Slavery

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Connexions Library

Abolition of Slavery Timeline: Connexipedia Article
Article
Timelines tracing abolition in specific countries, abolition of the trade in slaves and abolition throughout empires.
Abolitionism: Connexipedia Article
Article
A movement in Western Europe and the Americas to end the slave trade and emancipate slaves.
The Accumulation of Capital
Luxemburg, Rosa
Book
1913
Rosa Luxemburg's analysis of the inherent contradictions of capitalist accumulation.
African Americans' Forced Labor: Against The Current vol. 147
Thompson, Heather Ann
Article
2010
As Americans we are taught that slavery was abolished after the Civil War. A close reading of the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution reveals, however, that this was not exactly the...
African Migrants Bought and Sold Openly in 'Slave Markets' in Libya
Kamal, Baher
Article
2017
Hundreds of migrants along North African migration routes are being bought and sold openly in modern day 'slave markets' in Libya, survivors have told the United Nations migration agency, which warned...
American Anti-Slavery Society: Connexipedia Article
Article
An abolitionist society (1833-1870) founded by William Lloyd Garrison and Arthur Tappan.
The American Crucible: Slavery, Emancipation and Human Rights
Blackburn, Robin
Book
2009
Robin Blackburn, an acclaimed historian of slavery, discusses the emergence of anti-slavery ideas and the important events that paved the way for abolitionist movements.
American Negro Slavery (Third Edition): A Modern Reader
Weinstein, Allen; Gatell, Frank Otto; Sarasohn, David (eds.)
Book
1968
Incorporating significant and at times controversial literature on questions about the institution of slavery and the social and cultural response of the slaves to their enslavement, this collection o...
Another World is Possible: Globalization and Anti-capitalism
McNally, David
Book
2002
A call-to-arms for progressive activists. McNally argues that capitalism is synonymous with imperialism and fundamentally incompatible with democracy.
The Atlantic Slave Trade in Two Minutes: 315 years. 20,528 voyages. Millions of lives.
Kahn, Andrew and Bouie, Jamelle
Article
2015
Usually, when we say "American slavery" or the "American slave trade," we mean the American colonies or, later, the United States. But North America was a bit player. From the trade's beginning in the...
Black or White? The origins of racism: New Internationalist March 1985
Serial Publication (Periodical)
1985
A discussion of racism as a white problem, including articles on South Africa, New Zealand, mixed-race families and multi-culturalism. The issue looks back at the history of racism, and to the future ...
Black Women's Narratives of Slavery, the Civil War and Reconstruction
Wilson, Carla
Article
2005
Anyone who has ever wondered how black people managed to struggle and survive the hideous tortures meted out during slavery and afterward would gain from reading these books. They offer inspiration to...
Bloody Legislation Against the Expropriated, from the End of the 15th Century. Forcing Down of Wages by Acts of Parliament: Capital, Volume One: Chapter 28
Marx, Karl
Article
1867
Agricultural people: first forcibly expropriated from the soil, driven from their homes, turned into vagabonds, and then whipped, branded, tortured by laws grotesquely terrible, into the discipline ne...
The burden of slavery: New Internationalist August 2001 - #337
Serial Publication (Periodical)
2001
Discusses a brief history of slavery in different parts of the world, and its existence in the presence. Outlines ways for people and the government can contribute to end slavery.
Canada's Forgotten Slaves: Two Centuries of Bondage
Trudel, Marcel
Book
2013
Trudel discusses slavery as a part of colonial Canada since 1629, its continuation under the British regime and its official abolition.
Das Capital, Volume 1: A Critical Analysis of Capitalist Production
Marx, Karl
Book
1867
Marx's great work sets out to grasp and portray the totality of the capitalist mode of production, and the bourgeois society that emerges from it. He describes and connects all its economic features, ...
Capitalism and Underdevelopment in Latin America: Historical Studies of Chile and Brazil
Frank, Andre Gunder
Book
1967
The four essays in this book offer a sweeping reinterpretation of Latin American history as an aspect of the world-wide spread of capitalism in its commercial and industrial phases.
