Soviet Union

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Connexions Library

The ABC of Communism
Bukharin, Preobrazhensky; (edited by Carr, E. H.)
Book
1920
Written as a commentary on the Bolshevik Party program, combining a vision of communist society with a program for practical action.
The Abolition of the State: Anarchist & Marxist Perspectives
Price, Wayne
Book
2007
Both Anarchists and Marxists believe that it will be possible to do away with the state. But what do they mean by that? What is the state, after all? What institutions, if any, would be necessary ...
After the "Special Period": Against The Current vol. 89
Quinn, Rachel
Article
2000
U.S. activists interview Cuban student. In July, Solidarity supporters Tim Marshall, Rachel Quinn and Sara Abraham had the opportunity to take classes at the University of Havana as a part of the Lang...
Age of Extremes: The Short Twentieth Century 1914 - 1991
Hobsbawm, Eric
Book
1994
A overview of the history of the years 1914 - 1991.
The Age of Permanent Revolution: A Trotsky Anthology
Deutscher, Isaac
Book
A collection of writings by Leon Trotsky.
All That Is Solid Melts Into Air: The Experience of Modernity
Berman, Marshall
Book
1982
Berman examines the clash of classes, histories, and clutures in the modern world, and ponders our prospects for coming to terms with the relationship between a liberating social and philosophical ide...
Alternative Press Annual 1983, The
Case, Patricia (ed)
Book
1984
American Communism and Soviet Russia: The Formative Period
Draper, Theodore
Book
1960
A history of the formative peirod of the American Communist Party.
An Anti-Capitalist Manifesto
Callinicos, Alex
Book
2003
An extended argument about what the anti-capitalist movement should stand for.
The Autobiography of a Sexually Emancipated Communist Woman
Kollontai, Alexandra
Book
1926
This is the first time that the complete autobiography which Alexandra Kollontai has been published. Written in 1926 under the pressure of the gradually sharpening Stalinist control, readers must real...
Back in the USSR
Anonymous
Article
1980
Impressions from a trip to the Soviet Union.
Back in Time My Life, My Fate, My Epoch: The Memoirs of Nadezhda A. Joffe
Joffe, Nadezhda A.; Translated from the Russian by Frederick S. Choate
Book
The author of these memoirs is the daughter of the well-known Bolshevik, Adolf Abramovich Joffe, a good friend of both Lenin and Trotsky.
The Best of The Nation: Selections from the Independent Magazine of Politics and Culture
Navasky, Victor; Heavel, Katrina Vanden
Book
2000
An anthology of articles from The Nation.
Betrayal of Trust: The Collapse of Global Public Health
Garrett, Laurie
Book
2000
The story of recent failings of public health systems across the globe.
Blood and Belonging: Journey into the New Nationalism
Ignatieff, Michael
Book
1993
Essays on nationalism in Serbia, Croatia, Germany, Ukraine, Quebec, Kurdistan, and Northern Ireland.
The Bolshevik Revolution 1917 - 1923 - Volume One: A History of Soviet Russia
Carr, Edward Hallet
Book
1950
The first volume of E.H. Carr's eight-volume history of Soviet Russia,, containing an analysis of those events and controversies in Bolshevik history between 1898 and 1917 which influenced the nature ...
The Bolsheviks and Workers' Control: The State and Counter-Revolution
Brinton, Maurice
Book
1970
A pamphlet exposing the struggle that took place over the running of workplaces in the immediate aftermath of the Russian Revolution. In doing so not only does it demolish the romantic Leninist "histo...
Building Working-Cass Opposition to Stalin's Dictatorship?: The Trotskyist Opposition, 1927-1940
Marot, John
Article
1996
A review of Tony Cliff's book Trotsky, 1927-1940. In Cliff's view, the Trotskyist movement in the USSR was not so much destroyed by Stalin as much as it collapsed under the weight of its own fundament...
The Bureaucratic Revolution: The Rise of the Stalinist State
Schachtman, Max
Book
1962
Shachtman argues that Stalinist Russia and all countries of the same structure represent a new social order which he calls bureaucratic collectivism. He rejects the view that Stalinist society is in a...
