave trade
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      The Atlantic slave trade, also known as the transatlantic slave trade, was the enslavement and transportation, primarily of African people, to the colonies of the New World that occurred in and around the Atlantic Ocean.
    72. Auschwitz concentration camp
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      Auschwitz (German: Konzentrationslager Auschwitz) was a network of concentration and extermination camps built and operated in Polish areas annexed by Nazi Germany during the Second World War.
    73. Ausserparlamentarische Opposition
      Connexipedia Article
      Was a political protest movement active in West Germany during the latter half of the 1960s and early 1970s, forming a central part of the German student movement.
    74. Australian History Archive
      Documents on socialist history in Australia
    75. Australian maritime dispute of 1890
      Connexipedia Article
      Was the first of four great strikes that rocked Australasia in the 1890s, which caused political and social turmoil across all Australian colonies and in New Zealand, including the collapse of colonial governments in the colonies of Victoria and New South Wales.
    76. Australian shearers' strike of 1891
      Connexipedia Article
      One of Australia's oldest and most important industrial disputes. Working conditions for sheep shearers in 19th century Australia were considered by those in the industry to be less than optimal. In 1891 wool was one of Australia's largest industries. But as the wool industry grew, so did the number and influence of shearers.
    77. Australian waterfront dispute of 1998
      Connexipedia Article
      Severe and protracted industrial relations dispute, primarily between the Maritime Union of Australia (MUA) and Patrick Corporation, a stevedoring and transportation company.
    78. Auto-Lite strike
      Connexipedia Article
      A strike against the Electric Auto-Lite company of Toledo, Ohio, from April 12 to June 3, 1934.
    79. Autonomism
      Connexipedia Article
      A set of left-wing political and social movements and theories close to the socialist movement. Autonomism (autonomia), as an identifiable theoretical system, first emerged in Italy in the 1960s from workerist (operaismo) communism.
    80. Avnery, Uri
      Connexipedia Article
      Israeli writer, human rights activist, and founder of the Gush Shalom peace movement. (Born 1923).
    81. Avnery, Uri and Rachel
      Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
      Israeli human rights activists, founders of the Gush Shalom peace movement.
    82. Aztec slavery
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      In the structure of the Aztec or Mexica society, Slaves or tlacotin (distinct from war captives) also constituted an important class. This slavery was very different from what Europeans of the same period were to establish in their colonies, although it had much in common with the slaves of classical antiquity.

    B

    1. Baby Scoop Era
      Wikipedia article
    2. Back-to-the-land movement
      Connexipedia Article
      Refers to a North American social phenomenon of the 1960s and 1970s involving an attempted migration from cities to rural areas.
    3. Bacon's Rebellion
      Connexipedia Article
      An uprising in which poor whites and poor blacks united against Natives.
    4. Baez, Joan
      Connexipedia Article
      Folk singer, songwriter and activist. (Born 1941).
    5. Baker, Ella
      Connexipedia Article
      African American civil rights and human rights activis. (1903-1986).
    6. Bakunin, Mikhail
      Connexipedia Article
      Russian anarchist and revolutionary. (1814-1876).
    7. Banana massacre
      Connexipedia Article
      Matanza de las bananeras or Masacre de las bananeras was a massacre of workers for the United Fruit Company that occurred on December 6, 1928 in the town of Ciénaga near Santa Marta, Colombia.
    8. Barlow, Maude
      Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
      Canadian auther and activist. National chairperson of the Council of Canadians, a citizens# advocacy organization, co-founder of the Blue Planet Project, and an executive member of the International Forum on Globalization. (Born 1947).
    9. Barlow, Maude
      Connexipedia Article
      Canadian auther and activist. National chairperson of the Council of Canadians, a citizens# advocacy organization, co-founder of the Blue Planet Project, and an executive member of the International Forum on Globalization. (Born 1947).
    10. Barter
      Connexipedia Article
      Bartering is a medium in which goods or services are directly exchanged for other goods and/or services without a common unit of exchange (without the use of money).
    11. Barthel, Kurt
      Connexipedia Article
      The father of the modern United States nudist movement.
    12. Battle of Ballantyne Pier
      Connexipedia Article
      A clash between city, provincial, and federal police and Communist-led protesters on 18 June 1935 in the East End of Vancouver.
    13. Battle of Blair Mountain
      Connexipedia Article
      In 1921 between 10,000 and 15,000 coal miners confronted company-paid private detectives in an effort to unionize the southwestern West Virginia mine counties.
    14. Battle of Matewan
      Connexipedia Article
      A shootout in the coal company town of Matewan, West Virginia on May 19, 1920.
    15. Battle of Orgreave
      Connexipedia Article
      A confrontation between police and picketing miners at a British Steel coking plant in Orgreave, South Yorkshire, in 1984, during the UK miners' strike.
    16. Battle of Valle Giulia
      Connexipedia Article
      A clash between Italian left-wing militants and the Italian police at Valle Giulia, in Rome, on March 1, 1968.
    17. Battleship Potemkin
      Connexipedia Article
      A Russian ship on which the crew rebelled against their oppressive officers in June 1905 (during the Russian Revolution of 1905).
    18. Baxandall, Lee
      Connexipedia Article
      American writer, translator, editor, and activist, first known for his New Left engagement with cultural topics and then as a leader of the naturist movement. (1935-2008).
    19. Bay View Massacre
      Connexipedia Article
      A massacre of demonstrators by the Wisconsin National Guard.
    20. Beat Generation
      Connexipedia Article
      A group of American writers who came to prominence in the 1950s, and the cultural phenomena that they wrote about and inspired.
    21. Beatnik
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      Beatnik, a media stereotype of the 1950s and early 1960s, was a synthesis of the more superficial aspects of the Beat Generation literary movement of the 1950s into violent film images, a cartoonish misrepresentation of the real-life people and spiritual aspects in Jack Kerouac's autobiographical fiction.
    22. Beauvoir, Simone de
      Connexipedia Article
      French writer, philosopher, feminist, and social theorist. (1908-1986).
    23. Bebel, August
      Connexipedia Article
      German social democrat who was one of the founders of the Social Democratic Party of Germany. (1840-1913).
    24. Beer Hall Putsch
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      The Beer Hall Putsch was a failed attempt at revolution that occurred between the evening of 8 November and the early afternoon of 9 November 1923, when Nazi Party leader Adolf Hitler, Generalquartiermeister Erich Ludendorff, and other heads of the Kampfbund unsuccessfully tried to seize power in Munich, Bavaria and Germany.
    25. Befreiungstheologie
      Connexipedia
    26. Bello, Walden
      Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
      Filipino author, academic, and political analyst. (Born 1945).
    27. Benjamin, Walter
      Connexipedia Article
      German-Jewish Marxist, literary critic, essayist, translator, and philosopher. (1892-1940).
    28. Berger, John
      Connexipedia Article
      English art critic, novelist, painter and author. (Born 1926).
    29. Berkman, Alexander
      Connexipedia Article
      Anarchist known for his political activism and writing. (1870-1936).
    30. Berman, Marshall
      Connexipedia Article
      American philosopher and Marxist Humanist writer. (Born 1940).
    31. Bernstein, Eduard
      Connexipedia Article
      German social democratic theoretician and politician, a member of the SPD, and the theorist of "evolutionary socialism" and revisionism. (1850-1932).
    32. Berrigan, Daniel
      Connexipedia Article
      American poet, peace activist, and Roman Catholic priest. (Born 1921).
    33. Bertell, Rosalie
      Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
      Canadian-American researcher who has worked in the field of environmental health. (Born 1929).
    34. Berton, Pierre
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Journalist, historian, media personality. (1920-2004).
    35. Berton, Pierre
      Connexipedia Article
      Journalist, historian, media personality. (1920-2004).
    36. Besant, Annie
      Connexipedia Article
      Theosophist, women's rights activist, writer and orator, and supporter of Irish and Indian self rule. (1847-1933).
    37. Bethune, Norman
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Canadian Communist physician, and medical innovator who developed the first mobile blood-transfusion service in Spain in 1936. (1890-1939).
    38. Bethune, Norman
      Connexipedia Article
      Canadian Communist physician, and medical innovator who developed the first mobile blood-transfusion service in Spain in 1936. (1890-1939).
    39. Bhatt, Ela
      Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
      Advocate for self-employed women. Winner of the Right Livelihood Award in 1984. (Born 1933).
    40. Bibb, Henry
      Connexipedia Article
      Author and abolitionist who was born a slave. (1815-1854).
    41. The Bible and slavery
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      The Bible contains several references to slavery. The Bible nowhere explicitly condemns slavery, but allowed a regulated practice of it, especially under the Old Testament.
    42. Big Bear
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Cree leader who was involved in the North-West Resistance and subsequently imprisonedt. (1825-1888).
    43. Big Bear
      Connexipedia Article
      Cree leader who was involved in the North-West Resistance and subsequently imprisoned. (1825-1888).
    44. Biodiversity
      Connexipedia Article
      The variation of life forms within a given ecosystem, biome, or for the entire Earth.
    45. Bioregionalism
      Connexipedia Article
      A political, cultural, and environmental system based on naturally-defined areas called bioregions, or ecoregions. Bioregions are defined through physical and environmental features, including watershed boundaries and soil and terrain characteristics. Bioregionalism stresses that the determination of a bioregion is also a cultural phenomenon, and emphasizes local populations, knowledge, and solutions.
    46. Birney, Alfred Earle
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Canadian poet, twice winner of the Governor General's Award for Literature. (1904-1995).
    47. Biró, András
      Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
      Advcoate for Roma self-reliance and founder of the Hungarian Foundation for Self-Reliance (HFSR). (Born 1925).
    48. Bisexual community
      Connexipedia Article
      People who are bisexual, pansexual or queer-identified and their allies.
    49. Bisexuality
      Connexipedia Article
      Sexual behavior with or physical attraction to both sexes (male and female), or a bisexual orientation.
    50. Bituminous Coal Strike of 1974
      Connexipedia Article
      A 28-day national coal strike in the United States led by the United Mine Workers of America,
    51. Black Bloc
      Connexipedia Article
      People who engage in protests wearing black clothing and masks and engaging in property damage. The tactic was developed in the 1980s by anti-nuclear activist autonomists, and was subsequently adopted by some anarchists, as well as some right-wing groups such as the autonomous nationalists of Europe. Black blocs lend themselves to infiltration by police and agents provocateurs, and it has often been alleged that their primary function, whether intentional or not, is to provide a pretext for police repression.
    52. Black Brigades
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      Fascist paramilitary groups forming a bloc operating in the Italian Social Republic (in northern Italy), during the final years of World War II, and after the signing of the Italian Armistice in 1943.
    53. Black Codes (United States)
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      The Black Codes were laws passed on the state and local level in the United States to limit the basic human rights and civil liberties of blacks.
    54. The Black Dwarf
      Connexipedia Article
      A political and cultural newspaper published between May 1968 and 1972 by a collective of socialists in the United Kingdom.
    55. Black Hundreds
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      An ultra-nationalist bloc in Russia in the early 20th century noted for their direct action methods, including pogroms and terrorist attacks against liberals and leftists.
    56. Black Liberation Army
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      The Black Liberation Army (BLA) was an underground, black nationalist-Marxist militant organization that operated in the United States from 1970 to 1981.
    57. Black Native Americans in the United States
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      Black Native Americans is a term that refers to people of African-American descent, usually with significant Native American ancestry, who also have strong ties to Native American culture, social, and historical traditions.
    58. Black Panther Party
      Connexipedia Article
      African-American organization established to promote Black Power.
    59. Black Seminoles
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      The descendants of free blacks and some runaway slaves (maroons), mostly Gullahs who escaped from coastal South Carolina and Georgia rice plantations into the Spanish Florida wilderness beginning as early as the late 17th century. By the early 19th century, they had often formed communities near the Seminole Indians.
    60. Blackshirts
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      Fascist paramilitary groups in Italy who dressed in black, and assembled in blocs to attack unionists and leftists. Subsequently fascist groups in Germany and Britain also dressed in black and used similar direct action tactics.
    61. Blair, Elgin
      Obituary of Connexions collective member Elgin Blair. (Died 1989).
    62. Blake, William
      Connexipedia Article
      English poet, painter, and printmaker. Considered a seminal figure in the history of both the poetry and visual arts of the Romantic Age. (1757-1827).
    63. Blanqui, Louis Auguste
      Connexipedia Article
      French political activist, founder of the revolutionary theory of Blanquism. (1805-1881).
    64. Blockleiter
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      In Nazi Germany, a Blockleiter (block leader) was the lowest official of the NSDAP, responsible for the political supervision of a neighbourhood or city block and formed the link between the NSDAP and the general population.
    65. Blood and soil
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      Blood and Soil (German: Blut und Boden) refers to an ideology that focuses on ethnicity based on two factors, descent (Blood (of a folk)) and homeland/Heimat (Soil). It celebrates the relationship of a people to the land they occupy and cultivate, and it places a high value on the virtues of rural living.
    66. Boff, Leonardo
      Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
      A theologian, philosopher and writer, known for his active support for the rights of the poor and excluded. One of the founders of liberation theology. (Born 1938).
    67. Boggs, Grace Lee
      Connexipedia Article
      A Chinese-American author, anti-racist activist and feminist. (Born 1915).
    68. Bolívar, Simón
      Connexipedia Article
      South American political leader who played a key role in Latin America's successful struggle for independence from Spain. (1783-1830).
    69. Bolivian gas conflict
      Connexipedia Article
      A social confrontation in Bolivia centering on the exploitation of the country's vast natural gas reserves.
    70. Bolotnikov, Ivan
      Connexipedia Article
      The leader of a popular uprising in Russia known as the Bolotnikov rebellion. (Died 1608).
    71. Bolshevik Party
      Entry in the Marxists Internet Archive Glossary
      The Bolshevik party led the Russian Revolution of 1917.
    72. The Bolsheviks
      Index to the biographies and writings of members of the Party that made the October 1917 Revolution in Russia.
    73. Bombing of Guernica
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      The bombing of Guernica (April 26, 1937) was an aerial attack on the Basque town of Guernica, causing widespread destruction and civilian deaths during the Spanish Civil War.
    74. Bonus Army
      Connexipedia Article
      The Bonus Army was the popular name of an assemblage of some 43,000 marchers—17,000 World War I veterans, their families, and affiliated groups—who gathered in Washington, D.C., in the spring and summer of 1932 to demand immediate cash-payment redemption of their service certificates.
    75. Booi Aha
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      Booi Aha is a Manchu word literally meaning "household person", referring to a hereditarily servile people in the 17th century China. It is often directly translated as the "bondservant", although sometimes also rendered as "Nucai" or "slave".
    76. Bookchin, Murray
      Connexipedia Article
      American libertarian socialist-anarchist, political and social philosopher, environmentalist, conservationist, atheist, speaker, and writer. (1921-2006).
    77. Books banned by governments, list of
      Connexipedia Article
      This article intends to list works, such as novels, nonfiction books, short stories, and essays that have banned by governments over time.
    78. Bordiga, Amadeo
      Connexipedia Article
      Italian Marxist, contributor to Communist theory, founder of the Communist Party of Italy, leader of the Communist International and, after World War II, leading figure of the International Communist Party. (1889-1970).
    79. Borsodi, Ralph
      Connexipedia Article
      Economic theorist and practical experimenter interested in ways of living useful to the modern person or family desiring greater self-direction and self-reliance. (1886-1977).
    80. Boston Police Strike
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      In the Boston Police Strike, the Boston police rank and file went out on strike on September 9, 1919 in order to achieve recognition for their trade union and improvements in wages and working conditions.
    81. Boycott
      Connexipedia Article
      A boycott is a form of consumer activism involving the act of voluntarily abstaining from using, buying, or dealing with a person, organization, or country as an expression of protest, usually for political reasons.
    82. Bread and Roses
      Connexipedia Article
      The slogan "Bread and Roses" originated in a poem of that name by James Oppenheim, published in The American Magazine in December 1911, which attributed it to "the women in the West." It is commonly associated with a textile strike in Lawrence, Massachusetts during January-March 1912, now often known as the "Bread and Roses strike".
    83. Brecht, Bertolt
      Connexipedia Article
      German poet, playwright, theatre director, and radical. (1898-1956).
    84. Brethren of the Common Life
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      The Brethren of the Common Life was a Roman Catholic pietist religious community founded in the 14th century by Gerard Groote, formerly a successful and worldly educator who had had a religious experience and preached a life of simple devotion to Jesus Christ.
    85. Bridges, Harry
      Connexipedia Article
      Australian-American union leader in the ILWU, a longshore (dock) and warehouse workers' union on the West Coast, Hawai'i and Alaska. (1901-1990).
    86. Brinton, Maurice
      Connexipedia Article
      Libertarian socialist writer and neurologist. (1923-2005).
    87. Brisbane general strike of 1912
      Connexipedia Article
      The 1912 Brisbane General Strike in Queensland, Australia, began when members of the Australian Tramway Employees Association were dismissed when they wore union badges to work.
    88. Britain - Its contribution to Socialism, Marxism and Workers' Organisation
      Links to writings from the history of the British Isles, relevant to the development of socialist ideas and Marxism.
    89. British Columbia Woodworkers' Strike
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      15 May - 20 June 1946. Twenty-seven thousand workers in both the coast and interior regions, led by district president Harold Pritchett, struck when demands for a 25-cent hourly increase, a 40-hour week, union shop and mandatory dues check-off were refused by Stuart Research Service, the bargaining agent for 145 coast operators.
    90. H. Rap Brown
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      Jamil Abdullah Al-Amin (born October 4, 1943, as Hubert Gerold Brown), also known as H. Rap Brown, came to prominence in the 1960s as chairman of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee and later the Justice Minister of the Black Panther Party.
    91. Brown, John
      Connexipedia Article
      American abolitionist who advocated and practiced armed insurrection as a means to end slavery. (1800-1859).
    92. Brown, Rosemary
      Connexipedia Article
      Canadian politician, prominent member of the New Democratic Party. (1930-2003).
    93. Bruce, Lenny
      Connexipedia Article
      American stand-up comedian, writer, social critic and satirist of the 1950s and 1960s. (1925-1966).
    94. Bruderhof Communities
      Connexipedia Article
      Christian religious communities with branches in New York, Florida and Pennsylvania in the USA, the United Kingdom, Germany, and Australia.
    95. Bryant, Louise
      Connexipedia Article
      American journalist and writer best known for her Marxist and anarchist beliefs and her essays on radical political and feminist themes. (1885-1936).
    96. Buber, Martin
      Connexipedia Article
      Austrian-born Jewish philosopher best known for his philosophy of dialogue, a religious existentialism centered on the distinction between the I-Thou relationship and the I-It relationship. (1878-1965).
    97. Buck, Marilyn
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      Marilyn Jean Buck (December 13, 1947 - August 3, 2010) was an American communist revolutionary, convict, and poet who was imprisoned for her participation in the 1979 prison break of Assata Shakur, the 1981 Brinks robbery and the 1983 U.S. Senate bombing.
    98. Buck, Tim
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Machinist, trade unionists, and a long-time leader of the Communist Party of Canada. (1891-1973).
    99. Budai Nagy Antal Revolt
      Connexipedia Article
      Transylvanian peasant revolt, of 1437, which was the only significant popular revolt in the Kingdom of Hungary prior to the great peasant war of 1514.
    100. Budiardjo, Carmel
      Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
      British human rights activist, founder of the organisation Tapol and a recipient of the Right Livelihood Award.
    101. Buffalo switchmen's strike
      Connexipedia Article
      A strike in August 1892 by railroad workers employed by three railroads in Buffalo, New York.
    102. Bukharin, Nikolai
      Connexipedia Article
      Marxist theoretician, Bolshevik revolutionary, and Soviet politician. (1888-1938).
    103. Bukharin, Nikolai
      Connexipedia: Entry in Encyclopedia of Marxism Glossary of People
      Marxist theoretician, Bolshevik revolutionary, and Soviet politician. (1888-1938).
    104. Buller, Annie
      Connexipedia Article
      Union organizer and manager of various Communist Party of Canada (CPC) publications. (1895-1973).
    105. The Bund (General Jewish Labour Bund)
      Connexipedia Article
      A secular Jewish socialist party in Central and Eastern Europe operating predominantly between the 1890s and the 1930s.
    106. Bunkhouse Men
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      The term "bunkhouse men" is typically applied to some 50 000 workers who constituted a labour pool for the booming Canadian economy in the first 3 decades of the 20th century. They lived in frontier work camps and provided unskilled labour in logging, harvesting, mining and construction. Mainly single and "foreign," they experienced brutal exploitation.

