These articles, books, and resources are particularly recommended by Connexions. Clicking on the title of an item takes you to the bibliographic page for the resource, which typically also contains an abstract, a link to the full text if it is available online, and links to related topics in the subject index. You can find items through the
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Abandoning the Public Interest Resource Type: Article First Published: 2000 Published: 2001 The neo-liberal drive to cut red tape is costing lives. Exposing the hidden costs of deregulation and privatization.
The Accumulation of Capital Resource Type: Book First Published: 1913 Rosa Luxemburg's analysis of the inherent contradictions of capitalist accumulation.
Action Will Be Taken Left Anti-Intellectualism and Its Discontents Resource Type: Article First Published: 2004 Marxism's decline isn't just an intellectual concern -- it too has practical effects. If you lack any serious understanding of how capitalism works, then it's easy to delude yourself into thinking that moral appeals to the consciences of CEOs and finance ministers will have some effect. You might think that central banks' habit of provoking recessions when the unemployment rate gets too low is a policy based on a mere misunderstanding. You might think that structural adjustment and imperial war are just bad lifestyle choices.
Addressing the Violence: My Roadmap to Peace Resource Type: Article First Published: 2007 In order for peace to set sail there should be some guiding principles. The most important is equality. This is not to say that the conflict is between two equals. Overwhelming Israeli power and unconditional United States support has no comparison on the Palestinian side, other than the tragic balance of terror that has been reached with Israel through suicide bombing. But neither side should be treated differently from the other.
Adventures in Marxism Resource Type: Book First Published: 1999 Marshall Berman explores and rejoices in the emancipatory potential of Marxism.
Against multiculturalism Resource Type: Article First Published: 2002 Multiculturalism is an authoritarian, anti-human outlook. True political progress requires not recognition but action, not respect but questioning, not the invocation of the Thought Police but the forging of common bonds and collective struggles.
Ah-Hah! A New Approach to Popular Education Resource Type: Book First Published: 1983 AH-HAH seminars are designed to organize groups of comman interests, especially workers, to come to a common understanding.
Alienation Marx's Conception of Man in Capitalist Society Resource Type: Book First Published: 1971 Ollman reconstructs Marx's theory of alienation from its constituent parts and offers it as a vantage point from which to view the rest of Marxism. The book further contains a detailed examination of Marx's philosophy of internal relations, the much neglected logical foundation of his method, and provides a systematic account of Marx's conception of human nature.
All That Is Solid Melts Into Air The Experience of Modernity Resource Type: Book First Published: 1982 Published: 1988 Berman examines the clash of classes, histories, and clutures in the modern world, and ponders our prospects for coming to terms with the relationship between a liberating social and philosophical idealism and a complex, bureaucratic materialism.
Alternative Press Index An index to alternative and radical periodicals Resource Type: Serial Publication (Periodical) First Published: 1996 An index to alternative and radical publications, published quarterly in print and also available on CD-ROM.
American Power and the New Mandarins Resource Type: Book First Published: 1969 Chomsky writes about American power and violence, especially in the context of the Vietnam war, and he focuses especially on the complicity of American intellectuals in supporting and enabling the American imperial project.
Anarchism vs. Marxism: A few notes on an old theme Resource Type: Article First Published: 1978 Anarchist critiques of Marxism typically reveal a lack of knowledge of what Karl Marx actually wrote, resulting in sterile denunciations of a straw-man opponent.
Anarchism: What It Really Stands For Resource Type: Article First Published: 1910 Anarchsim: The philosophy of a new social order based on liberty unrestricted by man-made law; the theory that all forms of government rest on violence, and are therefore wrong and harmful, as well as unnecessary.
Another World is Possible Globalization and Anti-capitalism Resource Type: Book First Published: 2002 Published: 2006 A call-to-arms for progressive activists. McNally argues that capitalism is synonymous with imperialism and fundamentally incompatible with democracy.
Another world is possible if... Resource Type: Book First Published: 2004 Susan George suggests that we can create a new and better world -- if we act together to bring about changes. She discusses the ifs and hows.
An Anti-Capitalist Manifesto Resource Type: Book First Published: 2003 An extended argument about what the anti-capitalist movement should stand for.
Anti-Bolshevist Communism in Germany Resource Type: Article First Published: 1947 Until the final collapse of the German labor movement, the retreat of the 'ultra-left' appeared to be a return to theoretical work. The organizations existed in the form of weekly and monthly publications, pamphlets and books. The publications secured the organizations, the organizations the publications. While mass-organizations served small capitalistic minorities, the mass of the workers were represented by individuals. The contradiction between the theories of the 'ultra-left' and the prevailing conditions became unbearable. The more one thought in collective terms the more isolated one became.
Anton Pannekoek Resource Type: Article First Published: 1960 Anton Pannekoek's life span coincided with what was almost the whole history of the modern labour movement; he experienced its rise as a movement of social protest, its transformation into a movement of social reform, and its eclipse as an independent class movement in the contemporary world. But Pannekoek also experienced its revolutionary potentialities in the spontaneous upheavals which, from time to time, interrupted the even flow of social evolution. He entered the labour movement a Marxist and he died a Marxist, still convinced that if there is a future, it will be a socialist future.
As We Don't See It Resource Type: Article A clarification of Solidarity London's 1968 pamphlet, "As We See It." Distinction is placed between real socialism and the "exploitative privileged minorities" who controll(ed) the USSR and China, as well as the importance of controlling the means of production.
Back to Marx Resource Type: Article First Published: 1997 Maybe it's time for the left to see the universalization of capitalism not just as a defeat for us but also as an opportunity -- and that, of course, above all means a new opportunity for that unfashionable thing called class struggle.
Back To The Future The Continuing Relevance of Marx Resource Type: Article First Published: 2000 Does anyone seriously believe that the Russian workers who invented soviets in 1905 or overthrew the Tsar in 1917 were free of bigotry, of anti-semitism, of sexism, of national chauvinism? Or the Hungarian workers of 1966? Or the French workers of 1968? (In France there had been considerable display of racism toward African immigrants, a racism that was significantly reduced for a while during the events of May 1968.) Were the Polish workers who created Solidarity in 1980 free of anti-semitism, sexism, the influence of the Catholic Church? What is missing in most of these empirical studies is the theory of Marx. They are based on the depths the working class has reached under capitalism, not the peaks. As a result, they are inherently conservative.
Bakunin vs. Marx Resource Type: Article First Published: 1978 The anarchist-Marxist split started with Bakunin, who systematically misrepresented Marx's positions.
Beating Back the Corporate Attack Socialism and the struggle for global justice Resource Type: Book First Published: 2000 Our movement is calling for a new direction -- for democratic control of our political life, and for democratic control over the most important aspects of the economy. Why should handful of the super-rich run the planet, and, moreover, run it into the ground?
Behind Closed Doors How The Rich Won Control of Canada's Tax System... And Ended Up Richer Resource Type: Book First Published: 1987 A stinging indictment of Canada's tax system and the people who shape it.
The Betrayal of Marx Resource Type: Book First Published: 1975 The public has too long been fed the view that figures such as Lenin and Stalin are genuine followers of Marx, simply because they have claimed that distinction. Nothing justifies the deeds of a perverse 'Marxism' (e.g. that of Stalin); a proper understanding of Marxist humanism, and its betrayal, in contrast, enables us to raise afresh the question of means and to reevaluate the relevant historical, economic, and political facts.
Beyond Chutzpah On the Misuse of Anti-Semitism and the Abuse of History Resource Type: Book First Published: 2005 A meticulously researched expose of the corruption of scholarship on the Israel-Palestine conflict. Bringing to bear the latest findings on the conflict and recasting the scholarly debate, Finkelstein points to a consensus among historians and human rights organizations on the factual record. Why, then, does so much controversy swirl around the conflict? Finkelstein's answer, copiously documented, is that apologists for Israel contrive controversy. Whenever Israel comes under international pressure, another media campaign alleging a global outbreak of anti-Semitism is mounted.
Beyond the Fragments Feminism and the Making of Socialism Resource Type: Book First Published: 1979 Published: 1980 A call for various fractions of the left to unite and work for a socialism through grass-roots activism.
The Biggest 'October Surprise' Of All: A World Capitalist Crash Resource Type: Article First Published: 2008 Today we see the Western bourgeoisie, disarmed by its own neo-liberal ideology, falling back in a flash on Keynesianism, injecting hundreds of billions of dollars into the banking system to stave off collapse, and dusting off forgotten laws and powers from 70 years ago to push through their emergency measures.
Blocking Progress Consensus Decision Making In The Anti-Nuclear Movement Resource Type: Article First Published: 1983 Howard Ryan maintains that consensus is wrong in principle and in practice: "The problem is not so much that individuals are being irresponsible or somehow abusing the consensus process. The problem lies in giving individuals that kind of power in the first place. Consensus turns majority rule into minority rule. That's not democracy."
The Bolsheviks and Workers' Control The State and Counter-Revolution Resource Type: Book First Published: 1970 A pamphlet exposing the struggle that took place over the running of workplaces in the immediate aftermath of the Russian Revolution. In doing so not only does it demolish the romantic Leninist "history" of the relationship between the working class and their party during these years (1917-21) but it also provides a backbone to understanding why the Russian revolution failed in the way it did. From this understanding flows alternative possibilities of revolutionary organization.
Bolshevism and Stalinism Resource Type: Article First Published: 1947 From any view that goes beyond the capitalist system of exploitation, Stalinism and Trotskyism are both relics of the past.
Born in Bradford Resource Type: Article First Published: 2005 Multiculturalism transformed the character of antiracism. By the mid-1980s the focus of antiracist protest in Bradford had shifted from political issues, such as policing and immigration, to religious and cultural issues: a demand for Muslim schools and for separate education for girls, a campaign for halal meat to be served at school, and, most explosively, the confrontation over the publication of The Satanic Verses. Political struggles unite across ethnic or cultural divisions; cultural struggles inevitably fragment.
Break Their Haughty Power Resource Type: Website Articles on capitalism, socialism, and revolution, from a left-Marxist perspective.
Building Sustainable Communities: Tools and Concepts for Self-Reliant Economic Change Resource Type: Book First Published: 1989 Presents the underlying ideas and essential institutions for building sustainable communities. The major sections of the book deal with community land trusts and other forms of community ownership of natural resources, worker-managed enterprises and other techniques of community self-management, and community currency and banking. Also included are a lexicon of social capitalism and a bibliography of key works on self-reliant economic change.
Call it as it is Resource Type: Article First Published: 2012 Now is the time to see that most of our problems are the result of the insatiable greed of the very few. And to say so, clearly and repeatedly. Its the only way to start changing towards reality.
Calling All Radicals How Grassroots Organizers Can Help Save Our Democracy Resource Type: Book First Published: 2007 Thompson argues that we can reclaim our democracy through grassroots organizing.
Canada's 1960s The Ironies of Identity in a Rebellious Era Resource Type: Book First Published: 2008 A history of social movements of the 1960s, including Canadas student and anti-war movements, the rise of womens liberation, labour agitation, and Quebecs independence movement.
The Capital Punishment Debate Resource Type: Article First Published: 1984 The death penalty make us all complicit in killing, and degrades us as a society.
Das Capital, Volume 1 A Critical Analysis of Capitalist Production Resource Type: Book First Published: 1867 Published: 1890 Marx's great work sets out to grasp and portray the totality of the capitalist mode of production, and the bourgeois society that emerges from it. He describes and connects all its economic features, together with its legal, political, religious, artistic, philosophical and ideological manifestations.
The Case for Grassroots Archives Resource Type: Article First Published: 2012 Grassroots archives play a valuable role in what has been called "the battle of memory". People's history projects such as grassroots archives preserve and share stories of resistance, hidden histories, and alternative visions.
The Case for Socialism Resource Type: Book First Published: 2005 Published: 2010 An argument for socialism: a society built from the bottom up through the struggles of ordinary people against exploitation, oppression, and injustice -- one in which people come before profit. A society based on the principles of equality, democracy, and freedom.
Chomsky on Post-Modernism Resource Type: Article First Published: 1995 What I find in the writings of the post-modernists is extremely pretentious, but on examination, a lot of it is simply illiterate, based on extraordinary misreading of texts that I know well (sometimes, that I have written), argument that is appalling in its casual lack of elementary self-criticism, lots of statements that are trivial (though dressed up in complicated verbiage) or false; and a good deal of plain gibberish.
Civil Society in Question Resource Type: Book First Published: 1999 Civil Society ranks as flavour of the month among community volunteers, academics and policy makers. Many view it as a key concept in the struggle against poverty and for social justice and democracy. Is civil society anything more than a projection of our desires, a chameleon concept that can mean all things to all people? Does it risk being co-opted beyond recognition and usefulness?
The Civil War in France Resource Type: Book First Published: 1871 Written by Karl Marx as an address to the General Council of the International, with the aim of distributing to workers of all countries a clear understanding of the character and world-wide significance of the heroic struggle of the Paris Communards of 1871 and their historical experience to learn from.
Climate politics must be as radical as the climate crisis Resource Type: Article First Published: 2013 If the climate action movement allows its goals to be shaped by what is permissible in a capitalist economy then it has already failed. To respond to the climate emergency, our politics must be as radical as our reality. Revolutionary changes needed for humankind to survive and thrive.