Capitalism and Theory
Kidron, Michael
Book
1974
About the permanent arms economy, the latest phase of capitalism.
Chomsky.Info
Chomsky, Noam
Website
The Noam Chomsky Web site.
Communitas: Means of Livelihood and Ways of Life
Goodman, Paul & Percival
Book
1947
Visions of urban life.
The Contradiction of Trotsky
Lefort, Claude
Article
1948
It was worth examining carefully Trotsky's attitude at the dawn of Stalinism, for it enables us to elucidate the (theoretical) policy to which he adhered until his death. I have said that Trotsky repr...
Cry Hungary! Uprising 1956
Gadney, Reg
Book
1986
An account of the Hungarian Revolution of 1956.
The Culture of Terrorism
Chomsky, Noam
Book
1988
Chomsky argues that the United States elites are dedicated to the rule of force, and that their commitment to violence and lawlessness has to be masked by an ideological system which attempts to contr...
Cynicism From Above: Cynicism From Below
Swift, Richard
Article
1980
The state bureaucracies of Eastern Europe are unable to accept any challenge to their right to decide and control.
A Dictionary of Marxist Thought
Bottomore, Tom
Book
1983
Dunayevskaya, Raya - Writings - Index
Dunayevskaya, Raya
Article
Writings of Raya Dunayevskaya (1910-1987).
The Earthscan Action Handbook
Litvinoff, Miles
Book
1990
A compendium of the world's major ills with suggestions for remedial action.
Eichmann in Jerusalem: A report on the banality of evil
Arendt, Hannah
Book
1963
Hannah Arendt's report on the trial of Adolph Eichmann.
The Enemy of Nature: The End of Capitalism or the End of the World?
Kovel, Joel
Book
2002
We live in and from nature, but the way we have evolved of doing this is about to destroy you. Capitalism and its by-products -- imperialism, war, neoliberal globalization, racism, poverty, and the de...
Ernest Mandel's Legacy: Against The Current vol. 93
Wainer, Kit Adam
Article
2001
Ernest Mandel was perhaps the best known revolutionary Marxist of the second half of the twentieth century. As an activist and leader of the Fourth International for most of his adult life, Mandel bec...
Evidence from the Archives
Marot, John
Article
1996
The Trotskyists' reformist course, their legalism, their "conscious refusal to seek support in the growing workers' movement" significantly "weakened the effectiveness of the 'bolshevik-leninists' and...
Failure of a Dream?: Essays in the History of American Socialism
Laslettt, John H. M.; Lipset, Seymour Martin
Book
1974
Examines the reasons for the relative weakness of American socialism.
Film as a Subversive Art
Vogel, Amos
Book
1974
Analyzes how aesthetic, sexual and ideological subversives use film to change and demystify.
Food, Shelter and the American Dream
Aronowitz, Stanley
Book
1974
Discusses the state of the American economy, the consequences for politics and culture that might arise from the new situation, and possible solutions.
For Reasons of State
Chomsky, Noam
Book
1973
Essays in which Chomsky analyzes the role of the American state and discusses some of the ways in which individuals can respond to its growing power.
From Bolshevism to the Bureaucracy
Cardan, Paul (Cornelius Castoriadis)
Book
1962
Among the innumerable questions raised by the fate of the Russian Revolution, two form the poles around which we may organise all the others. The first question is: What kind of society was produced b...
From Lenin to Stalin
Serge, Victor
Book
1937
A fascinating, first-hand account of the Stalinist takeover in Russia.
Hegemony or Survival: America's Quest for Global Dominance
Chomsky, Noam
Book
2003
Chomsky documents how, for more than half a century, the United States has been pursuing a grand imperial strategy with the aim of dominating the globe.
Heretics and Renegades
Deutscher, Isaac
Book
1955
Essasy on the Soviet Union and the Soviet bloc.
The Hero' of Kronstadt Writes History: Review of The Revolution Betrayed
Mattick, Paul
Article
1937
It is only necessary to reflect on the paramount role which Trotsky played in the first thundering years of Bolshevik Russia to understand why he cannot admit that the Bolshevik revolution was only ab...