    C

    1. Cabet, Étienne
      Connexipedia Article
      French philosopher and utopian socialist. He was the founder of the Icarian movement and led a group of emigrants to found a new society in the United States. (1788-1856).
    2. Cabral, Amílcar (Abel Djassi)
      Connexipedia Article
      African agronomic engineer, writer, Marxist and nationalist guerrilla and politician. (1924-1973).
    3. Cade, Jack
      Connexipedia Article
      The leader of a popular revolt in the 1450 Kent rebellion. (Died 1450.)
    4. Califia, Patrick
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      Patrick Califia (also 'Califia-Rice', formerly known as Pat Califia), born 1954 near Corpus Christi, Texas is a writer of nonfiction essays about sexuality and of erotic fiction and poetry. Califia is a bisexual trans man.
    5. Callenbach, Ernest
      Connexipedia Article
      American writer, known as an author of green books, namely as author of the ecological utopias Ecotopia (1975) and Ecotopia Emerging (1981). (Born 1929).
    6. Callwood, June
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Journalist, writer, broadcaster, civil libertarian 1924-2007. (1924-2007).
    7. Callwood, June
      Connexipedia: Article in Library and Archives Canada
      Journalist, writer, broadcaster, civil libertarian 1924-2007. (1924-2007).
    8. Cambodian Campaign
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      The Cambodian Campaign (also known as the Cambodian Incursion) was a series of military operations conducted in eastern Cambodia during mid-1970 by the United States (U.S.) and the Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam) during the Vietnam War.
    9. Camisard
      Connexipedia Article
      French Protestants (Huguenots) of the Cevennes region of south-central France who raised an insurrection against the persecutions which followed the revocation of the Edict of Nantes in 1685.
    10. Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament
      Connexipedia Article
      An organization that advocates unilateral nuclear disarmament by Britain. It also campaigns for international nuclear disarmament and tighter international arms regulation through agreements such as the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.
    11. Canadian Forum
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Canada's oldest continually published political periodical.
    12. Cananea strike
      Connexipedia Article
      A strike took place in the Mexican mining town of Cananea, Sonora, in June 1906.
    13. Cape Breton Strikes, 1920s
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      The Cape Breton labour wars of the early 1920s represented an intense local episode of class conflict. In such conflicts militant unions, often led by radical leaders, were attempting to change the balance of power in Canadian industry by insisting on union recognition and improved living standards for the workers.
    14. Carmichael, Stokely
      Connexipedia Article
      Trinidadian-American black leader active in the 1960s American Civil Rights Movement. (1941-1998).
    15. Carpenter, Edward
      Connexipedia Article
      English socialist poet, anthologist, early gay activist and socialist philosopher. (1844-1929).
    16. Carr, Shirley
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Canadian union leader who was the first woman president of the Canadian Labour Congress.
    17. Carson, Rachel
      Connexipedia Article
      American marine biologist and nature writer whose writings, especially 'Silent Spring', are credited with advancing the global environmental movement. (1907-1964).
    18. Casgrain, Marie Thérèse (Forget)
      Connexipedia: Article in Library and Archives Canada
      Feminist, reformer, politician and senator in Quebec, Canada. (1896-1981).
    19. Caste
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      A caste is an elaborate and complex social system that combines elements of occupation, endogamy, culture, social class, tribe affiliation and political power.
    20. Castoriadis, Cornelius
      Connexipedia Article
      Greek-French philosopher, libertarian socialist, and psychoanalyst. Author of the The Imaginary Institution of Society, co-founder of the Socialisme ou Barbarie group and 'philosopher of autonomy'. (1922-1997).
    21. Catholic Worker Movement
      Connexipedia Article
      A collection of autonomous communities of Catholics and their associates founded by Dorothy Day and Peter Maurin in 1933.
    22. The Catonsville Nine
      Connexipedia Article
      Nine Catholic activists who burned draft files in 1968 to protest the Vietnam War.
    23. Centralia Massacre
      Connexipedia Article
      A violent and bloody incident that occurred in the town of Centralia, Washington on November 11, 1919 during a parade celebrating the first anniversary of Armistice Day.
    24. Chang, Helen Mack
      Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
      Guatemalan businesswoman and human rights activist. Active in the struggle against impunity of political murderers. (Born 1952).
    25. Chant, Donald Alfred
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Scientist, educator, environmental advocate. (Born 1928).
    26. Chaplin, Ralph
      Connexipedia Article
      Labour activist at the age of 7, after witnessing a worker shot dead diurng the Pullman strike in Chicago, Illinois. (1887-1961).
    27. Chartism
      Connexipedia Article
      A movement for political and social reform in the United Kingdom during the mid-19th century between 1838 and 1850 which takes its name from the People's Charter of 1838.
    28. Chartrand, Michel
      Connexipedia Article
      Quebec union leader and activist. (1913-2010).
    29. Chartrand, Michel
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Quebec union leader and activist. (1913-2010).
    30. Chávez, César
      Connexipedia Article
      Mexican American farm worker, labour leader, and civil rights activist who, with Dolores Huerta, co-founded the National Farm Workers Association, which later became the United Farm Workers (UFW). (1927-1993).
    31. Cherokee freedmen controversy
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      An ongoing political and tribal dispute between the Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma and descendants of the Cherokee Freedmen regarding tribal citizenship.
    32. Chessman, Caryl
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      Caryl Whittier Chessman was a convicted robber and rapist who gained fame as a death row inmate in California. Chessman's case attracted worldwide attention, and as a result he became a symbol for the movement to ban capital punishment.
    33. Chester, Eric
      Connexipedia Article
      Author, socialist political activist, and economics professor. (Born 1943).
    34. Chicago Race Riot of 1919
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      The Chicago Race Riot of 1919 was a major racial conflict that began in Chicago, Illinois on July 27, 1919 and ended on August 3.
    35. Chicago Seven
      Connexipedia Article
      Seven defendants charged with conspiracy, inciting to riot, and other charges related to protests that took place in Chicago, Illinois on the occasion of the 1968 Democratic National Convention.
    36. Chipko movement
      Connexipedia Article
      Movement dedicated to the conservation, restoration and ecologically-sound use of India's natural resources. Known for practising Gandhian methods of satyagraha and non-violent resistance, such as hugging trees to protect them from being felled.
    37. Chipko Movement
      Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
      Movement dedicated to the conservation, restoration and ecologically-sound use of India's natural resources. Known for practising Gandhian methods of satyagraha and non-violent resistance, such as hugging trees to protect them from being felled.
    38. Choctaw Freedmen
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      The Choctaw freedmen were enslaved African Americans who became part of the Choctaw Nation with emancipation after the American Civil War.
    39. Chomsky, Noam
      Connexipedia Article
      American linguist, philosopher, political activist, author, and lecturer. (Born 1928).
    40. Chomsky on Post-Modernism
      What I find in the writings of the post-modernists is extremely pretentious, but on examination, a lot of it is simply illiterate, based on extraordinary misreading of texts that I know well (sometimes, that I have written), argument that is appalling in its casual lack of elementary self-criticism, lots of statements that are trivial (though dressed up in complicated verbiage) or false; and a good deal of plain gibberish.
    41. Christian anarchism
      Connexipedia Article
      Any of several traditions which combine anarchism with Christianity.
    42. Christian pacifism
      Connexipedia Article
      The theological and ethical position that any form of violence is incompatible with the Christian faith.
    43. Christian terrorism
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      Christian terrorism is religious terrorism by Christian sects or individuals, the motivation for which is typically rooted in an idiosyncratic interpretation of the Bible and other tenets of faith. They often draw upon Old Testament scripture to justify violent political activities.
    44. Christianity and slavery
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      Slavery in different forms existed within Christianity for over 18 centuries. Centuries later, as the abolition movement took shape across the globe, groups who advocated slavery's abolition worked to harness Christian teachings in support of their positions, using both the 'spirit of Christianity', biblical verses against slavery, and textual argumentation.
    45. Christiansbrunn
      Connexipedia Article
      The name of two religious communes in Pennsylvania, active between 1747 and 1796.
    46. Ciompi Revolt
      Connexipedia Article
      Was a popular revolt in late medieval Florence by wool carders known as ciompi, who rose up in 1378 to demand a voice in the commune's ordering.
    47. Cité libre
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Was an influential political journal published in Quebec, Canada, through the 1950s and 1960s.
    48. Citizen journalism
      Connexipedia Article
    49. Civic Journalism
      Connexipedia Article
    50. Civil disobedience
      Connexipedia Article
      The active refusal to obey certain laws, demands and commands of a government, or of an occupying power, without resorting to physical violence.
    51. Civil rights movement
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      The civil rights movement was a worldwide political movement for equality before the law occurring between approximately 1950 and 1980. It was accompanied by much civil unrest and popular rebellion.
    52. Clarke, Tony
      Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
      Canadian social justice advocate. (Born 1944).
    53. Class consciousness
      Connexipedia Article
      Consciousness of one's social class or economic rank in society.
    54. Club War (Cudgel War)
      Connexipedia Article
      A 1596 peasant uprising in the kingdom of Sweden against exploitation by nobility and military in what is today Finland.
    55. Coaker, William Ford
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Newfoundland union leader and politician and founder of the Fisherman's Protective Union and the Fishermen's Union Trading Co. (1871-1938).
    56. Coal Strike of 1902
      Connexipedia Article
      A strike by the United Mine Workers of America in the anthracite coal fields of eastern Pennsylvania.
    57. Coffeehouses
      Connexipedia Article
      An establishment which primarily serves prepared coffee or other hot beverages.
    58. Cohn-Bendit, Daniel
      Connexipedia Article
      Political activist and politician, active in France and Germany. A student leader during the May 1968 revolt in France. (Born 1945).
    59. Cohousing
      Connexipedia Article
      A type of intentional community composed of private homes with full kitchens, supplemented by extensive common facilities. A cohousing community is planned, owned and managed by the residents, groups of people who want more interaction with their neighbours.
    60. Cohousing Characteristics
      The main characteristics of cohousing.
    61. COINTELPRO
      Connexipedia Article
      A series of covert, and often illegal, projects conducted by the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) aimed at investigating and disrupting dissident political organizations within the United States.
    62. Coldwell, Major James William
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Canadian social democratic politician, and leader of the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation party from 1942 to 1960. (1888-1974).
    63. Collective farming
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      Collective farming and communal farming are types of agricultural production in which the holdings of several farmers are run as a joint enterprise. This type of collective is essentially an agricultural production cooperative in which members-owners engage jointly in farming activities.
    64. Collectivist Anarchism
      Connexipedia Article
    65. Colorado Labor Wars
      Connexipedia Article
      Colorado's most significant battles between labor and capital which occurred primarily between miners and mine operators.
    66. Columbine Mine massacre
      Connexipedia Article
      A conflict in which police and mine guards attacked striking coal miners with machine guns.
    67. Comfort, Alex
      Connexipedia Article
      Medical professional, gerontologist, anarchist, pacifist, conscientious objector and writer. (1920-2000).
    68. Committee for an Independent Canada
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      A citizens' committee to promote Canadian economic and cultural independence.
    69. Committee of 100 (United Kingdom)
      Connexipedia Article
      A British anti-war group set up in 1960.
    70. Commodity fetishism
      Connexipedia Article
      In Marxist theory, commodity fetishism is a state of social relations in capitalist societies, in which social relationships are transformed into apparently objective relationships between commodities or money.
    71. Common Front Strikes
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Cartel of Québec public- and para-public-sector trade unions formed in 1972 to negotiate with the provincial government.
    72. Common land
      Connexipedia Article
      Land owned collectively or by one person, but over which other people have certain traditional rights.
    73. Common Sense Revolution
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      The phrase Common Sense Revolution (CSR) has been used as a political slogan to describe common sense conservative platforms in Australia, in Ontario, and of New Jersey in the 1990s. Based on the Singapore Model of economics, its main goal is to transfer more wealth to the wealthy by reducing taxes and reducing the size and role of government.
    74. Commune (intentional community)
      Connexipedia Article
      An intentional community of people living together, sharing common interests, property, possessions, resources, work and income.
    75. Commune (socialism)
      Connexipedia Article
      Almost universally, communists, left-wing socialists, anarchists and others have seen the Commune as a model for the liberated society that will come after the masses are liberated from capitalism, a society based on participatory democracy from the grass roots up.
    76. The Communist International
      A collection of documents on the Third International 1919-1943.
    77. Communist League
      Connexipedia Article
      The first Marxist international organization. It was founded originally as the League of the Just by German workers in Paris in 1836.
    78. The Communist League
      Connexipedia: Entry in Encyclopedia of Marxism Glossary of Terms
      On the meeting of the Communist League in June 1847.
    79. Communist League (Canada)
      Connexipedia: Entry in NationMaster Encyclopedia
      Founded as the Revolutionary Workers League/Ligue Ouvrière Révolutionnaire in 1977 as the result of a merger of the League for Socialist Action, the Revolutionary Marxist Group and the Groupe Marxiste Revolutionaire.
    80. The Communist Manifesto
      Written by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels as the theoretical and practical platform of the Communist League, a workers' association.
    81. Communist Party of Canada
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      A political party in Canada.
    82. Communist Workers International
      Connexipedia Article
      Founded around the Manifesto of the Fourth Communist International, published by the Communist Workers' Party of Germany (KAPD) in 1921.
    83. Community Journalism
      Connexipedia Article
    84. Community organizing
      Connexipedia Article
      A process by which people living in proximity to each other are brought together in an organization to act in their shared self-interest.
    85. Community Shared Agriculture / Community-supported agriculture
      Connexipedia Article
      A community of individuals who pledge support to a farm operation where the growers and consumers share the risks and benefits of food production. CSAs usually consist of a system of weekly delivery or pick-up of vegetables and fruit in a vegetable box scheme, sometimes including dairy products and meat. Community-supported agriculture began in the early 1960s in Germany, Switzerland, and Japan as a response to concerns about food safety and the urbanization of agricultural land.
    86. The Complaint of the Poor Commons of Kent
      Connexipedia Article
      A manifesto issued by Jack Cade, a Kentish rebel in 1450, before his march on London.
    87. Condorcet, Marquis de
      Connexipedia Article
      (1743-1794).French philosopher, mathematician, and early political scientist.
    88. Connexions Information Sharing Services - Bulgarian text
      Connexipedia
    89. Connexions Information Sharing Services - Dutch text
      Connexipedia
      Connexions (volledige naam Connexions Information Sharing Services) is de voornaamste online bibliotheek en het archief voor Canadese organisaties voor sociale verandering. Dit project dat geen winstoogmerk heeft, beheert ook een uitgebreide gids van Canadese en niet-Canadese verenigingen en niet-gouvernementele organisaties.
    90. Connexions Information Sharing Services - Wikipedia Article - Arabic text
      Connexipedia
    91. Connexions Information Sharing Services - Wikipedia Article - Chinese text
      Connexipedia
    92. Connexions Information Sharing Services - Wikipedia Article - Czech text
      Connexions Information Sharing Services
    93. Connexions Information Sharing Services - Wikipedia Article - English text
      Connexions (full name Connexions Information Sharing Services) is the central online library and archive for Canada's movements for social change. The non-profit project also maintains a comprehensive directory of Canadian associations and NGOs.
    94. Connexions Information Sharing Services - Wikipedia article - Japanese text
      Connexipedia
    95. Connexions Information Sharing Services - Wikipedia Artikel - Deutscher text
      Connexipedia
      Connexions ist die Zentrale Online Bücherei und Archiv für Kanada#s Bewegung für gesellschaftlichen Wandel.
    96. Connexions Informationsförmedling - Wikipedia Article - Swedish text
      Connexipedia
      Connexions är det centrala onlinebiblioteket och arkivet för Kanadas rörelse för social förändring.
    97. Connexions - Services de partage d'information Connexions - Wikipedia Article - French text
      Connexipedia
      Connexions -- dont le nom complet est Services de partage d'information Connexions [Connexions Information Sharing Services] -- est la bibliothèque et l'archive en ligne centrale pour les mouvements canadiens partisans du changement social. Le projet à but non lucratif entretient également un vaste répertoire d'associations canadiennes et d'organisations non gouvernementales.
    98. Connexions Servicios de Información Compartido
      Connexipedia
    99. Connexions Serviços de Compartilhamento de Informaçoes - Wikipedia Article - Portuguese text
      Connexipedia
      Connexions (Connexions Serviços de Compartilhamento de Informaçoes) é a biblioteca central e arquivos eletrônicos do movimentos do Canadá para mudanças sociais. O projeto sem fins lucrativos também mantém uma lista completa de associaçoes e ONG#s canadenses.
    100. Connexions Servis Udostepniania Informacji - Wikipedia Article - Polish text
      Connexipedia
      Connexions Information Sharing Services (pe?na nazwa Connexions Serwis Udostepniania Informacji) jest to internetowa bibliteka i archiwum dla kanadyjskich organizacji zajmuja;cych sie; przemianami spo?ecznymi. Ten bezprofitowy projekt zajmuje sie; prowadzeniem i uaktualnianiem obszernej ksija;z'ki adresowej kanadyjskich zwija;zków i organizacji pozarzadowych.
    101. Connexions - Služby pre zdielanie informácií - Wikipedia Article - Slovak text
    102. Connexions Wikipedia article - Esperanto
      Connexipedia article
      Connexions estas librejo kaj arkivo en linio, au( interreto, de la kanada movado por la socia s^ang^o.
    103. Connolly, James
      Connexipedia Article
      Irish and Scottish socialist leader, executed by the British. (1868-1916).
    104. Conscientious objector
      Connexipedia Article
      An individual who, on religious, moral or ethical grounds, refuses to participate as a combatant in war.
    105. Consciousness raising
      Connexipedia Article
      Form of political activism, pioneered by United States feminists in the late 1960s.
    106. Consensus decision-making
      Connexipedia Article
      Article about the group decision making process known as consensus decision-making.
    107. Consensus decision-making - Arabic text
      Connexipedia article
    108. Consensus decision-making - Japanese text
      Connexipedia Article
    109. Conservation movement
      Connexipedia Article
      A political and social movement that seeks to protect natural resources including plant and animal species as well as their habitat for the future.
    110. Conservative Revolutionary movement
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      The Conservative Revolutionary movement was a German national conservative movement, prominent in the years following the First World War. The Conservative Revolutionary school of thought advocated a "new" conservatism and nationalism that was specifically German, or Prussian in particular.
    111. Co-operative Commonwealth Federation
      Connexipedia Article
      A Canadian political party founded in 1932 in Calgary by a number of socialist, farm, co-operative and labour groups, and the League for Social Reconstruction. In 1944, it became the government of Saskatchewan under T.C. Douglas, and in 1961, it became the New Democratic Party.
    112. Co-operative Commonwealth Federation
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      A political coalition of progressive, socialist and labour forces anxious to establish a political vehicle capable of bringing about economic reforms to improve the circumstances of those suffering the effects of the Great Depression.
    113. Copperbelt strike of 1935
      Connexipedia Article
      A strike action which performed by African mineworkers in the Copperbelt (then in Northern Rhodesia, today called Zambia) to protest against unfair taxes imposed by the British colonial authorities.
    114. Copyleft
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      A play on the word copyright to describe the practice of using copyright law to remove restrictions on distributing copies and modified versions of a work for others and requiring that the same freedoms be preserved in modified versions.
    115. Cornish Rebellion of 1497
      Connexipedia Article
      A popular uprising by the people of Cornwall in the far south west of Britain.
    116. Correspondence Publishing Committee
      Connexipedia Article
      A radical left organization in the US led by C.L.R. James and Martin Glaberman from approximately 1951 until 1962.
    117. Council communism
      Connexipedia Article
      The central argument of council communism, in contrast to those of social democracy and Leninist Communism, is that democratic workers' councils arising in the factories and municipalities are the natural form of working class organisation and governmental power.
    118. Counterculture
      Connexipedia Article
      Sociological term used to describe the values and norms of behavior of a cultural group, or subculture, that run counter to those of the social mainstream of the day.
    119. Counterculture of the 1960s
      Connexipedia Article
      A cultural movement that mainly developed in the North America and England and spread throughout much of the western world between 1960 and the mid-1970s as a reaction against the political conservatism and social repression of the 1950s.
    120. Coxey's Army
      Connexipedia Article
      A protest march by unemployed workers from the United States.
    121. Creative Commons Licenses
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
    122. Crime of Apartheid
      Connexipedia Article
    123. Cripple Creek miners' strike of 1894
      Connexipedia Article
      A five-month strike by the Western Federation of Miners (WFM) in Cripple Creek, Colorado, USA.
    124. Critical Mass
      Connexipedia Article
      A bicycling event typically held on the last Friday of every month.
    125. Critical Mass, Conflicts involving
      Connexipedia Article
      Bicycling events resulting in arrests or requiring police presence. Critics claim that Critical Mass, a bicycling advocacy event held primarily in large metropolitan cities, is a deliberate attempt to obstruct automotive traffic and disrupt normal city functions, asserting that individuals taking part refuse to obey traffic laws.
    126. Critical pedagogy
      Connexipedia Article
      a teaching approach that attempts to help students question and challenge domination, and the beliefs and practices that dominate: in other words, a theory and practice of helping students achieve critical consciousness
    127. Critical thinking
      Connexipedia Article
      The purposeful and reflective judgement about what to believe or what to do in response to observations, experience, verbal or written expressions, or arguments.
    128. Criticism of Intellectual Property
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
    129. Criticism of Patents
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
    130. Critique of the Gotha Programme
      Karl Marx's criticisms of the programme adopted by congress to unite the two German socialist parties in 1875.
    131. Croatian-Slovenian peasant revolt
      Connexipedia Article
      A large peasant revolt in today's Croatia and Slovenia in 1573.
    132. Crowsnest Pass Strike, 1932
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      A strike that began in January 1932 with demands that companies divide available work in the depressed coal-mining industry equally among miners rather than playing favourites. Coal companies refused to deal with the workers' union, the Mine Workers' Union of Canada.
    133. Cuban Revolution
      Connexipedia Article
      An armed revolt that led to the overthrow of U.S.-backed dictator Fulgencio Batista of Cuba on January 1, 1959 by the 26th of July Movement led by Fidel Castro.
    134. Cuban Revolution - History
      Documents on the Cuban revolution 1959 -
    135. Culhane, Claire
      Connexipedia: Article from PrisonJustice.ca
      Canadian social justice activist. (1918-1996).

    D

    1. Dacke War
      Connexipedia Article
      A peasant uprising led by Nils Dacke in Småland, Sweden, in 1542 against the rule of Gustav Vasa.
    2. Dada
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      Dada or Dadaism is a cultural movement that began in Zürich, Switzerland, during World War I and peaked from 1916 to 1922. The movement primarily involved visual arts, literature, poetry, art manifestoes, art theory, theatre, and graphic design, and concentrated its anti-war politics through a rejection of the prevailing standards in art through anti-art cultural works.
    3. Dakota War of 1862
      Connexipedia Article
      An armed conflict between the United States and several bands of the eastern Sioux or Dakota.
    4. Daly, Herman
      Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
      American ecological economist and professor. (Born 1938).
    5. Dann, Mary and Carrie
      Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
      Leaders in the struggle of the Western Shoshone to retain their ancestral lands.
    6. Darcy, Judy
      Connexipedia Article
      Canadian trade unionist and president of the Canadian Union of Public Employees from 1991 until 2003. (Born 1950).
    7. Darrow, Clarence
      Connexipedia Article
      American lawyer civil libertarian. (1857-1938).
    8. Davidson, Joe
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Trade unionist and self describe evolutionary socialist "with the proviso that evolution needed a shove at every opportunity." (1915-1985).
    9. Davis, Angela
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      Angela Davis (born January 26, 1944) is an American political activist, educator and author.
    10. Day, Dorothy
      Connexipedia Article
      American journalist, social activist, distributist, anarchist, and devout Catholic. (1897-1980).
    11. De Leon, Daniel
      Connexipedia Article
      American socialist newspaper editor, politician, Marxist theoretician, and trade union organizer. (1852-1914).
    12. De Leon, Daniel
      Connexipedia: Entry in Encyclopedia of Marxism Glossary of People
      American socialist newspaper editor, politician, Marxist theoretician, and trade union organizer. (1852-1914).
    13. Debord, Guy
      Connexipedia Article
      French Marxist theorist, writer, filmmaker, hypergraphist and founding member of the groups Lettrist International and Situationist International. (1931-1994).
    14. Debs, Eugene V.
      Connexipedia Article
      American socialist politician and union leader, one of the founding members of the International Labor Union and the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW). (1855-1926).
    15. Decentralization
      Connexipedia Article
      The process of dispersing decision-making governance closer to the people or citizen.
    16. Decisión por Consenso
      Connexipedia
      La decisión por consenso es un proceso de toma de decisiones en grupo que no sólo busca obtener el acuerdo de la mayoría de los participantes sino también la resolución o mitigación de objeciones de la minoría.
    17. Deganawida (The Great Peacemaker)
      Connexipedia Article
      The founder of the Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) Confederacy.
    18. Degenerate art
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      Degenerate art is the English translation of the German entartete Kunst, a term adopted by the Nazi regime in Germany to describe virtually all modern art.
    19. Delano grape strike
      Connexipedia Article
      A strike, boycott, and secondary boycott led by the United Farm Workers (UFW) against growers of table grapes in California.
    20. Dellinger, David
      Connexipedia Article
      American radical pacifist and activist for nonviolent social change. (1915-2004).
    21. Demonstration (people)
      Connexipedia Article
      A form of nonviolent action by groups of people in favor of a political or other cause, normally consisting of walking in a march and a meeting (rally) to hear speakers.
    22. Denazification
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      Denazification (German: Entnazifizierung) was an Allied initiative to rid German and Austrian society, culture, press, economy, judiciary, and politics of any remnants of the National Socialist ideology.
    23. DePugh, Robert
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      Robert Boliver "Bob" DePugh (15 April 1923 - 30 June 2009) was an American anti-Communist activist who founded the Minutemen militant anti-Communist organization in 1961.
    24. Desegregation
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      Desegregation is the process of ending the separation of two groups usually referring to races.
    25. Deutscher, Isaac
      Connexipedia Article
      Marxist historian, journalist and political activist. (1907-1967).
    26. Devsirme
      Wikipedia article
      Devsirme (literally collecting in Turkish) was chiefly the practice by which the Ottoman Empire took sons from their Balkan Christian every year. They were then converted to Islam with the primary objective of using them for the military or civil service of the Empire.
    27. Dewey, John
      Connexipedia Article
      American philosopher, psychologist, and educational reformer. (1859-1952).
    28. Dietzgen, Joseph
      Connexipedia Article
      Socialist philosopher and Marxist. (1828-1888).
    29. Diggers
      Connexipedia Article
      An English group of agrarian communists in the 17th century.
    30. Direct action
      Connexipedia Article
      Politically motivated activity undertaken by individuals, groups, or governments to achieve political goals outside of normal social/political channels.
    31. Direct democracy
      Connexipedia Article
      A form of democracy wherein sovereignty is lodged in the assembly of all citizens who choose to participate.
    32. Disability rights movement
      Connexipedia Article
      A movement aims to improve the quality of life of people with disabilities.
    33. Disinvestment from South Africa
      Connexipedia Article
    34. Dodge Revolutionary Union Movement
      Connexipedia Article
      An organization of African-American workers formed in May 1968 in the Chrysler Corporation's Hamtramck Assembly plant, formerly Dodge Main, Detroit, Michigan.
    35. Dolgoff, Sam
      Connexipedia Article
      American anarchist and anarcho-syndicalist. (1902-1990).
    36. Donghak Peasant Revolution
      Connexipedia Article
      Was an anti-government, anti-yangban and anti-foreign uprising in 1894.
    37. Donia, Pier Gerlofs
      Connexipedia Article
      Frisian warrior, pirate, and rebel. (1480-1520).
    38. Douglas, Tommy
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Canadian social democratic politician, CCF premier of Saskatchean and leader of the federal New Democratic Party. (1904-1986).
    39. Douglass, Frederick
      Connexipedia Article
      American abolitionist, women's suffragist, editor, orator, author, statesman and reformer. (1818-1895).
    40. Doukhobors
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      A sect of Russian dissenters, many of whom came to Western Canada.
    41. Doukhobors
      Connexipedia Article
      A sect of Russian dissenters, many of whom came to Western Canada.
    42. Dowson, Ross
      Connexipedia Article
      Canadian Trotskyist. (1917-2002).
    43. Dózsa, György
      Connexipedia Article
      Leader of a peasants' revolt against the Hungarian landed nobility. (1470-1514).
    44. Draft dodger
      Connexipedia Article
      Term that refers to a person who avoids the conscription policies of the nation in which he or she is a citizen or resident by leaving the country, going into hiding, or other attempts at fraudulent means.
    45. Drang nach Osten
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      Drang nach Osten (German for "yearning for the East", "thrust toward the East", "push eastward", "drive toward the East" or "desire to push East") was a term coined in the 19th century to designate German expansion into Slavic lands.
    46. Draper, Hal
      Connexipedia Article
      American socialist activist, Marxist and author of a number of key works about Marxism. (1914-1990).
    47. Hal Draper, Introduction to
      Connexipedia Article
      Link to brief biography of Hal Draper, an American socialist activist, Marxist and author, and participant in the Berkeley, California Free Speech Movement. (1914-1990).
    48. Drumheller Strike
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Drumheller miners, rejecting wage cuts negotiated by the United Mine Workers, struck in June 1925.
    49. Du Bois, W. E. B.
      Connexipedia Article
      American civil rights activist, Pan-Africanist, sociologist, historian, author, and editor. (1868-1963).
    50. Dual power
      Connexipedia Article
      A concept first articulated in an article by Lenin, "The Dual Power," (dvoevlastie) which described a situation in the wake of the February Revolution in which two powers, the workers councils (or Soviets, particularly the Petrograd Soviet) and the official state apparatus of the Provisional Government coexisted with each other and competed for legitimacy.
    51. Dublin Lockout
      Connexipedia Article
      a major industrial dispute between approximately 20,000 workers and 300 employers which took place in Ireland's capital city of Dublin from 26 August 1913 to 18 January 1914.
    52. Duckworth, Muriel
      Connexipedia Article
      Canadian pacifist, feminist, social and community activist. (1908-2009).
    53. Duckworth, Muriel
      Connexipedia: Article in Library and Archives Canada
      Canadian pacifist, feminist, social and community activist. (1908-2009).
    54. Duckworth, Muriel
      Connexipedia
    55. Dumont, Gabriel
      Connexipedia Article
      Métis leader in what is now western Canada. (1837-1906).
    56. Dumont, Gabriel
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Métis leader in what is now western Canada. (1837-1906).
    57. Dumpster diving
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      Dumpster diving (known as skipping in the UK) is the practice of sifting through commercial or residential trash to find items that have been discarded by their owners, but which may be useful to the dumpster diver.
    58. Dunayevskaya, Raya
      Connexipedia Article
      Founder of the philosophy of Marxist Humanism. (1910-1987).
    59. Dürr, Hans-Peter
      Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
      Physicist and peace activist. (Born 1929).
    60. Dutch resistance
      Connexipedia Article
      Dutch resistance to the Nazi occupation during World War II.
    61. Dutschke, Rudi
      Connexipedia Article
      Prominent spokesperson of the German student movement of the 1960s. (1940-1979).