Capitalism and Slavery
Williams, Eric
Book
1944
Slavery helped finance the Industrial Revolution in England. Plantation owners, shipbuilders, and merchants connected with the slave trade accumulated vast fortunes that established banks and heavy in...
The Case for Haitian Reparations
Alcenat, Westenley
Article
2017
A history of France's exploitation of colonial Haiti, the aftermath of Haiti's independence, and the lasting social and environmental impacts, arguing for Haiti's recent demands of reparations from t...
Class Conflict, Slavery and the United States Constitution: Ten essays
Lynd, Staughton
Book
1967
One of the first studies to identify the importance of slavery to the founding of the American Republic.
The Cold War and the Civil Rights Movement: For Black Liberation Through Socialist Revolution!
Cone, Paul
Article
2010
The mass mobilization of black people in the Southern civil rights movement, and the subsequent Northern ghetto rebellions, disrupted and challenged the racist American bourgeois order. It shattered t...
Communist Organizing in the Jim Crow South: What's Not in The Great Debaters
Cane, Don; Zorn, Jacob
Article
2008
The Great Debaters is a well-made movie. But in its paeans to dedication and debate, it downplays the real social struggle that was going on in the U.S. in the 1930s, including by black people in the ...
The Complete Works of Rosa Luxemburg, Volume I: Economic Writings 1
Luxemburg, Rosa (Edited by Peter Hudis
Book
This first volume in Rosa Luxemburg's Complete Works, entitled Economic Writings 1, contains some of Luxemburg's most important statements on the globalization of capital, wage labour, imperialism, an...
Confederacy Redux?: Why We Should Celebrate Reconstruction
Lusane, Clarence
Article
2011
Reconstruction is the era that some have referred to as the United States' greatest moment of democracy.
Connexions Library: Race, Racism, Ethnicity, Multiculturalism Focus
Website
Selected articles, books, websites and other resources on race, racism, ethnicity, multiculturalism, identity.
Convict Labor in America: Book review
Ortiz, Paul
Article
1998
Convict labour, like antebellum slavery, was an American way of life, a cultural practice that tied northern capitalists, plantation owners, university-trained social reformers, federal officials and ...
The Creation of World Poverty
Hayter, Teresa
Book
1981
Hayter challenges the assumption that the West is 'helping' the rest of the world to develop. Far from rescuing the countries of Asia, Africa and Latin America from their supposed backwardness, the ri...
Darwin's Sacred Cause: Race, Slavery and the Quest for Human Origins
Desmond, Adrian; Moore, James
Book
2009
An analysis on the formation of Charles Darwins' views on slavery and the impact of those views on his theories and publications.
Democracy Against Capitalism
Wood, Ellen Meiksins
Book
1995
Wood provides a brilliant explication and defense of the key theoretical concepts relevant to socialism, understood to be the most radical social and economic democracy.
Destroying the Commons: How the Magna Carta Became a Minor Carta
Chomsky, Noam
Article
2012
Our rights and liberties are under ever-increasing attack.
A Dictionary of Marxist Thought
Bottomore, Tom
Book
1983
Django Unchained, or, The Help: How "Cultural Politics" Is Worse Than No Politics at All, and Why
Reed, Adolph Jr.
Article
2013
On reflection, it's possible to see that Django Unchained and The Help are basically different versions of the same movie. Both dissolve political economy and social relations into individual quests a...
The Everyday Activist: 365 Ways to Change the World
Horton, Michael
Book
2006
A positive, practical guide to healing the world - one day at a time. Packed with ideas and facts from leading campaign organizations, this handbook shows how the smallest actions can make a differenc...
Fishers and Plunderers: Theft, Slavery and Violence at Sea
Couper, Alastair, Smith, Hance D., and Ciceri, Bruno
Book
2015
Fishers and Plunderers focuses on the exploitation of fish and fishers alike in a global industry that gives little consideration to either conservation or human rights. In a business characterized by...