The Historical Moment That Produced Us
Goldner, Loren
Article
2010
As we emerge, hopefully, from this dismal period of rollback, we recall Rosa Luxemburg's remark, shortly before her murder in 1919: "The revolution says: I was, I am, I shall be!" We assert the ongoin...
The History of the German Resistance 1933-1945: Widerstand, Staatsstreich, Attentat
Hoffman, Peter
Book
1969
A thorough portrayal of the plans, hesitations, frustrations, and failures of the opposition to Hitler.
Hungary 1956
Lomax, Bill
Book
Hungary 1956: A workers' revolt crushed by the "workers' state"
Diemer, Ulli
Article
1973
The Hungarian revolution, brief though it was, did as much as a century of socialist theorizing to show what a united and determined people could do to transform their society.
Hungary 56
Anderson, Andy
Book
1964
The Hungarian Revolution was far more than a national uprising or than an attempt to change one set of rulers for another. It was a social revolution in the fullest sense of the term.
The I.F. Stone's Weekly Reader
Stone, I.F.
Book
1973
An anthology of 20 years of journalism by independent journalists I.F. Stone.
Interview with Ulli Diemer
Diemer, Ulli; Orchard, Jeff
Article
1990
Jeff Orchard interviews Ulli Diemer about socialism, capitalism, life, and social change.
Inventing Reality: The Politics of News Media
Parenti, Michael
Book
1993
Parenti sets out to demonstrate how the news media distort important aspects of social and political life and why they do.
Kengir uprising: Connexipedia Article
Article
A prisoner uprising that took place in the Soviet prison labor camp Kengir in May and June 1954.
Killing Hope: U.S. Military and CIA Interventions Since World War II
Blum, William
Book
2008
Is the United States a force for democracy? William Blum serves up a forensic overview of U.S. foreign policy spanning sixty years. For those who want the details on the U.S.'s most famous actions (Ch...
Live Working or Die Fighting: How the Working Class Went Global
Mason, Paul
Book
2010
Mason realtes a series of struggles for worker and human rights over the past two hundred years and compares them to current struggles.
Looking for Democracy
Diemer, Ulli
Article
1989
Instead of sitting on the sidelines congratulating ourselves on how wonderfully free and democratic we are, we should be pressing for a radical democratization of our own society.
Main Currents of Marxism: Volume 3: The Breakdown
Kolakowski, Leszek
Book
1978
Kolakowski examines the origins and development of Stalinism, as well as the contributions of Trotsky, Gramsci, Lukacs, Marcuse, and others, and traces developments in Marxism it period after the Seco...
Man's Worldly Goods: The Story of the Wealth of Nations
Huberman, Leo
Book
1936
Huberman sets out to explain history using economic theory, and to explain economic theory using history. He tries to explain, in terms of the development of economic thought, why certain doctrines ar...
Marx, Freud, and the Critique of Everyday Life: Toward a Permanent Revolution
Brown, Bruce
Book
1974
The theory and practice of revolutionary social transformation, Brown argues, must encompass the subjective, psychological dimensions of the revolutionary process.
A Marxist History of the World part 80: Stalinism: the bitter fruit of revolutionary defeat
Faulkner, Neil
Article
2012
Neil Faulkner looks at the time when the Bolshevik regime turned in on itself and morphed into a mockery of its socialist ideals.
A Marxist History of the World part 91: The Cold War
Faulkner, Neil
Article
2012
The Second World War had created a world divided between two imperialist blocs. Their nuclear arsenals acted as a ‘deterrent’, but rivalry and suspicion meant that war was never far away.
Marx's Concept of the Alternative to Capitalism
Hudis, Peter
Book
2013
In contrast to the traditional view that Marx's work is restricted to a critique of capitalism – and that he consciously avoided any detailed conception of its alternative – this work shows that Marx ...
Moscow Gangsters
Kagarlitsky, Boris; Simon, Rick
Article
1992
A conversation with Boris Kagarlitsky, a Russian social activist.