    E

    1. Easter Rising
      Connexipedia Article
      An insurrection staged in Ireland during Easter Week, 1916.
    2. Ecofeminism
      Connexipedia Article
      A social and political movement which points to the existence of considerable common ground between environmentalism and feminism.
    3. Ecovillage
      Connexipedia Article
      Socially, economically and ecologically sustainable intentional communities.
    4. Edelman, Marek
      Connexipedia Article
      Jewish-Polish political and social activist and cardiologist. (1919-2009).
    5. Edwards, Henrietta Muir
      Connexipedia: Article in Library and Archives Canada
      Canadian women#s rights activist and reformer. (1849-1931).
    6. Egalitarian community
      Connexipedia Article
      Group of people who have chosen to live together, with egalitarianism as one of their core values.
    7. Egziabher, Tewolde Berhan Gebre
      Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
      Ethiopian advocate for genetic diversity and the rights of farmers and tradiational communities.
    8. Einsatzgruppen
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      Einsatzgruppen (German: "task forces"; singular Einsatzgruppe) were SS paramilitary death squads that were responsible for mass killings, typically by shooting, of Jews in particular, but also significant numbers of other population groups and political categories.
    9. Ellsberg, Daniel
      Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
      Peace campaigner. (Born 1931).
    10. Employment equity (Canada)
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      Employment equity refers to Canadian policies that require or encourage preferential treatment in employment practices for certain designated groups: women, people with disabilities, Aboriginal peoples, and visible minorities. Employment equity goes beyond mere non-discrimination in requiring these specific groups be targeted for proactive treatment.
    11. Encyclopédie
      Connexipedia Article
      A general encyclopedia published in France between 1751 and 1772
    12. Engels, Friedrich
      Connexipedia Article
      German author, political theorist, philosopher, and father of communist theory, alongside Karl Marx. (1820-1895).
    13. English coffeehouses in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries
      Connexipedia Article
      Describes the origins, the popularity, and the decline of the English Coffeehouse.
    14. The English Revolution
      Connexipedia Article
      The period of the English Civil Wars and Commonwealth period 1640-1660, in which Parliament challenged King Charles I's authority, engaged in civil conflict against his forces, and executed him in 1649.
    15. The Enlightenment
      Connexipedia Article
      A term used to describe a time in Western philosophy and cultural life, centered upon the eighteenth century.
    16. Environmental history - Timeline of environmental history - Wikipedia
      Connexipedia Article
      The timeline lists geological, astronomical, and climatological events in relation to events in human history which they influenced.
    17. Environmental journalism
      Connexipedia Article
      The collection, verification, production, distribution and exhibition of information regarding current events, trends, issues and people that are associated with the non-human world with which humans necessarily interact.
    18. Environmental movement
      Connexipedia Article
      Term that includes the conservation and green movements, is a diverse scientific, social, and political movement for addressing environmental issues.
    19. Equiano, Olaudah
      Connexipedia Article
      African former slave involved in the British movement for the abolition of the slave trade. (1745-1797).
    20. Erasmus, Georges
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Canadian Aboriginal politician, national chief of the Assembly of First Nations from 1985 to 1991. (Born 1948).
    21. Erfurt Program
      Connexipedia Article
      Program was adopted by the Social Democratic Party of Germany during the SPD congress at Erfurt in 1891.
    22. Estevan Coal Miners' Strike, 1931
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      A strike which led to the murder of three miner by the RCMP.
    23. Ethnic cleansing
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      Ethnic cleansing "is a purposeful policy designed by one ethnic or religious group to remove by violent and terror-inspiring means the civilian population of another ethnic or religious group from certain geographic areas.
    24. Eurocommunism
      Eurocommunism was a current among the Communist Parties, mainly in Europe, from 1968 up to the early 1980s, which sought autonomy of their own national parties relative to the leadership claims of the Soviet and Chinese parties or each other, being particularly critical of the lack of internal democracy in the Communist movement.
    25. European Social Forum
      Connexipedia Article
      An annual conference held by members of the alter-globalization movement (also known as the Global Justice Movement) which aims to allow social movements, trade unions, NGOs, refugees, peace and anti-imperial groups, anti-racist movements, environmental movements, networks of the excluded and community campaigns from Europe and the world to come together and discuss themes linked to major European and global issues.
    26. Evans, Arthur
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Socialist, trade unionist. (1890-1944).
    27. Evers, Medgar
      Connexipedia Article
      African American civil rights activist from Mississippi, murdered in 1963. (1925-1963).
    28. Evolution
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      In biology, evolution is change in the genetic material of a population of organisms through successive generations. Although the changes produced in a single generation are normally small, the accumulation of these differences over time can cause substantial changes in a population, a process that can result in the emergence of new species. Similarities among species suggest that all known species descended from a common ancestor (or ancestral gene pool) through this process of gradual divergence.
    29. Expulsion of Germans after World War II
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      By the end of World War II, most of the German population fled or was expelled from areas outside the territory of post-war Germany and post-war Austria,
    30. Expulsion of Poles by Germany
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
    31. Extermination camp
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      Extermination camps (or death camps) were camps built by Nazi Germany during the Second World War (1939–45) to systematically kill millions by gassing, mostly Jews.

    F

    1. Facing Reality
      Connexipedia Article
      A radical left group in the United States which existed from about 1962 until 1970.
    2. Fair trade
      Connexipedia Article
      An organized social movement and market-based approach that aims to help producers in developing countries and promote sustainability.
    3. False consciousness
      Connexipedia Article
      The Marxist thesis that material and institutional processes in capitalist society are misleading to the proletariat, and to other classes.
    4. Fanon, Frantz
      Connexipedia Article
      Psychiatrist, philosopher, revolutionary, and author from Martinique. (1925-1961).
    5. Fascism
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      Fascism is a radical and authoritarian nationalist political ideology. Fascists seek to organize a nation according to corporatist perspectives, values, and systems, including the political system and the economy.
    6. Fascism and ideology
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      Fascism and ideology is the subject of numerous debates. The position of fascism on the political spectrum is a point of contention. Various scholars have sought to define fascism, and the consensus is that fascism is an authoritarian ideology, but not every authoritarian ideology is fascist.
    7. FaSinPat (Zanon)
      Connexipedia Article
      A worker-controlled ceramic tile factory in the southern Argentine province of Neuquén. The name is short for Fábrica Sin Patrones, which means "Factory Without Bosses" in Spanish.
    8. Fathy, Hassan
      Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
      Egyptian architect who pioneered appropriate technology for building in Egypt, especially by working to re-establish the use of mud brick and traditional as opposed to western building designs and lay-outs. (1900-1989).
    9. February Revolution
      Connexipedia Article
      Was the first of two revolutions in Russia in 1917.
    10. February strike (The Netherlands)
      Connexipedia Article
      A general strike organized during World War II in The Netherlands against the anti-Jewish measures and activities by the Nazis.
    11. Federal Theatre Project
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      The Federal Theatre Project (FTP) was a New Deal project to fund theatre and other live artistic performances in the United States during the Great Depression.
    12. Feminism
      Connexipedia Article
      Used to describe a political, cultural or economic movement aimed at establishing more rights and legal protection for women.
    13. Fernandez, Irene
      Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
      Malaysian advocate for the right of women, migrants, and poor workers. (Born 1946).
    14. Ferreira, Chico Whitaker
      Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
      Brazilian social-justice advocate. A Catholic activist, Whitaker is inspired by liberation theology and closely allied with the Catholic Commission for Justice and Peace. (Born 1931).
    15. Final Solution
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      The Final Solution (German: Die Endlösung) was Nazi Germany's plan and execution of the systematic genocide of European Jews during World War II, resulting in the most deadly phase of the Holocaust.
    16. Finkelstein, Norman
      Connexipedia Article
      An American political scientist and author, whose primary fields of research are the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and the politics of the Holocaust. (Born 1953).
    17. First Intifada
      Connexipedia Article
      A Palestinian Uprising against Israeli rule in the Palestinian Territories.
    18. First Red Scare
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      In American history, the First Red Scare of 1919–1920 was marked by a widespread fear of Bolshevism and anarchism, as well as the effects of radical political agitation in American society and especially in the American labor movement.
    19. Flint Sit-Down Strike
      Connexipedia Article
      Changed the United Automobile Workers from a collection of isolated locals on the fringes of the industry into a major union and led to the unionization of the United States automobile industry.
    20. Flying University
      Connexipedia Article
      An underground educational enterprise that operated from 1885 to 1905 in Warsaw, the historic Polish capital, then under the control of the Russian Empire, and that was revived between 1977 and 1981 in the People's Republic of Poland.
    21. Flynn, Elizabeth Gurley
      Connexipedia Article
      Labour leader, activist, and feminist who played a leading role in the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW). (1890-1964).
    22. Folk high schools
      Connexipedia Article
      Institutions for adult education for working-class and poor people, typically based on a popular education model.
    23. Folkways Records
      Connexipedia Article
      A record label that documents folk and world music.
    24. Food Not Bombs
      Connexipedia Article
      A loose-knit group of independent collectives, serving free vegan and vegetarian food to others.
    25. Forced adoption in Australia
      Wikipeida article
      Forced adoption was the practice of taking the babies of unmarried mothers against their will and putting them up for adoption.
    26. Fort William Freight Handlers Strike
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      A strike by 700 non-unionized immigrants in August 1909 that was defeated by the use of militia and the RCMP and resulted in the firing of hundreds of workers.
    27. Forward, The
      Connexipedia Article
      A Jewish-American weekly newspaper published in New York City.
    28. Fourier, Charles
      Connexipedia Article
      French utopian socialist and philosopher. Credited with having originated the word féminisme in 1837. (1772-1837).
    29. Fourth Estate
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      A term referring to the press.
    30. Fourth International
      Connexipedia Article
      An international Trotskyist communist organisation which opposes both capitalism and Stalinism.
    31. Fowler, Cary
      Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Awad Winner
      Winner of the Right Livelihood Award for his work to save the world's genetic plant heritage. (Born 1949).
    32. Fragging
      Connexipedia Article
      The assassination of an unpopular officer by members of his own unit.
    33. Frankfurt School
      Connexipedia Article
      A school of neo-Marxist critical theory, social research, and philosophy associated with the original Institute for Social Research of the University of Frankfurt am Main.
    34. The Frankfurt School and "Critical Theory"
      Index to the biographies and writings of members of the #Frankfurt School#, or Institute for Social Research, set up by a group of Marxist intellectuals in Germany in 1923.
    35. Franklin, Ursula
      Connexipedia Article
      Metallurgist, humanitarian, feminist, peace activist. (Born 1921).
    36. Franklin, Ursula
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Metallurgist, humanitarian, feminist, peace activist. (Born 1921).
    37. Franklin, Ursula
      Connexipedia: Article in Library and Archives Canada
      Metallurgist, humanitarian, feminist, peace activist. (Born 1921).
    38. Fraser River Fishermen's Strikes
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      A strikes by whites, natives and Japanese fishermen against salmon canneries that lined the lower Fraser River.
    39. Fraser River Railway Strikes
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Strikes which started in March 1912 when railway workers organized by the Industrial Workers of the World walked out of construction camps on the Canadian Northern line to protest conditions.
    40. Free association Communism and Anarchism
      Connexipedia Article
    41. Free love
      Connexipedia Article
      Used to describe a social movement that rejects marriage, which is seen as a form of social bondage, especially for women.
    42. Free Software Foundation
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      A non-profit corporation founded to support the free software movement.
    43. Free Speech Movement (Berkeley)
      Connexipedia Article
      A student protest which took place during the 1964#1965 academic year on the campus of the University of California, Berkeley after student activists, some of whom had traveled with the Freedom Riders and worked to register African American voters in Mississippi in the Freedom Summer project, set up information tables on campus and solicited donations for civil rights causes, in violation of university policy.
    44. Freedom of information
      Connexipedia Article
    45. Freedom of the press
      Connexipedia Article
      Freedom of the press is the freedom of communication and expression through vehicles including print and electronic media.
    46. Freedom rides
      Connexipedia Article
      Freedom Riders were Civil Rights activists who rode on interstate buses into the segregated southern United States.
    47. Freedom Summer
      Connexipedia Article
      A campaign in the United States launched in June 1964 to attempt to register as many African American voters as possible in Mississippi, which up to that time had almost totally excluded black voters.
    48. The Freedom to be Yourself Campaign
      Connexipedia Article
      Promotes the right to be naked in public.
    49. Freikörperkultur
      Connexipedia Article
      A German movement whose name translates to Free Body Culture which endorses a naturistic approach to sports and community living.
    50. Freire, Paulo
      Connexipedia Article
      Brazilian educator and influential theorist of critical pedagogy. (1921-1997).
    51. French Army Mutinies (1917)
      Connexipedia Article
      Involved nearly half of the French infantry divisions stationed on the western front.
    52. French Revolution
      Connexipedia Article
      Was a period of political and social upheaval and radical change in the history of France, during which the French governmental structure, previously an absolute monarchy with feudal privileges for the aristocracy and Catholic clergy, underwent radical change to forms based on Enlightenment principles of citizenship and inalienable rights.
    53. French Revolution of 1848
      Connexipedia Article
      One of a wave of revolutions in 1848 in Europe.
    54. Friedan, Betty
      Connexipedia Article
      American writer, activist and feminist. (1921-2006).
    55. Fromm, Erich
      Connexipedia Article
      Internationally renowned social psychologist, psychoanalyst, humanistic philosopher, and democratic socialist. (1900-1980).

    G

    1. Galtung, Johan
      Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
      Peace advocate. (Born 1930).
    2. Gandhi, Mohandas
      Connexipedia Article
      The pre-eminent political and spritual leader of India during the Indian independence movement. (1869-1948).
    3. Garcés, Juan
      Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
      Human rights activist. (Born 1967).
    4. Garrison, William Lloyd
      Connexipedia Article
      American abolitionist, journalist, and social reformer best known as the editor of the radical abolitionist newspaper, The Liberator, and as one of the founders of the American Anti-Slavery Society. (1805-1879).
    5. Gauleiter
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      A Gauleiter was the party leader of a regional branch of the NSDAP (more commonly known as the Nazi Party) or the head of a Gau or of a Reichsgau. It has since become a term used to refer to any overbearing local official, especially one prone to the dictatorial use of political or bureaucratic power.
    6. Gay Liberation
      Connexipedia Article
      The name used to describe the radical lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender movement of the late 1960s and early to mid 1970s in North America, Western Europe, and Australia and New Zealand.
    7. Gay Liberation Front
      Connexipedia Article
      The name of a number of Gay Liberation groups.
    8. Gay rights movement
      Connexipedia Article
      Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender social movements share inter-related goals of social acceptance of sexuality and gender minorities.
    9. Genefke, Inge
      Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
      Campaigner and worker on behalf of torture victims.
    10. General Strike of 1842
      Connexipedia Article
      The strike started among the Staffordshire miners and soon spread through the country affecting factories, mills and coal mines from Dundee to South Wales and Cornwall.
    11. Geonzon, Winefreda
      Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
      Advocate for prisoners. Responsible for setting up the Free Legal Assistance Volunteers Association (FREELAVA) as a legal aid office for victims of human rights violations, prisoners who could not afford lawyers to act for them and people whose cases had implications for social justice.
    12. German American internment
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      German American Internment refers to the detention of people of German ancestry in the United States during World War I and World War II.
    13. German Labour Front
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      The German Labour Front (German: Deutsche Arbeitsfront, DAF) was the National Socialist (Nazi) trade union organisation which replaced the free and diverse Weimar Republic trade unions that Adolf Hitler outlawed on 2 May 1933, after his rise to power.
    14. German resistance
      Connexipedia Article
      The opposition by individuals and groups in Nazi Germany to the regime of Adolf Hitler between 1933 and 1945.
    15. German Revolution History Archive
      A history archive dedicated to the documentation, analysis and interpretation of the events surrounding the German workers revolutions of 1918 through 1923.
    16. German Revolution of 1918-19
      Connexipedia Article
      The politically-driven civil conflict in Germany at the end of World War I.
    17. Ghadar Party
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      The Ghadar Party was an organization founded by Punjabi Indians, primarily Sikhs, in the United States and Canada with the aim to liberate India from British rule.
    18. Ghetto
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      Ghetto was originally used in Venice to describe the area where Jews were compelled to live. A ghetto is now described as an overcrowded urban area often associated with a specific ethnic or racial population; especially because of social, legal, or economic pressure.
    19. Ghetto benches
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      Ghetto benches or bench Ghetto was a form of official segregation in the seating of students, introduced in Poland's universities beginning in 1935 at Lwow Polytechnic.
    20. Gift economy
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      In the social sciences, a gift economy (or gift culture) is a society where valuable goods and services are regularly given without any explicit agreement for immediate or future rewards.
    21. Ginger Group
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      An independent group of members of Parliament who in 1924 split from the Progressive Party.
    22. Ginsberg, Allen
      Connexipedia Article
      American poet best known for the poem "Howl", in which he celebrates fellow members of the Beat Generation and critiques what he saw as the destructive forces of materialism and conformity in the United States. (1926-1997).
    23. Glaberman, Martin
      Connexipedia Article
      An influential American Marxist, teacher, and autoworker. (1918-2001).
    24. Gleichschaltung
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      Gleichschaltung meaning "coordination", "making the same", "bringing into line", is a Nazi term for the process by which the Nazi regime successively established a system of totalitarian control over the individual, and tight coordination over all aspects of society and commerce.
    25. Glezos, Manolis
      Connexipedia Article
      Greek left wing politician and writer, known especially for his participation in the World War II resistance. (Born 1922).
    26. Global Justice Movement
      Connexipedia Article
      Is the broad globalized social movement opposing what is often known as #corporate globalization# and promoting equal distribution of economic resources.
    27. Glossary of Nazi Germany
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      This is a list of words, terms, concepts, and slogans that were specifically used in Nazi Germany.
    28. GNU Project
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      A free software, mass collaboration project.
    29. Go Down Moses
      Connexipedia Article
      An American Negro spiritual which describes events in the Old Testament of the Bible.
    30. Godwin, William
      Connexipedia Article
      English journalist, political philosopher and novelist, considered one of the first exponents of utilitarianism, and one of the first modern proponents of anarchism. (1756-1836).
    31. Goldman, Emma
      Connexipedia Article
      Anarchist known for her political activism, writing and speeches. (1869-1940).
    32. Goldsmith, Edward
      Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
      Was an Anglo-French environmentalist, writer and philosopher. (Died 2009).
    33. Gonick, Cy
      Connexipedia Article
      Canadian socialist publisher, academic, and politician. (Born 1936).
    34. Goodman, Paul
      Connexipedia Article
      American sociologist, poet, writer, anarchist, social critic, and public intellectual. (1911-1972).
    35. Goodwin, Albert (Ginger)
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Labour leader, and socialist who inspired the first General Strike in Canada on August 2, 1918 in Vancouver, British Columbia. (1887-1918).
    36. Goodwin, Albert (Ginger)
      Connexipedia Article
      Canadian labour leader. (1887-1918)
    37. Gordon, Walter
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Canadian accountant, businessman, politician, and writer. (1906-1987).
    38. Gorter, Herman
      Connexipedia Article
      Dutch poet and socialist. (1864-1927).
    39. Gorz, André
      Connexipedia Article
      Marxist, social philosopher. (1923-2007).
    40. Gough, Kathleen
      Connexipedia Article
      Anthropologist, Marxist. (1925-1990).
    41. Gould, Stephen Jay
      Connexipedia Article
      American paleontologist, evolutionary biologist, and historian of science. (1941-2002).
    42. Gouzenko, Igor
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      Igor Sergeyevich Gouzenko (January 13, 1919 – June 28, 1982) was a cipher clerk for the Soviet Embassy to Canada in Ottawa, Ontario. He defected on September 5, 1945, with 109 documents on Soviet espionage activities in the West. This forced Prime Minister Mackenzie King to call a Royal Commission to investigate espionage in Canada.
    43. Grabow Riot
      Connexipedia Article
      A confrontation between timber workers and owners in Louisiana.
    44. Gracchi (Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus)
      Connexipedia Article
      A pair of tribunes in 2nd century BCE who attempted to pass land reform legislation in Ancient Rome that would redistribute the major patrician landholdings among the plebeians.
    45. Grameen Bank
      Connexipedia Article
      A microfinance organization and community development bank started in Bangladesh that makes small loans (known as microcredit or "grameencredit" to the impoverished without requiring collateral.
    46. Gramsci, Antonio
      Connexipedia Article
      Italian Marxist philosopher, writer, politician and political theorist. (1891-1937).
    47. Great Law of Peace
      Connexipedia Article
      The oral constitution that created the Iroquois (Haudenosaunee) Confederacy.
    48. Great Railroad Strike of 1877
      Connexipedia Article
      Began on July 14 in Martinsburg, West Virginia, United States and ended some 45 days later after it was put down by local and state militias.
    49. Great Southwest Railroad Strike of 1886
      Connexipedia Article
      A strike against the Union Pacific and Missouri Pacific railroads involving more than 200,000 workers.
    50. Great Strike of 1913
      Connexipedia Article
      A near general strike that took place in New Zealand in 1913.
    51. The Greek Civil War
      Documents on the Greek Civil War 1946-1949.
    52. Greek Resistance
      Connexipedia Article
      The term for a number of armed and unarmed groups from across the political spectrum that resisted the Axis Occupation of Greece in the period 1941-1944 during the Second World War.
    53. Greek War of Independence
      Connexipedia Article
      War of independence waged by the Greek revolutionaries between 1821 and 1829.
    54. Green Corn Rebellion
      Connexipedia Article
      Popular uprising against military conscription by poor farmers in Oklahoma aligned with the Socialist Party of America.
    55. Green Municipalism
      Critical evaluation
      Refers to the encouragement of environmentalism from the municipal, rather than state or national basis.
    56. Green municipalism
      Connexipedia Article
      Green municipalism refers to the encouragement of environmentalism from the municipal, rather than state or national basis.
    57. Green politics
      Connexipedia Article
      A political ideology which places a high importance on environmental goals, and on achieving these goals through broad-based, grassroots, participatory democracy.
    58. Greensboro massacre
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      The Greensboro massacre occurred on November 3, 1979 in Greensboro, North Carolina, United States. The protest was the culmination of attempts by the Maoist Workers Viewpoint Organization to organize mostly black industrial workers in the area.
    59. Grey Owl (Belaney, Archibald Stansfeld)
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Writer: one of Canada's first conservationist writers. (1888-1938).
    60. Grosz, George
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      George Grosz (July 26, 1893 – July 6, 1959) was a German artist known especially for his savagely caricatural drawings of Berlin life in the 1920s. He was a prominent member of the Berlin Dada and New Objectivity group during the Weimar Republic before he emigrated to the United States in 1933.
    61. Group marriage
      Connexipedia Article
      Is a form of polyamory in which more than one man and more than one woman form a family unit.
    62. Guérin, Daniel
      Connexipedia Article
      French anarchist and author. (1904-1988).
    63. Guerrilla gardening
      Connexipedia Article
      Political gardening, a form of direct action, primarily practiced by environmentalists.
    64. Guesde, Jules
      Connexipedia Article
      French socialist journalist and politician. (1845-1922).
    65. Gulag
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      The Gulag or GULag was the government agency that administered the main Soviet penal labour camp systems.
    66. Guthrie, Woody
      Connexipedia Article
      American singer-songwriter and folk musician. (1912-1967).