The Closing Circle Man, Technology & the Environment Resource Type: Book First Published: 1971 Commoner argues that economic life must be structured to conform to the principles of ecology, as opposed to the goal of unlimited growth that underpins capitalist economies.
Common Sense Resource Type: Book First Published: 1776 Thomas Paine's justification of revolution.
Common Sense for Hard Times The Power of the Powerless to Cope with Everyday life and Transform Society in The Nineteen Seventies Resource Type: Book First Published: 1976 Presents a vision of society as it is and as it could be. Putting the problems of contemporary daily life in historical perspective, it reveals that they have their roots in the way our society is organized, and thereby enables us to re-examine our own situation and experience.
The Communist Manifesto Resource Type: Book First Published: 1848 Written by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels as the theoretical and practical platform of the Communist League, a workers' association.
Communitas Means of Livelihood and Ways of Life Resource Type: Book First Published: 1947 Published: 1960 Visions of urban life.
Community Dreams Ideas for Enriching Neighbourhood and Community Life Resource Type: Book First Published: 1984 A compilation of vignettes, fragments and thought starters that provides stimulating ideas for practical community transformation.
Connexipedia The Connexions Social Justice Encyclopedia Resource Type: Website More than 1,000 articles on activism, radicalism, resistance, solidarity, social justice, events, movements, organizations, and people.
The Cost of Living Resource Type: Book First Published: 1999 Roy takes on two of the great illusions of India's progress: the massive dam projects that have displaced millions, and the development of India's nuclear weapons. Roy peels away the mask of democracy and prosperity to show the true costs hidden beneath.
Counter Power Making Change Happen Resource Type: Book First Published: 2011 Argues that no major movement has ever been successful without counterpower, or the power that the "have-nots" can use to remove the power of the "haves." This book sets out to demystify the power dynamics of social change.
Counter-Rhetoric Challenging "conventional wisdom" & reframing the conflict Resource Type: Article First Published: 2006 This useful little book does two things. It challenges the rhetoric, the perceptions and assumptions regarding the conflict in Israel/Palestine, and it exposes the underlying imbalance of power around which this rhetoric swirls. It is both useful as a historical guide and as a tool for countering the prevailing divisive rhetoric. Whether challenging the concepts embedded in Zionism, the wars of the mid 20th century and the later occupation, or the Wall as security argument, this book gives a systematic alternative to the prevailing mantras and begins the process of changing the viewing of the conflict.
Countering Zionist propaganda about Hizbullah and Lebanon Resource Type: Article First Published: 2006 Nothing will change until the people of Palestine, Arabs and Jews, rise up to change the rules of the game, and rebuild the country on a new basis that respects democracy and human rights and good-neighbourly relations.
Crime and Criminals Address to the Prisoners in the Chicago Jail Resource Type: Article First Published: 1902 So long as big criminals can get the coal fields, so long as the big criminals have control of the city council and get the public streets for street cars and gas rights, this is bound to send thousands of poor people to jail. So long as men are allowed to monopolize all the earth, and compel others to live on such terms as these men see fit to make, then you are bound to get into jail.
Critique of Nonviolent Politics From Mahatma Gandhi to the Anti-Nuclear Movement Resource Type: Book First Published: 1984 Published: 2002 Ryan accepts that sometimes nonviolence can be effective, but says that sometimes it is not: "a principled insistence on nonviolence can in some circumstances be dangerous to progressive social movements." He says that nonviolence theory "is troubled by moral dogma and mechanical logic."
Critique of the Gotha Programme Resource Type: Article First Published: 1875 Karl Marx's criticisms of the programme adopted by congress to unite the two German socialist parties in 1875.
Dance of the Dialectic Steps in Marx's Method Resource Type: Book First Published: 2003 For Ollman, Marx's method was his message: "By allowing Marx to focus on the interconnections that constitute the key patterns in capitalism, the dialectic brings the capitalist system itself, as a pattern of patterns, into 'sight' and makes it something real that requires its own explanation".
Dancing in the Streets A History of Collective Joy Resource Type: Book First Published: 2006 Published: 2007 An account of the toll that depression has taken on European and North American health since the 18th century.
Democracy Against Capitalism Resource Type: Book First Published: 1995 Wood provides a brilliant explication and defense of the key theoretical concepts relevant to socialism, understood to be the most radical social and economic democracy.
Democracy is in the Streets From Port Huron to the Siege of Chicago Resource Type: Book First Published: 1987 A thoughtful and evocative history of the American New Left in the 1960's, looking critically but sympathetically at the struggles and passions of that period.
Design for the Real World Human Ecology and Social Change Resource Type: Book First Published: 1970 Published: 1973 While two-thirds of the world's population lives in poverty, valuable human and natural resources are used to produce: fur-covered toilet seats, electronic nail polish dryers, diapers for parakeets, and mink-oil fertilizer for "the plant that has everything." Papanek discusses why the things you buy are expensive, badly designed, unsafe, and often don't work. He proposes alternative ways of thinking and alternative designs for safe, inexpensive, and desperately needed products.
A Different Sort of Democracy Resource Type: Article First Published: 1997 We do not want to suggest that the democracy of ancient Greece was perfect or that it can be easily be copied in the modern world. Greece was burdened by the dual crimes of slavery and the inferior status of women, as were all ancient societies in the Mediterranean basin and in Asia. What distinguished ancient Athens was that, in that society, human beings began to break out to produce new forms of self-government. That they could not solve all the evils of that time should not be surprising.
Direct Action Gets Results Taking on the Enemy Directly Resource Type: Article First Published: 2014 In the village of Kalabalge, in the northern Nigerian state of Borno, the people struck back. While politicians dithered and activists twittered, the people of Kalabalge armed themselves and took the fight to their enemies, ambushing a Boko Haram convoy en route to attack their village. At least forty-one Boko Haram militants were killed and ten were captured as the villagers surprised two trucks carrying militants. Armed with rifles, machetes and bows, the brave people of Kalabalge did what the Nigerian military could not and sent Boko Haram off howling. We are conditioned to think of activism as getting someone else to do something. We plead with elected officials and bureaucrats, prodding them to take action. But the best and most effective activism is when we take matters into our own hands and solve our problems or strike at our enemies ourselves. In Mexicos Michoacan province, the people rose against the Knights Templar cartel, driving them off with such alacrity that the Mexican government has given up attempts to suppress the vigilantes and now hopes to suborn them, turning them from a natural manifestation of the peoples wrath into another arm of the criminal state. We pray they resist the attempt.
Do I Divest? Resource Type: Article First Published: 2002 If apartheid ended, so can this occupation, but the moral force and international pressure will have to be just as determined.
The 'Dollar' Crisis, and Us Resource Type: Article First Published: 2004 A capitalist crisis like the current one resembles a poker game where the table is swept clean and all cards and chips must be redistributed for the game to continue at all. This could happen as an 'orderly bankruptcy proceeding' but it will most likely happen (as it has always happened in the past) chaotically, through economic blowout, class confrontation, and war.
Don't socialize the losses - take the whole thing! Socialize all of finance under democratic control! Resource Type: Article First Published: 2008 A demand that a few weeks ago would have seemed leftist utopianism is now entirely reasonable and indeed the only practical solution. If ALL the financial institutions- banks, insurance companies, saving and loans, pension funds - become state property, their worthless loans to each other can be wiped off the books as the mere paper that they are.
Doom and Gloom Resource Type: Article First Published: 2009 Jermey Brecher says that the social roots of doom are part of a common pattern that we can observe repeatedly in history. People live their lives and pursue their goals by means of strategies that have been developed over time. But sometimes they discover their established strategies aren't working. No matter how hard they try, their problems remain intractable. The natural result is despair. But the awareness that other people are experiencing the same despair changes the context in which it is experienced. It opens up new possibilities. Perhaps the problems that we despair of solving as individuals can be addressed through some kind of collective action. When people begin to explore that possibility, the result may be a social movement.
Double Jeopardy: Carbon Offsets and Human Rights Abuses Resource Type: Article First Published: 2009 Whether you're a climate change denier or doomsayer, an avid recycler or rabid consumer of plastic bottles, there is one very good but little-known reason to oppose carbon offsets: their immediate and dire human costs.
Draft for Marxist-Humanist Perspectives, 2010-2011 Capital devours lives, labor, land; masses seek paths to freedom Resource Type: Article First Published: 2010 A revolutionary organization can no longer allow any separation between theory and practice, philosophy and revolution, workers and intellectuals, "inside" and "outside."
Drawing the Line The Political Essays of Paul Goodman Resource Type: Book First Published: 1977 Published: 1979 Goodman stresses that massive, uncentered governments and huge, sprawling communities alientate the individual and force people to conform to the status quo rather than to what they are or might become.
Ecology as Politics Resource Type: Book First Published: 1980 Socialism is no better than capitalism if it makes use of the same tools. The total domination of nature inevitably entails a domination of people by the techniques of domination.
The Ecology of Freedom The Emergence and Dissolution of Hierarchy Resource Type: Book First Published: 1982 Published: 2005 Bookchin's synthesis of ecology, anthropology and political theory traces conflicting legacies of hierarchy and freedom from the first emergence of human culture to today's globalized capitalism, constantly pointing the way to a sane, sustainable ecological future.
Ecology and Social Action Resource Type: Article First Published: 1973 That there is an important connection between ecology and social action is now self-evident. There seems little reason to doubt that there is some connection between what ecology tells us about the degraded quality of life and the social action needed to improve it.
The Economic Crisis in Fact and Fiction Paul Mattick Jr. with John Clegg and Aaron Benanav Resource Type: Article First Published: 2011 An interview with Paul Mattick Jr., the author of Business as Usual: The Economic Crisis and the Future of Capitalism.
The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte Resource Type: Book First Published: 1852 Marx wrote The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Napoleon between December 1851 and March 1852. The "Eighteenth Brumaire" refers to November 9, 1799 in the French Revolutionary Calendar -- the day the first Napoleon Bonaparte had made himself dictator by a coup d'etat. Marx traces how the conflict of different social interests manifest themselves in the complex web of political struggles, and in particular the contradictory relationships between the outer form of a struggle and its real social content.
The End of the Leaderless Revolution A Global Fallacy and the Military Intervention in Egypt Resource Type: Article First Published: 2013 When movements dont have (or claim not to have) ideologies, agendas, demands and leaders, they can go in two directions: they can dissipate (as did Occupy), or serve the agendas of others. The end of the leaderless revolution does not mean the end of the Egyptian revolutionary process. But it spells the end of the fallacy that the people can take power without an agenda, an alternative platform, an ideology, and leaders.
The Enemy of Nature The End of Capitalism or the End of the World? Resource Type: Book First Published: 2002 Published: 2007 We live in and from nature, but the way we have evolved of doing this is about to destroy you. Capitalism and its by-products -- imperialism, war, neoliberal globalization, racism, poverty, and the destruction of community -- are all playing a part in the destruction of our ecosystem.
The Ethical Slut A guide to infinite sexual possibilities Resource Type: Book First Published: 1997 A guide for anyone who dreams of having all the sex and love and friendship they want. Explores the skills and issues of a life beyond tradiational lifetime monogamy, from scheduling dates to handling jealousy, finding partners, resolving conflict, and raising children.
Ethnic Cleansing of Invented People Resource Type: Article First Published: 2011 Once we connect the dots it is not hard to see that the occupation of the West Bank and Gaza is only a small part of the Israeli Palestinian issue. The greater issue is the ongoing ethnic cleansing of Palestine by the Zionist state. The way forward for Israelis and Palestinians alike is to oppose the ethnic cleansing by opposing all its manifestations.
Eurocentric Anti-Eurocentrism Resource Type: Article First Published: 2001 What is so puzzling about anti-Eurocentric histories, especially the histories of capitalism, is that, without exception, they are based on the most Eurocentric -- not to mention bourgeois -- assumptions.
The Evil of Humanitarian Wars Iraq, Libya, Syria: We have no right to play God Resource Type: Article First Published: 2012 The Wests duty is not to intervene more but to intervene far less. We already massively arm tyrannies such as those in the Gulf so that they can protect the oil that we consider our birthright; we offer military, financial and diplomatic cover for Israels continuing oppression of millions of Palestinians, a major cause of political instability in the Middle East; and we quietly support the Egyptian military, which is currently trying to reverse last years revolutionary gains.
Facing Reality Resource Type: Book First Published: 1958 Published: 1974 Inspired by the October 1956 Hungarian workers' revolution against Stalinist oppression, as well as the U.S. workers' "wild-cat" strikes (against capital and the union bureaucracies), the authors looked ahead to the rise of new mass emancipatory movements by African Americans as well as anti-colonialist/anti-imperialist currents in Africa and Asia. Virtually alone among the radical texts of the time, Facing Reality also rejected modern society's mania for "conquering nature," and welcomed women's struggles "for new relations between the sexes."
Facing Reality 45 Years Later Critical Dialogue with James/Lee/Chaulieu Resource Type: Article First Published: 2003 According to Goldner, "In 1958, Facing Reality was an important book, uncannily anticipatory of the historical period which would unfold over the following 15 years. Its main assertions are still being debated.... What I find most interesting in Facing Reality is not so much the answers it offers as the questions it asks. Those questions revolve around the role of the revolutionary Marxist party today.