Forced Native Labor in Sixteenth-Century Central America
Sherman, William L.
Book
1979
Presents a comprehensive investigation of the primary issue of the first century of Spanish American colonization: the massive system of Indian forced labour, ranging from outright slavery to the enco...
Free The Children
Kielburger, Craig; Major, Kevin
Book
1998
An account of children's rights activist Craig Kielburger's work with and on behalf of exploited child labourers.
Get Up, Stand Up: Uniting Populists, Energizing the Defeated, and Battling the Corporate Elite
Levine, Bruce E.
Book
2011
Levine offers insights into the epidemic of political passivity in America and analyzes how major U.S. institutions have created helplessness and fatalism. He proposes ways of recovering dignity, ener...
A Green History of the World: The Environment and the Collapse of Great Civilizations
Ponting, Clive
Book
1991
Ponting tracks the "green" history of the world showing how throughout history civilizations have collapsed when they exhausted the earth's natural resources.
Tim Hector: A Caribbean Radical's Story
Buhle, Paul
Book
2006
An account of the life of Antiguan activist Tim Hector.
The History of Costa Rica
Molina, Ivan; Palmer, Steven
Book
1998
An overview of Costa Rican history with an emphasis on how Costa Ricans have been able to make their own history, "though they do not make it just as they choose."
The History of Democracy: A Marxist Interpretation
Roper, Brian S.
Book
2013
Roper traces the history of democracy from ancient Athens to the emergence of liberal representative and socialist participatory democracy. He argues that democracy cannot be understood separately fro...
"Illegals" of the World Unite?: Against The Current vol. 141
Murray, Star; Williams, Charles
Article
2009
An interview with David Bacon.
Inhuman Bondage
Davis, David Brion
Book
2008
Looks at slavery in the American South, desribing black slaveholding planters, the rise of the Cotton Kingdom, the daily life of ordinary slaves, the highly destructive slave trade, the sexual exploit...
The Interesting Narrative and Other Writings
Equiano, Olaudah
Book
1789
Olaudah Equiano's Narrative recounts his kidnapping in Africa at the age of eleven, his service as the slave of an officer in the British Navy, and his years of labour on slave ships until he was able...
An introduction to the Indian Ocean slave trade
Williams, Karen
Article
2016
The Indian Ocean slave trade encompassed Africa, Asia and the Middle East, with people from these areas involved as both captors and captives. The numbers of people enslaved and the exact length of th...
ISIS Slave Market Puts Women and Girls on Same List as Cattle
Ensler, Eve
Article
2015
I am thinking of the price list leaked out from the ISIS Sex Slave Market that included women and girls on the same list as cattle. ISIS needed to impose price controls as they were worried about a do...
Karl Marx and the War Against Slavery: Black History and the Class Struggle
Alexander, Don
Article
1990
Alexander discusses Marx and Engels's views on the Civil War, the role of the First International in the struggle to overthrow black chattel slavery, and why the Marxist program of international worki...
Karl Marx's Theory of Revolution: Volume I: State and Bureaucracy
Draper, Hal
Book
1977
A wide-ranging and thorough exposition of Marx's views on democracy.
Karl Marx's Theory of Revolution: Volume II: The Politics of Social Classes
Draper, Hal
Book
1978
Draper ranges through the development of the thought of Marx and Engels on the role of classes in society.
Karl Marx's Theory of Revolution: Volume 5: War & Revolution
Draper, Hal; Haberkern, E.
Book
2005
The subject of this volume is Marx and Engels' views on the relation between war and revolution. Its thesis is that, over the course of decades, their views on this question changed -- evolved is a be...
King Leopold's Ghost: A Story of Greed, Terror, and Heroism in Colonial Africa
Hochschild, Adam
Book
1999
The brutal story of Belgian colonialism in the Congo, resulting in the death of between five and eight million Africans.