My Life
Trotsky, Leon
Book
1930
Trotsky's autobiography, published in 1930.
Nature of Economies
Jacobs, Jane
Book
2000
Jacobs argues that since human beings exist wholly within nature as part of natural order in every respect, we should look to the processes of nature for vibrant and flexible models of economic planni...
Necessary Illusions: Thought Control in Democratic Societies
Chomsky, Noam
Book
1989
An inquiry into the nature of the media and the role of intellectuals in "a political system where the population cannot be disciplined by force, and thus must be subjected to more subtle forms of ide...
Notes from a Revolution Dying: Against The Current vol. 134
Pirani, Simon
Article
2008
In June 1922, five years on from the Russian Revolution, a group of Moscow communists gathered to discuss a letter by Vladimir Petrzhek, an auto worker, tendering his resignation from the communist (o...
Notes on Russia
Serge, Victor
Article
1936
Palestine Peace Not Apartheid
Carter, Jimmy
Book
2006
Former U.S. President Carter calls Israel's treatment of Palestinians 'apartheid' and identifies continuing Israeli control of the occupied territories as the primary obstacle to peace.
Passionate Declarations: Essays on War and Justice
Zinn, Howard
Book
1990
Essays looking at American political ideology.
A People's History of the United States: 1492 - Present
Zinn, Howard
Book
1995
Zinn's history includes those most ignored by typical American textbook history, including Indians, blacks, women and workers.
A People's History of the World: From the Stone Age to the New Millennium
Harman, Chris
Book
1999
Harman describes the shape and course of human history as a narrative of ordinary people forming and re-forming complex societies in pursuit of common human goals.
Presenting Insurgent Notes
Article
2010
We take our Marx and Engels seriously. Recent history, beginning perhaps (in the US) with the UPS strike of 1997 and the 'battle of Seattle' in 1999, now quickened by the abject financial and ideologi...
The Question of Stalin
Colletti, Lucio
Article
Colletti explores the contradictions of Bolshevism as the vanguard party which constructed a powerful state apparatus to manage the socialist relations of production while abandoning the development o...
Raids and Reconstructions: Essays on Politics, Crime, and Culture
Enzensberger, Hans Magnus
Book
1976
A collection of essays on culture and poltics.
Red Menace #5: Summer 1980
Serial Publication (Periodical)
1980
A Libertarian Socialist Newsletter
Rogue State: A Guide to the World's Only Superpower
Blum, William
Book
2005
A mini-encyclopedia of the numerous un-humanitarian acts perpetrated by the United States since the end of the Second World War.
Rosa Luxemburg: Abridged Edition
Nettl, Peter
Book
1966
A biography of Luxemburg by a British academic.
The Russian Revolution in Retreat: Against The Current vol. 136
Farber, Samuel
Article
2008
The relationship between “Leninism” and Stalinism has been a highly controversial topic between the political left and right as well as within the left itself. The “totalitarian” school of thought, hi...
Samizdat: Connexipedia Article
Article
A key form of dissident activity across the Soviet-bloc; individuals reproduced censored publications by hand and passed the documents from reader to reader, thus building a foundation for the success...
Sex-Pol: Essays 1929-1934
Reich, Wilhelm; (Baxandall, Lee, ed.)
Book
1934
Wilhelm Reich's writings from his Marxist period, outlining his thoughts about sexual and political liberation.
The Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism
Klein, Naomi
Book
2007
Klein chronicles free-market disasters of recent years and advances a theory that we are living in the age of 'disaster capitalism'.
Situationist International Anthology
Knabb, Ken
Book
1981
A selection of Situationist writings.
The Sixties: Years of Hope, Days of Rage
Gitlin, Todd
Book
1987
One of the best books on the Sixties in the U.S., bringing to life the political and cultural currents, including especially the music, which raged during that decade, and setting them in historical c...
'68: The Year of the Barricades
Caute, David
Book
1988
Caute's book looks at the explosive year 1968 (while situating it in the context of what had led up to it). One of the great strengths of this excellent book is that it looks at what was happening aro...