    H

    1. Ha'am, Ahad
      Connexipedia Article
      Hebrew essayist and one of the foremost pre-state Zionist thinkers. (1856-1927).
    2. Hagerty, Thomas J.
      Connexipedia Article
      American Roman Catholic priest from New Mexico, and one of the founding members of the Industrial Workers of the World. (Born 1862).
    3. Haitian Independence Struggle 1791-1804 - History
      Documents from Haiti's struggle for independence.
    4. Haitian Revolution
      Connexipedia Article
      The only successful slave revolt in history which established Haiti as the first republic ruled by blacks.
    5. Halper, Jeff
      Connexipedia Article
      Co-founder and Coordinator of the Israeli Committee Against House Demolitions (ICAHD). (Born 1946).
    6. Hamer, Fannie Lou
      Connexipedia Article
      American voting rights activist and civil rights leader. (1917-1977).
    7. Hammett, Dashiell
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      Samuel Dashiell Hammett (1894 - 1961) was an American author of hard-boiled detective novels and short stories.
    8. Hartman, Grace
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Canadian labour union activist. (1918-1993).
    9. Harvey, David
      Connexipedia Article
      Geographer and social theorist. (born 1935.)
    10. Hauser, Monika
      Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
      German human rights advocate. (Born 1959).
    11. Hayden, Tom
      Connexipedia Article
      An American social and political activist and politician, most famous for his involvement in the animal rights, and the anti-war and civil rights movements of the 1960s. (Born 1939).
    12. Haymarket affair
      Connexipedia Article
      Disturbance that took place on Tuesday May 4, 1886, at the Haymarket Square in Chicago.
    13. Haywood, Bill (Big Bill Haywood)
      Connexipedia Article
      American unionist and communist, one of the founders of the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) (1869-1928).
    14. Heap, Dan
      Connexipedia Article
      Canadian politician with the New Democratic Party. (Born 1925).
    15. Heaps, Abraham Albert
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Canadian politician and labour leader. (1885-1954).
    16. Heaps, Abraham Albert
      Connexipedia Article
      Canadian politician and labour leader. (1885-1954).
    17. Heartfield, John
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      John Heartfield (1891 - 1968) is the anglicized name of the German photomontage artist Helmut Herzfeld.
    18. Hegel by HyperText
      There is no short-cut to understanding Hegel other than reading him in the original or in translation. This site offers you a number of different ways to #get into# Hegel.
    19. Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich
      Connexipedia Article
      German philosopher, one of the creators of German Idealism. (1770-1831).
    20. Heimatvertriebene
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      Heimatvertriebene (German for "expellees", literally "homeland displaced person" ) are those around 12 million ethnic Germans who fled or were expelled after World War II from parts of Germany annexed by Poland and Russia, and from other countries, who found refuge in both West and East Germany, and Austria.
    21. Hekmat, Mansoor
      Connexipedia Article
      Iranian Marxist theorist and leader of the worker-communist movement. (1951-2002).
    22. Hennacy, Ammon
      Connexipedia Article
      American pacifist, Christian anarchist, vegetarian, social activist, member of the Catholic Worker Movement and a Wobbly. (1893-1970).
    23. Herman, Edward S.
      Connexipedia Article
      Economist and media analyst with a specialty in corporate and regulatory issues as well as political economy and the media. (Born 1925).
    24. Herrin massacre
      Connexipedia Article
      Occurred in June 1922 in Herrin, Illinois where 19 strikebreakers and 2 union miners were killed in mob action between June 21-22, 1922.
    25. Herrnhaag
      Connexipedia Article
      A communal spiritual center for the Moravian Unity, an early form of Protestantism.
    26. Highlander Research and Education Center (Highlander Folk School)
      Connexipedia Article
      A leadership training school and cultural centre located in New Market, Tennessee which provided training to Rosa Parks, Martin Luther King Jr., and many other organizers and activists.
    27. Hill, Christopher
      Connexipedia Article
      English Marxist historian and author. (1912-2003).
    28. Hill, Joe
      Connexipedia Article
      Swedish-American labour activist, songwriter, and member of the Industrial Workers of the World. (1879-1915).
    29. Hippies
      Connexipedia Article
      A subculture which was originally a youth movement that began in the United States during the early 1960s and spread around the world.
    30. Hiss, Alger
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      Alger Hiss (1904 - 1996) was an American lawyer, civil servant, businessman, author, and lecturer. He was involved in the establishment of the United Nations both as a U.S. State Department and UN official.
    31. Historical Anniversaries: List of historical anniversaries - Wikipedia
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
    32. Historical Materialism
      The Materialist Conception of History
      Selected writings by Marx and Engels.
    33. Historical method
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      The historical method comprises the techniques and guidelines by which historians use primary sources and other evidence to research and then to write histories in form of accounts of the past.
    34. Historiography of the Salon
      Connexipedia Article
      Played an integral role in the cultural and intellectual development of France.
    35. History of human sexuality
    36. History of slavery
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      The history of slavery covers systems throughout human history in which one human being is legally the property of another, can be bought or sold, is not allowed to escape and must work for the owner without any choice involved.
    37. History of the Hippie Movement
      Connexipedia Article
    38. History of union busting in the United States
      Connexipedia Article
      Union Busting is a term used by labor organizations and trade unions to describe the activities that may be undertaken by employers, their proxies, workers and in certain instances states and governments usually triggered by events such as picketing, card check, organizing, and strike actions.
    39. Hitler Youth
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      The Hitler Youth (German: Hitler-Jugend, abbreviated HJ) was a paramilitary organization of the Nazi Party. Made up of the Hitlerjugend proper, for male youth ages 14 to 18; the younger boys' section Deutsches Jungvolk for ages 10 to 14; and the girls' section Bund Deutscher Mädel (BDM).
    40. HMS Hermione
      Connexipedia Article
      A frigate which underwent a mutiny in 1782 in which her commander and most of the officers killed.
    41. Hoffman, Abbie
      Connexipedia Article
      Social and political activist in the United States who co-founded the Youth International Party ("Yippies"). (1936-1989).
    42. Hogtown Press - See New Hogtown Press
      Connexipedia Article
    43. Holbach, Baron d'
      Connexipedia Article
      French-German author, philosopher, encyclopedist and a prominent figure in the French Enlightenment. (1723-1789).
    44. Hollywood blacklist
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      The Hollywood blacklist (as the broader entertainment industry blacklist is generally known) was the mid-twentieth-century list of screenwriters, actors, directors, musicians, and other U.S. entertainment professionals who were denied employment in the field because of their political beliefs or associations, real or suspected.
    45. Homestead Strike
      Connexipedia Article
      A labour lockout and strike which began on June 30, 1892, culminating in a battle between strikers and private security agents on July 6, 1892.
    46. Honourary Aryan
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      Honourary Aryan (German: Ehrenarier) is a term from Nazi Germany. It was a status granted by the Nazi Bureau of Race Research to certain individuals and groups of people who were not generally considered to be biologically part of the Aryan race which certified them as being Aryan.
    47. Hoover, J. Edgar
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      John Edgar Hoover (1895 - 1972) was the first Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) of the United States.
    48. Horkheimer, Max
      Connexipedia Article
      German philosopher and sociologist and member of the Frankfurt School. (1885-1973).
    49. Myles Horton
      Connexipedia
    50. Horton, Myles
      Connexipedia Article
      American educator, socialist and cofounder of the Highlander Folk School. (1905-1990).
    51. Horton, Zilphia
      Connexipedia Article
    52. House Un-American Activities Committee
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      The House Committee on Un-American Activities (HCUA) or House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC), 1938–1975 was an investigative committee of the United States House of Representatives.
    53. Housing Co-operatives
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Continuing housing co-operatives emerged during the 1960s as an innovative way to meeting housing needs and foster community development.
    54. Huerta, Dolores
      Connexipedia Article
      The co-founder of the United Farm Workers of America, AFL-CIO, and prominent member of the Democratic Socialists of America. (Born 1930).
    55. Human Be-In
      Connexipedia Article
      A happening in San Francisco's Golden Gate Park, the afternoon and evening of January 14, 1967
    56. Human scale
      Connexipedia Article
      A number of characteristic physical quantities can be associated with the human body, the human mind, human societies, and the preservation of human life and well-being.
    57. Humanism
      Entry in the Marxists Internet Archive Glossary
      The system of views which makes the human being its central value, as opposed to abstract notions such as God, religious or political ideals, abstractions like History or Reason, or sectional interests such as race or gender.
    58. Humanism
      Connexipedia Article
      Humanism is a perspective common to a wide range of ethical stances that attaches importance to human dignity, concerns, and capabilities, particularly rationality. Although the word has many senses, its meaning comes into focus when contrasted to the supernatural or to appeals to authority.
    59. Humboldt, Alexander von
      Connexipedia Article
      Naturalist. (1769-1859).
    60. Hungarian Revolution of 1848
      Connexipedia Article
      One of many revolutions that year and closely linked to other revolutions of 1848 in the Habsburg areas.
    61. Hungarian Revolution of 1956
      Connexipedia Article
      A spontaneous nationwide revolt against the Stalinist government of the People's Republic of Hungary.
    62. Hurtig, Mel
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      A Canadian publisher, author, political activist and political candidate. (Born 1932).
    63. Hussite
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      The Hussites were a Christian movement following the teachings of Czech reformer Jan Hus (c. 1369–1415), who became one of the forerunners of the Protestant Reformation. This predominantly religious movement was propelled by social issues and strengthened Czech national awareness.
    64. Hussites
      Connexipedia Article
      A Christian movement following the teachings of Czech reformer Jan Hus (c. 1369#1415).
    65. Hutterite
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      Hutterites (German: Hutterer) are a communal branch of Anabaptists who, like the Amish and Mennonites, trace their roots to the Radical Reformation of the 16th century.

    I

    1. Icarians
      Connexipedia Article
      A French utopian movement, founded by Étienne Cabet, who led his followers to America where they established a group of egalitarian communes during the period from 1848 through 1898.
    2. Identity politics
      Connexipedia Article
      Refers to political arguments that focus upon the self interest and perspectives of social minorities, or self-identified social interest groups.
    3. Ikanan, Evaristo Nugkuag
      Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
      Activist working to protect the rights of the indigenous people of the Amazon.
    4. Illich, Ivan
      Connexipedia Article
      Austrian philosopher, Roman Catholic priest and critic of the institutions of contemporary western culture. (1926-2002).
    5. Inclosure Acts
      Connexipedia Article
      A series of United Kingdom Acts of Parliament which enclosed open fields and common land in the country. This meant that the rights that people once held to graze animals on these areas were denied.
    6. Indian independence movement
      Connexipedia Article
      Encompasses a wide spectrum of political organizations, philosophies, and movements which had the common aim of ending British colonial authority in South Asia.
    7. Indian Rebellion of 1857
      Connexipedia Article
      The Indian Rebellion of 1857 began as a mutiny of sepoys of the British East India Company's army on 10 May, 1857, in the town of Meerut, and soon erupted into other mutinies and civilian rebellions largely in the upper Gangetic plain and central India, with the major hostilities confined to present-day Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, northern Madhya Pradesh, and the Delhi region.
    8. Indianapolis Street Car Strike of 1913
      Connexipedia Article
      The Indianapolis Street Car Strike of 1913, the Indianapolis Police Mutiny of 1913, and the 1913 Indianapolis Riots began as a workers strike by the union employees of the Indianapolis Traction and Terminal Company and occurred during November 1913.
    9. Indigenous Intellectual Property
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
    10. Individualist anarchism
      Connexipedia Article
      Refers to several traditions of thought within the anarchist movement that emphasize the individual and his/her will over any kinds of external determinants such as groups, society, traditions, and ideological systems.
    11. Industrial Workers of the World
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      A revolutionary industrial union founded in 1905. Wobblies were mostly unskilled, low-status migrant workers. The IWW advocated the organization of all workers into one body and supported direct action as the only form of protest open to immigrant workers, who were excluded from the electoral process.
    12. Industrial Workers of the World
      Connexipedia Article
      The IWW contends that all workers should be united as a class and that the wage system should be abolished. They may be best known for the Wobbly Shop model of workplace democracy, in which workers elect recallable delegates, and other norms of grassroots democracy (self-management) are implemented.
    13. Intentional community
      Connexipedia Article
      A planned residential community designed to have a much higher degree of teamwork than other communities.
    14. International Brigades
      Connexipedia Article
      Republican military units made up of many non-state-sponsored, anti-fascist, mostly socialist and communist, volunteers from different countries who traveled to Spain to fight for the Republic in the Spanish Civil War between 1936 and 1939.
    15. International Bureau for the Revolutionary Party
      Connexipedia Article
      A political international whose member organisations identify with the Italian left communist tradition.
    16. International Communist Tendency
      Connexipedia Article
      An international centralised left communist organisation formed in 1975.
    17. International of Anarchist Federations
      Connexipedia Article
      Founded during an international Anarchist conference in Carrara in 1968 by the three existing European federations of France, Italy and Spain as well as the Bulgarian federation in French exile.
    18. International Revolutionary Marxist Centre
      Connexipedia Article
      Was an international association of left-socialist parties. The member-parties rejected both mainstream social democracy and the Third International.
    19. International Women's Day
      Connexipedia Article
      Marked on March 8 every year. It is a major day of global celebration for the economic, political and social achievements of women.
    20. International Workers Association
      Connexipedia Article
      An international anarcho-syndicalist federation of various labour unions from different countries.
    21. International Workers' Day
      Connexipedia Article
      A celebration of the social and economic achievements of the international labor movement.
    22. International Working Union of Socialist Parties
      Connexipedia Article
      A political international for the co-operation of socialist parties. 1921-1923.
    23. International Workingmen's Association (The First International)
      Connexipedia Article
      An international socialist organization which aimed at uniting a variety of different left-wing political groups and trade union organizations that were based on the working class and class struggle.
    24. History of the International Workingmen's Association
      Links to the history of the development of the International Workingmen's Association.
    25. The Internationale
      Connexipedia Article
      Is a famous socialist, communist, social-democratic and anarchist anthem and one of the most widely recognized songs in the world.
    26. The Internationale: Recordings
      Versions of The Internationale in more than 40 languages.
    27. Internment
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      Internment is the imprisonment or confinement of people, commonly in large groups, without trial. Most modern usage is about individuals, and there is a distinction between internment, which is being confined usually for preventive or political reasons, and imprisonment, which is being closely confined as a punishment for crime.
    28. Invergordon Mutiny
      Connexipedia Article
      An industrial action by sailors in the British Atlantic Fleet that took place in September 1931. For two days, ships of the Royal Navy at Invergordon were in open mutiny.
    29. Irish Rebellion of 1798
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      The Irish Rebellion of 1798, also known as the United Irishmen Rebellion, was an uprising in 1798, lasting several months, against British rule in Ireland. The United Irishmen, a republican revolutionary group influenced by the ideas of the American and French revolutions, were the main organising force behind the rebellion.
    30. Irish War of Independence
      Connexipedia Article
      A guerrilla war mounted against the British government in Ireland by the Irish Republican Army.
    31. Irvine, William
      Connexipedia Article
      Canadian politician, journalist and clergyman. (1885-1962).
    32. Irvine, William
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Canadian politician, journalist and clergyman. (1885-1962).
    33. Iskra
      Connexipedia Article
      Russian socialist newspaper published 1900-1905.
    34. Islam and slavery
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      Historically, the major juristic schools of Islam traditionally accepted the institution of slavery. The Islamic prophet Muhammad and many of his companions bought, sold, freed, and captured slaves.
    35. Italian American internment
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      Italian American internment refers to the internment of Italian Americans in the United States during World War II.

    J

    1. Jackson, Clarence Shirley
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      (1906-1993). Was a trade union leader.
    2. Jackson, Wes
      Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
      American agronomist and advocate for sustainable agriculture.
    3. Jacobs, Jane
      Connexipedia Article
      Author, urban advocate, economist, ecologist, and philosopher. (1916-2006).
    4. Jacobs, Jane
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Author, urban advocate, economist, ecologist, and philosopher. (1916-2006).
    5. Jacquerie
      Connexipedia Article
      Was a popular revolt in late medieval Europe by peasants that took place in northern France in the summer of 1358.
    6. Jagannathan, Krishnammal and Sankaralingam
      Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winners
      Gandhian activists who have protested against social injustice.
    7. Jagger, Bianca
      Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
      A Nicaraguan-born social and human rights advocate and a former actress and fashion icon. (Born 1950).
    8. James, C. L. R.
      Connexipedia Article
      Afro-Trinidadian historian, journalist, Marxist, socialist theorist and essayist. (1901-1989).
    9. James, C.L.R.
      Connexipedia: Entry in Encyclopedia of Marxism Glossary of People
      Afro-Trinidadian historian, journalist, Marxist, socialist theorist and essayist. (1901-1989).
    10. Japanese American internment
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      Japanese-American internment was the relocation and internment by the United States government in 1942 of approximately 110,000 Japanese Americans and Japanese who lived along the Pacific coast of the United States to camps called "War Relocation Camps," in the wake of Imperial Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor
    11. Japanese history textbook controversies
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      Japanese history textbook controversies refers to controversial content in government-approved history textbooks used in the secondary education (junior high schools and high schools) of Japan. The controversies primarily concern what some international observers perceive to be Japanese nationalist efforts to whitewash the actions of the Empire of Japan during WWII.
    12. Japanese war crimes
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      Japanese war crimes occurred during the period of Japanese imperialism, primarily during the Second Sino-Japanese War and World War II.
    13. Jaurès, Jean
      Connexipedia Article
      French Socialist leader. (1859-1914).
    14. Jewish Combat Organization
      Connexipedia Article
      A World War II resistance movement which was instrumental in engineering the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising.
    15. Jewish Labour Committee
      Connexipedia: Article on HistoryofRights.com
      Formed in 1936, the JLC was a front runner in the push for anti-discrimination legislation in Ontario.
    16. Jewish quota
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      Jewish quota was a percentage that limited the number of Jews in various establishments.
    17. Jewish resistance under Nazi rule
      Connexipedia Article
      The resistance of the Jewish people against Nazi Germany leading up to and through World War II, including against the Holocaust.
    18. Jews, Marxism and the Worker's Movement
      A subject index of texts from Marx, Engels, Lenin, Trotsky, Leon and Luxemburg; texts from the Jewish Socialist & Labor Movement and the impact of the Russian Revolution on Jews.
    19. Jim Crow laws
      Connexipedia Article
      Were state and local laws in the United States enacted between 1876 and 1965.
    20. Joe Hill House
      Connexipedia Article
      A Catholic Worker Movement house of hospitality in Salt Lake City, Utah.
    21. Jogiches, Leo
      Connexipedia Article
      Marxist revolutionary active in Lithuania, Poland, and Germany. (1867-1919).
    22. Johnson-Forest Tendency
      Connexipedia Article
      Refers to an American radical left tendency associated with Marxist theorists C.L.R. James and Raya Dunayevskaya.
    23. Jones, Mary Harris (Mother Jones)
      Connexipedia Article
      American labour and community organizer, a Wobbly, and a Socialist. (1837-1930).
    24. Journey of Reconciliation
      Connexipedia Article
      An attempt in 1947 to challenge segregation laws on interstate buses in the Southern United States, through non-violent direct action.
    25. Judaism and slavery
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      Judaism's religious texts contain numerous laws governing the ownership and treatment of slaves.
    26. Judenrat
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      Judenräte (singular Judenrat; German for "Jewish council") were administrative bodies during the Second World War that the Germans required Jews to form in the German occupied territory of Poland, and later in the occupied territories of the Soviet Union
    27. July 20 plot
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      The 20 July plot of 1944 was an attempt to assassinate Adolf Hitler, the leader of Nazi Germany, inside his Wolf's Lair field headquarters near Rastenburg, East Prussia.
    28. Jungk, Robert
      Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
      Austrian writer, journalists and peace activist who wrote mostly on issues relating to nuclear weapons. (1913-1994).
    29. Jura Federation
      Connexipedia Article

    K

    1. Kamal, Meena Keshwar
      Connexipedia Article
      An Afghan women's rights activist, founder of the Revolutionary Association of the Women of Afghanistan (RAWA), a group organized to promote equality and education for women. (1956-1987).
    2. Kang Sheng
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      Senior official in the Communist Party of China, in charge of security and repression of dissidents.
    3. Kapo (concentration camp)
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      A kapo was a prisoner who worked inside German Nazi concentration camps during World War II in any of certain lower administrative positions. The official Nazi word was Funktionshäftling, or "prisoner functionary", but the Nazis commonly referred to them as kapos.
    4. Kautsky, Karl
      Connexipedia Article
      German social democrat and a leading theoretician of Marxism. (1854-1938).
    5. Kautsky, Karl
      Connexipedia: Entry in Encyclopedia of Marxism Glossary of People
      German social democrat and a leading theoretician of Marxism. (1854-1938).
    6. Keller, Helen
      Connexipedia Article
      American author, political activist and lecturer. (1880-1968).
    7. Kelly, Petra
      Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
      Left-wing German politician. (1947-1992).
    8. Kelly, Petra
      Connexipedia Article
      Left-wing German politician. (1947-1992).
    9. Kengir uprising
      Connexipedia Article
      A prisoner uprising that took place in the Soviet prison labor camp Kengir in May and June 1954.
    10. Kent State shootings
      Connexipedia Article
      The shooting of unarmed college students by members of the Ohio National Guard on Monday, May 4, 1970.
    11. Kerista
      Connexipedia Article
      A religion founded in 1956 by John Peltz "Bro Jud" Presmont. Throughout much of its history, Kerista was centered on the ideals of polyfidelity (called "responsible non-monogamy") and creation of intentional communities.
    12. Kholop
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      Kholops were feudally dependent people in Russia between the 10th and early 18th centuries. Their legal status was close to that of serfs.
    13. Kidd, Bruce
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      A Canadian academic, author, and athlete.
    14. Kiel Naval Mutiny (Wilhelmshaven mutiny)
      Connexipedia Article
      A major mutiny by sailors of the German High Seas Fleet in October 1918.
    15. King, Martin Luther Jr.
      Connexipedia Article
      (1929-1968). Was an American clergyman, activist and prominent leader in the African-American civil rights movement.
    16. Kinsey, Alfred
      Connexipedia Article
      American biologist and sexologist. (1894-1956).
    17. Ki-Zerbo, Joseph
      Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
      Scholar, activist, and advocate for endogenous development. (1922-2006).
    18. Klein, Bonnie Sherr
      Connexipedia: Article in Library and Archives Canada
      Filmmaker, author, disability rights activist. (Born 1941).
    19. Knabb, Ken
      Connexipedia Article
      American writer, translator, and radical theorist. (Born 1945).
    20. Knights of Labor
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      The major labour reform organization of the late 19th century in the United States.
    21. Knights of the White Camelia
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      The Knights of the White Camellia was a secret group opposing the carpetbaggers in the U.S. Southern states during the Reconstruction era and beyond.
    22. Kohr, Leopold
      Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
      Advocate of human scale, economist, jurist and political scientist. (1909-1994).
    23. Kolko, Gabriel
      Connexipedia Article
      An American revisionist historian and author. (Born 1932).
    24. Kollontai, Alexandra
      Connexipedia: Entry in Encyclopedia of Marxism Glossary of People
      Russian Communist revolutionary. (1872-1952)
    25. Kommune Niederkaufungen
      Connexipedia Article
      One of the largest intentional communities in Germany.
    26. Konsensprinzip
      Connexipedia
      Das Wort „Konsens“ beschreibt oft sowohl die allgemeine Übereinkunft an sich, als auch den Prozess, der zu dieser Übereinkunft führt.
    27. Korsch, Karl
      Connexipedia: Entry in Encyclopedia of Marxism Glossary of People
      German Marxist theorist. (1886-1961).
    28. Korsch, Karl
      Connexipedia Article
      German Marxist theorist. (1886-1961).
    29. Kovel, Joel
      Connexipedia Article
      American politician, academic, writer, and eco-socialist. (Born 1936).
    30. Kristallnacht
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      Kristallnacht, or the Night of Broken Glass, also known as Reichskristallnacht, Pogromnacht, and Novemberpogrome, was a pogrom or series of attacks against Jews throughout Nazi Germany and parts of Austria on November 9–10, 1938.
    31. Kronstadt rebellion
      Connexipedia Article
      An uprising of Soviet sailors, soldiers and civilians against the Bolshevik government in 1921.
    32. Kropotkin, Peter
      Connexipedia Article
      Geographer, zoologist, and anarchist. (1842-1921).
    33. Kruhonja, Katarina
      Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
      Croatian peace activist. (Born 1962).
    34. Ku Klux Klan
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      Ku Klux Klan, often abbreviated KKK and informally known as The Klan, is the name of three distinct past and present far-right organizations in the United States, which have advocated extremist reactionary currents such as white supremacy, white nationalism, and anti-immigration, historically expressed through Christian terrorism and a fervent anti-communist stance.
    35. Kunstler, William
      Connexipedia Article
      American radical lawyer and civil rights activist. (1919-1995).
    36. Kuomintang
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      The Kuomintang of China translated as the Chinese Nationalist Party or Chinese National People's Party, is a centre-right, Revolutionary, conservative political party of the Republic of China (Taiwan).
    37. Kuruma, Samezo
      Connexipedia: Entry in Encyclopedia of Marxism Glossary of People
      Japanese Marxist economist. (1893-1982).

