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Seeds of Fire: A People’s Chronology

Recalling events that happened on this day in history.
Memories of struggle, resistance and persistence.

Compiled by Ulli Diemer

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September 1843
Karl Marx writes a letter to Arnold Ruge sketching out his vision of the socialist publishing project they have been discussing. Marx writes “Constructing the future and settling everything for all times are not our affair; it is all the more clear what we have to accomplish at present: I am referring to ruthless criticism of all that exists, ruthless both in the sense of not being afraid of the results it arrives at and in the sense of being just as little afraid of conflict with the powers that be. Therefore I am not in favour of raising any dogmatic banner.”
September 1873  
The U.S. economy enters a crisis leading to a five-year depression.
September 1896  
Start of the Leadville Miners’ Strike, in the United States, precipitated by the mine owners’ determination to crush the mineworkers’ unions, a goal in which they are ultimately successful.
September 1898
Publication of Rosa Luxemburg’s articles refuting Eduard Bernstein’s contention that socialism could be achieved by a slow process of gradual reforms. Luxemburg’s response was initially published as a series of articles in the Leipziger Volkszeitung, and then issued as a pamphlet under the title Social Reform or Revolution.

Luxemburg writes: “It is contrary to history to represent work for reforms as a long-drawn out revolution and revolution as a condensed series of reforms. A social transformation and a legislative reform do not differ according to their duration but according to their content... people who pronounce themselves in favour of the method of legislative reform in place of and in contradistinction to the conquest of political power and social revolution, do not really choose a more tranquil, calmer and slower road to the same goal, but a different goal. Instead of taking a stand for the establishment of a new society they take a stand for surface modifications of the old society. If we follow the political conceptions of revisionism, we arrive at the same conclusion that is reached when we follow the economic theories of revisionism. Our program becomes not the realisation of socialism, but the reform of capitalism.”

September 1906
U.S. forces intervene in Cuba to ‘protect American interests’ and establish a compliant government. They leave – for the time being – on January 23, 1909.
Related Topics: CubaInterventionU.S. Imperialism
September 1917
A rebellious Russian division of the Russian Expeditionary Force in France, refusing to participate any longer in the ongoing slaughter, is encircled by French troops (i.e. their allies) and bombarded with cannon fire, killing 19. The leaders of the rebellion are shipped off to North Africa in penal servitude while the rest of the Russian troops (about 10,000 men) are demobilized and transferred into forced-labour battalions. This mutiny follows an earlier one in June 1917, during which a large number of French soldiers mutinied against their own commanders.
Related Topics: First World WarMutiniesRefusing Orders
September 1931
Start of the Estevan Coal Miners' Strike in Saskatchewan.
Related Topics: Coal MiningStrikes: Canadian
September 1938  
Founding Congress of the Fourth (Trotskyist) International, near Paris.
The Fourth International brought together the followers of Leon Trotsky, one of the key leaders of the Russian Revolution, who had been driven from power and expelled by Stalin. Trotsky and his followers saw themselves as representatives of the revolutionary principles of Bolshevik-Leninism that had been betrayed by Stalin.
Related Topics: Fourth InternationalTrotskyism
September 1, 1939  
Nazi Germany invades Poland, triggering the bloodiest conflict in human history. Before World War II ends, some 50 to 75 million people will die, two-thirds of them civilians.
Related Topics: World War II



January  February  March  April  May  June  July  August  September  October  November  December
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Seeds of Fire is compiled for Connexions by Ulli Diemer. References used include the Connexions Library generally, and Connexipedia specifically, Wikipedia, Sources, the Peace History feature on Peacebuttons.info, the books and articles of Noam Chomsky and William Blum (marvellous antidotes to historical amnesia), and a wide, wide variety of other sources.

For more information about some of the events and people mentioned, see the following pages in Connexipedia and in the Connexions Subject Index:

Events Listed in Connexipedia
Organizations & Movements Listed in Connexipedia
Persons Listed in Connexipedia
History Focus page
Oral History and Memoirs Focus page
Radical & Left History Focus page
Aboriginal History
Africa/History
Agricultural History
Arab History
Art History
Black History & Identity
Canadian History
Capitalism/History of
Chinese History
Co-operatives/History
Economic History
Egyptian Revolt 2011
European History
French History
French Revolution
Gay & Lesbian History
General Strikes
German History
German History/World War II
Greece/Modern History
History
History/Twentieth Century
Hungarian Revolution 1956
Immigrant History
Irish History
Jewish History
Killings by Police
Labour History
Left History
Libraries/Archives
Marxist Theory of Revolution
Mutinies
Oral History
Reference Sources/Chronologies
Revolts
Revolution
Revolution/Study of
Russian History
Russian Revolution
Revolutionary Moments
Sixties (1960s)
SOURCES: History experts & sources
Soviet History
Spanish Civil War
State-sponsored Violence
State Violence
Strikes
Strikes/Canadian
Strikes/U.S.
United States History
Urban History
Women’s History
Workers’ History