False Promises The Shaping of American Working Class Consciousness Resource Type: Book First Published: 1973
False Promises: A Review Resource Type: Article First Published: 1974 False Promises is a strange book. Despite a certain carelessness of presentation, I recommend it to all concerned with the working class for its extensive documentation of the working-class experience, at work, in the larger society, and in the unions. It is imbued with the conception that freedom is the fundamental quality of revolutionary change and it rejects the strangling doctrines and structures of the union movement and of the vanguard parties. Yet it cannot overcome a conception of working-class consciousness which reduces workers to victims and consciousness to verbalizations.
Fictitious Capital for Beginners Imperialism, 'Anti-Imperialism', and the Continuing Relevance of Rosa Luxemburg Resource Type: Article First Published: 2007 Rosa Luxemburg's framework enabled her to see how capitalism could ultimately destroy society - barbarism, in her words, or the 'mutual destruction of the contending classes' as the Communist Manifesto put it in 1847 - by being required to turn more and more to primitive accumulation and non-reproduction, a prophecy we see materializing before our eyes today.
Fictitious Capital and the Transition Out of Capitalism Resource Type: Article First Published: 2005 To understand the weight of fictitious capital in the current context, it is necessary to look beyond the merely economic to the class struggle. Despite the colossal efforts of ideology to deny or trivialize social antagonism, everything today is shaped by class struggle, both the one-sided class struggle waged for 30 years by the capitalist class, and even more so the potential threat of a two-sided struggle to re-emerge into the open.
The Fight for Canada Four Centuries of Resistance to American Expansionism Resource Type: Book First Published: 1993 In an effort to realize their grand dream of one nation from Panama to the Arctic, Americans have attempted to conquer Canada using war, trade sanctions, and political interventions of all kinds. "That fight for Canada continues to this day," says David Orchard.
Fighting for Hope Organizing to Realize Our Dreams Resource Type: Book First Published: 1990 Detailed information and advice on how to organize a group for social change.
'Free speech' - as long as it doesn't offend anyone Resource Type: Article First Published: 2009 On the issue of free speech most of the right and much of the left are in agreement, and so too are many liberals, activists, and human rights apparatchiks. They hold essentially the same position on freedom of expression - they are for it -in principle-, but only so long as it isn't used to express views that they find unacceptable or offensive. What they disagree about is merely who gets to decide what ideas are unacceptable, i.e., who gets to censor who.
From Dictatorship to Democracy Resource Type: Book First Published: 2002 Published: 2010 A short, serious introduction to nonviolent struggle, its applications, and strategic thinking. Based on pragmatic arguments, this piece presents nonviolent struggle as a realistic alternative to war and other violence in acute conflicts. It also contains a glossary of important terms and recommendations for further reading.
From Self-managed Solidarity Unionism to a Self-managed Society Resource Type: Article First Published: 2009 Capitalism is built on various forms of oppression and structural inequality. But the subordination and exploitation of the working class remains at the heart of the system. A liberatory program and strategy for a remake of society needs to explain how workers can escape the class cage.
From the Bourgeois to the Proletarian Revolution Resource Type: Book First Published: 1924 Published: 1974 Parliaments are becoming increasingly empty trappings: the parties are collapsing, destroying one another, and losing their political credibility: the trade unions are changing into ruins. The breakdown of this organisational and political system all along the line is inevitable.
The FTAA and the WTO: the meta-program for global corporate rule Resource Type: Article First Published: 2001 The deepest and most systemic threat to civil and planetary life the world has ever faced is underway. Behind the disasters of regional economies and planetary ecosystems melting down, the threat is driven by an underlying meta-program, in terms of which every decision, every policy, every regulation and implementation is demanded and instituted by servant governments.
The future is agroecology Resource Type: Article First Published: 2014 The way to a sustainable, people-centred agriculture lies in agroecology - farming based on ecological principles, taking account of the interdependence of all living things.
General Strike France 1968 A factory-by-factory account Resource Type: Book First Published: 1969 Andre Hoyles analyses the development, organisation and end of the mass strike in France, 1968, with reference to case studies of particular factories.
Get Up, Stand Up Uniting Populists, Energizing the Defeated, and Battling the Corporate Elite Resource Type: Book First Published: 2011 Levine offers insights into the epidemic of political passivity in America and analyzes how major U.S. institutions have created helplessness and fatalism. He proposes ways of recovering dignity, energy, and unity in order to wrest power away from the corporatocracy.
The Global Battle Against Noise Pollution Resource Type: Article First Published: 2008 Studies done in several European countries have demonstrated that noise can be a major killer. Awake or even asleep your brain and body react to sounds that increase the levels of stress hormones.
Green Cities Ecologically Sound Approaches to Urban Space Resource Type: Book First Published: 1990 Visions from around the world for an ecological urban model. Argues that putting wilderness in cities is good for conservation of wildlife.
A Green History of the World The Environment and the Collapse of Great Civilizations Resource Type: Book First Published: 1991 Ponting tracks the "green" history of the world showing how throughout history civilizations have collapsed when they exhausted the earth's natural resources.
Green Production Toward an Environmental Rationality Resource Type: Book First Published: 1995 Explores the environment and sustainability development with a Marxist approach and provides an alternative vision for ecotechnology.
GreenTOpia Towards A Sustainable Toronto, uTOpia Volume Three Resource Type: Book First Published: 2007 The third volume of the uTOpia series features a collection of essays that look at innovative and imaginative ways to promote sustainability in Toronto. Also included is a directory of resources, organizations, incentives and programs in and around the GTA.
The Grundrisse Outlines of the Critique of Political Economy Resource Type: Book First Published: 1857 Published: 1973 Marx wrote this huge manuscript as part of his preparation for what would become A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy (published in 1859) and Capital (published 1867). The series of seven notebooks were rough-drafted by Marx, chiefly for purposes of self-clarification, during the winter of 1857-8. The manuscript became lost in circumstances still unknown and was first effectively published, in the German original, in 1953.
Helping you reach the media How Sources can help you get more and better media coverage Resource Type: Article Published: 2009 Media coverage is the most valuable kind of publicity there is because it is based on the news value or information value of what you do or say, and is therefore far more credible than paid publicity like advertising. SOURCES makes it possible for organizations, institutions, companies, and individuals to reach the media effectively, consistently, and inexpensively. SOURCES has been helping organizations, companies, institutions, and individuals get media attention for over 30 years.
Here We Go Again Resource Type: Article First Published: 2012 One thing should be clear. The violence across the Muslim world in response to an American anti-Islamic film has nothing to do with that film. Yes, The Inocence of Muslims is a risibly crude diatribe against Islam, but the violence is being driven less by religious fury than by political calculation. In Libya, Egypt and elsewhere, the crisis is being fostered by hardline Islamists in an attempt to seize the political initiative in a period of transition and turmoil. The film is almost incidental to this process. The real struggle is not between Muslims and non-Muslims, but between different shades of Islamists, between hardline factions and more mainstream ones.
The Historical Failure of Anarchism Resource Type: Article First Published: 1996 Day examines anarchism's failure to genuinely critique itself, understand history or theory, and grasp the conditions in the world today. "Anti-capitalism doesn't do the victims of capitalism any good if you don't actually destroy capitalism," Day writes. 'Anti-statism' doesn't do the victims of the state any good if you don't actually smash the state. Anarchism has been very good at putting forth visions of a free society and that is for the good. But it is worthless if we don't develop an actual strategy for realizing those visions.
The Historical Moment That Produced Us Resource Type: Article First Published: 2010 As we emerge, hopefully, from this dismal period of rollback, we recall Rosa Luxemburg's remark, shortly before her murder in 1919: "The revolution says: I was, I am, I shall be!" We assert the ongoing reality of communism, "the real movement developing before our eyes," as Marx put it in the Manifesto. Like Hegel's "knights of history," we locate our identities not in any immediacy but in the emerging new universal that must be the cutting edge of the next global offensive.
Homage to Catalonia Resource Type: Book First Published: 1938 George Orwell's account of his experiences in the Spanish Civil War.
How Social Movements Can Win More Victories Like Same-Sex Marriage Resource Type: Article First Published: 2014 The rapidly expanding victory around same-sex marriage defies many of our common ideas about how social change happens. This was not a win that came in measured doses, but rather a situation in which the floodgates of progress were opened after years of half-steps and seemingly devastating reversals. It came about through the efforts of a broad-based movement, pushing for increased acceptance of LGBT rights within a wide range of constituencies.
Humanity Imperiled: The Path To Disaster Resource Type: Article First Published: 2013 For the first time in the history of the human species, we have clearly developed the capacity to destroy ourselves. Thats been true since 1945. Its now being finally recognized that there are more long-term processes like environmental destruction leading in the same direction, maybe not to total destruction, but at least to the destruction of the capacity for a decent existence.
Hungary 56 Resource Type: Book First Published: 1964 Published: 1968 The Hungarian Revolution was far more than a national uprising or than an attempt to change one set of rulers for another. It was a social revolution in the fullest sense of the term.
Iceberg Economies and Shadow Selves Further Adventures in the Territories of Hope Resource Type: Article First Published: 2010 Capitalism is only kept going by this army of anti-capitalists, who constantly exert their powers to clean up after it, and at least partially compensate for its destructiveness. Behind the system we all know, in other words, is a shadow system of kindness, the other invisible hand. Much of its work now lies in simply undoing the depredations of the official system.
Identity is that which is given Resource Type: Article First Published: 2008 In this age of globalisation many people fret about Western culture taking over the world. But the greatest Western export is not Disney or McDonalds or Tom Cruise. It is the very idea of culture.
If I Am Not For Myself Journey of an Anti-Zionist Jew Resource Type: Book First Published: 2008 In a journey through family memory and leftwing history, Marqusee introduces us to Jewish heretics and heroes. In proudly reclaiming the Jewish radical tradition, he reminds us that cultures are not the exclusive franchises of nation-states, and that Zionists and anti-semites share the same sinister, racialized concept of group identity.
Imagine Democracy Resource Type: Book First Published: 2000 Rebick calls for the transformation of fundamental institutions in Canada: the economy, the media and the electoral system.
In Praise of Idleness Resource Type: Book First Published: 1932 More leisure, not work, will benefit civilization. Modern organization and technology makes a four hour work day possible for leisure to be distributed to everyone.
In Praise of Marx Resource Type: Article First Published: 2011 Why might Marx be back on the agenda? The answer, ironically, is because of capitalism. Whenever you hear capitalists talking about capitalism, you know the system is in trouble.
Inclusion or exclusion Resource Type: Article First Published: 2008 People who advocate a vision of distinct communities that speak different languages, keep apart from each other, and communicate with the structures of the larger society only through interpreters, are doing more harm than good. What they are advocating is not diversity but entrenched division.
Information Terrorists? The Vile Campaign Against Julian Assange and Wikileaks Resource Type: Article First Published: 2010 WikiLeaks is under concerted attack from the US government. Also under attack by the US government is the whole idea of freedom of thought and of information. It needs to be clearly understood that the attacks on WikiLeaks by the US government could as easily be used against news organizations and political organizations.
Interview with Ellen Meiksins Wood Democracy & Capitalism: Friends or Foes? Resource Type: Article First Published: 1996 Postmodernist pluralism, just like the old variety, obscures the realities of power in capitalist societies. It also disarms and disintegrates the opposition to capitalism. Postmodernism brings us back to the old and uncritical forms of capitalist ideology, which leave the system fundamentally unchallenged. Marxism -- historical materialism -- is the best foundation for an understanding of the society in which we live and therefore also the best guide in our search for a better one.
Interview with Lotta Continua 1977 Resource Type: Article First Published: 1977 Revolutionary actions are directed against the system as a whole - for its overthrow. This presupposes a general disruption of society which escapes political control. Thus far, such revolutionary actions have occurred only in connection with social catastrophe, such as were released by lost wars and the associated economic dislocations. This does not mean that such situations are an absolute precondition for revolution, but it indicates the extent of social disintegration that precedes revolutionary upheavals. Revolution must involve a majority of the active population. Not ideology but necessity brings the masses into revolutionary motion. The resulting activities produce their own revolutionary ideology, namely an understanding of what has to be done to emerge victoriously out of the struggle against the system's defenders.
Intimate Friendships Resource Type: Book First Published: 1976 Examines various forms of intimate relationship, from monogamy, to monogamy with adultery, to polygyny, polyandry and group relationships.
Introduction to 'Anti-Bolshevik Communism' Resource Type: Article First Published: 1978 The international socialist movement must of course be an anti-imperialist movement. But it has to actualise its anti-imperialism through the destruction of the capitalist system in the advanced countries. Were this accomplished, anti-imperialism would become meaningless and the social struggles in the underdeveloped part of the world would focus on internal class differences.
Introduction to Capital Resource Type: Article First Published: 1932 Marx's book on capital, like Plato's book on the state, like Machiavelli's Prince and Rousseau's Social Contract, owes its tremendous and enduring impact to the fact that it grasps and articulates, at a turning point of history, the full implications of the new force breaking in upon the old forms of life. All the economic, political, and social questions, upon which the analysis in Marx's Capital theoretically devolves, are today world-shaking practical issues, over which the real-life struggle between great social forces, between states and classes, rages in every corner of the earth.