    L

    1. Labour camp
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      A labour camp is a simplified detention facility where inmates are forced to engage in penal labor. Labour camps have many common aspects with slavery and with prisons.
    2. Labour movement
      Connexipedia Article
      The term labour movement or labor movement is a broad term for the development of a collective organization of working people, to campaign in their own interest for better treatment from their employers and political governments, in particular through the implementation of specific laws governing labour relations.
    3. Labour spies
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      Labour spies are persons recruited or employed for the purpose of gathering intelligence, committing sabotage, sowing dissent, or engaging in other similar activities, typically within the context of an employer/labor organization relationship.
    4. Labour Spies
      Connexipedia Article
      Labor spies are persons recruited or employed for the purpose of gathering intelligence, committing sabotage, sowing dissent, or engaging in other similar activities, typically within the context of an employer/labor organization relationship. Labor spying is most typically used by companies or their agents, and such activity often complements union busting.
    5. Lafargue, Paul
      Connexipedia: Entry in Encyclopedia of Marxism Glossary of People
      French revolutionary Marxist socialist journalist, literary critic, political writer and activist. (1842-1911).
    6. Laing, R. D.
      Connexipedia Article
      Scottish psychiatrist who wrote extensively on mental illness. (1927-1989).
    7. Land trust
      Connexipedia Article
      There are two distinct definitions of a land trust: 1) a private, nonprofit organization that, as all or part of its mission, actively works to conserve land by undertaking or assisting in land or conservation easement acquisition, or by its stewardship of such land or easements Land Trust Alliance website, and 2) an agreement whereby one party (the trustee) agrees to hold ownership of a piece of real property for the benefit of another party (the beneficiary.
    8. Landless Peoples Movement
      Connexipedia Article
      An independent social movement made up of the poor and landless in South Africa formed in 2001.
    9. Landless Workers' Movement
      Connexipedia Article
      Social movement in Brazil.
    10. Landsberg, Michele
      Connexipedia Article
      Canadian writer, social activist and feminist. (Born 1935).
    11. Langer, Felicia
      Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
      Israeli human rights lawyer, winner of the Right Livelihood Award.
    12. Language death
      Connexipedia Article
      A process that affects speech communities.
    13. Lappé, Frances Moore
      Connexipedia Article
      Activist and writer on food, hunger, economics, and democracy. (Born 1944).
    14. Lappé, Frances Moore
      Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
      Activist and writer on food, hunger, economics, and democracy. (Born 1944).
    15. Larkin, James
      Connexipedia Article
      Irish trade union leader and socialist activist. (1876-1947).
    16. Lattimer massacre
      Connexipedia Article
      The killing of 19 unarmed striking immigrant anthracite coal miners at the Lattimer mine near Hazleton, Pennsylvania, on September 10, 1897, by a sheriff's posse.
    17. Lavell, Jeannette Vivian Corbiere
      Connexipedia: Article in Library and Archives Canada
      Native women's rights activist. (Born 1942).
    18. Lawrence textile strike
      Connexipedia Article
      A strike of immigrant workers in Lawrence, Massachusetts in 1912 led by the Industrial Workers of the World. The strike is often known as the "Bread and Roses" strike, or, "The Strike for Three Loaves".
    19. Lawson, James
      Connexipedia Article
      Theoretician and tactician of nonviolence within the American Civil Rights Movement. (Born 1928).
    20. Laxer, James
      Connexipedia Article
      Canadian political economist, professor and author. (Born 1941).
    21. Laxer, Robert
      Connexipedia Article
      Canadian psychologist, professor, author, and political activist. (1915-1998).
    22. Leadville Colorado, Miners' Strike
      Connexipedia Article
      Occurred as a result of rapid industrialization and consolidation of the mining industry.
    23. League for Social Reconstruction
      Connexipedia Article
      A circle of Canadian socialist intellectuals formed in 1931 by academics advocating radical social and economic reforms and political education.
    24. League for Social Reconstruction
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Organization of left-wing intellectuals, founded 1931-32 in Montréal and Toronto.
    25. League of Nations
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      The League of Nations (LON) was an intergovernmental organization founded as a result of the Treaty of Versailles in 1919–1920, and the precursor to the United Nations.
    26. League of Revolutionary Black Workers
      Connexipedia Article
    27. LeBourdais, Isabel
      Connexipedia Article
      Canadian journalist and author. (1909-2003).
    28. Left-libertarianism
      Connexipedia Article
      A doctrine that has a strong commitment to personal liberty and egalitarianism.
    29. Left-Wing, Anti-Bolshevik and Council Communism
      Index to the works of ;Left Communists' (a.k.a. 'Council Communists' or 'Anti-Bolshevik Communists') and other ultra-left Communist currents and the debates between Left Communists and the leaders of the Comintern and each other.
    30. Left-wing internationals, list of
      Connexipedia Article
      This is a list of socialist, communist, and anarchist internationals. An "International" # such as, the "First International", the "Second International", or the "Socialist International" # may refer to a number of multi-national communist, radical, socialist, or union organizations, typically composed of national sections.
    31. Left-wing uprisings against the Bolsheviks
      Connexipedia Article
      A series of rebellions and uprisings against the Bolsheviks led or supported by left wing groups.
    32. Lemke, Birsel
      Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
      Turkish environmentalist. (Born 1950).
    33. Lenin, V.I.
      Connexipedia Article
      Russian revolutionary. (1870-1924).
    34. Lenin, Vladimir Ilyich
      Connexipedia: Entry in Encyclopedia of Marxism Glossary of People
      Russian revolutionary. (1870-1924).
    35. Leon, Abraham
      Connexipedia Article
      Jewish Trotskyist activist and theorist. (1918-1944).
    36. Leopold, Aldo
      Connexipedia Article
      American ecologist, forester, and environmentalist who was influential in the development of modern environmental ethics and in the movement for wilderness preservation. (1887-1948).
    37. Levellers
      Connexipedia Article
      A political movement during the English Civil Wars on the 17th century which emphasised popular sovereignty, extended suffrage, equality before the law, and religious tolerance.
    38. Lewis, David
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Socialist politician, labour lawyer, and leader of the federal New Democratic Party. (1909-1981).
    39. Lewis, Stephen
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Politician, diplomat, author, journalist, labour arbitrator, and former leader of the Ontario New Democratic Party. (Born 1937).
    40. LGBT history, Timeline of
      Connexipedia Article
      The following is a timeline of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) related history.
    41. LGBT Social Movements
      Connexipedia Article
      Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender social movements.
    42. Liberation News Service
      Connexipedia Article
      A leftist alternative news service in the USA from 1967 to 1981.
    43. Liberation theology
      Connexipedia Article
      The Theology of Liberation is a theology in which the salvation or liberation wrought by Christ is examined not only in terms of liberation from individual sin, but also in terms of liberation in other spheres: the aspirations of oppressed peoples and social classes; an understanding of history in which the human being is seen as assuming conscious responsibility for human destiny; and Christ the Saviour liberating the human race from sin, which is the root of all disruption of friendship and of all injustice and oppression.
    44. Libertarian League
      Connexipedia Article
      A name used by two American libertarian organisations during the twentieth century.
    45. A libertarian Marxist tendency map
      Connexipedia Article
      This tendency map was produced by Chris Wright for endpage.com, now part of the libcom.org library - it is designed to trace some of the important tendencies in libertarian Marxism. Contains a brief written history with links to key individuals, groups and publications, and a graphic map.
    46. Libertarian Socialism
      Overview of libertarian socialism.
    47. Libertarian Socialism
      Connexipedia Article
      A socialist political orientation which promote a non-hierarchical, non-bureaucratic, stateless society without private property in the means of production. Libertarian socialism is opposed to coercive forms of social organization, and promotes free association in place of the coercive social relations of capitalism
    48. Liebknecht, Karl
      Connexipedia Article
      German socialist, revolutionary, and a co-founder of the Spartacist League. (1871-1919).
    49. Liebknecht, Wilhelm
      Connexipedia Article
      German social democrat, one of the founders of the SPD. (1826-1900).
    50. Life and Labour Commune
      Connexipedia Article
      A Tolstoyan agricultural commune founded in 1921 and disbanded as a state run collective farm in 1937.
    51. Lilburne, John
      Connexipedia Article
      English political agitator before, during and after English Civil Wars 1642-1650. (1614-1657).
    52. Lincoln, Abraham
      Connexipedia Article
      President of the United States during the American Civil War. (1809-1865).
    53. Lincoln Brigade
      Connexipedia Article
      Volunteers from the United States who served in the Spanish Civil War in the International Brigades.
    54. Little, Frank
      Connexipedia Article
      American labour leader who organized miners, lumberjacks and oil field workers. (1879-1917).
    55. Little Rock Central High School
      Connexipedia Article
      The site of forced school desegregation during the American Civil Rights Movement.
    56. Livesay, Dorothy
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Poet, journalist, writer of short fiction, autobiography and literary criticism. (1909-1996).
    57. Livingstone, Kay
      Connexipedia: Article in Library and Archives Canada
      Social activist, radio host. (1918-1975).
    58. Local currency
      Connexipedia Article
      A currency not backed by a national government (and not necessarily legal tender), and intended to trade only in a small area. This amounts to a formalization of the barter system, a useful tool for raising awareness of the state of the local economy.
    59. Local Exchange Trading Systems
      Connexipedia Article
      Local, non-profit exchange networks in which goods and services can be traded without the need for printed currency.
    60. London Dock Strike of 1889
      Connexipedia Article
      An industrial dispute involving dock workers in the Port of London which resulted in a victory for the strikers and established strong trade unions amongst London dockers.
    61. London matchgirls strike of 1888
      Connexipedia Article
      A strike of the women and teenage girls working at a match factory in London.
    62. Longuet, Jenny
      Connexipedia Article
      Socialist activist. Daughter of Jenny von Westphalen and Karl Marx. (1844-1883).
    63. Loray Mill Strike
      Connexipedia Article
      One of the best known labor strikes in the history of the United States.
    64. Lee Lorch
      Wikipedia article
      ee Lorch (1915 – 2014) was a mathematician and an early civil rights activist.
    65. Lost children of Francoism
      Wikipedia article
      The lost children of Francoism were the children abducted from Republican parents, who were either in jail or had been assassinated by Francoist troops, during the Spanish Civil War and Francoist Spain. The number of abducted children is estimated to be up to 300,000. The kidnapped children were sometimes also victims of child trafficking and illegal adoption.
    66. Lotta Continua
      Connexipedia Article
      Italian left-wing organization.
    67. Lount, Samuel
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Blacksmith, politician, rebel. (1791-1838).
    68. L'ouverture, Toussaint
      Connexipedia Article
      Leader of the Haitian Revolution. (1743-1803).
    69. Lowell Mill Girls
      Connexipedia Article
      Female textile workers in Lowell, Massachusetts, in the 19th century.
    70. Luddites
      Connexipedia Article
      A social movement of British textile artisans in the early nineteenth century who protested - often by destroying mechanized looms - against the changes produced by the Industrial Revolution, which were leaving them without work.
    71. Ludlow massacre
      Connexipedia Article
      The violent deaths of 20 people, 11 of them children, during an attack by the Colorado National Guard on a tent colony of 1,200 striking coal miners and their families at Ludlow, Colorado on April 20, 1914.
    72. Lukács, Georg
      Connexipedia: Entry in Encyclopedia of Marxism Glossary of People
      Hungarian Marxist philosopher, writer, literary critic, and socialist. (1885-1971).
    73. Lukács, György
      Connexipedia Article
      Hungarian Marxist philosopher, writer, literary critic, and socialist. (1885-1971).
    74. Lupeni Strike of 1929
      Connexipedia Article
      Near the end of 1928, miners' leaders in the Jiu Valley had begun agitating for an extension of their collective work contract.The two sides could not reach an agreement. A trial, and then a strike ensued. The strike was glorified by the Communist regime as a symbol of the struggle of labour against capitalism.
    75. Lutzenberger, José
      Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
      Environmentalist and organic farming advocate (1926-2002).
    76. Luxembourgian general strike 1942
      Connexipedia Article
      A pacific resistance movement organised within a short time period to protest against a directive that incorporated the Luxembourg youth into the Wehrmacht.
    77. Luxemburg, Rosa
      Connexipedia Article
      Marxist revolutionary. (1871-1919).
    78. Luxemburg, Rosa
      Connexipedia: Entry in Encyclopedia of Marxism Glossary of People
      Marxist revolutionary. (1871-1919).
    79. Luxemburgism
      Connexipedia Article
      A revolutionary theory within Marxism and communism based on the writings of Rosa Luxemburg.
    80. Lynd, Staughton
      Connexipedia Article
      American author, activist, historian, and lawyer. (Born 1929).

    M

    1. Maathai, Wangari
      Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
      Winner of the 1984 Right Livelihood Award and the 2004 Nobel Peace Prize. (Born 1940).
    2. Maathai, Wangari
      Connexipedia Article
      Winner of the1984 Right Livelihood Award and the 2004 Nobel Peace Prize. (Born 1940).
    3. Macdonald, Dwight
      Connexipedia Article
      American writer, editor, social critic, philosopher, and political radical. (1906-1982).
    4. MacInnis, Angus
      Connexipedia Article
      Canadian social democratic politician. (1884-1964).
    5. MacInnis, Grace Winona
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Canadian politician and feminist.
    6. MacInnis, Grace
      Connexipedia Article
      Canadian politician and feminist. (1905-1991).
    7. Mackandal, François
      Connexipedia Article
      Haïtian Maroon resistance leader. (died 1758).
    8. Mackenzie, William Lyon
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Journalist, politician, rebel. (1795-1861).
    9. Mackenzie, William Lyon
      Connexipedia Article
      Journalist, politician, rebel. (1795-1861).
    10. Macphail, Agnes
      Connexipedia Article
      Canadian political and activist. (1890-1954).
    11. Macphail, Agnes Campbell
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Canadian polician. (1890-1954).
    12. Macpherson, C. B.
      Connexipedia Article
      Canadian political scientist. (1911-1987).
    13. Maji Maji Rebellion
      Connexipedia Article
      A violent African resistance to colonial rule in the German colony of Tanganyika.
    14. Makhno, Nestor
      Connexipedia Article
      Ukrainian anarcho-communist guerrilla leader. (1888-1934).
    15. Malatesta, Errico
      Connexipedia Article
      Italian anarcho-communist. (1853-1932).
    16. Malik, Kenan
      Connexipedia Article
      Writer, lecturer and broadcaster. (Born 1962).
    17. Mandela, Nelson
      Connexipedia Article
      Anti-apartheid leader, first black to be elected President of South Africa. (Born 1918).
    18. Manifestos, Programs, Visions
      Selected Manifestos - Political Statements - Programs
      A selection of left manifestos, programs, poltical statements and visions from the 1600s to today.
    19. Mann, Tom
      Connexipedia Article
      British trade unionist. (1856-1941).
    20. Manoir Richelieu Dispute
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Few labour disputes have included such dramatic developments as the eventful Manoir Richelieu conflict, which shook Quebec in December 1985 when the Parti Québécois government sold the property, a renowned tourism heritage site, to businessman Raymond Malenfant for $555 555.55.The new owner maintained that he had purchased only a building and was not bound through the transaction by any obligation to the union or the existing collective bargaining agreement.
    21. Manorama, Ruth
      Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
      Advocate for the right of Dalit women. (Born 1952).
    22. Marat, Jean-Paul
      Connexipedia Article
      Radical journalist and politician from the French Revolution. (1743-1793).
    23. March on Rome
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      The March on Rome (Marcia su Roma) was a march, in October 1922, by which Italian dictator Benito Mussolini's National Fascist Party (Partito Nazionale Fascista, or PNF) came to power in Italy (Regno d'Italia).
    24. March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom
      Connexipedia Article
      Large political rally that took place in Washington, D.C. on August 28, 1963 at which Martin Luther King, Jr. delivered his historic "I Have a Dream" speech advocating racial harmony at the Lincoln Memorial.
    25. Marcos, Subcomandante
      Connexipedia Article
      Spokesman for the Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN).
    26. Marcuse, Herbert
      Connexipedia Article
      Marxist philosopher, political theorist and sociologist. (1898-1979).
    27. Mariátegui, Jose Carlos
      Connexipedia: Entry in Encyclopedia of Marxism Glossary of People
      Peruvian socialist. (Born 1894).
    28. Marshall, Donald, Jr
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Accused of murder, Marshall, a 16-year old Micmac, was convicted and sentenced to life imprisonment. After he had served 11 years in a penitentiary, a re-examination of the case found him innocent. (1953-2009).
    29. Martí, José
      Connexipedia Article
      Cuban poet and rebel. (1953-1895).
    30. Marx and Engels on Philosophy
      Early philosophical works.
    31. Marx, Eleanor
      Connexipedia Article
      Socialist author and activist. (1855-1898).
    32. Marx, Karl
      Connexipedia Article
      German philosopher, political economist, historian, political theorist, sociologist, communist, and revolutionary, whose ideas are credited as the foundation of modern communism. (1818-1883).
    33. Marx, Karl
      Connexipedia: Entry in Encyclopedia of Marxism Glossary of People
      Brief biography of Karl Marx. (1818-1883).
    34. Marxism
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      A world view developed by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels in the 19th century and further developed by various theorists and political activists.
    35. Marxism & Alienation
      Documents on alienation and Marxism.
    36. Marxism & Anarchism: Documents in the Marxists Internet Archive
      Resources on the theory and practice of anarchism and the unity and conflict between Marxists and Anarchists over the past 150 years.
    37. Marxism & Education
      Documents on education and Marxism.
    38. Marxist and Socialist Periodicals Listing
    39. Marxist feminism
      Connexipedia Article
      Focuses on the dismantling of capitalism as the key to liberating women.
    40. Marxist Humanism and the 'New Left'
      An index to the writings and biographies of Marxist-Humanist writers.
    41. Marxists Internet Archive Encyclopedia of Marxism
    42. Marxists Internet Archive - Historic Events in the Encyclopedia of Marxism
    43. Marxists Internet Archive Subject Archive
      Special Subject Collections
    44. Massacres - List of events named massacres - Wikipedia
      Connexipedia Article
    45. Masterless Men of Newfoundland
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      A legendary outlaw society of men escaping press gangs, Royal Navy deserters and runaway indentured servants from Newfoundland fishing plantations.
    46. Mattachine Society
      Connexipedia Article
      One of the earliest lasting homophile organizations in the United States, founded in 1950.
    47. Matthews, Peter
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Farmer who participated in the Upper Canada Rebellion of 1837. (1789? - 1838).
    48. Mattick, Paul
      Connexipedia Article
      Marxist writer and activist. (1904-1981).
    49. Mattick Paul
      Connexipedia: Entry in Encyclopedia of Marxism Glossary of People
      Marxist writer and activist. (1904-1981).
    50. Mau Mau Uprising
      Connexipedia Article
      An insurgency by Kenyan peasants against the British colonialist rule.
    51. May 1968 in France
      Connexipedia Article
      May 1968, referring to the period when the events occurred in France, saw the largest general strike that ever stopped the economy of an advanced industrial country,[1] the first wildcat general strike in history,[1] and a series of student occupation protests.
    52. May 5, 1818: Birth of Karl Marx
      Seeds of Fire
      Marx breathes dialectics and revolution. For Marx, radicalism means going to the root, and Marx’s radicalism seeks to go to the root of capitalism, to comprehend its essence dialectically, to understand its inherent contradictions – and the seeds of revolution it contains.
    53. May Day
      Connexipedia Article
      Occurs on May 1 and refers to several public holidays.
    54. May Day Documents
      Documents focusing on the labour history origins of May Day as a workers# holiday, including material from the eight-hour movement, the Haymarket Tragedy, International May Day, as well as recollections, music, literature and images.
    55. Mazdak
      Connexipedia Article
      A proto-socialist Persian reformer.
    56. McClung, Nellie Letitia (Mooney)
      Connexipedia: Article in Library and Archives Canada
      Canadian feminist, politician, and social activist. (1873-1951).
    57. McLachlan, James Bryson
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Labour leader. (1869-1937).
    58. McNaughton, Violet
      Connexipedia: Article in Library and Archives Canada
      Feminist, journalist and activist. (1879-1968).
    59. Medicare in Canada: Facts and Myths
      Health Care Myths
      Refutes the myths and representations spread by medicare#s opponents.
    60. Mehring, Franz
      Connexipedia Article
      German socialist publicist, politician and historian. (1846-1919).
    61. Menchú, Rigoberta
      Connexipedia Article
      Winner of the 1992 Nobel Peace Prize. (Born 1959).
    62. Mercredi, Ovide William
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Aboriginal Canadian politician and leader. (Born 1946).
    63. Mer-Khamis, Arna
      Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
      Israeli educator and human rights activist. (1929-1995).
    64. Merry Pranksters
      Connexipedia Article
      Group of people who formed around American author Ken Kesey in 1964 and who promoted the use of psychedelic drugs.
    65. Merthyr Rising 1831
      Connexipedia Article
      The violent climax to many years of simmering unrest among the large working class population of Merthyr Tydfil in South Wales and the surrounding area.
    66. Metacomet (Metacomb)
      Connexipedia Article
      A war chief of the Wampanoag Indians and their leader in King Philip's War. (Died 1676).
    67. Mexican War of Independence
      Connexipedia Article
    68. Michel, Louise
      Connexipedia: Entry in Encyclopedia of Marxism Glossary of People
      French anarchist, school teacher and medical worker. (1830-1905).
    69. Midland Revolt
      Connexipedia Article
      A popular uprising which took place in the Midlands of England in 1607.
    70. Miliband, Ralph
      Connexipedia Article
      Marxist political theorist and sociologist. (1924-1994).
    71. Mills, C. Wright
      Connexipedia Article
      American sociologist. (1916-1962).
    72. Minneapolis Teamsters Strike of 1934
      Connexipedia Article
      A strike by Teamsters against most of the trucking companies operating in Minneapolis.
    73. Miramichi Lumber Strike
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      The Miramichi Lumber Strike began 20 August 1937 when 1500 millworkers and longshoremen along the Miramichi River in northern New Brunswick struck 14 lumber firms for increased wages, shorter working hours and union recognition.
    74. Moffatt, Gary
      Connexipedia Article
      Canadian anarchist and activist.
    75. Moffatt, Gary (Italian text)
      Connexipedia
      Gary Archibald Moffat era un attivista Canadese specializzato nella costruzione di movimenti radicali ai fini di cambiamenti sociali e politici.
    76. Molly house
      Connexipedia Article
      An archaic English term for a tavern or private room where homosexual and cross-dressing men could meet each other and possible sexual partners.
    77. Moncada Barracks
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      The Moncada Barracks was a military barracks in Santiago de Cuba. On July 26, 1953, the barracks was the site of an armed attack by a small group of revolutionaries led by Fidel Castro.
    78. Mondragón Cooperative Corporation
      Connexipedia Article
      A group of manufacturing, financial and retail enterprises based in the Basque Country and extended over the rest of Spain and abroad which is one of the world's largest worker cooperatives and one important example of workers' self-management.
    79. Montenegro, Raúl
      Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
      Environmental and indigenous rights activist. (Born 1949).
    80. Montgomery Bus Boycott
      A successful year-long protest against the segregation of buses in Montgomery, Alabama.
    81. Mooney, Pat
      Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
      Winner of the Right Livelihood Award for his work to save the world's genetic plant heritage. (Born 1947).
    82. Morant Bay rebellion
      Connexipedia Article
    83. Moratorium to End the War in Vietnam
      Connexipedia Article
      A large demonstration against the United States involvement in the Vietnam War that took place across the United States on October 15, 1969.
    84. Morgentaler, Henry
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Canadian physician and prominent pro choice advocate who has fought numerous legal battles for that cause. (Born 1923).
    85. Morris, William
      Connexipedia Article
      British artist, designer, author, and socialist. (1834-1896).
    86. Morrison, Norman
      Connexipedia Article
      Baltimore Quaker best known for committing suicide in an act of self-immolation to protest United States involvement in the Vietnam War. (1933-1965).
    87. Mother Earth
      Connexipedia Article
      An anarchist journal that described itself as "A Monthly Magazine Devoted to Social Science and Literature," edited by Emma Goldman and Alexander Berkman, and published. (1907-1917).
    88. Mountain Biking: Frequently Asked Questions
      Why do people mountain bike, and what harms does it do?
    89. Mumford, Lewis
      Connexipedia Article
      American historian and philosopher of technology and science. (1895-1990).
    90. Munir
      Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
      Indonesian human rights activist. (1965-2004).
    91. Müntzer, Thomas
      Connexipedia Article
      An early Reformation-era German theologian and Anabaptist. (1488-1525).
    92. Murdochville Strike
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      On 10 March 1957 the 1000 workers of Gaspé Copper Mines, Murdochville, Qué, struck for the right to unionize. The conflict lasted 7 months and ended in defeat for the miners.
    93. Muste, A. J.
      Connexipedia Article
      A socialist active in the pacifist movement, the labour movement, and the US civil rights movement. (1885-1967).
    94. Mutiny
      Connexipedia Article
      An action members of a group of similarly-situated individuals (typically members of the military; or the crew of any ship, even if they are civilians) to openly oppose, change or overthrow an existing authority. The term is commonly used for a rebellion among members of the military against their superior officer(s).
    95. Mutualism
      Connexipedia Article
    96. Müntzer, Thomas
      Connexipedia: Article in the Global Mennonite Encyclopedia Online
      Religious figure.

