Timeline of women's suffrage
Women's suffrage has been granted at various times in various countries throughout the world. In many countries women's suffrage was granted before universal suffrage, so women (and men) from certain classes or races were still unable to vote, while some granted it to both sexes at the same time.
The timeline below lists years when women's suffrage was enacted in various places. In many cases the first voting took place in a subsequent year.
New Zealand in 1893 is often said to be the first "country" in the world to give women the right to vote. A contestant for being the first independent nation to grant women the right to vote would be Sweden, where conditional female suffrage were granted during the age of liberty (1718-1771), although this right was restricted and did not apply to women in general .
Disclaimer: This timeline reflects a vast amount of information from the women's suffrage movement throughout the globe. In many cases, countries passed various laws which progressively gave women the right to vote. Many countries may appear on the list more than once due to the fact that restrictions on suffrage were only lifted slowly. This list only states the right to vote; for other rights, see Timeline of women's rights (other than voting).
Suffrage parade, New York City, May 6, 1912.
 18th century
- Sweden Female taxpaying members of city guilds are allowed to vote in local elections (rescinded in 1758) and general elections (rescinded in the new constitution of 1771) .
 19th century
- South Australia (Only property-owning women for local elections, universal franchise in 1894)
- Sweden (only in local elections, votes graded after taxation, universal franchise in 1918, which went into effect at the 1921 elections)
- Women in Victoria, Australia were unintentionally enfranchised by the Electoral Act (1863), and proceeded to vote in the following year's elections. The Act was amended in 1865 to correct the error.
- Isle of Man (only property-owners until 1913, universal franchise in 1919.)
- Canada Widows and spinsters granted the right to vote within municipalities in Ontario (later to other provinces).
- Franceville grants universal suffrage. Loses self-rule within months.
- South Australia grants universal suffrage, extending the franchise to all women (property-owners could vote in local elections from 1861), the first in Australia to do so. Women are also granted the right to stand for parliament, making South Australia the first in the world to do so.
- United Kingdom extends right to vote in local elections to married women.
 20th century
- Finland First country to give both the right to vote and stand for elections. First country to give both rights to all women regardless of wealth, race or social class.
- New Hebrides Perhaps inspired by the Franceville experiment, the Anglo-French Condominium of the New Hebrides granted women the right to vote in municipal elections and to serve on elected municipal councils. (These rights applied only to British, French, and other colonists, not to indigenous islanders.)
The argument over women's rights in Victoria was lampooned in this Melbourne Punch
cartoon of 1887
- South Africa (only granted to white women on the same basis as white men; black women did not qualify for the vote even though some black men did)
- Ceylon (Sri Lanka)
- Chile (only at municipal level for female owners of real estate; Legislative Decree No. 320)
- Portugal (with restrictions following level of education)
- Quebec becomes the final Canadian province to give female suffrage.
- Bermuda (universal)
- Portugal claims to have established "equality of political rights for men and women", although a few electoral rights were reserved for men
- Switzerland (on the federal level; introduced on the Cantonal level from 1958-1990)
- Qatar (municipal elections in 1999)
 21st century
- Bahrain (Bahrain did not hold elections prior to 2002)
 See also
- ^ a b * Ă…sa Karlsson-SjĂ¶gren: "MĂ¤nnen, kvinnorna och rĂ¶strĂ¤tten : medborgarskap och representation 1723-1866" (Men, women and the vote: citizenship and representation 1723-1866) (in Swedish)
- ^ Women in Parliament - Parliament of Victoria
- ^ Canada-WomensVote-WomenSuffrage
- ^ "Wee, Small Republics: A Few Examples of Popular Government," Hawaiian Gazette, Nov 1, 1895, p 1
- ^ Bourdiol, Julien (1908), Condition internationale des Nouvelles-Hebrides, p 106
- ^ (Italian) Extension to the women of the right to vote
- ^ Woman Suffrage Timeline International - Winning the Vote Around the World
- ^ Darwish, Adel (October 25, 2002). "Bahrain's women vote for first time". The Daily Telegraph (London). http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/middleeast/bahrain/1411264/Bahrains-women-vote-for-first-time.html. Retrieved May 25, 2010.
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