Introduction to the Critique of the Gotha Programme Resource Type: Article First Published: 1922 Next to the Communist Manifesto of 1847-8 and the 'General Introduction' to the Critique of Political Economy of 1857, the Critique of the Gotha Programme of 1875 is, of all Karl Marx's shorter works, the most complete, lucid and forceful expression of the bases and consequences of his economic and social theory.
Inventing Reality The Politics of News Media Resource Type: Book First Published: 1993 Parenti sets out to demonstrate how the news media distort important aspects of social and political life and why they do.
The Irrational in Politics Resource Type: Book First Published: 1970 Published: 1975 The Irrational in Politics examines the way in which we have been programmed by social and sexual patterns of the dominant ideology. The result is mass produced individuals incapable of automous thought and perpetually craving authority and leadership. In this light he looks as well at the sexual revolution and the failure of the Russian Revolution. His aim is to allow the ordinary individual to aquire insight into their own phychic structure and in doing so become harmonised with their own deep aspirations and desires.
Is Israel an Apartheid State? Rhetoric or Reality? Summary of a Legal Study by the Human Sciences Research council of South Africa Resource Type: Article First Published: 2010 Do Israel's practices in occupied Palestinian territory, namely the West Bank, East Jerusalem and Gaza, amount to the crimes of colonialism and apartheid under international law?
Israel: Boycott, divest, sanction Resource Type: Article First Published: 2009 The best strategy to end the increasingly bloody occupation is for Israel to become the target of the kind of global movement that put an end to apartheid in South Africa.
Israel does not want peace Resource Type: Article First Published: 2014 Rejectionism is embedded in Israel's most primal beliefs. There, at the deepest level, lies the concept that this land is destined for the Jews alone.
Israel in Gaza: A Critical Reframing Resource Type: Article First Published: 2009 The critical reframing we offer, that of Israelis committed to human rights, international law and a just peace as the only way out of this interminable and bloody conflict, argues that security cannot be achieved unilaterally while one side oppresses the other and that Israel's attack on Gaza is merely another attempt to render its Occupation permanent by destroying any source of effective resistance.
An Issue Of Justice Origins Of The Israel/Palestine Conflict Resource Type: Book First Published: 2005 Finkelstein lays out the history of the Israel/Palestine conflict with clarity and passion, arguing that any other similar conflict would be perfectly understood, yet this one exists beneath a blanket of ideological fog. Finkelstein cuts through the fog with indisputable historical facts, optimistic that the struggle is winnable, and that it is simply an issue of justice.
Jonathan Cook - Response to Intellectual Cleansing Part 1 Resource Type: Article First Published: 2008 However grateful we should be to the tiny minority of dissident writers, their relegation to the margins of the commentary pages of Britain's 'leftwing' media serves a useful purpose for corporate interests. It helps define the 'character' of the British media as provocative, pluralistic and free-thinking - when in truth they are anything but. It is a vital component in maintaining the fiction that a professional media is a diverse media.
The Joy of Revolution Resource Type: Article First Published: 1997 Published: 2007 Knabb says "What is needed, I believe, is a worldwide participatory-democracy revolution that would abolish both capitalism and the state. This is admittedly a big order, but I'm afraid that nothing less can get to the root of our problems. It may seem absurd to talk about revolution; but all the alternatives assume the continuation of the present system, which is even more absurd."
The Junius Pamphlet The Crisis of Social Democracy Resource Type: Book First Published: 1916 The voting of war credits in August 1914 was a shattering moment in the life of individual socialists and of the socialist movement in Europe. Those who had worked for and wholly believed in the ability of organized labour to stand against war now saw the major social democratic parties of Germany, France, and England rush to the defense of their fatherlands. Worker solidarity had proved an impotent myth. Rosa Luxemburg had for years warned against the stultifying effects of the overly bureaucratized German Social Democratic Party and the anti-revolutionary tendencies of the trade unions that played such a large role in the party's policy decisions. She spent much of the war in jail, where she wrote and then smuggled this pamphlet. Published under the name "Junius," the pamphlet became the guiding statement for the International Group, which became the Spartacus League.
Just the Beginning of Canadas Filthy Tar Sands A Qualitative Jump Down a Black Hole Resource Type: Article First Published: 2013 The technology used in Canada's tar sands will be used to open up other potential oil deposits that could more than double all know oil reserves. The disaster threatens to keep expanding.
Karl Korsch: His Contribution to Revolutionary Marxism Resource Type: Article First Published: 1962 For Korsch, all the imperfections of Marx's revolutionary theory which, in retrospect, are explainable by the circumstances out of which it arose, do not alter the fact that Marxism remains superior to all other social theories even today, despite its apparent failure as a social movement. It is this failure which demands not the rejection of Marxism but a Marxian critique of Marxism, that is, the further proletarisation of the concept of social revolution. There was no doubt in Korsch's mind, that the period of counter-revolution is historically limited like everything else -- that the new social productive forces embodied in a socialist revolution would re-assert themselves and find a revolutionary theory adequate to their practical tasks.
Karl Marx Resource Type: Book First Published: 1938 It is the purpose of this book to restate the most important principles and contents of Marx's social science in the light of recent historical events and of the new theoretical needs which have arisen under the impact of those events. In so doing we shall deal throughout with the original ideas of Marx himself rather than with their subsequent developments brought about by the various 'orthodox' and 'revisionist, dogmatic and critical, radical and moderate schools of the Marxists on the one hand, and their more or less violent critics and opponents on the other hand.
Karl Marx's Theory of Revolution Volume I: State and Bureaucracy Resource Type: Book First Published: 1977 A wide-ranging and thorough exposition of Marx's views on democracy.
Karl Marx's Theory of Revolution Volume II: The Politics of Social Classes Resource Type: Book First Published: 1978 Draper ranges through the development of the thought of Marx and Engels on the role of classes in society.
Karl Marx's Theory of Revolution Volume IV: Critique of Other Socialisms Resource Type: Book First Published: 1990 Much of Karl Marx's most important work came out of his critique of other thinkers, including many socialists who differed significantly in their conceptions of socialism. Draper looks at these critiques to illuminate what Marx's socialism was, as well as what it was not.
Kicking Out Corporations Resource Type: Article First Published: 2004 Rural areas revoke corporate "personhood" in order to reclaim self-rule.
Land and Community Crisis in Canada's Countryside Resource Type: Book First Published: 1988 Sim's thesis is that rural society is overlooked due to urban dependence upon "great associations," economies of scale, and other socio-cultural institutions of unmanageable size.
Leading Principles of Marxism: A Restatement Resource Type: Article First Published: 1937 Marx's study of society is based upon a full recognition of the reality of historical change. Marx treats all conditions of existing bourgeois society as changing, ie more exactly, as conditions in the process of being changed by human actions. Bourgeois society is not, according to Marx, a general entity which can be replaced by another stage in a historical movement. It is both the result of an earlier phase and the starting point of a new phase, of the social class war which is leading to a social revolution.
Letters of Insurgents Resource Type: Book Published: 1976 A fictional exchange of letters between people grappling with the question of what the struggle for freedom means in the West and in thecountries of the Soviet bloc. A gripping discussion of the issues of social change and liberation as they affect real
Libcom.org Resource Type: Website Resource for all people who wish to improve their lives, their communities and their working conditions. We want to discuss with one another, learn from experiences of the past and develop strategies to increase the power that we, as ordinary people, have over our own lives.
The Life of Death: An Exchange Resource Type: Article First Published: 1985 The really great form of courage and honesty that could be witnessed under the conditions of the Holocaust was when a Pole opposed the opinion or the silence of other Poles, when a Jew opposed other Jews, and when Germans opposed other Germans or Nazism in general. This is the type of courage which we should learn about and emulate.
The limits of anti-racism Resource Type: Article First Published: 2009 The contemporary discourse of 'antiracism' is focused much more on taxonomy than politics. It emphasizes the name by which we should call some strains of inequality -- whether they should be broadly recognized as evidence of 'racism' -- over specifying the mechanisms that produce them or even the steps that can be taken to combat them. And, no, neither 'overcoming racism' nor 'rejecting whiteness' qualifies as such a step any more than does waiting for the 'revolution' or urging God's heavenly intervention.
Live Working or Die Fighting How the Working Class Went Global Resource Type: Book First Published: 2010 Mason realtes a series of struggles for worker and human rights over the past two hundred years and compares them to current struggles.
Lobbying Elites: The Fast Track To Extinction Resource Type: Article First Published: 2013 As we evaluate the outcomes of the recent UN climate negotiations in Warsaw, one lesson that we are invited to learn, again, relates to our strategy for getting effective action taken on the ongoing climate catastrophe and other critical environmental.
Local Places In the Age of the Global City Resource Type: Book First Published: 1996 The contributors to Local Places look at the complex socialo, economic and political contexts of cities in the 1990s and suggest that cities and urbanity, while part of the problem, also need to be considered as part of the solution.
Lockdown America Police and Prisons in the Age of Crisis Resource Type: Book First Published: 1999 Published: 2008 Why is criminal justice so central to American politics? Lockdown America not only documents the horrors and absurdities of militarized policing, prisons, a fortified border, and the federalization of the war on crime, it also explains the political and economic history behind the massive crackdown.
Long March, Short Spring The Student Uprising at Home and Abroad Resource Type: Book First Published: 1969 An examination of the world student rebellions of the late 1960s.
Rosa Luxemburg A letter about Rosa Luxemburg's contribution to Marxism Resource Type: Article First Published: 2000 In a time when the socialist movement was evolving in directions increasingly removed from Marx's positions -- Social Democratic reformism on the one hand, and Leninist bureaucratic centralism on the other -- Luxemburg was the leading exponent of a Marxism in the spirit of Marx.
Luxemburg versus Lenin Resource Type: Article First Published: 1935 On many essential points the conceptions of Luxemburg differ from those of Lenin as day from night, or -- the same thing -- as the problems of the bourgeois revolution from those of the proletarian.
The Making of the English Working Class Resource Type: Book First Published: 1963 Published: 1968 Discusses the development of a working class consciousness from the 1790s to the Great Reform Bill
The Malaise on the Left Resource Type: Article First Published: 1974 Let us take it for granted that meaningful activity needs to be collective, that social transformation needs emancipated individuals, and that the institutional framework of any new society will probably be based, in part at least, on those forms which the struggle itself has repeatedly thrown up at its moments of deepest insight and creativity. What we now need to think about - and to discuss widely throughout the libertarian left - is the political content of an activity that consciously seeks both to avoid recuperation and to be relevant to the conditions of today.
Manela's Democracy Resource Type: Article First Published: 1999 Nelson Mandela's ideological legacy in South Africa and globally is startlingly complex. He has provided inspiration for the struggles of oppressed people throughout the world, and he has made himself a symbol of reconciliation in a world in which their oppression continues. To understand his historical role, and come to terms with his legacy, we need to see how his greatness and his limitations stem from the same source.
Manifestos, Programs, Visions Selected Manifestos - Political Statements - Programs Resource Type: Website First Published: 1649 Published: 2009 A selection of left manifestos, programs, poltical statements and visions from the 1600s to today.
Manufacturing Consent The Political Economy of the Mass Media Resource Type: Book First Published: 1988 Contrary to the usual image of the press and cantankerous, obstinate, and ubiquitious in its search for truth, Herman and Chomsky depict how an underlying elite consensus largely structures all facets of the news. They analyze how issues are framed and topics chosen, and the way in which the marketplace and the economics of publishing significantly shape the news.
Manufacturing Consent Resource Type: Film/Video First Published: 1992 A film about Noam Chomsky's ideas about the media, ideology, propaganda, and elite control of society's institutions.
Marx and Makhno Meet McDonald's Resource Type: Article First Published: 2005 Over the last several years, a revolving network of militants in Paris, France, have developed a strategy and tactics for winning strikes by marginal, low-paid, outsourced and immigrant workers against international chains, in situations where the strikers are often ignored by unions to which they nominally belong, or are actually obstructed by them.
Marx on Democratic Forms of Government Resource Type: Article First Published: 1974 Marx's socialism (communism) as a political programme may be most quickly defined, from the Marxist standpoint, as the complete democratization of society, not merely of political forms. For Marx, the fight for democratic forms of government - democratization in the state - was a leading edge of the socialist effort; not its be-all and end-all but an integral part of it all.
Marx, theoretician of anarchism Resource Type: Article First Published: 1973 Under the name communism, Marx developed a theory of anarchism; and further, in fact it was he who was the first to provide a rational basis for the anarchist utopia and to put forward a project for achieving it.
Marxism and Freedom From 1776 to Today Resource Type: Book First Published: 1958 Published: 1971 Dunayevskaya argues that Marx's theory is the generalisation of the instinctive striving of the proletariat for a new social order, a truly human society.
Marxism as if the planet mattered A Return to Marxs Ecological Critique Resource Type: Article First Published: 2013 Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels held that capitalism inevitably tears apart the natural conditions that sustain life. They argued capitalism's exploitation of working people, and the unsustainable exploitation of nature, were linked and part of the same process.