    N

    1. Nader, Ralph
      Connexipedia Article
      American attorney, author, lecturer, and political activist. (Born 1934).
    2. Narmada Bachao Andolan
      Connexipedia Article
      An organisation that has mobilised tribal people, adivasis, farmers, environmentalists and human rights activists against the Sardar Sarovar Dam being built across the Narmada river, Gujarat, India.
    3. National Anarchism
      Connexipedia Article
      National-Anarchism is a syncretic political current that was developed in the 1990s by former Third Positionists to reconcile anarchism with nationalism and in some cases racial separatism. It has philosophical roots in the writings of Julius Evola and the neo-Spenglerian Francis Parker Yockey, and claims Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, Mikhail Bakunin, Peter Kropotkin, Leo Tolstoy, and Max Stirner among its influences. Critics are concerned that national-anarchism may be the potential new face of fascism. They argue that by adopting selected symbols, slogans and stances of the left-wing anarchist movement in particular, this new form of post-war fascism hopes to avoid the stigma of the older tradition, while injecting its core fascist values into the newer movement of anti-globalization activists and related decentralized political groups.
    4. Naturism
      Connexipedia Article
      A cultural and political movement advocating and defending social nudity in private and in public. It may also refer to a lifestyle based on personal, family and/or social nudism.
    5. Nearing, Scott
      Connexipedia Article
      American radical economist, educator, writer, political activist, and advocate of simple living. (1883-1983).
    6. Neill, A. S.
      Connexipedia Article
      Scottish progressive educator, author and founder of Summerhill school. (1883-1973).
    7. Nelson Mandela 70th Birthday Tribute
      Connexipedia Article
    8. Neo-fascism
      Connexipedia Article
      Neo-fascism is a post-World War II ideology that usually includes nationalism, anti-immigration policies or, where relevant, nativism (see definition), anti-communism, and opposition to the parliamentary system and liberal democracy.
    9. Nettlau, Max
      Connexipedia Article
      German anarchist and historian. (1865-1944).
    10. Neue Zeit, Die
      Connexipedia Article
      German socialist theoretical journal of the Social Democratic Party of Germany.
    11. New Democratic Party
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      A social democratic party and a member of the Socialist International.
    12. New Hogtown Press
      Connexipedia Article
      New Hogtown Press was a Canadian left-wing publisher active during the 1970s and 1980s.
    13. New Left
      Connexipedia Article
      Left-wing movements in different countries in the 1960s and 1970s .
    14. New Left
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      The New Left was a loose international political movement of the 1960s
    15. The New Masses
      Connexipedia Article
      American Marxist publication.
    16. New Orleans general strike of 1892
      Connexipedia Article
      A general strike in the U.S. city of New Orleans, Louisiana, that began on November 8, 1892.
    17. New Reasoner
      Connexipedia Article
      Left-wing publication edited by E.P. Thompson and John Saville. (1957-1960).
    18. New Zealand waterfront dispute of 1951
      Connexipedia Article
      The largest and most widespread industrial dispute in New Zealand history.
    19. Newfoundland Loggers' Strike
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
    20. Newfoundland Sealing Disaster
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      SS Newfoundland was a sealing ship which lost 78 sealers on the ice during extreme weather conditions in March 1914 which claimed lives from three sealing ships in an event known as the 1914 Newfoundland Sealing Disaster.
    21. News and Letters Committees - Wikipedia article
      Connexipedia Article
    22. Newsboys Strike of 1899
      Connexipedia Article
      A youth-led campaign to force change in the way that Joseph Pulitzer's and William Randolph Hearst's newspapers compensated their child labor force.
    23. Newton, Huey P.
      Connexipedia Article
      Co-founder and leader of the Black Panther Party. (1942-1989).
    24. Nicaraguan Revolution
      Connexipedia Article
      Encompasses the rising opposition to the Somoza dictatorship in the 1960s and 1970s.
    25. Nin, Andrés
      Connexipedia Article
      Spanish Communist revolutionary. (1892-1937).
    26. Nine-Hour Movement
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Was an international workers' attempt to secure shorter working days.
    27. Nine Years' War (Tyrone's Rebellion, Ireland)
      Connexipedia Article
      Ireland 1594 to 1603.
    28. 1983 United States Senate bombing
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      The 1983 U.S. Senate bombing was a bomb explosion at the United States Senate on November 7, 1983.
    29. 1919 United States anarchist bombings
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      The 1919 United States anarchist bombings were a series of bombings and attempted bombings carried out by anarchist followers of Luigi Galleani from April through June 1919. These bombings fueled the Red Scare of 1919-20.
    30. No Border Network
      Connexipedia Article
      Loose associations of autonomous organisations, groups, and individuals in Western Europe, Eastern Europe and beyond. They support freedom of movement and resist human migration control by coordinating international border camps, demonstrations, direct actions, and anti-deportation campaigns.
    31. Non-cooperation movement
      Connexipedia Article
      A series of nationwide people's movements of nonviolent resistance and civil disobedience, led by Mahatma Gandhi and the Indian National Congress.
    32. Non-monogamy
      Connexipedia Article
      A blanket term covering several different types of interpersonal relationships in which some or all participants have multiple marital, sexual, and/or romantic partners.
    33. Nonviolent resistance
      Connexipedia Article
      The practice of achieving socio-political goals through symbolic protests, civil disobedience, economic or political noncooperation, and other methods, without using violence.
    34. North-West Rebellion
      Connexipedia Article
      A brief and unsuccessful uprising by the Métis people of the District of Saskatchewan under Louis Riel against the Dominion of Canada, which they believed had failed to address their concerns for the survival of their people.
    35. Norwegian resistance movement
      Connexipedia Article
      Resistance to the occupation of Norway by Nazi Germany.
    36. Nude beach
      Connexipedia Article
      A beach where users are legally at liberty to be nude.
    37. Nyerere, Julius
      Connexipedia Article
      African politician and socialist. (1922-1999).

    O

    1. Oaxaca protests 2006
      Connexipedia Article
      The Mexican state of Oaxaca was embroiled in a conflict that lasted more than seven months and resulted in at least seventeen deaths and the occupation of the capital city of Oaxaca by the Popular Assembly of the Peoples of Oaxaca (APPO).
    2. Observation
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      Observation is either an activity of a living being (such as a human), consisting of receiving knowledge of the outside world through the senses, or the recording of data using scientific instruments. The term may also refer to any datum collected during this activity.
    3. Occam's razor
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      When competing hypotheses are equal in other respects, the principle recommends selection of the hypothesis that introduces the fewest assumptions and postulates the fewest entities while still sufficiently answering the question.
    4. Occupy Wall Street - Wikipedia article
      Connexpedia article
      About the demonstrations in New York City, 2011.
    5. Ochs, Phil
      Connexipedia Article
      U.S. protest singer (or, as he preferred, a topical singer) and songwriter who was known for his sharp wit, sardonic humor, earnest humanism, political activism, insightful and alliterative lyrics, and haunting voice. (1940 - 1976).
    6. October Revolution
      Connexipedia Article
      The October Revolution, also known as the Soviet Revolution or Bolshevik Revolution, was a political revolution and a part of the Russian Revolution.
    7. Oh, Freedom
      Connexipedia Article
      African American freedom song.
    8. On to Ottawa Trek
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      In 1935, 1500 residents of federal unemployment relief camps in BC went on strike and moved by train and truck to Vancouver, spurred by angry concern for improved conditions and benefits in the camps. They then began a trek to Ottawa, but were stopped by police in Regina.
    9. On-to-Ottawa Trek
      Connexipedia Article
      A 1935 social movement of unemployed men protesting the dismal conditions in federal relief camps scattered in remote areas across Western Canada.
    10. One Big Union
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      In 1919 delegates from most union locals in western Canada met at the Western Labour Conference in Calgary and proclaimed support for the Bolshevik and other left-wing revolutions. They decided to conduct a referendum among Canadian union members on whether to secede from the American Federation of Labor and the trades and labour congress of Canada, and form a revolutionary industrial revolution to be called the One Big Union.
    11. Opchanacanough
      Connexipedia Article
      A tribal chief of the Powhatan Confederacy. (Died 1646).
    12. Open marriage
      Connexipedia Article
      Open marriage typically refers to a marriage in which the partners agree that each may engage in extramarital sexual relationships, without this being regarded as infidelity.
    13. Open relationship
      Connexipedia Article
      An open relationship is a relationship in which the participants are free to have emotional, spiritual and/or physical relationships with other partners.
    14. Opposition to U.S. war against Vietnam
      Connexipedia Article
    15. Oral history
      Connexipedia Article
      The recording, preservation and interpretation of historical information, based on the personal experiences and recollections of the speaker.
    16. Organised persecution of ethnic Germans
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
    17. Orrego, Juan Pablo
      Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
      Chilean environment activist. (Born 1949).
    18. Orwell, George
      Connexipedia Article
      British author. (1903-1950).
    19. Osceola
      Connexipedia Article
      War chief of the Seminole in Florida who led a small band of warriors in the Seminole resistance when the United States tried to remove the Seminoles from their lands. (1804-1838).
    20. Oshawa Strike 1937
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      In 1937 , more than 4000 workers if General Motors plant in Oshaw Ontario, went on strike to fight for better wages and working conditions.
    21. Ossietzky, Carl von
      Connexipedia Article
      German radical pacifist. (1889-1938).
    22. Owen, Robert
      Connexipedia Article
      English social reformer. (1771-1858).

    P

    1. Pacifism
      Connexipedia Article
      The opposition to war or violence as a means of settling disputes or gaining advantage.
    2. Paine, Thomas
      Connexipedia Article
      Author, pamphleteer, radical, inventor, intellectual, revolutionary. (1737-1809).
    3. Palestinian general strike 1936
      Connexipedia Article
      Part of the 1936#1939 Arab revolt in Palestine.
    4. Palmer, Alexander Mitchell
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      Alexander Mitchell Palmer (May 4, 1872 - May 11, 1936) was Attorney General of the United States from 1919 to 1921. He was nicknamed The Fighting Quaker and he directed the controversial Palmer Raids.
    5. Panitch, Leo
      Connexipedia Article
      Canadian political scientist. (Born 1945).
    6. Pankhurst, Emmeline
      Connexipedia Article
      English women's suffrage movement leader. (1858-1928).
    7. Pannekoek, Anton
      Connexipedia Article
      Scientist and Marxist. (1873-1960).
    8. Papanek, Victor
      Connexipedia Article
      Designer and educator who became a strong advocate of the socially and ecologically responsible design of products, tools, and community infrastructures. (1927-1999).
    9. Papineau, Louis-Joseph
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Lawyer, seigneur, politician, defender of the national heritage of French Canada. Led the fight for control of the political institutions of Lower Canada. (1786-1871).
    10. Parent, Madeleine
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Trade unionist. (Born 1918).
    11. Parent, Madeleine
      Connexipedia: Article in Library and Archives Canada
      Trade unionist. (Born 1918).
    12. Parks, Rosa
      Connexipedia Article
      African American civil rights activist. (1913-2005).
    13. Parlby, Irene Marryat
      Connexipedia: Article in Library and Archives Canada
      Politician, farm women's leader. (1868-1965).
    14. Parrot, Jean-Claude
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Trade unionist. (Born 1936).
    15. Parsons, Lucy
      Connexipedia Article
      Radical American labour organizer and anarchist communist. (1853-1942).
    16. Pauling, Linus
      Connexipedia Article
      American chemist, peace activist, author, and educator. (1901-1994).
    17. Peace churches
      Connexipedia Article
      Christian churches, groups or communities advocating Christian pacifism.
    18. Peace movement
      Connexipedia Article
      A social movement that seeks to achieve ideals such as the ending of a particular war (or all wars), minimize inter-human violence in a particular place or type of situation, often linked to the goal of achieving world peace.
    19. Peace Movement (Canada)
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Canada has a long tradition of an active and vocal peace movement. During the late 1950s and 1960s, concern over the dangers of atmospheric testing and the debate over the presence in Canada of nuclear weapons provided a focus for Canada's fledgling peace movement.
    20. Peasant revolt in Flanders 1323-1328
      Connexipedia Article
      A popular revolt in late medieval Europe. (1323-1328).
    21. Peasants' Revolt (Wat Tyler's Rebellion)
      Connexipedia Article
      Revolt in England in 1381.
    22. Peasants' War
      Connexipedia Article
      A popular revolt that took place in Europe during 1524-1525.
    23. Peltier, Leonard
      Connexipedia Article
      American activist and member of the American Indian Movement. (Born 1944).
    24. Penal transportation
      Connexipedia Article
      The deporting of convicted criminals to a penal colony. Examples include transportation by France to Devil's Island and by the UK to its colonies in the Americas, from the 1610s through the American Revolution in the 1770s, and then to Australia between 1788 and 1868.
    25. Penner, Jacob
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Canadian radical. (1880-1965).
    26. People's Songs
      Connexipedia Article
    27. Perlas, Nicanor
      Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
      Filipino opponent of corporate globalization. (Born 1950).
    28. Perlman, Fredy
      Connexipedia Article
      Radical author, publisher and activist. (1934-1985).
    29. Permaculture
      Connexipedia Article
      An approach to designing human settlements and perennial agricultural systems that mimics the relationships found in natural ecologies.
    30. Peterloo Massacre
      Connexipedia Article
      The Peterloo Massacre (or Battle of Peterloo) occurred at St Peter's Field, Manchester, England, on 16 August 1819, when cavalry charged into a crowd of 60,000#80,000 gathered at a meeting to demand the reform of parliamentary representation. It is estimated that 11#15 were killed and 400#700 injured.
    31. Philippine revolts against Spain
      Connexipedia Article
      Revolts during the Spanish colonial period.
    32. Phillips, Utah
      Connexipedia Article
      Labor organizer, folk singer, storyteller, and poet. (1935-2008).
    33. Philosophy Documents in the Marxists Internet Archive
      The value of knowledge, Marx and Engels on Philosophy, Marxist Philosophy, Introduction to Marxism.
    34. Picketing
      Connexipedia Article
      A form of protest in which people congregate outside a place of work or location where an event is taking place. Often, this is done in an attempt to dissuade others from going in ("crossing the picket line"), but it can also be done to draw public attention to a cause.
    35. Pilbara strike of 1946
      Connexipedia Article
      A strike by Indigenous Australian pastoral workers in the Pilbara region of Western Australia for human rights recognition and payment of fair wages and working conditions.
    36. Pilecki, Witold
      Connexipedia Article
      A member of the Polish resistance and the only known person to volunteer to be imprisoned at Auschwitz concentration camp. (1901-1948).
    37. Pirate radio
      Connexipedia Article
      Illegal or unregulated radio transmitters.
    38. Plain people
      Connexipedia Article
      Christian groups characterized by separation from the world and simple living, including plain dress.
    39. Plekhanov, Georgi Valentinovich
      Connexipedia: Entry in Encyclopedia of Marxism Glossary of People
      Russian socialist. (1856-1918).
    40. Polish Righteous among the Nations
      Connexipedia Article
      Polish citizens have the world's highest count of individuals awarded medals of Righteous among the Nations, given by the State of Israel to non-Jews who saved Jews from extermination during the Holocaust.
    41. Polish underground press
      Connexipedia Article
      Underground newspaper with a long history of combatting censorship.
    42. Political Protest
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Political protest is the kind of political activity, eg, demonstrations, strikes and even violence, usually but not always undertaken by those who lack access to the resources of organized pressure groups, or by those whose values conflict sharply with those of the dominant elite.
    43. Politkovskaya, Anna
      Connexipedia Article
      Russian journalist, author and human rights activist. (1958-2006).
    44. Polyamory
      Connexipedia Article
      The practice, desire, or acceptance of having more than one intimate relationship at a time with the consent of everyone involved.
    45. Polyfidelity
      Connexipedia Article
      A form of polyamorous group marriage wherein all members consider each other to be primary partners and agree to be sexual only with other members of this group.
    46. Pontiac
      Connexipedia Article
      An Ottawa chief who led Pontiac's Rebellion. (1763#1766).
    47. Pontiac's Rebellion
      Connexipedia Article
      A war launched in 1763 by a loose confederation of elements of Native American tribes primarily from the Great Lakes region, the Illinois Country, and Ohio Country who were dissatisfied with British policies in the Great Lakes region after the British victory in the French and Indian War.
    48. Popular education
      Connexipedia Article
      An educational technique designed to raise the consciousness of its participants and allow them to become more aware of how an individual's personal experiences are connected to larger societal problems.
    49. Popular Front (Spain)
      Connexipedia Article
    50. Popular revolt in late medieval Europe
      Connexipedia Article
      Popular revolts in late medieval Europe were uprisings and rebellions by (typically) peasants in the countryside, or the bourgeois in towns, against nobles, abbots and kings during the upheavals of the 14th through early 16th centuries.
    51. Populism
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Populism mixes elements of core political ideologies, like socialism, liberalism and neo-conservatism, opposition to powerful elites in public life, and advocacy of more real power for "the people." All populisms explain the distribution of power and operation of basic social institutions in terms of a fundamental antagonism between "the people" and "power elites."
    52. Port Chicago mutiny
      Connexipedia Article
      A refusal by servicemen to load munitions in 1944 in the face of unsafe working conditions which had led to an explosion the previous month in which 320 sailors had been killed.
    53. Post-World War II demobilization strikes
      Connexipedia Article
      Strikes within Allied military forces stationed across the Middle East, India and South-East Asia in the months and years following World War II.
    54. Postmodernism and the Left
      Barabara Epstein provides an overview of the approach and subculture of postmodernism and how they relate to, or conflict with, leftwing ideas.
    55. Postmodernism: Paralysed by postmodernism
      A great deal of "theory" in the humanities and social sciences -- and not just postmodern theory -- involves the creating of a kind of conceptual landscape filled with curious kinds of abstract objects -- "language", "power", "justice", "state", "culture", "government", "the polity", "the economy" and a host of others, which are viewed "theoretically" from somewhere way "outside" or "above" them. But it is just this way of looking at things -- from "on high" -- that makes it so difficult to see how people in the landscape are able to create and re-create the world in which they live, and are not simply trapped or formed by it. In fashionable postmodernist treatments of identity or subjectivity, language, as the ultimately hollow and imprisoning object, is put together with the notion that anybody who uses words must be committed to the standard definition of those words, to produce the conclusion that "language" determines the meaning of "identity" words such as man, woman, gay, straight, black, white, natural, normal -- and thus "constructs" (as it is said) human identity or subjectivity itself.
    56. POUM - Partido Obrero Unificacion Marxista
      Connexipedia Article
    57. Prague Spring
      Connexipedia Article
      A period of political liberalization in Czechoslovakia in 1968.
    58. The Praxis Group
      Praxis was a Marxist-humanist journal which stressed the significance of the early humanists writings of Marx and pleaded for a creative adaptation of Marxism in the context of Yugoslav self-management.
    59. Prefigurative politics
      Connexipedia Article
      The concept of building a new world in the shell of the old.
    60. Pressure Group
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      An organization formed by like-minded people who seek to influence public policy to promote an interest.
    61. Prise de décision par consensus
      Connexipedia
      La prise de décision par consensus est un processus décisionnel d’un groupe qui cherche non seulement l'accord de la plupart des participants, mais également, une résolution ou une atténuation des objections des membres minoritaires.
    62. Producers' strike at CBC/Société Radio-Canada
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      A strike by producers at Société Radio-Canada in Montréal in 1958-59.
    63. Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization
      Connexipedia Article
      A United States trade union which operated from 1968 until its decertification in 1981 following a strike which was broken by the Reagan Administration.
    64. Propaganda model
      Connexipedia Article
      A theory that alleges systemic biases in the mass media and seeks to explain them in terms of structural economic causes. Views the private media as businesses interested in the sale of a product # readers and audiences # to other businesses (advertisers) rather than that of quality news to the people.
    65. Propaganda of the deed
      Connexipedia Article
      A concept that promotes violence against political enemies as a way of inspiring the masses and catalyzing revolution.
    66. Protest song
      Connexipedia Article
      A song which is associated with a movement for social change.
    67. Protests of 1968
      Connexipedia Article
      The Protests of 1968 consisted of a worldwide series of protests, largely led by students and workers.
    68. Proudhon, Pierre-Joseph
      Connexipedia Article
      French politician, mutualist philosopher and socialist. (1809-1865).
    69. Prussian uprisings
      Connexipedia Article
      Uprisings by the Prussians, one of the Baltic tribes, against the Teutonic Knights that took place in the 13th century.
    70. Psychogeography
      Connexipedia Article
      Psychogeography was defined in 1955 by Guy Debord as "the study of the precise laws and specific effects of the geographical environment, consciously organized or not, on the emotions and behavior of individuals."
    71. Pueblo Revolt
      Connexipedia Article
      An uprising of many pueblos of the Pueblo people against Spanish colonization of the Americas in the New Spain province of New Mexico in 1680.
    72. Pugachev's Rebellion
      Connexipedia Article
      The principal revolt in a series of popular rebellions that took place in Russia after 1762.
    73. Pullman Strike
      Connexipedia Article
      A nationwide conflict between labour unions and railroads that occurred in the United States in 1894.