Socialism in One Country 1924-1926: Volume 2
Carr, Edward Hallett
Book
1959
Carr details the struggle for power within the Bolshevik party.
The Socialist Register 1966: Volume 3: A Survey of Movements & Ideas
Miliband, Ralph; Saville, John (eds.)
Serial Publication (Periodical)
1966
The Socialist Register 1968: Volume 5: A Survey of Movements & Ideas
Miliband, Ralph; Saville, John (eds.)
Serial Publication (Periodical)
1968
The Socialist Register 1969: Volume6: A Survey of Movements & Ideas
Miliband, Ralph; Saville, John (eds.)
Serial Publication (Periodical)
1969
The Socialist Register 1974: Volume 11: A survey of Movements & Ideas
Miliband, Ralph; Saville, John (eds.)
Serial Publication (Periodical)
1974
The Socialist Register 1978: Volume 15: A Survey of Movements & Ideas
Miliband, Ralph; Saville, John (eds.)
Serial Publication (Periodical)
1978
The Socialist Register 1981: Volume 18: A Survey of Movements & Ideas
Miliband, Ralph; Saville, John (eds.)
Serial Publication (Periodical)
1981
The Socialist Register 1983: Volume 20: A Survey of Movements & Ideas
Miliband, Ralph; Saville, John (eds.)
Serial Publication (Periodical)
1983
The Socialist Register 1988: Volume 24: Problems of Socialist Renewal: East & West
Miliband, Ralph; Panitch, Leo; Saville, John (eds.)
Serial Publication (Periodical)
1988
An examination of the prospects for socialism written shortly before the fall of the Soviet Union.
Socialist Register 1991: Volume 27: Communist Regimes the Aftermath
Miliband, Ralph; Panitch, Leo (eds.)
Serial Publication (Periodical)
1991
Socialist Register 2003: Volume 39: Fighting Identities
Panitch, Leo; Leys, Colin (eds.)
Serial Publication (Periodical)
2003
Soviet History Archive
Website
Documents on the Russian Revolution and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
The Soviet Union Versus Socialism
Chomsky, Noam
Article
1986
Noam Chomsky explores the relationship between the two great systems of propaganda - socialism and the society created by Lenin, Trotsky and Stalin. In response to a certain doctrine assuming a relati...
State, power and bureaucracy
Gordon, Tom
Article
2016
The theory of bureaucratic state capitalism in Russia and elsewhere characterises the International Socialist Tendency and distinguishes us from most other Marxist parties worldwide. So a study of the...
The Struggle Against Fascism Begins with the Struggle Against Bolshevism
Rühle, Otto
Article
1939
Russia must be placed first among the new totalitarian states. It was the first to adopt the new state principle. It went furthest in its application. It was the first to establish a constitutional di...
Ten Days That Shook The World
Reed, John
Book
1919
John Reed's gripping account of the Russian Revolution of November 1917.
The Third World and the USSR
Laidi, Zaki (ed.)
Book
1989
What use is the Soviet Union to the Third World? Why is its authoritarian system so often attractive to Third World regimes? Why have so many regimes apparently adopted Soviet Marxism as their model? ...
Toward a socialist future: Children’s picture books after the Bolshevik Revolution
Scripps, Thomas
Article
2016
The Russian Revolution of 1917 was the defining event of the 20th century. Its influence extended across virtually every aspect of human society the world over. The scope for study of the revolution a...
Towards a New Cold War: Essays on the Current Crisis and How We Got There
Chomsky, Noam
Book
1982
A sobering assessment of American foreign policy from the end of the Vietnam era to Ronald Reagan.
Leon Trotsky
Mattick, Paul
Article
1940
Trotsky's works, and most of all his History of the Russian Revolution, will immortalize his name as a writer and politician. But there is a real need to oppose the development of the Trotsky legend w...
Trotsky Reconsidered: Claude Lefort's Perspective
Garvey, John
Article
2013
In spite of all the ink spilled that says the opposite, Trotsky may have been closer to Stalin than he was to Lenin. That’s the argument made by Claude Lefort (one of the leading members of Socialisme...