Marxism: Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow Resource Type: Article First Published: 1978 Until now the history of revolutionary Marxism has been the history of its defeats, which include the apparent successes that culminated in the emergence of state-capitalist systems. It is clear that early Marxism not only underestimated the resiliency of capitalism, but in doing so also overestimated the power of Marxian ideology to affect the consciousness of the proletariat. The process of historical change, even if speeded up by the dynamics of capitalism, is exceedingly slow, particularly when measured against the lifespan of an individual. But the history of failure is also one of illusions shed and experience gained, if not for the individual, at least for the class. There is no reason to assume that the proletariat cannot learn from experience.
A Marxist Ecological Vision Against The Current vol. 161 Resource Type: Article First Published: 2012 The questions facing environmental activists, and socialists in particular, range from the sheer scale of the environmental disasters already underway to the problems of beginning a transition from a system organized around massive consumption of fossil fuels, vast megacities and global agribusiness.
Marxists Internet Archive Resource Type: Website Large archive of the writings of Marx and Engels and of others in the Marxist tradition. Searchable.
Marx's Concept of Man Resource Type: Book First Published: 1961 It is one of the peculiar ironies of history that there are no limits to the misunderstanding and distortion of theories, even in an age when there is unlimited access to the sources; there is no more drastic example of this phenomenon than what has happened to the theory of Karl Marx in the last few decades....I shall try to demonstrate that this interpretation of Marx is completely false; that his theory does not assume that the main motive of man is one of material gain; that, furthermore, the very aim of Marx is to liberate man from the pressure of economic needs, so that he can be fully human; that Marx is primarily concerned with the emancipation of man as an individual, the overcoming of alienation, the restoration of his capacity to relate himself fully to man and to nature; that Marx's philosophy constitutes a spiritual existentialism in secular language and because of this spiritual quality is opposed to the materialistic practice and thinly disguised materialistic philosophy of our age.
Marx's Concept of the Alternative to Capitalism Resource Type: Book First Published: 2013 In contrast to the traditional view that Marx's work is restricted to a critique of capitalism and that he consciously avoided any detailed conception of its alternative this work shows that Marx was committed to a specific concept of a post-capitalist society which informed the whole of his approach to political economy.
The Mass Psychology of Fascism Resource Type: Book First Published: 1933 Published: 1970 Wilhelm Reich's class study, written during the years of the German crisis. Reich repudiates the concept that fascism is the ideology or action of a single individual or nationality, or any ethnic or political group. He understands fascism as the expression of the irrational character structure of human beings whose needs and impulses have been suppressed.
The Mass Strike, the Political Party and the Trade Unions Resource Type: Book First Published: 1906 Luxemburg writes that "the mass strike in Russia [in 1905] has been realised not as means of evading the political struggle of the working-class, and especially of parliamentarism, not as a means of jumping suddenly into the social revolution by means of a theatrical coup, but as a means, firstly, of creating for the proletariat the conditions of the daily political struggle and especially of parliamentarism. The revolutionary struggle in Russia, in which mass strikes are the most important weapon, is, by the working people, and above all by the proletariat, conducted for those political rights and conditions whose necessity and importance in the struggle for the emancipation of the working-class Marx and Engels first pointed out, and in opposition to anarchism fought for with all their might in the International."
May 5, 1818: Birth of Karl Marx Seeds of Fire Resource Type: Article First Published: 2013 Marx breathes dialectics and revolution. For Marx, radicalism means going to the root, and Marxs radicalism seeks to go to the root of capitalism, to comprehend its essence dialectically, to understand its inherent contradictions and the seeds of revolution it contains.
Medicare Myths and Realities Resource Type: Article First Published: 2012 Since medicare is an extremely popular social program, the media and right-wing politicians have learned that it is unwise to attack it directly. Instead, they propagate myths designed to undermine public support for, and confidence in, the health care system, with the goal of gradually undermining and dismantling it.
Memoirs of a Revolutionary 1901- 1941 Resource Type: Book First Published: 1943 Published: 1967 Victor Serge, who was bron in 1890 and died in 1947, was an anarchist, a Bolshevik, a Trotskyist, and a revisionist-Marxist. Belgian by birth and upbringing, French by adoption and in literary expression, Russian by parentage and later by citizenship, he eventually became stateless and was put down as a Spanish national for purposes of his funeral documents. He was a journalist, a poet, a pamphleteer, a historian, a political prisoner, an agitator, and a novelist.
The Missing News Filters and Blind Spots in Canada's Press Resource Type: Book First Published: 2000 Asks a number of questions, including: How well do the news media filter reality, for what purposes, through what processes and in whose interests? How do newspapers and TV stations choose what news is printed or aired, which letters will be published, or who will be accorded credibility?
Modern Capitalism and Revolution Resource Type: Book First Published: 1959 Published: 1975 For revolutionaries one central point must be grasped to understand how the system works: the struggle of human beings against their alientation, and the ensuing conflict and split in all spheres, aspects and moments of socia life. As long as this struggle is there there ruling strata will continue to be unable to organise their system in a coherent way, and society will lurch from one accident to another. These are the conditions for revolutionary activity in the present epoch -- and they are amply sufficient.
Multiculturalism or World Culture? On a "Left"-Wing Response to Contemporary Social Breakdown Resource Type: Article First Published: 1991 Published: 2000 Post-modernists are profoundly bored by any questions of economics and technology which cannot be connected to cultural differences. The implicit agenda of the multiculturalists is to present the values associated with intensive capitalist accumulation as "white male", so "non-white" peoples such as Japanese or Koreans who currently embody those values with a greater fervour than most "whites" are ignored.
The National Question Selected Writings by Rosa Luxemburg Resource Type: Book Published: 1976 In her penetrating analysis of nationalism, Rosa Luxemburg argues that the formula of "the right of nations to self-determination" is essentially not a political or programmatic guide to the nationality question, but only a means of avoiding that question.
Nature Heals The Psychological Essays of Paul Goodman Resource Type: Book First Published: 1979 Adolescent sexuality, the nature of aggression, ethics, Freud, the psychology of artists, Reich, homosexuality -- large, important, and controversial issues like these fascinated Paul Goodman, and in these essays he writes about them as if he absolutely had to, as if nothing were more important than the subject at hand.
The Nazis and Deconstruction: Jean-Pierre Faye's Demolition of Derrida Resource Type: Article First Published: 1993 A review of Jean-Pierre Faye's book 'La raison narrative', which traces the Nazi origins of deconstructionist and post-modernist concepts and terminology. Faye shows, for example, that the concept of 'deconstruction' was introduced in a Nazi journal edited by M.H. Goering, and he shows how theorists who based themselves on Heidegger's writings, such as Derrida, Lyotard, and Lacoue-Labarthe, whitewashed Heidegger's Nazism, treating it as a mere 'detail'.
Necessary Illusions Thought Control in Democratic Societies Resource Type: Book First Published: 1989 Published: 1991 An inquiry into the nature of the media and the role of intellectuals in "a political system where the population cannot be disciplined by force, and thus must be subjected to more subtle forms of ideological control."
The New Bureaucracy Waste and Folly in the Private Sector Resource Type: Book First Published: 1992 Hardin shows that the private sector is a huge and wasteful bureaucracy; he looks at major corporations, the stock market, the advertising and marketing industry, consultants, money managers, think tanks, the media, etc.
The New Face of the Radical Right? Amerikas Would-be Pravy Sektor Resource Type: Article First Published: 2014 In 2009, the Southern Poverty Law Center and the Political Research Associates agreed that Anarchist Nationalism could become the new face of the radical right in the USA. Attempting to mix subcultural anarchist mores with a cross-cutting class analysis that hinges on racial separatism and ancestral traditions, such as tribalism, Anarchist Nationalism demonstrate a worrying tendency of reactionaries to co-opt radical language in attempts to gain control over large popular fronts.
The New Jim Crow Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness Resource Type: Book First Published: 2010 Argues that Jim Crow and legal racial segregation have been replaced by mass race-based incarceration as a system of social control.
The New Worker Organizing Resource Type: Article First Published: 2013 Many, perhaps most, worker centerbased organizing projects focused on workers in low-wage jobs, are conducted with the active support and, often enough, leadership provided by a variety of community-based organizationswith support from one or more unions.
The No-Nonsense Guide to Democracy Resource Type: Book First Published: 2002 Ths book explores how democracy is constricted and deformed by economic power-brokers and a self-serving political class.
Nostalgia de la luz (Nostalgia for the Light) Resource Type: Film/Video First Published: 2010 In Chile's Atacama Desert, astronomers search the sky and explore the origins of the universe. Nearby, a group of women sift through the sand searching for body parts of loved ones murdered and dumped in the desert by the Pinochet dictatorship. A meditation on astronomy, the past, memory, and persistance.
Nothing Is Ever Won Without Organizing Remarks to the First Nonviolence Training Session of the Mexican Movement for Peace with Justice and Dignity Resource Type: Article First Published: 2012 All organizing begins with the telling of a story. When we listen carefully to somebodys story, we learn what motivates him, what she is passionate about. Listening is the first skill and duty of a community organizer. Before we can get somebody to do something, we have to learn what he and she want, which is usually different than what we presumed they wanted.
Objectivity and Liberal Scholarship Resource Type: Book First Published: 2003 Chomsky's classic analysis of the liberal scholarship that justified American foreign policy and aggression during the 1960s.
The Olga Document For Truth and Reconciliation, For Equality and Partnership Resource Type: Article First Published: 2004 A document written in a series of meetings in Givat Olga, Israel, and titled after the location, The Olga Document. Advoctes coexistence of the peoples of this country, based on mutual recognition, equal partnership and implementation of historical justice.
On Organization Resource Type: Article Discusses the democratic organizational forms appropriate to libertarian socialist organizations.
On the Spartacus Programme Resource Type: Article First Published: 1918 For us the conquest of power will not be effected at one blow. It will be a progressive act, for we shall progressively occupy all the positions. of the capitalist state, defending tooth and nail each one that we seize.
One Vote for Democracy Consensus vs. democracy Resource Type: Article First Published: 1986 Makes the case that the democratic model is better than the consensus model for activist group decision-making.
Ontological "Difference" and the Neo-Liberal War on the Social Deconstruction and Deindustrialization Resource Type: Article First Published: 2001 We have today legions of people with a smattering of knowledge turning out reams of books filled with buzz words that could be (and have been) produced by a computer program, and could be (and are) picked up in peer-group shop talk in a few months at the nearest humanities program or academic conference. Everyone these people don't like is trapped in a "gaze"; everyone "constitutes" their "identity" by "discourse"; to the fuddy-duddy "master narratives" that talk about such indelicate subjects as world accumulation these people counterpose "pastiche" and "bricolage", the very idea of being in any way systematic smacking of "totalitarianism"; it is blithely assumed that everyone except heterosexual white males now and for all time have been "subversives" (one wonders why we are still living under capitalism); a crippling relativism makes it somehow "imperial" to criticize public beheadings in Saudi Arabia or cliterodectomy practiced on five-year old girls in the Sudan.
Open Marriage A New Life Style for Couples Resource Type: Book First Published: 1972 The authors propose open marriage as a way to help couples realize that there can be both relatedness and freedom in marriage, and that freedom, with the growth and responsibility it entails, can be the basis for intimacy and love.
Open Veins of Latin America Five Centuries of the Pillage of a Continent Resource Type: Book First Published: 1973 A political economy, a social and cultural narrative, and a powerful description of primitive capital accumulation.
Organizational Questions of the Russian Social Democracy Resource Type: Article First Published: 1904 Rosa Luxemburg's contribution to the debate within the Russian Social Democratic movement on party organization and democratic centralism. Luxemburg joins Trotsky in warning of the dangers inherent in centralism and argues against the concentration of power in a Central Committee. From a Socialist Revolutionary perspective Luxemburg puts forward compelling arguments against Lenin's conception of the revolutionary Party.
Organizing for the Anti-Capitalist Transition Resource Type: Article First Published: 2009 David Harvey says that there is a lot of work to be done to coalesce various tendencies around the underlying question: can the world change materially, socially, mentally, and politically in such a way as to confront not only the dire state of social and natural relations in so many parts of the world, but also the perpetuation of endless compound growth? This is the question that the alienated and discontented must insist upon asking, again and again, even as they learn from those who experience the pain directly and who are so adept at organizing resistances to the dire consequences of compound growth on the ground.
Overcoming Zionism Creating a Single Democratic State in Israel/Palestine Resource Type: Book First Published: 2007 Kovel argues that the inner contradictions of Zionism have led Israel to a 'state-sponsored racism' fully as incorrigible as that of apartheid South Africa and deserving of the same resolution. Only a path toward a single-state secular democracy can provide the justice essential to healing the wounds of the Middle East. Kovel draws on his detailed knowledge of the Middle East to show that Zionism and democracy are essentially incompatible. Ultimately, Kovel argues, a two-state solution is essentially hopeless as it concedes too much to the regressive forces of nationalism, in which lie the roots of continued conflict.
A Paradise Built in Hell The Extraordinary Communities That Arise in Disaster Resource Type: Book First Published: 2010 The most startling thing about disasters, according to Rebecca Solnit, is not merely that so many people rise to the occasion, but that they do so with joy. That joy reveals an ordinarily unmet yearning for community, purposefulness, and meaningful work that disaster often provides.