    Q

    1. Québec Shoe Workers' Lockout
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      A lockout of Quebec shoe workers in 1900.
    2. Queer Theory
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      Queer theory is a field of critical theory that emerged in the early 1990s out of the fields of gay and lesbian studies and feminist studies. It is a kind of hermeneutics devoted to queer readings of texts. Heavily influenced by the work of Michel Foucault, queer theory builds both upon feminist challenges to the idea that gender is part of the essential self and upon gay/lesbian studies' close examination of the socially constructed nature of sexual acts and identities.
      Critics of queer theory are concerned that the approach obscures or glosses altogether the material conditions that underpin discourse.Tim Edwards argues that queer theory extrapolates too broadly from textual analysis in undertaking an examination of the social. Adam Green argues that queer theory ignores the social and institutional conditions within which lesbians and gays live.
      Queer theory's commitment to deconstruction makes it nearly impossible to speak of a "lesbian" or "gay" subject, since all social categories are denaturalized and reduced to discourse. Thus, queer theory cannot be a framework for examining selves or subjectivities # including those that accrue by race and class # but rather, must restrict its analytic focus to discourse.
    3. Quilombo
      Connexipedia Article
      A Brazilian hinterland settlement founded by people of African origin, Quilombolas, or Maroons.

    R

    1. Radical America - Wikipedia article
      Connexipedia Article
    2. Radical Digressions
      Ulli Diemer's website/blog featuring comment from a radical left-libertarian perspective.
    3. Radical Faeries
      Connexipedia Article
      A loosely affiliated worldwide network of queer people seeking to "reject hetero-imitation" and redefine gay identity.
    4. Radio Alice
      Connexipedia Article
      Italian free radio broadcasting from Bologna at the end of the 1970s.
    5. Randolph, A. Philip
      Connexipedia Article
      African-American civil rights leader. (1889-1979).
    6. Rankin, Harry
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Politician. (Born 1920).
    7. Rationalism
      Connexipedia Article
      A method or a theory "in which the criterion of the truth is not sensory but intellectual and deductive".
    8. Rebecca Riots
      Connexipedia Article
      The Rebecca Riots took place between 1839 and 1843 in South Wales and Mid Wales. They were a protest against the high tolls which had to be paid on the local turnpike roads.
    9. Rebellion of the Remences
      Connexipedia Article
      A popular revolt in Catalongia against seignorial pressures that began in 1462.
    10. Rebellions of 1837
      Connexipedia Article
      Canadian armed uprisings that occurred in 1837 and 1838.
    11. Rebellions of 1837
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      The Rebellions of 1837 took place in both Upper and Lower Canada. In lower Canada the rebellion was in large part an expression of a resurgent French Canadian nationalism. By comparison the Upper Canada rebellion was a more limited affair. There was growing discontent with the network of officials, erroneously described as the family compact, who dominated the administration of the government and controlled the distribution of patronage throughout the province.
    12. Rebick, Judy
      Connexipedia Article
      Canadian feminist, writer, and activist. (Born 1945).
    13. Reclaim the Streets
      Connexipedia Article
      A collective with a shared ideal of community ownership of public spaces. Participants characterize the collective as a resistance movement opposed to the dominance of corporate forces in globalisation, and to the car as the dominant mode of transport.
    14. Reclus, Élisée
      Connexipedia Article
      French geographer, writer and anarchist. (1830-1905).
    15. Red Clydeside
      Connexipedia Article
      A term used to describe the era of political radicalism that characterised the city of Glasgow in Scotland, and urban areas around the city on the banks of the River Clyde such as Clydebank, Greenock and Paisley.
    16. The Red Menace
      A libertarian socialist newsletter
      Articles on topics such as socialism, Marxism, anarchism, work, popular education, organizing, wages for housework, Leninism, bureaucracy, hierarchy, jargon, prostitution, obscenity, science fiction, and terrorism.
    17. Red River Rebellion
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Red River Rebellion (also known as Red River Resistance), a movement of national self-determination by the metis of the red river colony in what is now Manitoba, 1869-70. The inhabitants were continually in conflict with the HBC, particularly over trading privileges.
    18. Red River Rebellion
      Connexipedia Article
      Name given to the events surrounding the actions of a provisional government established by Métis leader Louis Riel in 1869 at the Red River Settlement in what is now the Canadian province of Manitoba.
    19. Reed, John
      Connexipedia Article
      American journalist and communist activist. (1887-1920).
    20. Reesor Siding Strike of 1963
      Connexipedia Article
      A labour conflict which resulted in the shooting of 11 union members.
    21. Reich, Wilhelm
      Connexipedia Article
      Psychiatrist and psychoanalyst. (1897-1957).
    22. Religious Society of Friends (Quakers)
      Connexipedia Article
      A religious movement, whose members are known as Friends or Quakers.
    23. Remington Rand strike of 1936-1937
      Connexipedia Article
      A strike against the Remington Rand company.
    24. Rescue of the Danish Jews
      Connexipedia Article
      When Hitler ordered that Danish Jews be arrested and deported on 1#2 October 1943, many Danes took part in a collective effort to evacuate the roughly 8,000 Jews of Denmark by sea to nearby neutral Sweden.
    25. Resistance during World War II
      Connexipedia Article
    26. Revolt of the Brotherhoods
      Connexipedia Article
      A revolt by artisan guilds against the government of King Charles I in the Kingdom of Valencia which lasted from 1521-1523.
    27. Revolt of the Comuneros
      Connexipedia Article
      An uprising by citizens of Castile against the rule of Charles V and his administration between 1520 and 1521.
    28. Revolution
      Connexipedia Article
    29. Revolutionary France
      Documents on revolutionary France 1789 -
    30. List of revolutions and rebellions
      Connexipedia Article
      This is a list of revolutions and rebellions
    31. Revolutions of 1848
      Connexipedia Article
      A series of political upheavals throughout the European continent. Described by some historians as a revolutionary wave, the period of unrest began in France and then, further propelled by the French Revolution of 1848, soon spread to the rest of Europe.
    32. Revolutions of 1848 in the German states
      Connexipedia Article
      "Germany" at the time of the Revolutions of 1848 was a collection of 39 states loosely bound together in the German Confederation. As nationalist sentiment crystallized into resistance to the traditional political structure, repeated calls for freedom, democracy and national unity came to threaten the status quo.
    33. Revolutions of 1848 in the Italian states
      Connexipedia Article
    34. Riel, Louis
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Metis leader, founder of Manitoba, central figure in the North-West rebellion. (1844-1885).
    35. Riel, Louis
      Connexipedia Article
      Metis leader, founder of Manitoba, central figure in the North-West rebellion. (1844-1885).
    36. Right Livelihood Award
      Connexipedia Article
      An award presented annually to honour those "working on practical and exemplary solutions to the most urgent challenges facing the world today".
    37. Right Livelihood Award Recipients List
      Connexipedia Article
      List of Right Livelihood Award Laureates.
    38. Righteous among the Nations
      Connexipedia Article
      An honorific used to describe non-Jews who risked their lives during the Holocaust to save Jews from extermination by the Nazis.
    39. Riots, List of - Wikipedia
      Connexipedia Article
      This is an incomplete chronological list of events characterized by at least one source as riots.
    40. Rivera, Diego
      Connexipedia Article
      Mexican artist. (1886-1957).
    41. Roback, Léa
      Connexipedia: Article in Library and Archives Canada
      Union organizer, social activist. (1903-2000).
    42. Robeson, Paul
      Connexipedia Article
      Musician, actor, speaker, lawyer, radical. (1898-1976).
    43. Robin Hood
      Connexipedia Article
      English folklore hero.
    44. Rochdale College
      Connexipedia Article
      An experiment in student-run alternative education and co-operative living in Toronto, Canada. 1968-1975.
    45. Rocker, Rudolf
      Connexipedia Article
      (1873-1958). Anarcho-syndicalist writer and activist.
    46. Romanian Revolution of 1989
      Connexipedia Article
      A week-long series of increasingly violent riots and fighting in late December 1989 that overthrew the Government of Nicolae Ceausescu.
    47. Romero, Oscar
      Connexipedia Article
      Bishop of the Roman Catholic Church in El Salvador. (1917-1980).
    48. Rosenberg, Julius and Ethel
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      Ethel Greenglass Rosenberg (September 28, 1915 - June 19, 1953) and Julius Rosenberg (May 12, 1918 - June 19, 1953) were American communists who were executed in 1953 for conspiracy to commit espionage.
    49. Rote Fahne, Die
      Connexipedia Article
      German socialist newspaper.
    50. Rothbury Riot
      Connexipedia Article
      An incident in which police shot into a crowd of locked-out miners in the New South Wales.
    51. Rowbotham, Sheila
      Connexipedia Article
      British socialist feminist theorist and writer. (Born 1943).
    52. Rowley, Robert Kent
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Trade unionist. (1917-1978).
    53. Roy, Arundhati
      Connexipedia Article
      Indian writer (in English) and activist. (Born 1961).
    54. Roy, M N
      Connexipedia: Entry in Encyclopedia of Marxism Glossary of People
      Indian communist leader. (1887-1954).
    55. Royal Indian Navy Mutiny
      Connexipedia Article
      A strike and mutiny by Indian sailors of the Royal Indian Navy on board ship and shore establishments at Bombay (Mumbai) harbour in 1946.
    56. Rühle, Otto
      Connexipedia Article
      German Marxist. (1874-1943).
    57. Russell, Bertrand
      Connexipedia Article
      Philosopher, logician, mathematician, pacifist, social critic. (1872-1970).
    58. Russell, Dora
      Connexipedia Article
      British author, feminist and socialist campaigner. (1894-1986).
    59. Russell Vietnam War Crimes Tribunal
      Connexipedia Article
      A public body organized by British philosopher Bertrand Russell which investigated and evaluated American foreign policy and military intervention in Vietnam.
    60. Russian Revolution of 1905
      Connexipedia Article
      A wave of mass political unrest through vast areas of the Russian Empire.
    61. Russian Revolution of October 1917
      Eye-Witness reports and analyses of the Revolution by its participants and links to historical documents.
    62. Ryerson, Stanley Bréhaut
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Historian, Communist. (Born 1911).

    S

    1. Sabotage
      Connexipedia Article
      In a workplace setting, sabotage is the conscious withdrawal of efficiency generally directed at causing some change in workplace conditions.
    2. Sacco and Vanzetti
      Connexipedia Article
      Labourers and anarchists who were tried, convicted and executed in Massachusetts in 1927.
    3. Said, Edward, Critical Notes on
      Edward Said was admired by the anti-imperialist left for his courageous defence of Palestinian rights. However, Irfan Habib argues that unfortunately Said's scholarly work, notably his major work 'Orientalism,' was confused and sloppy to be point of being unethical.
    4. Edward Said's shadowy legacy
      Tricky with argument, weak in languages, careless of facts: but, thirty years on, Said still dominates debate
      So many academics want the arguments presented in Edward Said's Orientalism (1978) to be true. It discourages any kind of critical approach to Islam in Middle Eastern studies.
    5. St. George's Night Uprising
      Connexipedia Article
      A series of rebellions in 1343-1345 by the indigenous Estonian-speaking population of Northern and Western Estonia against rulers of foreign (mainly German) origin.
    6. Saint John, Vincent
      Connexipedia Article
      American labour leader and prominent Wobbly. (1876-1929).
    7. Saint Louis general strike 1877
      Connexipedia Article
      Generally accepted as the first general strike in America, the 1877 Saint Louis general strike grew out of the Great Railroad Strike of 1877. The general strike was largely organized by the Knights of Labor and the Marxist-leaning Workingmen's Party, the main radical political party of the era.
    8. Saint-Simon, Henri de
      Connexipedia Article
      French utopian socialist thinker. (1760#1825).
    9. Samizdat
      Connexipedia Article
      A key form of dissident activity across the Soviet-bloc; individuals reproduced censored publications by hand and passed the documents from reader to reader, thus building a foundation for the successful resistance of the 1980s.
    10. Sandino, Augusto César
      Connexipedia Article
      Nicaraguan revolutionary. (1895-1934).
    11. Santas, Apostolos
      Connexipedia Article
      Greek veteran of the Resistance against the Axis Occupation of Greece during World War II. (Born 1922).
    12. Saro-Wiwa, Ken
      Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
      Nigerian human rights activist. (1941-1995).
    13. Sartre, Jean-Paul
      Connexipedia Article
      French philosopher. (1905-1980).
    14. Saskatchewan Doctors' Strike
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      A strike against the introduction of medicare by Saskatchewan doctors in 1962.
    15. Satyagraha
      Connexipedia Article
      A campaign of nonviolent protest against the British in colonial India in 1930.
    16. Savio, Mario
      Connexipedia Article
      American activist. (1942-1996).
    17. Scargill, Arthur
      Connexipedia Article
      British trade unionist and political party leader. (Born 1938).
    18. Schmeiser, Percy and Louise
      Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winners
      Canadian farmers and opponents of GMO crops.
    19. Scholarly method
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
    20. Scholl, Hans
      Connexipedia Article
      A member of the White Rose resistance movement in Nazi Germany. (1918-1943).
    21. Scholl, Sophie
      Connexipedia Article
      A member of the White Rose non-violent resistance group in Nazi Germany. (1921-1943).
    22. Schweitzer, Albert
      Connexipedia Article
      German-French theologian, musician, philosopher, and physician. (1875-1965).
    23. Scientific method
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      Scientific method refers to a body of techniques for investigating phenomena, acquiring new knowledge, or correcting and integrating previous knowledge. To be termed scientific, a method of inquiry must be based on gathering observable, empirical and measurable evidence subject to specific principles of reasoning
    24. Scientific method: Timeline of the history of scientific method - Wikipedia
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      Shows an overview of the cultural inventions that have contributed to the development of the scientific method
    25. Scientific skepticism
      Connexipedia Article
      A practical, epistemological position in which one questions the veracity of claims lacking empirical evidence.
    26. Scott, Francis Reginald (Frank)
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Founding member of the social-democratic movement in Canada. (1899-1985).
    27. Scottish Insurrection of 1820
      Connexipedia Article
      A week of strikes and unrest, a culmination of Radical demands for reform in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
    28. Seattle General Strike
      Connexipedia Article
      A general work stoppage by over 65,000 workers in the U.S. city of Seattle, Washington in 1919.
    29. Second International
      Connexipedia Article
      Organization of socialist and labour parties formed in Paris on July 14, 1889.
    30. The Second International (Social-Democracy)
      A collection of documents on the Second International 1880-1917.
    31. Second Intifada
      Connexipedia Article
      A period of intensified Palestinian-Israeli violence, which began in late September 2000.
    32. Second-wave Feminism (USA)
      Connexipedia Article
      Period of feminist activity which began during the early 1960s and lasted throughout the late 1970s.
    33. Secularism
      Connexipedia Article
      The concept that government or other entities should exist separately from religion and/or religious beliefs.
    34. Seeds of Fire
      A People's Chronology
      Recalling events that happened on this day in history. Memories of struggle, resistance and persistence.
    35. Seeger, Pete
      Connexipedia Article
      American folk singer. (Born 1919).
    36. Self-censorship
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      The act of censoring or classifying one's own work out of fear or deference to the sensibilities of others without an authority directly pressuring one to do so.
    37. Self-Determination
      Thinking about self-determination in the Canadian context
      A critique of how many of the left approach 'self-determination'.
    38. Selma to Montgomery marches
      Connexipedia Article
      Three marches in 1965 that marked the culmination of the voting rights movement of the American civil rights movement.
    39. Separatism
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
    40. Serge, Victor
      Connexipedia Article
      Writer and revolutionary. (1890-1947).
    41. Servizi di condivisione dell'informazione Connexions
      Connexipedia
      Connexions (nome intero Servizi di condivisione dell'informazione Connexion [Connexions Information Sharing Services]) è la biblioteca centrale online e l'archivio dei movimenti per i cambiamenti sociali del Canada.
    42. Sesana, Roy
      Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
      A spokesman of the Gana, Gwi and Bakgalagadi #Bushmen#.
    43. Sewell, John
      Connexipedia Article
      Political activist and writer on municipal affairs. The mayor of Toronto, Canada from 1978 to 1980. (Born 1940).
    44. Sexual revolution
      Connexipedia Article
      Encompasses the changes in social thought and codes of behaviour related to sexuality throughout the Western world.
    45. Sexual revolution in 1960s America
      Connexipedia Article
      Attitudes to a variety of issues changed, sometimes radically, throughout the decade. The urge to 'find oneself' the activsm of the 1960's and the quest for autonomy were characterised by the changes towards sexual attitudes at the time.
    46. Shadd, Mary Ann
      Connexipedia Article
      A key figure in the Underground Railroad and a subscription agent for William Lloyd Garrison's abolitionist newspaper, The Liberator. (1823-1893).
    47. Shahak, Israel
      Connexipedia Article
      Polish-born Israeli chemist, professor, radical political thinker and author and activist for the defense of the human and civil rights. (1933-2001).
    48. Shakers
      Connexipedia Article
      The United Society of Believers in Christ#s Second Appearing, known as the Shakers, was a Protestant religious sect.
    49. Share-alike
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
      A descriptive term used in the Creative Commons project for copyright licenses which include certain copyleft provisions.
    50. Shays' Rebellion
      Connexipedia Article
      An armed uprising in central and western Massachusetts from 1786 to 1787.
    51. Shimabara Rebellion
      Connexipedia Article
      An uprising largely involving Japanese peasants, most of them Catholic Christians, in 1637#1638.
    52. Shiva, Vandana
      Connexipedia Article
      Philosopher, environmental activist, eco feminist and author. (Born 1952).
    53. Shiva, Vandana
      Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
      Environmental and women's activist. (Born 1952).
    54. Shot at Dawn Memorial
      Connexipedia Article
      A British Monument in memory of the 306 British and Commonwealth soldiers executed for cowardice and desertion during World War I.
    55. Shunpiking
      Connexipedia Article
      The term shunpiking comes from the word shun, meaning "to avoid", and pike, a term referring to turnpikes, which were roads which required payment of a toll to travel on them. People who often avoid toll roads sometimes call themselves shunpikers. Shunpiking has also come to mean an avoidance of major highways (regardless of tolls) in preference for bucolic and scenic interludes along lightly traveled country roads. For some, practice of shunpiking involved a form of boycott of tolls (rather than just avoidance of them for financial reasons) by taking another route, perhaps slower, longer, or under poorer road conditions.
    56. Simple living
      Connexipedia Article
      A lifestyle characterized by minimizing the "more is better" pursuit of wealth and consumption.
    57. Sinclair, Upton
      Connexipedia Article
      American author and muckraker. (1978-1968).
    58. Singer, Daniel
      Connexipedia Article
      Socialist writer and journalist. (1926-2000).
    59. Sit-ins
      Connexipedia Article
      A form of direct action that involves one or more persons nonviolently occupying an area for a protest.
    60. Situationist International
      Connexipedia Article
      A group of revolutionaries, founded in 1957, which developed a radical Marxist critque of life under advanced capitalism. They suggested and experimented with the construction of situations: the setting up of environments favourable to the fulfillment of human desires outside and against the economy of markets and wage labour. The SI analyzed the modern world from the point of view of everyday life and attacked the capitalist degradation of life and the fake models advertised by the mass media and proposed a revolutionary alternative which integrated politics, art, critical thinking, desire, and play.
    61. Sivaraksa, Sulak
      Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
      Thai democracy activist. (Born 1933).
    62. Skaggs, Joey
      Connexipedia Article
      American prankster who has organized numerous successful media pranks, hoaxes, and other presentations. He is considered one of the originators of the phenomenon known as culture jamming. (Born 1945).
    63. Slave rebellion
      Connexipedia Article
      An armed uprising by slaves.
    64. Social Anarchism
      Connexipedia Article
      Social anarchism sees individual freedom as conceptually connected with social equality and emphasize community and mutual aid.
    65. Social centre
      Connexipedia Article
      Community spaces are used for a range of disparate activities.
    66. Social Democracy
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Social democracy could be defined by its opposition not only to capitalism but also to communism. Social democrats are resolute in their defence of individual rights and constitutional methods, and in their repudiation of the Marxist concept of the dictatorship of the proletariat.
    67. Social Democracy of the Kingdom of Poland and Lithuania
      Connexipedia Article
      A Marxist political party founded in 1893.
    68. Social Ecology
      Connexipedia Article
    69. Social Gospel
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      The Social Gospel was an attempt to apply Christianity to the collective ills of an industrializing society, and was a major force in Canadian religious, social and political life from the 1890s through the 1930s.
    70. Socialisme ou Barbarie
      Connexipedia Article
      A French-based radical libertarian socialist group of the post-World War II period which existed from 1948 until 1965. Socialisme ou Barbarie was critical of Leninism, rejecting the idea of a revolutionary party, and placing an emphasis on the importance of workers' councils, and saw the daily struggles of working people as creating the true content of socialism.
    71. Socialist anarchism
      Connexipedia Article
      Social anarchism sees "individual freedom as conceptually connected with social equality and emphasize community and mutual aid
    72. Socialist International
      Connexipedia Article
      A worldwide organisation of democratic socialist, social democratic, socialist, and labour political parties. It was formed in 1951.
    73. Socialist Labor Party of America
      Connexipedia Article
      Party advocating "socialist industrial unionism" # a belief in a fundamental transformation of society through the combined political and industrial action of the working class organized in industrial unions.
    74. Sofri, Adriano
      Connexipedia Article
      Italian radical intellectual, a journalist and a writer. (Born 1942).
    75. Solidarity Forever
      Connexipedia Article
      Union song.
    76. Solidarity (Polish trade union)
      Connexipedia Article
      A Polish trade union federation founded in September 1980, the first non-communist party-controlled trade union in a Warsaw Pact country.
    77. Solidarity (UK)
      Connexipedia Article
      Libertarian socialist organisation and magazine of the same name in the United Kingdom.
    78. Solidarnosc (Solidarity)
      Connexipedia Article
      Polish trade union.
    79. Song of the Free
      Connexipedia Article
      A song written in 1860 about a man fleeing slavery in Tennessee by escaping to Canada via the Underground Railroad.
    80. Souchy, Augustin
      Connexipedia Article
      German anarchist, antimilitarist, and journalist. (1892-1984).
    81. Sources Calendar
      Listings of events of interest to journalists, editors, researchers, publishers and others working in the media and in publishing, covering Canadian and international events, press conferences, meetings, festivals and holidays, as well as award deadlines.
    82. Sources (portal for journalists and writers) - Wikipedia article
      Connexipedia Article
      An information portal for journalists, freelance writers, editors, authors, and researchers, focusing especially on human sources: experts and spokespersons who are prepared to answer reporters# questions or make themselves available for on-air interviews.
    83. Sousa Mendes, Aristides de
      Connexipedia Article
      Portuguese diplomat who ignored and defied the orders of his own government for the safety of war refugees fleeing from invading German military forces in the early years of World War II. (1885-1954).
    84. Soviet History Archive
      Documents on the Russian Revolution and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
    85. Sozialistischer Deutscher Studentenbund
      Connexipedia Article
      German socialist students' organization.
    86. Spanish Revolution
      Connexipedia Article
      A workers' social revolution that began during the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War in 1936.
    87. Spanish Revolution 1934 - 1939 - History
      Documents on the history of the Spanish Revolution and Civil War.
    88. Spartacist uprising
      Connexipedia Article
      A general strike (and the armed battles accompanying it) in Germany from January 5 to January 12, 1919.
    89. Spartacus
      Connexipedia Article
      Leader of major slave revolt against the Roman Empire. (c. 109 BC-71 BC).
    90. Spartacus League (Spartakusbund)
      Connexipedia Article
      German revolutionary movement.
    91. Spies for Peace
      Connexipedia Article
      A group of anti-war activists associated with CND and the Committee of 100 who publicized government preparations for rule after a nuclear war.
    92. Spithead and Nore mutinies
      Connexipedia Article
      Major mutinies by sailors of the Royal Navy in 1797.
    93. Sporting Boycott of South Africa
      Connexipedia Article
    94. Spry, Graham
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Journalist, diplomat, international business executive, political organizer, advocate of public broadcasting. (1900-1983).
    95. Spurr, Richard
      Connexipedia Article
      English cabinet maker and lay preacher who was imprisoned for his part in leading the political movement Chartism. (1800-1855).
    96. Squatting
      Connexipedia Article
      The act of occupying an abandoned or unoccupied space or building, usually residential.
    97. SS Columbia Eagle incident
      Connexipedia Article
      A mutiny that occurred aboard the American merchant vessel Columbia Eagle in March 1970 when crew members seized the vessel and sailed to Cambodia.
    98. Starhawk
      Connexipedia Article
      American writer, anarchist activist. (Born 1951).
    99. Steel strike of 1952
      Connexipedia Article
      A strike by the United Steelworkers of America against U.S. Steel and nine other steelmakers.
    100. Still, William
      Connexipedia Article
      An African-American abolitionist, conductor on the Underground Railroad, writer, historian and civil rights activist. (1819-1902).
    101. Stolen Generations
      Wikipedia article
      The Stolen Generations (also known as Stolen children) were the children of Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander descent who were removed from their families by the Australian Federal and State government agencies and church missions, under acts of their respective parliaments. The removals occurred in the period between approximately 1909 and 1969.
    102. Stone, I. F.
      Connexipedia Article
      American investigative journalist. (1907-1989).
    103. Stonewall riots
      Connexipedia Article
      A series of spontaneous, violent demonstrations against a police raid that took place in the early morning hours of June 28, 1969, at the Stonewall Inn, in the Greenwich Village neighborhood of New York City.
    104. Strikebreaker
      Connexipedia Article
      A strikebreaker or scab is a person who works despite an ongoing strike. Strikebreakers are usually individuals who are not employed by the company prior to the trade union dispute, but rather hired prior to or during the strike to keep production or services going. "Strikebreakers" may also refer to workers (union members or not) who cross picket lines to work.
    105. Strikes
      Connexipedia Article
      A work stoppage caused by the mass refusal of employees to perform work.
    106. Strikes and Lockouts
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      A strike is the withholding of labour by workers in order to obtain better working conditions; such withholding of labour is generally accompanied by demonstrations, such as picketing, parades, meetings. A lockout is the opposite, being the temporary shutdown of a business by an employer to compel employees to accept certain conditions.
    107. Strikes in South Korea 1996-1997
      Connexipedia Article
      In December 1996 and January 1997, South Korea experienced the largest organized strike in its history, when workers in the automotive and shipbuilding industries refused to work in protest against a law which was to make firing employees easier for employers and curtail labor organizing rights.
    108. Strikes, List of
      Connexipedia Article
      The following is a list of deliberate absence from work related to specific working conditions (strikes) or due to general unhappiness with the political order (general strikes).
    109. Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee
      Connexipedia Article
      One of the principal organizations of the American Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s.
    110. Students for a Democratic Society (SDS)
      Connexipedia Article
      Student activist movement in the United States that was one of the main representations of the New Left. The organization developed and expanded rapidly in the mid-1960s before dissolving at its last convention in 1969.
    111. Studies on the Left
      Connexipedia Article
      Journal of New Left radicalism in the United States published between 1959 and 1967.
    112. Suffrage (Voting Rights)
      Connexipedia Article
      The civil right to vote, or the exercise of that right.
    113. Sugihara, Chiune
      Connexipedia Article
      A Japanese diplomat who helped several thousand Jews leave the country by issuing transit visas to Jewish refugees so that they could travel to Japan. (1900-1986).
    114. Summer of Love
      Connexipedia Article
      The summer of 1967, when as many as 100,000 people converged on the Haight-Ashbury neighborhood of San Francisco.
    115. SUPA - Student Union for Peace Action
      Connexipedia Article
      A Canadian student organization active from 1964 to 1967.
    116. Surrealism
      Connexipedia Article
      A cultural movement that began in the early 1920s.
    117. Suzuki, David
      Connexipedia Article
      Canadian science broadcaster and environmental activist. (Born 1936).
    118. Swing Riots
      Connexipedia Article
      A widespread uprising by the rural workers of the arable south and east of England in 1830. The rioters, largely impoverished and landless agricultural labourers, sought to halt reductions in their wages and to put a stop to the introduction of the new threshing machines that threatened their livelihoods.
    119. Sydney Libertarianism
      A loosely shared perspective which developed a highly original and rigorously argued social theory in post-war Australia. Drawing on Australian philosopher John Anderson and elements of Marx, Sorel, Pareto, Reich, Max Nomad and classical anarchism, Libertarianism refused to map out future utopias, but advocated permanent opposition to all elites, new and old and criticisms of illusions and servility from an anti-activist, pluralist view.
    120. Syndicalism
      Connexipedia Article