The Liberator Files: Selections from The Liberator, William Lloyd Garrison's Abolitionist Newspaper
Website
The Liberator was a Boston-based Abolitionist newspaper, published by William Lloyd Garrison from 1831 to 1865.
The Life of Death: An Exchange
Shahak, Israel
Article
1985
The really great form of courage and honesty that could be witnessed under the conditions of the Holocaust was when a Pole opposed the opinion or the silence of other Poles, when a Jew opposed other J...
Lincoln: A Review: Civil War, Not Compromise, Smashed Slavery
Zorn, Jacob
Article
2013
Lincoln—Steven Spielberg’s new movie reduces the abolition of slavery to so many parliamentary maneuvers.
Lincoln, Abraham: Connexipedia Article
Article
President of the United States during the American Civil War. (1809-1865).
A Long and Terrible Shadow: White Values, Native Rights in the Americas 1492-1992
Berger, Thomas R.
Book
1991
Against the odds, Native peoples have waged a tenacious struggle to survive and the re-emerge as distinct cultures.
The Making of New World Slavery: From the Baroque to the Modern 1492-1800
Blackburn, Robin
Book
1997
Traces the development of slavery in the new world, with its origins in trade and business enterprise.
Marx and Engels Collected Works Volume 19: Marx and Engels 1861 - 1864
Marx, Karl; Engels, Friedrich
Book
Colonialism, slavery, and the American Civil War.
Marx at the Margins: On Nationalism, Ethnicity, and Non-Western Societies
Anderson, Kevin B.
Book
2010
Marx’s critique of capital was far broader than is usually supposed. To be sure, he concentrated on the labor-capital relation within Western Europe and North America. But at the same time, he expen...
A Marxist History of the World part 57: The American Civil War
Faulkner, Neil
Article
2012
One hundred and fifty years ago North America saw the start of a revolutionary war fought between rival systems and opposing political ideologies. Neil Faulkner looks at The American Civil War.
Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave & Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl
Douglass, Frederick; Jacobs, Harriet; (Introduction by Kwame Anthony Appiah)
Book
Two first-person accounts of African-American slavery.
The No-Nonsense Guide to Fair Trade
Ransom, David
Book
2001
Ransom suggests that fair, environmentally-conscious trade is not only a viable alternative to unfair free trade, but that it is the way of the future.
The Not-So-Secret History of Capitalism
Malik, Kenan
Article
2013
This is a coda to my review of Paul Collier’s book Exodus. I questioned the moral and social arguments that Collier employs to justify his arguments, and suggested that there is often a chasm between ...
On Roediger's Wages of Whiteness
Allen, Theodore, W.
Article
2002
An extended discussion and critique of David Roediger's book Wages of Whiteness. Allen writes: "David Roediger's Wages of Whiteness, because of its almost universal acceptance for use in colleges and ...
150 Years Since the Emancipation Proclamation: Finish the Civil War!
Article
2013
The Emancipation Proclamation was a pledge, a promise. It only freed slaves in areas that were not yet controlled by Union armies, true enough. But in that sense it was like the Declaration of Indepen...
Open Veins of Latin America: Five Centuries of the Pillage of a Continent
Galeano, Eduardo
Book
1971
A political economy, a social and cultural narrative, and a powerful description of primitive capital accumulation.
Peasant, Citizen and Slave: The Foundations of Athenian Democracy
Wood, Ellen Meiksins
Book
1997
Wood argues that, despite the importance of slavery in Athenian society, the most distinctive characteristic of Athenian democracy was the unprecedented prominence it gave to free labour. Wood argues ...
A People's History of the United States: 1492 - Present
Zinn, Howard
Book
1995
Zinn's history includes those most ignored by typical American textbook history, including Indians, blacks, women and workers.
A People's History of the World: From the Stone Age to the New Millennium
Harman, Chris
Book
1999
Harman describes the shape and course of human history as a narrative of ordinary people forming and re-forming complex societies in pursuit of common human goals.
Polemics and Prophecies 1967-1970
Stone, I.F.
Book
1972
An anthology of I.F. Stone's articles from 1967 - 1970.