The Paris Commune of 1871 The View from the Left Resource Type: Book First Published: 1972 For the Left, the Paris Commune of 1871 stands as the first example of the exercise of political power by a working class. Socialists, Communists and Anarchists have all looked to this 72-day revolution for lessons - often conflicting - in the development of approaches to state power, democratic processes and a vanguard party in socialist revolutions. This volume gives the English reader direct access to a substantial collection of documents from the time of the Commune - most of which have remained unpublished even in France. These are writings in which some Communards themselves express the view that the Commune was an egalitarian social revolution committed to the ultimate abolition of classes.
Party and Class Resource Type: Article First Published: 1936 The belief in parties is the main reason for the impotence of the working class; therefore we avoid forming a new party - not because we are too few, but because a party is an organization that aims to lead and control the working class. In opposition to this, we maintain that the working class can rise to victory only when it independently attacks its problems and decides its own fate.
Pedagogy of the Oppressed Resource Type: Book First Published: 1970 Freire maintains that every human being, no matter or "ignorant" or submerged in the "culture of silence," is capable of looking critically at the world in a dialogical encounter with others, and that provided with the proper tools for such an encounter, can gradually perceive his personal and social reality and deal critically with it.
A Peoples Manifesto: Lets Roll Back Austerity and Claim Real Democracy! Urgent common priorities for a democratic, social, ecological and feminist Europe Resource Type: Article First Published: 2013 Europe stands on the edge of a precipice, looking into the abyss. Austerity policies drive the peoples of Europe into poverty, undercut democracy and dismantle social policies. Rising inequalities endanger social cohesion. Ecological destruction is worsening while acute humanitarian crises devastate the most affected countries.
Perspectives for Conscious Change in Everyday Life Resource Type: Article First Published: 1961 Guy Debord says that to study everyday life would be a completely absurd undertaking, unable even to grasp anything of its object, if this study was not expressly for the purpose of transforming everyday life.
The Political Mass Strike Resource Type: Article First Published: 1913 If we want to prove ourselves worthy of the great coming events then we must not begin at the wrong end by attempting to make technical preparations for the mass strike. When the situation is ripe, the tactic of the mass strike will present itself. Let us not rack our brains about supporting it at the right time. What is necessary is that you watch the party press to ensure that it is your instrument and expresses your opinion and your mood. You must also see to it that our parliamentarians feel a mass pressing them from behind.
Politics and the Communist Manifesto -- Part 1 Resource Type: Article First Published: 1998 Marxists used to be attacked from the right as "reductionists." Today, that accusation has become a favorite of the (postmodernist) left. We've reached a point where any attempt at explanation, any tendency to think in terms of causality, is "reductionist."
The Politics of Nonviolent Action Part Two: The Methods of Nonviolent Action Resource Type: Book First Published: 1973 An encyclopedic treatment of the theory and practice of nonviolence, with a detailed examination of 198 specific methods of the technique illustrated with actual cases within the broad classes of nonviolent protest and persuasion, non-cooperation (social, economic and political) and nonviolent intervention.
The Port Huron Statement Resource Type: Article First Published: 1962 A seminal statement of the New Left, adopted by SDS in 1962.
Postcolonial Theory and the Specter of Capital Resource Type: Book First Published: 2013 Against the thesis that Western subalterns are made of different stuff, Chibber argues that human beings are, at their core, not that different across contexts. The winds of history and culture may change many things, but not human constitutions. His defense of this argument sets the stage for a deliberate, careful explication of the key tenets of historical materialism. This argument is that humans, everywhere, take an interest in defending their well-being and their dignity.
Postmodernism Generator Resource Type: Website First Published: 2000 A computer program written by Andrew. C. Bulhak using the Dada Engine, a system for generating random text. Each time you click on the page, it generates a brand-new postmodernist essay, completely meaningless, but superficially plausible, just like 'real' postmodernist essays.
The Principle of Self-Emancipation in Marx and Engels Resource Type: Article First Published: 1971 For Marx and Engels, there was a direct relationship between the revolutionary (literally subversive) nature of their socialism and the principle of emancipation-from-below, the principle that, as Engels wrote, "there is no concern for ... gracious patronage from above." Marxism, as the theory and practice of the proletarian revolution, therefore also had to be the theory and practice of the self-emancipation of the proletariat. Its essential originality flows from this source.
Prison Nation The Warehousing of America's Poor Resource Type: Book First Published: 2002 Essays on the cruelty and inhumanity of the American prison system.
The Problem of Nationality and Autonomy Resource Type: Article First Published: 1908 Rosa Luxemburg on the national question, federalism, autonomy, and the right of nations to self-determination.
A progressive dialogue on the future: Six questions for leftists Resource Type: Article First Published: 2011 Leftists don't spend enough time or energy working on important strategic questions. If we could resolve a handful of these, even tentatively, and try out some solutions, we would be far more successful. Here are six from my list of the most important questions, as well as my answers, which by their very incompleteness and inadequacy should suggest that more people should work on them.
Progressive Frames for Taxes Resource Type: Article First Published: 2005 As progressives, we do not believe that taxes are necessarily an affliction. Instead, we think of taxes as investments that give us dividends.
Public Ownership and Common Ownership Resource Type: Article First Published: 1947 Under public ownership the workers are not masters of their work; they may be better treated and their wages may be higher than under private ownership; but they are still exploited.
Publicity and Media Resources Resource Type: Website Resources and publications to assist your organization in getting more and better media coverage and raising awareness.
Querying Young Chomsky Resource Type: Article First Published: 2011 Chomsky offers observations on what a desirable society might look like from the perspective of the heritage of libertarian socialist or anarcho-syndicalist or communist anarchist views.
Race, Incarceration, and American Values Resource Type: Book First Published: 2008 Glenn Loury argues that the extraordinary mass incarceration rate in the USA is not a response to rising crime rates. Instead, it is the product of a decision to become a more punitive society. He connects this policy to our history of racial oppression, showing that the punitive turn in American politics and culture emerged in the post-civil rights years and has today become the main vehicle for the reproduction of racial hierarchies.
Radical Digressions Resource Type: Website First Published: 2006 Published: 2010 Ulli Diemer's website/blog featuring comment from a radical left-libertarian perspective.
The Rain On Our Parade A Letter To My Dismal Allies Resource Type: Article First Published: 2012 O rancid sector of the far left, please stop your grousing! Compared to you, Eeyore sounds like a Teletubby. If I gave you a pony, you would not only be furious that not everyone has a pony, but you would pick on the pony for not being radical enough until it wept big, sad, hot pony tears. Because what were talking about here is not an analysis, a strategy, or a cosmology, but an attitude, and one that is poisoning us. Not just me, but you, us, and our possibilities.
Rank and File Personal Histories of Working Class Organizers Resource Type: Book First Published: 1973 Published: 1974 A collection of stories and recollections from labour movement organizers.
Rationality/Science Resource Type: Article First Published: 1995 Chomsky writes: "It strikes me as remarkable that the left today should seek to deprive oppressed people not only of the joys of understanding and insight, but also of tools of emancipation, informing us that the "project of the Enlightenment" is dead, that we must abandon the "illusions" of science and rationality--a message that will gladden the hearts of the powerful, delighted to monopolize these instruments for their own use."
Real Utopia Participatory Society for the twenty-first century Resource Type: Book First Published: 2008 Real Utopia identifies and obliterates the barriers to an egalitarian, bottom-up society, while convincingly outlining how to build it.
The Real Value of Diversity Resource Type: Article First Published: 2002 The real failure of multiculturalism is its failure to understand what is valuable about cultural diversity. There is nothing good in itself about diversity. It is important because it allows us to compare and contrast different values, beliefs and lifestyles, make judgements upon them, and decide which are better and which worse. It is important, in other words, because it allows us to engage in political dialogue and debate that can help create more universal values and beliefs. But it is precisely such dialogue and debate, and the making of such judgements, that multiculturalism attempts to suppress in the name of 'tolerance' and 'respect'.
Rebels, Reds, Radicals Rethinking Canada's Left History Resource Type: Book First Published: 2005 McKay looks at the history of the left in Canada as a series of experiments in "living otherwsie" -- efforts to work out ways of life and throught strategically opposed to the prevailing liberal-capitalist order.
The Red and the Black Profit is the motor of capitalism. What would it be under socialism? Resource Type: Article First Published: 2012 In this essay, I start from the common socialist assumption that capitalisms central defects arise from the conflict between the pursuit of private profit and the satisfaction of human needs. Then I sketch some of the considerations that would have to be taken into account in any attempt to remedy those defects.
The Red Menace A libertarian socialist newsletter Resource Type: Serial Publication (Periodical) First Published: 1975 Published: 1980 Articles on topics such as socialism, Marxism, anarchism, work, popular education, organizing, wages for housework, Leninism, bureaucracy, hierarchy, jargon, prostitution, obscenity, science fiction, and terrorism.
Reform and Revolution Resource Type: Article First Published: 1967 Published: 1968 An essay taken from Andre Gorz's Le Socialisme Difficile in which he discusses how socialist strategy can aim to crate the objective and subjective conditions which will make mass revolutionary action and engagement in a successful trail of strength with the bourgeoise possible.
Reform or Revolution Resource Type: Book First Published: 1983 The reformists had no principles to 'betray.' They remained what they had been all along, but they were now obliged first of all to safeguard the system in which their cherished practice could continue. The revolution had to be reduced to a mere reform, so as to satisfy their deepest convictions and, incidentally, secure their political existence.
Reimagining Society Resource Type: Website An online collection of visions, proposals and strategies for social transformation.
Resource Manual for A Living Revolution A Handbook of Skills & Tools for Social Change Activists Resource Type: Book First Published: 1977 Published: 1985 A manual for people who are concerned or angered by the deterioration of our society and who, because they have some sense that their efforts can have an effet for change, are looking for tools to transform it. It is a working reference for those who are prepared to act to create a better life for themselves and others.
Reveille for Radicals Resource Type: Book First Published: 1946 Published: 1969 Alinksy connects his theoretical notions on radicalism to practical movements and events.
The Revolution of Everyday Life Resource Type: Book First Published: 1967 Published: 2001 The classic complement to Debord's Society of the Spectacle. Vaneigem examines the minutia of power as "abstracted mediation and mediated abstraction" that permeates everyday life and the means of seizing control of our lives and truly living.
Revolution Re-Assessed Politics of Human Liberation Resource Type: Article First Published: 1980 The political objectives and beliefs of the Australian-based Libertarian Socialist Organisation.
Revolutionary Organization Resource Type: Article First Published: 1961 We here wish to examine one of the most fervently adhered to dogmas of the "Left": the need for a tightly centralized socialist party, controlled by a carefully selected leadership. The Labour Party describes this type of organization as an essential feature of British democracy in practice. The Bolsheviks describe it as a "democratic centralism". Let us forget the names and look below the surface. In both cases we find the complete domination of the party in all matters of organization and policy by a fairly small group of professional "leaders".
Roots of Empathy Changing the World Child by Child Resource Type: Book First Published: 2007 Roots of Empathy looks at eliminating crime and changing the world by starting with a compassionate environment for children.
Rosa Luxemburg Resource Type: Book First Published: 1939 Published: 1972 A biography of Rosa Luxemburg written by a German revolutionary who worked with Luxemburg in the Spartacist organization.
Rosa Luxemburg Selected Political Writings Resource Type: Book First Published: 1972 A selection of Rosa Luxemburg's writings which highlight her outstanding contributions to the theory and practice of revolutionary socialism.
The Rosa Luxemburg Reader Resource Type: Book First Published: 2004 A definitive one-volume collection of Luxemburg's writings.
Rosa Luxemburg, Women's Liberation, and Marx's Philosophy of Revolution Resource Type: Book First Published: 1981 Published: 1982 Part I - Rosa Luxemburg as Theoretician, as Activist, as Internationalist. Part II - The Women's Liberation Movement as Revolutionary Force and Reason. Part III - Karl Marx: From Critic of Hegel to Author of Capital and Theorist of "Revolution in Permanence."
The Russian Revolution and Leninism or Marxism? Resource Type: Book First Published: 1918 Published: 1961 The basic lesson of every great revolution, the law of its being, decrees: either the revolution must advance at a rapid, stormy, resolute tempo, break down all barriers with an iron hand and place its goals ever farther ahead, or it is quite soon thrown backward behind its feeble point of departure and suppressed by counter-revolution. To stand still, to mark time on one spot, to be contented with the first goal it happens to reach, is never possible in revolution. And he who tries to apply the home-made wisdom derived from parliamentary battles between frogs and mice to the field of revolutionary tactics only shows thereby that the very psychology and laws of existence of revolution are alien to him .
Edward Said's shadowy legacy Tricky with argument, weak in languages, careless of facts: but, thirty years on, Said still dominates debate Resource Type: Article First Published: 2008 So many academics want the arguments presented in Edward Said's Orientalism (1978) to be true. It discourages any kind of critical approach to Islam in Middle Eastern studies.
School Reform and the Attack on Public Education Resource Type: Article First Published: 1997 The education reform movement is part of a wider corporate and government plan to undermine democracy and strengthen corporate domination of our society.