    T

    1. Tauschkreise
      Connexipedia
      Tauschkreise (auch Tauschring oder Local Exchange Trading Systems, kurz LETS) sind lokal initiierte, demokratisch organisierte, gemeinnützige Gemeinschaftsunternehmen, die als Informationsdienst für die Gemeinschaften agieren und Transaktionen aufzeichnen, wenn Kunden Güter und Dienstleistungen austauschen (mit Hilfe der eigens kreierten LETS Krediten).
    2. Tax resistance
      Connexipedia Article
      The refusal to willingly pay a tax because of opposition to the institution that is imposing the tax, or to some of that institution#s policies.
    3. Teach-in
      Connexipedia Article
      Educational forum on any complicated issue, usually an issue involving current political affairs.
    4. Tecumseh
      Connexipedia Article
      Shawnee chief who attempted to form an alliance of tribes to combat American territorial ambitions and tried to rally the tribes in a common defence against the Americans. (1768-1813).
    5. Tecumseh
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Shawnee chief who attempted to form an alliance of tribes to combat American territorial ambitions and tried to rally the tribes in a common defence against the Americans. (1768-1813).
    6. Temple, William Horace
      Connexipedia Article
      Canadian politician, trade union activist, businessman and temperance crusader. (1899-1988).
    7. Terkel, Studs
      Connexipedia Article
      American author, historian, actor, and broadcaster. (1912-2008).
    8. Terselic, Vesna
      Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
      Croatian peace activist. (Born 1962).
    9. Textile workers strike (1934)
      Connexipedia Article
      A strike involving 400,000 textile workers from New England, the Mid-Atlantic states and the U.S. Southern states.
    10. Third International (Comintern)
      Connexipedia Article
      An international Communist organization founded in Moscow in March 1919, and disbanded in 1943.
    11. Third Position
      Connexipedia Article
      Third Position is a nationalist political strand that emphasises its opposition to both communism and capitalism. Advocates of third position views present themselves as neither left nor right, instead taking a more syncretic stance.
    12. Third Servile War
      Connexipedia Article
      The last of a series of slave rebellions against the Roman Republic. (73-71 BC).
    13. Thompson, E. P.
      Connexipedia Article
      English historian, writer, socialist and peace campaigner (1924-1993).
    14. Thompson, William
      Connexipedia Article
      Irish political and philosophical writer and social reformer, developing from utilitarianism into an early critic of capitalist exploitation whose ideas influenced the Cooperative, Trade Union and Chartist movements. (1775-1833).
    15. Thoreau, Henry David
      Connexipedia Article
      American author and poet. (1817-1862).
    16. Tiananmen Square protests of 1989
      Connexipedia Article
      A series of demonstrations in and near Tiananmen Square in Beijing in the PRC beginning on 14 April. Led mainly by students and intellectuals, the protests occurred in a year that saw the collapse of a number of communist governments around the world.
    17. Timeline of labour issues and events
      Connexipedia Article
    18. Tlatelolco massacre
      Connexipedia Article
      A government massacre of student and civilian protesters and bystanders that took place during the afternoon and night of October 2, 1968 in Mexico City.
    19. Toledo, Francisco
      Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
      Mexican community activist. (Born 1940).
    20. Tolstoy, Leo
      Connexipedia Article
      Russian author. (1828-1910).
    21. Tompkins Square Riot (1874)
      Connexipedia Article
      On January 13, 1874 police crushed a demonstration involving thousands of unemployed in New York City's Tompkins Square Park.
    22. Toyi-toyi
      Connexipedia Article
      A dance that became famous for its use in political protests in the apartheid-era South Africa.
    23. Trade Union
      Connexipedia Article
    24. Tragedy of the anticommons
      Connexipedia Article
      A coordination breakdown where the existence of numerous rights holders frustrates achieving a socially desirable outcome.
    25. Tragedy of the commons
      Connexipedia Article
      A dilemma in which multiple individuals acting independently and solely and rationally consulting their own self-interest will ultimately destroy a shared limited resource even when it is clear that it is not in anyone's long term interest for this to happen.
    26. Tragödie von Walkerton
      Connexipedia
      Die Tragödie von Walkerton ereignete sich im Mai 2000, als das Wasser im kanadischen Walkerton (Ontario) mit e. coli-Bakterien verseucht wurde.
    27. Traven, B.
      Connexipedia Article
      The nom de plume of an enigmatic twentieth century novelist.
    28. Treatment Action Campaign
      Connexipedia Article
      A South African AIDS activist movement.
    29. Tree sitting
      Connexipedia Article
      A form of environmentalist civil disobedience in which a protester sits in a tree, usually on a small platform built for the purpose, to protect it from being cut down.
    30. Tresca, Carlo
      Connexipedia Article
      Anarchist, newspaper editor, and labour agitator. (1879-1943).
    31. Trotsky, Leon
      Connexipedia Article
      Russian revolutionary. (1879-1940).
    32. Trotskyism and the Vanguard Party
      A critique of Trotskyism
      Challenging the Trotksyist idea of the 'vanguard party'.
    33. Truscott, Steven
      Connexipedia Article
      Canadian who was sentenced to death in 1959, when he was a 14-year old student, for the allegedly murdering a classmate. (Born 1945).
    34. Truth, Sojourner
      Connexipedia Article
      African-American abolitionist and women's rights activist. (1797-1883).
    35. Tubman, Harriet
      Connexipedia Article
      An African-American abolitionist, humanitarian, and Union spy during the American Civil War. (1822-1913).
    36. Túpac Amaru II
      Connexipedia Article
      The leader of an indigenous uprising in 1780 against the Spanish occupation of Peru. (1742-1781).
    37. Turner, John F. Charlewood
      Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
      Advocate for the rights of people to build, manage and sustain their own shelter and communities. (Born 1927).
    38. Turner, Nat
      Connexipedia Article
      American slave who led a slave rebellion in 1831. (1800-1831).
    39. Tutu, Desmond
      Connexipedia Article
      South African cleric, activist and opponent of apartheid. (Born 1931).
    40. Twentieth convoy
      Connexipedia Article
      Transport 20 (XXth convoy) was a Jewish prisoner transport in Belgium organized by the Nazi Germany during World War II. Members of the Belgian Resistance freed Jewish and Gypsy civilians who were being transported by train from the Dossin Barracks.
    41. The Two Souls of Socialism
      Socialism from Above vs. Socialism from Below
      It was Marx who finally brought the two ideas of Socialism and Democracy together, because he developed a theory which made the synthesis possible for the first time. The heart of the theory is this proposition: that there is a social majority which has the interest and motivation to change the system, and that the aim of socialism can be the education and mobilization of this mass-majority. This is the exploited class, the working class, from which comes the eventual motive-force of revolution. Hence a socialism-from-below is possible, on the basis of a theory which sees the revolutionary potentialities in the broad masses, even if they seem backward at a given time and place. Marxism came into being, in self-conscious struggle against the advocates of the Educational Dictatorship, the Savior-Dictators, the revolutionary elitists, the communist authoritarians, as well as the philanthropic dogooders and bourgeois liberals.
    42. 2004 Republican National Convention protest activity
      Connexipedia Article
      Marches, rallies, performances, demonstrations, exhibits, and acts of civil disobedience in New York City to protest the 2004 Republican National Convention and the nomination of President George W. Bush for the 2004 U.S. presidential election.

    U

    1. Underground press
      Connexipedia Article
      Independently published and distributed underground papers associated with the counterculture of the late 1960s and early 1970s in the United States, Canada, United Kingdom, and other western nations.
    2. Underground Press Syndicate
      Connexipedia Article
      A network of countercultural newspapers and magazines formed in 1967 .
    3. Underground Railroad
      Connexipedia Article
      An informal network of secret routes and safe houses used by 19th century Black slaves in the United States to escape to free states and Canada with the aid of abolitionists who were sympathetic to their cause.
    4. Union busting
      Connexipedia Article
      A wide range of activities undertaken by employers, their proxies, and governments, which hinder workers from freely organizing, joining and maintaining trade unions.
    5. Union organizer
      Connexipedia Article
      A union organizer is a union representative who "organizes" or unionizes non-union companies or worksites.
    6. Unitary urbanism
      Connexipedia Article
      Critique of status quo urbanism employed by the Lettrist International and then further developed by the Situationist International
    7. United Farmers of Alberta
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      A farmers' organization established in 1909 as an amalgamation of the Canadian Society of Equity and the Alberta Farmers' Association. The UFA was interested in rural economic, social and political issues.
    8. United Kingdom general strike of 1926
      Connexipedia Article
      The 1926 General Strike in the United Kingdom was a general strike called by the General Council of the Trades Union Congress (TUC) in an unsuccessful attempt to force the government to act to prevent wage reduction and worsening conditions for coal miners.
    9. UK miners' strike (1984 - 1985)
      Connexipedia Article
      A major industrial action affecting the British coal industry.
    10. Uprising of 1953 in East Germany
      Connexipedia Article
      A widespread uprising against the Stalinist German Democratic Republic government.
    11. Urban Citizen Movements
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Community groups that are often organized around concerns about land use and the way planning decisions are made in local government.
    12. Utopia
      Connexipedia Article
      An ideal community or society.
    13. Utopian Socialism
      Links to the writings and biographies of Utopians and Marxist commentaries on them, and material on 20th century utopian movements and the use of utopian and dystopian visions in literature and political polemics.

    V

    1. Vallieres, Pierre
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Writer, radical. (1938-1998).
    2. The Value of Knowledge: A Miniature Library of Philosophy
      Tracing the development of ideas on the relation between consciousness and matter through the words of 140 philosophers over 400 years.
    3. Vancouver general strike of 1918
      Connexipedia Article
      The first general strike in Canadian history, held 2 August 1918, organized as a one-day political protest against the killing of draft evader and labour activist Albert "Ginger" Goodwin, who had called for a general strike in the event that any worker was drafted against their will.
    4. Vancouver Island Coal Strike
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      A strike that began in September 1912 when miners at declared a holiday to protest the firing of a worker.
    5. Vaneigem, Raoul
      Connexipedia Article
      Belgian writer and philosopher. (Born 1934).
    6. Vanguard: A Libertarian Communist Journal
      Connexipedia Article
      A monthly libertarian communist journal published in New York from 1932-1939.
    7. Vanunu, Mordechai
      Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
      Israeli nuclear technician who publicly revealed the extent of Israel's illegal nuclear weapons program and was subsequently kidnapped and jailed by Israel. (Born 1963).
    8. Velvet Revolution
      Connexipedia Article
      A non-violent revolution in Czechoslovakia that saw the overthrow of the Communist government in 1989.
    9. Vergonha
      Connexipedia Article
      Vergonha is being made to reject and feel ashamed of one's (or one's parents') non-French language through official exclusion, humiliation at school and rejection from the media as organized and sanctioned by French political leaders.
    10. Vidal, Gore
      Connexipedia Article
      American novelist, screenwriter, playwright, essayist, short story writer, actor and politician. (Born 1925).
    11. Vietnam Veterans Against the War
      Connexipedia Article
      A national veterans' organization.
    12. Virginia's Indentured Servants' Plot
      Connexipedia Article
      Servants' uprising over inadequate food.
    13. Vorkuta uprising
      Connexipedia Article
      A major uprising of the concentration camp inmates in Vorkuta, Russia in July#August 1953.

    W

    1. Waffle
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      A group established in 1969 as a left-wing caucus within the New Democratic Party.
    2. Wage Labour
      Connexipedia Article
    3. Waihi miners' strike
      Connexipedia Article
      A major strike action in 1912 by gold miners in the New Zealand town of Waihi.
    4. Walkerton Tragedy
      Connexipedia Article
      Brief overview of the Walkerton water contamination incident.
    5. Wallenberg, Raoul
      Connexipedia Article
      A Swedish humanitarian who worked in Budapest, Hungary, during World War II to rescue Jews from the Holocaust. (1912-1947?)
    6. Wapping dispute
      Connexipedia Article
      A significant turning point in the history of the trade union movement and of UK industrial relations.
    7. The War Is Over (song)
      Connexipedia Article
      An anti-war song by Phil Ochs.
    8. Warsaw Ghetto Uprising
      Connexipedia Article
      The Jewish resistance that arose within the Warsaw Ghetto in German occupied Poland during World War II, and which opposed Nazi Germany's effort to transport the remaining ghetto population to Treblinka extermination camp.
    9. Warsaw Uprising
      Connexipedia Article
      A struggle by the Polish Home Army to liberate Warsaw from Nazi German occupation during World War II.
    10. Watchdog journalism
      Connexipedia Article
      A type of investigative journalism. It refers to forms of activist journalism aimed at holding accountable public personalities and institutions whose functions impact social and political life.
    11. Watkins, Mel
      Connexipedia Article
      Canadian political economist and activist. (Born 1932).
    12. Watt-Cloutier, Sheila
      Connexipedia: Article in Library and Archives Canada
      Inuit leader, activist.
    13. We Shall Overcome
      Connexipedia Article
      A protest song that became a key anthem of the US civil rights movement.
    14. Weather Underground Organization
      Connexipedia Article
      An American radical left organization.
    15. The Weavers
      Connexipedia Article
      American folk music quartet.
    16. Weinstein, James
      Connexipedia Article
      American historian and journalist. (1926-2005).
    17. West Coast Longshore Strikes, 1923 and 1935
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Strikes by members of the International Longshoremen's Association.
    18. West Coast waterfront strike 1934
      Connexipedia Article
      The 1934 West Coast Longshoremen's Strike lasted eighty-three days, triggered by sailors and a four-day general strike in San Francisco, and led to the unionization of all of the West Coast ports of the United States.
    19. West Virginia Mine War of 1912-1913
      Connexipedia Article
      A confrontation between striking coal miners and coal operators in Southern West Virginia
    20. Western Cape Anti-Eviction Campaign
      Connexipedia Article
      A popular movement made up of poor and oppressed communities in Cape Town, South Africa, formed in 2000.
    21. Western Federation of Miners
      Connexipedia Article
      Radical labor union that gained a reputation for militancy in the mines of the western United States and British Columbia.
    22. Westmoreland County Coal Strike of 1910 - 1911
      Connexipedia Article
      A strike by coal miners represented by the United Mine Workers of America, is also known as the "Slovak strike" because about 70 percent of the miners were Slovakian immigrants.
    23. White, Bob
      Connexipedia Article
      Canadian trade unionist. (Born 1935).
    24. White Rose
      Connexipedia Article
      A non-violent/intellectual resistance group in Nazi Germany, consisting of students from the University of Munich and their philosophy professor.
    25. Wilberforce, William
      Connexipedia Article
      British politician, philanthropist and a leader of the movement to abolish the slave trade. (1759-1833).
    26. Wilkerson, Cathy
      Connexipedia Article
      American radical. (Born 1945).
    27. Williams, Jody
      Connexipedia Article
      Winner of the 1997 Nobel Peace Prize. (Born 1950).
    28. Wilson, Edmund
      Connexipedia Article
      American writer and literary critic. (1895-1972).
    29. Windsor Strike 1945
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Windsor Strike, 12 Sept-20 Dec 1945, at the WINDSOR, Ont, plant of Ford Motor Co. There was really only one strike issue at Ford: union recognition. The united automobile workers demanded it; the company refused to grant it.
    30. Winnipeg General Strike
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      In Winnipeg on May 15, when negotiations broke down between management and labour in the building and metal trades, the Winnipeg Trades and Labor Council called a general strike.
    31. Winnipeg General Strike
      Connexipedia Article
      The Winnipeg General Strike of 1919 was one of the most influential strikes in Canadian history, and became the platform for future labour reforms. In March 1919 labour delegates from across Western Canada convened in Calgary to form a branch of the "One Big Union", with the intention of earning rights for Canadian workers through a series of strikes.
    32. Winstanley, Gerrard
      Connexipedia Article
      English Protestant religious reformer and political activist, a member of the True Levellers. (1609-1676).
    33. Winter of Discontent
      Connexipedia Article
      A term used to describe the British winter of 1978#1979, during which there were widespread strikes by local authority trade unions demanding larger pay raises for their members.
    34. Wollstonecraft, Mary
      Connexipedia Article
      British writer, philosopher, and feminist. (1759-1797).
    35. Women and Marxism
      Documents on Marxism and women.
    36. Women's Freedom League
      Connexipedia Article
      An organisation in the United Kingdom which campaigned for women's suffrage and sexual equality.
    37. Women's International League for Peace and Freedom
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Founded 1915 in The Hague, the Netherlands, by women active in the women's suffrage movement in Europe and North America. They sought to end the war and seek ways to ensure that no more wars took place.
    38. Women's Labour Leagues (Canada)
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Women's Labour Leagues emerged in Canada prior to WWI. Their purpose was to defend the struggles of women workers and support the labour movement.
    39. Women's Suffrage (Canada)
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Suffrage campaign in the late 19th century which aimed to achieve votes for all women as a democratic right.
    40. Women's suffrage: Timeline of women's suffrage - Wikipedia
      Connexipedia Article
      Timeline of women's suffrage activities around the world from the 18th to 21st century.
    41. Women's Trade Union League
      Connexipedia Article
      A U.S. organization of both working class and more well-off women formed in 1903 to support the efforts of women to organize labour unions and eliminate sweatshop conditions.
    42. Wood, Ellen Meiksins
      Connexipedia Article
      Marxist scholar. (Born 1942).
    43. Woodsworth, James Shaver
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      Methodist minister, social worker, politician. (1874-1942).
    44. Worede, Melaku
      Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
      Ethiopian seed conservationist, winner of the Right Livelihood Award. (Born 1936).
    45. Workers' Council
      Connexipedia Article
    46. Workers Film and Photo League
      Connexipedia Article
      A loosely knit alliance of local organizations that provided independent visual media to people in the United States, Europe and other parts of the world.
    47. Workers' Opposition
      Connexipedia Article
      A group within the Russian Communist Party that struggled to achieve workers rights and trade union control over industry.
    48. Workers' Opposition
      Connexipedia: Entry in Encyclopedaa of Marxism Glossary of Terms
      A group within the Russian Communist Party that struggled to achieve workers rights and trade union control over industry.
    49. Workers' self-management
      Connexipedia Article
      A form of workplace in which workers themselves make the decisions.
    50. Workers Unity League
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      A national trade union federation that was formed in 1929 on the initiative of the Communist Party of Canada in line with the decision of the Communist International (Comintern) in 1928 that communists break with their previous policy of working inside existing labour parties and labour unions to push for more militant stances.
    51. Working-Class History
      Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia
      The story of the changing conditions and actions of all working people.
    52. World Naked Bike Ride
      Connexipedia Article
      International clothing-optional bike ride.
    53. World Social Forum
      Connexipedia Article
      An annual meeting that defines itself as "an opened space # plural, diverse, non-governmental and non-partisan # that stimulates the decentralized debate, reflection, proposals building, experiences exchange and alliances among movements and organizations engaged in concrete actions towards a more solidary, democratic and fair world....a permanent space and process to build alternatives to neoliberalism".
    54. World Socialist Movement
      Connexipedia Article
      An international organisation of socialist parties created in 1904 with the founding of the Socialist Party of Great Britain.

    X

    1. Malcolm X
      Connexipedia Article
      African-American Muslim minister, public speaker, and human rights activist. (1925-1965).

    Y

    1. Yellow journalism
      Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
    2. Youth International Party (Yippies)
      Connexipedia Article
      A youth-oriented radical and countercultural offshoot of the free speech and anti-war movements of the 1960s.
    3. Yugoslav Partisans
      Connexipedia Article
      A Communist-led World War II resistance movement engaged in the fight against Axis forces and their collaborators in Yugoslavia from 1941-1945.

    Z

    1. Zanj Rebellion
      Connexipedia Article
      A series of revolts by some 500,000 slaves against their Muslim owners and rulers, 869-883 AD.
    2. Zapata, Emiliano
      Connexipedia Article
      A leading figure in the Mexican Revolution of 1910. (1879-1919).
    3. Zapatistas
      Connexipedia Article
      Revolutionary group based in Chiapas, the southernmost, and one of the poorest, states of Mexico.
    4. Zasulich, Vera
      Connexipedia Article
      Russian Marxist and revolutionary 1849-1919.
    5. Zetkin, Clara
      Connexipedia Article
      German socialist. (1857-1933).
    6. Zetkin, Clara
      Connexipedia: Entry in Encyclopedia of Marxism Glossary of People
      German socialist. (1857-1933).
    7. Zinn, Howard
      Connexipedia Article
      American historian, political scientist, social critic, activist and playwright. (1922-2010).
    8. Zinoviev, Grigory
      Connexipedia Article
      Bolshevik revolutionary and Soviet Communist. (1883-1936).
    9. Zola, Émile
      Connexipedia Article
      French writer. (1840-1902).
    10. Zwiazek Organizacji Wojskowej
      Connexipedia Article
      An underground resistance organization formed by Witold Pilecki at Auschwitz concentration camp in 1940.



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