The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics is a Capitalist Society
Dunayevskaya, Raya
Article
1941
To prove that the particular state-monopoly capitalism existing in Russia did not come about through state trustification but by methods of social revolution explains its historic origin but does not ...
War, Peace and the Media
Zwicker, Barrie
Book
1983
Zwicker argues that press coverage of the USSR is "profoundly uninformative, a journalistic yawn that is helping us sleepwalk toward the biggest slumber of all time: nuclear war."
The "War Scare" in the Kremlin, Revisited: Is History Repeating Itself?
Goodman, Mel
Article
2015
The Washington Post on October 25, 2015 published an important story based on a recently-published U.S. intelligence review from 1990 that confirmed Soviet leaders in 1983 believed the Reagan administ...
Was the Bolshevik Revolution a Failure?
Mattick, Paul
Article
1938
As soon as the Bolsheviks recognized that the proletariat was too weak to establish state capitalistic systems favorable to Russia in other countries, and also that the bourgeoisie was no longer willi...
What Uncle Sam Really Wants
Chomsky, Noam
Book
1993
Chomsky discusses examples of U.S. intervention and links together events stretching over four decades in regions throughout the world. He provides a quick synopsis of American foreign policy and pain...
Wilfred Burchett's Retreat From Moscow
Lockwood, Rupert
Article
2013
Between 1965-1968, journalist Rupert Lockwood (1908-1997) was the Moscow-based correspondent for the Communist Party of Australia’s (CPA) newspaper Tribune. A veteran journalist, Lockwood had become ...
World Orders Old and New
Chomsky, Noam
Book
1994
Chomsky surveys the international scene since 1945.
Year 501: The Conquest Continues
Chomsky, Noam
Book
1993
An examination of the U.S. role in the world placed in the long historical perspective of the 500 years that followed the voyages of Columbus.

Connexions Directory of Groups & Websites

Bureau of Public Secrets
Articles from a Situationist perspective.
Marxists Internet Archive
Large archive of the writings of Marx and Engels and of others in the Marxist tradition. Searchable.
Peace Magazine
Bimonthly publication focusing on peace and justice from a multi-partisan perspective.
Red Menace, The
The online archive of the libertarian socialist newsletter The Red Menace. Articles on socialism, Marxism, anarchism, work, popular education, organizing, wages for housework, Leninism, bureaucracy, h...
Trotskyist League
Works to build a revolutionary internationalist workers party to fight for socialist revolution.

Sources Experts & Spokespersons

Marxists Internet Archive
Large archive of the writings of Marx and Engels and of others in the Marxist tradition. Searchable.

Sources Library

CIA used Doctor Zhivago as a Literary Weapon during the Cold War
Flood, Alison
2014
Newly declassified documents reveal the CIA published Boris Pasternak's Nobel-winning novel to sow unrest among Soviets.
Content Magazine - Number 39
January/February 1974
In 1983 'war scare', Soviet leadership feared nuclear surprise attack by U.S.
Hoffman, David E.
2015
A nuclear weapons command exercise by NATO in November 1983 prompted fear in the leadership of the Soviet Union that the maneuvers were a cover for a nuclear surprise attack by the United States, trig...
A Marxist History of the World part 84: State Capitalism in Russia
Faulkner, Neil
2012
By the end of the 1920s, Stalin's party-state apparatus had become the dominant force in Russian society. A bureaucratic ruling class was formed, and all forms of dissent and resistance were treated a...

From the Connexions Archives

The International Situation
World United Front & Proletarian Revolution
Article
1977
These Canadian Marxist-Leninists distinguish themselves from those who they perceive as betrayers of the working class -- namely the Communist Party of Canada and other "phoney" communists. In this p...
Marxists Internet Archive
Website
Large archive of the writings of Marx and Engels and of others in the Marxist tradition. Searchable.
The Red Menace
A libertarian socialist newsletter
Serial Publication (Periodical)
1975
Articles on topics such as socialism, Marxism, anarchism, work, popular education, organizing, wages for housework, Leninism, bureaucracy, hierarchy, jargon, prostitution, obscenity, science fiction, ...