SDS Resource Type: Book First Published: 1973 Published: 1974 The rise and development of the Students for a Democratic Society, the organization that became the major expression of the American left in the 1960s -- its passage from student protest to institutional resistance to revolutionary activism, and its ultimate impact on American politics and life.
Seeds of Fire A People's Chronology Resource Type: Article First Published: 2012 Recalling events that happened on this day in history. Memories of struggle, resistance and persistence.
Selections from the Prison Notebooks Resource Type: Book First Published: 1951 Published: 1973 Gramsci's Notebooks cover a wide range of subjects including history, culture, politics, and philosophy.
Seven Answers To Climate Contrarian Nonsense Resource Type: Article First Published: 2009 Within the community of scientists and others concerned about anthropogenic climate change, those deny climate change are commonly referred to as contrarians, naysayers and denialists. Not everyone who questions climate change science fits that description, of course - some people are genuinely unaware of the facts or honestly disagree about their interpretation. What distinguishes the true naysayers is an unwavering dedication to denying the need for action on the problem, often with weak and long-disproved arguments about supposed weaknesses in the science behind global warming.
Sex-Pol Essays 1929-1934 Resource Type: Book First Published: 1934 Published: 1972 Wilhelm Reich's writings from his Marxist period, outlining his thoughts about sexual and political liberation.
Shooting the Hippo Death by Deficit and Other Canadian Myths Resource Type: Book First Published: 1995 An examination of how economic policies systematically favour the interests of the rich while pretending to be for the common good.
The Sixties Years of Hope, Days of Rage Resource Type: Book First Published: 1987 One of the best books on the Sixties in the U.S., bringing to life the political and cultural currents, including especially the music, which raged during that decade, and setting them in historical context.
'68: The Year of the Barricades Resource Type: Book First Published: 1988 Caute's book looks at the explosive year 1968 (while situating it in the context of what had led up to it). One of the great strengths of this excellent book is that it looks at what was happening around the world.
Social Networking and the Death of the Internet How Do You "Like" That? Resource Type: Article First Published: 2013 Social Networking is, by its nature, a capture environment. The companies that offer the services, particularly Facebook, host your site and control all the information on it. Facebook a group of linked pages on a giant website is constraining and not very powerful. In order to use it, you have to use it the way they want you to and thats not a whole lot of using. But there is a comfort in having ones options limited, being able to use something without learning anything about it or making many choices about how you use it. That alluring convenience is a poisoned apple, however.
Socialism and Revolution Resource Type: Book First Published: 1967 Published: 1973 Representative democracy in every industrially advanced country is in a state of profound crisis. But we have been accustomed for so long to accept democracy in the form of its outward appearances and parliamentary institutions that its decay often does not become apparent to us until those institutions have been either brushed aside or reduced to a purely decorative role.
Socialism Reaffirmed Resource Type: Article First Published: 1960 "The emancipation of the working class is the task of the workers themselves". The working class cannot entrust its historical task to anyone else. No "saviours from on high" will free it. The class will never achieve power, its power, if it entrusts the revolutionary struggle to others. Mass socialist consciousness and mass participation are essential. The revolutionary organization must assist in their development and must ruthlessly expose all illusions that the problem can be solved in any other way. Moreover the working class will never hold power unless it is prepared consciously and permanently to mobilize itself to this end.
Socialization Resource Type: Article First Published: 1919 Published: 1920 Socialization according to Bauer's recipe is legal expropriation without economic expropriation, it is what any bourgeois government might propose. The capitalist value of enterprises will be paid to the employers in compensation and henceforth they will receive in interest on bonds what they formerly received in profit. This socialization replaces private capitalism with State capitalism; the State takes on the task of sweating profits from the workers and giving it to capitalists.
Society of the Spectacle Resource Type: Book First Published: 1967 Published: 2005 An analysis of modern society and how it can be changed, written in the form of 221 theses. The first thesis reads: "In societies dominated by modern conditions of production, life is presented as an immense accumulation of spectacles. Everything that was directly lived has receded into a representation." Translator Ken Knabb describes the book as "an effort to clarify the nature of the society in which we find ourselves and the advantages and drawbacks of various methods for changing it. Every single thesis has a direct or indirect bearing on issues that are matters of life and death."
Solidarity As We See It Resource Type: Article First Published: 1967 Ten Points on Solidarity's Socialist position - the compromised nature of the "Bolsheviks" and trade unions, the need to "build from below," the desire to see themselves as "merely an instrument of working class action."
Sources.com Portal for Journalists and Writers - The directory for reporters, writers, editors and researchers Resource Type: Website First Published: 1977 Published: 2009 Sources is an information portal for journalists, freelance writers, news editors, authors, researchers and journalism students -- and a resource for organizations, institutions, businesses, and individuals who want to get media coverage of their expertise and their views on newsworthy topics. Journalists: Use Sources to find experts, media contacts, spokespersons, scientists, lobbyists, officials, speakers, university professors, researchers, newsmakers, CEOs, executive directors, media relations contacts, spokespeople, talk show guests, PR representatives, Canadian sources, story ideas, research studies, databases, universities, colleges, associations, businesses, government, research institutions, lobby groups, non-government organizations (NGOs), in Canada and internationally. Newsmakers: Use Sources to raise your profile and get media coverage. Sources is a powerful tool which complements and magnifies your other efforts to publicize yourself. See www.sources.com/Profile.htm, fill out the membership form, or call 416-964-7799.
The Sources HotLink Resource Type: Website First Published: 1996 Published: 2009 A website and newsletter dealing with media relations strategies.
Spontaneity and Organisation Resource Type: Article First Published: 1949 How revolutionaries have viewed the relationship between organized planned action and spontaneous action.
Stallman, FOSS and the Adobe Nightmare Don't Say Stallman Didn't Warn You! Resource Type: Article First Published: 2013 If the users dont control the program, the program controls the users. Free Open Source Software gives control to users, whereas proprietary software gives control to the corporations that own the software.
Stolen Harvest The Hijacking of the Global Food Supply Resource Type: Book First Published: 2000 The author, an eco-feminist and environmentalist, documents the effects of Globalization and Manufactured Foods on small farmers, the environment, and the food we eat.
Strange Fruit Why Both Sides Are Wrong in the Race Debate Resource Type: Book First Published: 2008 Malik makes the case that most anti-racists accept the belief, also held by racialists and outright racists, that differences between groups are of great importance. While racialists attribute the differences to biology, anti-racists attribute them to deep-rooted cultural traditions which are typically seen as inherent in the group. Malik argues that these positions are actually quite similar, and makes the case that racism and racial inequality are best combatted by focusing not on our differences but on what unites us. Malik also strongly criticizes the cultural relativism of many anti-racists, and their increasing tendency to reject science as some kind of western imperialist conspiracy to oppress the rest of the world.
Street Fighting Years An Autobiography of the Sixties Resource Type: Book First Published: 1987 Tariq Ali takes readers through the fortunes of the British anti-war movement and the other political movements of the Sixties.
Strike! The True History of Mass Insurgence from 1877 to the Present Resource Type: Book First Published: 1972 Published: 1997 A history-from-below that brings to light strikes as authentic revolutionary movements against the establishments of state, capital, and trade unionism.
Structuralism as Defense of the Bureaucratic Status Quo A Dialectical Critique of Althusserian Theory Resource Type: Article First Published: 1974 Althusserian theory is deeply conservative and puts obstacles in the way of seeing the truly revolutionary currents that exist in the modern world.
Summerhill A Radical Approach to Child Rearing Resource Type: Book First Published: 1960 A.S. Neill describes the ideas and practice of Summerhill school, the alternative school he founded. He expresses his radical opinions on parenthood and child rearing.
Surveillance Capitalism Monopoly-Finance Capital, the Military-Industrial Complex, and the Digital Age Resource Type: Article First Published: 2014 A massive corporate sales effort and military-industrial complex constituted the two main surplus-absorption mechanisms in the U.S. economy in the first quarter-century after the Second World War, followed by financialization after the crisis of the 1970s. Each of these means of surplus absorption were to add impetus in different ways to the communications revolution, and each necessitated new forms of surveillance and control. The result was a universalization of surveillance, associated with all three areas.
Taking Back Homes From The Banks: Exercising The Human Right To Housing Resource Type: Article First Published: 2010 Most people recognize that international human rights guarantee all humans a right to housing. With the millions of homeless living in our communities and the millions of empty foreclosed houses all across our communities, groups have decided to put them together. Organizations across the US are engaging in 'housing liberation' and 'housing defense' to exercise their human rights to housing.
Taking the Risk Out of Democracy Corporate Propaganda versus Freedom and Liberty Resource Type: Book First Published: 1995 Published: 1997 The twentieth-century history of corporate propaganda practiced by U.S. businesses and the ways in which such corporate propaganda was exported to, and adopted by, other western democracies especially the United Kingdom and Australia.
Tearing Away the Veils: The Communist Manifesto Resource Type: Article First Published: 2011 At the dawn of the twentieth century, there were workers who were ready to die with the Communist Manifesto. At the dawn of the twenty-first, there may be even more who are ready to live with it.
Theory & Practice A polemic against Comrade Kautsky's theory of the Mass Strike Resource Type: Article First Published: 1910 Rosa Luxemburg confronts Karl Kautsky on the crucial questions of the General Mass Strike and on the relationship of spontaneity to organization, as well as on the unity of theory and practice. This crucial 1910 debate in German Social Democracy led to Luxemburg's revolutionary break with Karl Kautsky and foreshadowed the collapse of the Second International at the outbreak of World War I.
There are Reforms and There are Reforms Or, Two Sorts of Reforms Resource Type: Article First Published: 1908 Those who believe that we will manage to gradually realize socialism by social reform within the current regime misunderstand the class antagonisms that determine reforms. Current social reform, having as a goal the preservation of the capitalist system, finds itself in opposition to the proletarian reform of tomorrow, which will have the contrary goal: the suppression of the system. The organic connection that exists today between reform and revolution is completely different. In fighting for reform the working class develops and makes itself strong. It ends by conquering political power. This is the unity of reform and revolution.
Thinking About Self-Determination Resource Type: Article First Published: 1994 Does that familiar canon of the left, 'the right to self-determination', actually mean anything, or is it an empty slogan whose main utility is that it relieves us of the trouble of thinking critically?
The Third Revolution, Volume 1 Popular Movements in the Revolutionary Era Resource Type: Book First Published: 1996 This project is a comprehensive account of the great revolutions that swept over Europe and America during the past three centuries.
Three Essays on Marxism Leading Principles of Marxism; Introduction to Capital; Why I Am a Marxist Resource Type: Book Published: 1972 In these essays Korsch offers his thoughts on basic Marxist ideas.
To Have or To Be? Resource Type: Book First Published: 1976 Published: 1989 Fromm calls for a social and psychological revolution. He argues that two modes of existence are in fierce conflict: the Having Mode, dedicated to material possession and property, agressiveness, personal gain, and war, and the Being Mode, sufused with love, the spirit of caring and a regard for humanity, which means contentment, a pleasant sufficiency of the mean to life (but no more) and a profound kinship with nature.
Traité du Savoir-Vivre for the Occupy Wall Street Generations Resource Type: Article First Published: 2011 Once upon a time, twenty thousand people descended on Wall Street, the capitol of capital, occupied it nonviolently, and won exactly what they demanded. This is not a fairy tale. It really happened. This is the story of how it happened.
The Transition Initiative Changing the scale of change Resource Type: Article First Published: 2009 People never need communities more than when there are threats to security, food, and lives. The Transition Initiative recognizes how much we need this scale now, because of peak oil and climate change. But beyond this concrete need, the lack of a sense of community has negative psychological impacts on individuals across the 'developed' world, as people report persistent and widespread feelings of loneliness, isolation, dispossession, alienation, and depression.
Trotskyism and the vanguard party Resource Type: Article First Published: 1974 One of the most consistent achievements of the Trotskyists over the years has been to drive people away from radical politics. The number of burned-out and alienated ex-Trotskyists greatly exceeds the number of active Trotskyists. Their transparently manipulative tactics in the organizations they infiltrate tend to drive ordinary members away, forever wary of anyone identified as a Trotskyist.
A Troublemaker's Handbook How to Fight Back Where You Work -- And Win! Resource Type: Book First Published: 1991 An organizing manual for workers dealing with both major issues and everyday problems in the workplace.
Twenty-First-Century Land Grabs Accumulation by Agricultural Dispossession Resource Type: Article First Published: 2013 Land grabswhether initiated by multinational corporations and private investment firms emanating from the capitalist core, sovereign wealth funds in the Middle East, or state entities such as China and Indiaare now in the news constantly.
The Two Souls of Socialism Socialism from Above vs. Socialism from Below Resource Type: Article First Published: 1960 Published: 1970 It was Marx who finally brought the two ideas of Socialism and Democracy together, because he developed a theory which made the synthesis possible for the first time. The heart of the theory is this proposition: that there is a social majority which has the interest and motivation to change the system, and that the aim of socialism can be the education and mobilization of this mass-majority. This is the exploited class, the working class, from which comes the eventual motive-force of revolution. Hence a socialism-from-below is possible, on the basis of a theory which sees the revolutionary potentialities in the broad masses, even if they seem backward at a given time and place. Marxism came into being, in self-conscious struggle against the advocates of the Educational Dictatorship, the Savior-Dictators, the revolutionary elitists, the communist authoritarians, as well as the philanthropic dogooders and bourgeois liberals.
