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The Landless People's Movement (LPM) is an independent social movement made up of the poor and landless in South Africa. It represents rural people and people living in shack settlements in cities. The nature of the Landless People's Movement is one that seeks to redefine the fundamental interactions and social relations in society. The interactions run deep and relate to basic human processes with nature, each other, and life in general. It identifies the sources of land dispossession as historical inequalities and land dispossession, and economic policies. The LPM boycotts parliamentary elections.
On 24 July 2001 provincial representatives of the local landless formations met with regional organisations to unite their grievances and collectively seek change in order to relieve their struggles. Increasing Neo-liberal pressure and the negative consequences of increasingly strict monetary policies towards the poor majority of South Africa have created the context from which the movement arose. An additional contributor to the struggle has been the political favouring of the economically prosperous. Reconstruction of economic policies and actions have left the poor fighting large, organised, common interest alliances that have already established agendas on their constructed political platforms. What resulted was a quasi welfare state built upon social policies to prevent economic fallout. For the poor who remain marginalised, the social services provided by the policies prove useless or limited since they are costly.
Its stated aims are to:
The movement was initially formed and support by an NGO, the National Land Committee (NLC), but in 2003 it broke with the NLC and has since operated autonomously.
On 13 November 2003 the movement issues a Memorandum to then President Thabo Mbeki asking why "why is development brought to us through guns and the terror" and demanding an immediate halt to all evictions on farms and from urban squatter camps.
The Landless People's Movement currently is building its infrastructure, leadership and credibility, while coming up with attractive ways of recruiting new members, and establishing mutually beneficial relationships with the local and national governments and other social movements. It has been successful in linking the commonalities between both rural and urban land dispossession to causes such as economic policies that lead to poverty. The privatisation of labour and cost-recovery measures that have been instituted have caused many individuals to be unable to pay their rent and housing dues. Thus causing them to be evicted from the apartments and houses in which they live. They have highlighted the struggle as being a process that affects the peoples political identity and labour conditions.
The Johannesburg Landless Peoples' Movement currently has branches in the following settlements:
In February 2009 the movement reported that eight LPM activists from Protea South were arrested following a peaceful protest.
In April 2004 57 members of the movement were arrested on election day for marching under the banner of 'No Land! No Vote!'.  Some of the arrested activists were subject to torture and this was later taken up in court action against the police.
In September 2007 the Freedom of Expression Institute reported that at a peaceful protest by the Landless People's Movement:
"SAPS members fired at random towards the protesters, leaving the pavement covered with the blue casings of rubber bullets. Police also deployed a helicopter and water cannon, and we saw at least two officers using live ammunition. One Protea South resident, Mandisa Msewu, was shot in the mouth by a rubber bullet, and several other residents were attended to by paramedics due to police violence."
The Landless People's movement was found guilty of hate speech by the South African Human Rights Commission (SAHRC). Mangaliso Kubheka from the KwaZulu-Natal LPM was found to have uttered the slogan "kill the farmer, kill the boer" during a speech.
In September 2008 the Western Cape Anti-Eviction Campaign, together with Abahlali baseMjondolo, the Johannesburg branches of the Landless People's Movement and the Rural Network (Abahlali basePlasini) in KwaZulu-Natal formed the Poor People's Alliance. The poor people's alliance refuses electoral politics under the banner 'No Land! No House! No Vote!'.
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