The Tyranny of Structurelessness Resource Type: Article First Published: 1970 Unstructured groups may be very effective in getting women to talk about their lives; they aren't very good for getting things done. It is when people get tired of 'just talking' and want to do something more that the groups flounder, unless they change the nature of their operation.
Underground to Palestine Resource Type: Book First Published: 1946 Published: 1978 Underground to Palestine was written in the spring of 1946 when Stone was the first newspaper reporter to accompany survivors of the Holocaust on their epic clendestine journey to Palestine.
An Unfinished Revolution Karl Marx and Abraham Lincoln Resource Type: Book First Published: 2011 A study of Marx's analysis of the American Civil War as a conflict about slavery, not tarrfifs. Marx saw the north as a bourgeois republic, and the south as expansionist.
The Unknown Dimension European Marxism Since Lenin Resource Type: Book First Published: 1972 The radical intellectual tradition of European post-Leninist Marxism, so different from the dogma of the orthodox leftist parties, is an unknowwn dimension. This anthology sets out to recover this Marxist tradition and to restore the centrality of Marxist revolutionary thought and practice.
Utopian Essays and Practical Proposals Resource Type: Book First Published: 1951 Published: 1962 Whatever the subject, Goodman asks: What blocks and limits human freedom, joy, and creativity? What tends to release, free, liberate? In criticizing society and life his purpose is to improve. Goodman is animated by a vision of a good society, a coherent community, a style, and quality, of life that is fully human, and humanizes.
Vanguard of Retrogression "Postmodern" Fictions as Ideology in the Era of Fictitious Capital Resource Type: Book First Published: 2001 When one probes the terms of the debate, what is truly amazing is that the ostensibly anti-Eurocentric multiculturalists are, without knowing it, purveying a remarkably Eurocentric version of what the Western tradition really is. The ultimate theoretical sources of today's multiculturalism are two very white and very dead European males, Friedrich Nietzsche and Martin Heidegger.
Walking: We Ask Questions Resource Type: Article First Published: 2003 An essay from the book We Are Everywhere by the Notes From Nowhere Collective.
War Is Peace Resource Type: Article First Published: 2009 Because the United States does not look like a militarized country, it's hard for Americans to grasp that Washington is a war capital, that the United States is a war state, that it garrisons much of the planet, and that the norm for us is to be at war somewhere at any moment.
We Are The Soil The Asian Age Resource Type: Article First Published: 2014 We are made up of the same five elements earth, water, fire, air and space that constitute the Universe. We are the soil. We are the earth. What we do to the soil, we do to ourselves. And it is no accident that the words humus and humans have the same roots. This ecological truth is forgotten in the dominant paradigm because it is based on eco-apartheid, the false idea that we are separate and independent of the earth and also because it defines soil as dead matter. If soil is dead to begin with, human action cannot destroy its life. It can only improve the soil with chemical fertilisers. And if we are the masters and conquerors of the soil, we determine the fate of the soil. Soil cannot determine our fate.
We Can Change the World The Real Meaning Of Everyday Life Resource Type: Book First Published: 1991 Stratman draws on his experiences as a parent in the Boston school busing battle and later as Washington director of the National PTA, interviews with British coal miners and striking American meatpackers, and wide ranging research and historical analysis, to show that fundamental social change is possible. The key to changing the world he argues, lies in a different view of ordinary people.
We Can Save Social Programs Resource Type: Article First Published: 1991 Published: 1992 We can save social programs by removing unwarranted tax subsidies for corporations and wealthy investors.
We Make the Road By Walking Conversations on education and social change Resource Type: Book First Published: 1990 Horton, the founder of the Highlander Folk School, and Freire, a Brazilian education leader, are from two different backgrounds, but their shared views on the use of participatory education in bringing about social change are the basis for this thought-provoking book.
We must speak out Resource Type: Article First Published: 2006 Supporting a world-wide appeal to teachers, intellectuals and artists to join the cultural boycott of the state of Israel.
Wealth, Income, and Power Resource Type: Article First Published: 2005 This document presents details on the wealth and income distributions in the United States, and explains how we can use these two distributions as power indicators.
What Every Environmentalist Needs To Know about Capitalism A Citizen's Guide to Capitalism and the Environment Resource Type: Book First Published: 2011 A manifesto for those environmentalists who reject schemes of green capitalism or piecemeal reform. Magdoff and Foster argue that efforts to reform capitalism along environmental lines or rely solely on new technology to avert catastrophe misses the point. The main cause of the looming environmental disaster is the driving logic of the system itself, and those in power no matter how green are incapable of making the changes that are necessary.
What is Libertarian Socialism? Resource Type: Article First Published: 1977 Revolution is a collective process of self-liberation: people and societies are transformed through their struggles for freedom and for a better world.
What Is the Common Good? Resource Type: Article First Published: 2014 Humans are social beings, and the kind of creature that a person becomes depends crucially on the social, cultural and institutional circumstances of his life. We are therefore led to inquire into the social arrangements that are conducive to people's rights and welfare, and to fulfilling their just aspirations - in brief, the common good.
What the Left Should be Learning From Iran Resource Type: Article First Published: 2009 There are those on the left who mirror neocon thought: They argue that since Washington is in opposition to it, Iran must therefore be considered a 'good' government, worthy of solidarity. Others argue that if the Iranian state offers social programs and even if it only somewhat resists global capitalism then therefore its violent and authoritarian actions can somehow be justified, forgiven or denied.
When Chomsky Wept Resource Type: Article First Published: 2012 A portrait of Noam Chomsky.
When Push Comes to Shove Resource Type: Article First Published: 2011 When the police are ordered to move against the OWS demonstrators, we must move to counter the police. Our response should be that workers in all different kinds of jobs act immediately to interrupt business as usual-regardless of what union leaders say or do. For example, transit workers should refuse any request to assist in the transport of individuals who are arrested. Truck drivers should refuse all deliveries to city agencies-other than those providing health care or emergency services. The more interruptions, the better!
When the Prisoners Ran Walpole A true story in the movement for prison abolition Resource Type: Book First Published: 2008 In the months before they took over running the Walople maximum-security facility in 1973, prisoners and outside advocates created programs that sent more prisoners home for good. This account reveals what can happen when there is public will for change and trust that the incarcerated can achieve it.
Which side are you on? Resource Type: Article First Published: 2009 The women's question has haunted the Islamic regime from the start. The Islamic Republic has been in continuous conflict with the women's liberation movement, which has grown considerably in the past decade in opposition to the misogyny and gender apartheid of the Islamists. Despite brutal assaults on this movement, the regime has not succeeded in silencing it.
The Whistle-Blower as Deep Mole Spying on Malfeasance Resource Type: Article First Published: 2014 Theres an intriguing idea based loosely on the turn-of-the-century union practice of salting a workplace. Salting consists of union activists secretly hiring into an anti-union shop in order to promote unionism from within.
Who Advocates Spontaneity? Resource Type: Article First Published: 1973 The working class can come to understand its power to act only by acting.
Who was Nelson Mandela? Resource Type: Article First Published: 2013 We should treasure the memory of the Mandela our rulers hated: the lonely, courageous, unbowed political prisoner, condemned for his resistance to racial oppression.
Why an Economic Boycott of Israel is Justified Resource Type: Article First Published: 2006 If singling out South Africa for an international economic boycott was defensible, it would seem equally defensible to single out Israel's occupation, which uniquely resembles the apartheid regime.
Why both sides are wrong in the race debate Resource Type: Article First Published: 2008 For all the talk about culture as fluid and changing, multiculturalism, no less than old-fashioned racism, invariably leads people to think of human groups in fixed terms.
Why environmentalists must support workers struggles Global Capitalism is the Real Enemy Resource Type: Article First Published: 2013 This is to specifically address class struggle as it relates to the ecological crisis. It will not address all the other (many!) reasons that working class struggle must be waged and supported.
Why I am a Marxist Resource Type: Article First Published: 1935 For the Marxist, there is no such thing as 'Marxism' in general any more than there is a 'democracy' in general, a 'dictatorship' in general or a 'state' in general. There is only a bourgeois state, a proletarian dictatorship or a fascist dictatorship, etc. And even these exist only at determinate stages of historical development, with corresponding historical characteristics, mainly economic, but conditioned also in part by geographical, traditional, and other factors. With the deferent levels of historical development, with the different environments of geographical distribution, with the well-known differences of creed and tendency among the various Marxist schools, there exist, both nationally and internationally, very different theoretical systems and practical movements which go by the name of Marxism.
Why Israel? Resource Type: Article First Published: 2007 A routine strategy of Israel's defenders is to continually redirect attention to the human rights failings of countries hostile to Israel, or to catastrophes like Darfur that are used to argue the ongoing need for the sort of 'humanitarian interventions' that provide cover for the advancement of U.S. interests. Yet the question of why Israel is being targeted and not some other country assumes, erroneously, that other countries are not being targeted. The reverse, in fact, is usually the case. Often, countries deemed acceptable for criticism by supporters of Israel are already subject to political and diplomatic sanctions by the U.S. and its tool, the UN Security Council -- sometimes for acting in ways identical to Israel.
Why Past Revolutionary Movements Have Failed Resource Type: Article First Published: 1940 The working class is going into this war burdened with the capitalistic tradition of Party leadership and the phantom tradition of a revolution of the Russian kind.
Wobblies & Zapatistas Conversations on Anarchism, Marxism and Radical Theory Resource Type: Book First Published: 2008 Wobblies and Zapatistas offers readers an encounter between two generations and two traditions. Staughton Lynd and Andrej Grubacic meet in dialogue in an effort to bring together the anarchist and Marxist traditions, to discuss the writing of history by those who make it, and to remind us of the idea that 'my country is the world'.
Woman's Consciousness, Man's World Resource Type: Book First Published: 1973 The cultural and economic liberation of women is inseparable from the creation of a society in which all people no longer have their lives stolen from them, and in which the conditions of their production and reproduction will no longer be distorted or held back by the subordination of sex, race, or class.
Women, Resistance and Revolution Resource Type: Book First Published: 1972 Published: 1974 A wide-ranging survey of the roots of inequality and of the long but sporadic struggles to covercome it. Her narrative extends from the seventeenth century to present-day (1970s) Vietnam, showing how certain women hae struggled, in both revolutionary and repressive situations, to achieve liberation.
Worker-Student Action Committees France May '68 Resource Type: Book First Published: 1969 An account of the May-June 1968 events in Paris. The authors state that "our intention is not to 'clarify' the sequence of events which took place in France in order to make possible a ritual repetition of these events, but rather to contrast the limited views we had of the events at the time we were engaged in them, with the views we have gained from further action in different contexts."
Workers' Councils Resource Type: Book First Published: 1941 Published: 1947 Now the goal becomes distinct; opposite to the stronger domination by state-directed planned economy of the new capitalism stands what Marx called the association of free and equal producers. So the call for unity must be supplemented by indication of the goal: take the factories and machines; assert your mastery over the productive apparatus; organize production by means of workers' councils.
Working Class Experience Rethinking the History of Canadian Labour, 1800-1991 Resource Type: Book First Published: 1983 Published: 1992 From nineteenth-century tavern life to late twentieth-century cinema, from rough canallers and the first stirrings of craft unionism to contemporary public-sector strikes, this books provides a sweeping interpretive study of the history of the Canadian working class since 1800.
Writings on the Paris Commune Resource Type: Book Hal Draper's compilation of all the writings by Marx and Engels on the Paris Commune of 1871, when a working-class-led revolution took power and established a new type of state for the first time in the history of the world - temporarily, in one city.
Year 501 The Conquest Continues Resource Type: Book First Published: 1993 An examination of the U.S. role in the world placed in the long historical perspective of the 500 years that followed the voyages of Columbus.
Yes Means No? Resource Type: Article First Published: 1992 The anti-sex moralists say one thing but mean another.
You Can't Blow Up a Social Relationship The Anarchist Case Against Terrorism Resource Type: Article First Published: 1979 Published: 1981 An Australian socialist-libertarian response to terrorism in the aftermath of the 1978 Sidney Hilton bombing, and a meditation on the inferior logic of terrorist-based politics.
Connexions exists to support individuals and groups working for freedom and social justice. We work to maintain and make available a record of the theory and practice of people struggling against oppression and for social change. We believe that the more we know about the struggles, victories, and defeats of the past, and about those who took part in them, the better equipped we will be to bring a new world into being.
Connexions maintains a physical archive of books and documents, and is engaged in an ongoing project to build and expand an indexed digital archive of documents. We try to feature a wide variety of resources reflecting a diversity of viewpoints and approaches to social change within our overall mandate of support for democracy, civil liberties, freedom of expression, universal human rights, secularism, equality, economic justice, environmental responsibility, and the creation and preservation of community.
We are internationalist in our orientation, but as a Canadian-based project we feature an especially extensive collection of Canadian documents and profiles of Canadian activist organizations.