Racism in Australia: from 1788 to stopping the boats
Tully, John
Article
2015
When the First Fleet sailed into Port Jackson on January 26, 1788, it carried more than the physical paraphernalia for European settlement. Along with tools, agricultural implements, chains, handcuffs...
Racist of the year, Ian Khama: Not Botswana's finest
Evan, Lewis
Article
2016
General Ian Khama, the President of Botswana, and his frequent outbursts against the Kalahari Bushmen are among the most horrifying instances of racism of recent times. His sentiments are extremely tr...
Reinterpreting the Cotton Kingdom: Book Review
Donegan, Connor
Article
2014
Book review of Walter Johnson's "River of Dark Dreams: Slavery and Empire in the Cotton Kingdom."
Resistance: One Woman's Defiance in Occupied France
Humbert, Agnes; Mellor, Barbara; Blanc, Julien
Book
2008
The memoiir of a French resistance fighter and museum worker who chronicles the undergroud network of resistance in Paris during the occupation. She then chronicles her imprisonment and the slave labo...
The Rise of British Imperialism: Capitalism and Slavery (Part Two)
Article
2015
A presentation on the developments that made Britain the first modern imperialist power.
The Rosa Luxemburg Reader
Luxemburg, Rosa. [Anderson, Kevin; Hudis, Peter (eds.)]
Book
2004
A definitive one-volume collection of Luxemburg's writings.
Rosa Luxemburg, Women's Liberation, and Marx's Philosophy of Revolution
Dunayevskaya, Raya
Book
1981
Part I - Rosa Luxemburg as Theoretician, as Activist, as Internationalist. Part II - The Women's Liberation Movement as Revolutionary Force and Reason. Part III - Karl Marx: From Critic of Hegel to Au...
The Scramble for Africa: White Man's Conquest of the Dark Continent from 1876 to 1912
Pakenham, Thomas
Book
1991
Describes the brief vicious scramble by Europe's imperial powers to seize colonies throughout the continent of Africa. Pakenham strips the impresarios of imperialism of their veneer of Victorian heroi...
The Slave Narratives: American Slavery: A Composite Autobiography
Website
Interviews with former slaves. Nearly all of the information presented here came from the WPA collection at the Mississippi Department of Archives and History, in addition to the 232 boxes of unproces...
Slave rebellion: Connexipedia Article
Article
An armed uprising by slaves.
The Slave Trade: The Story of the Atlantic Slave Trade 1440 - 1870
Thomas, Hugh
Book
1997
A comprehensive history of the Atlantic slave trade in which approximiately eleven million black slaves were carried from Africa to the Americas to work on plantations, in mines, or as servants in hou...
Slavery by Another Name: The Re-Enslavement of Black Americans from the Civil War to World War II
Blackmon, Douglas A.
Book
2008
An account of how African Americans were forcibly enslaved by a corrupt legal system in the southern States, from the end of the Civil War through WWII.
Slavery, Cotton and Imperialism: When Slave-Owners, Tied to a Globalized Economy, Turned to Empire
Whitney, W.T. Jr.
Article
2014
Whitney reviews River of Dark Dreams: Slavery and Empire in the Cotton Kingdom by Walter Johnson, on cotton production and slave ownership in the Mississippi River Valley prior to the U.S. Civil War.
Slavery, Genocide, Abuse: The Dark Side of Asia's 'Tiger Economies'
Bello, Walden
Article
2015
From declining worker protections to violent labour trafficking and ethnic cleansing, the dark underbelly of Southeast Asia's "tiger economies" is on full display this year.
Slavery and the Making of American Capitalism - Book Review: Edward E. Baptist’s "The Half Has Never Been Told"
Larson, Charles R.
Article
2014
A review of Edward E. Baptist’s examination of slavery, presented in an entirely new way, extensively through the voices of the slaves themselves.
Slavery and the origins of racism: International Socialist Review
Selfa, Lance
Article
2002
Racism is not part of some unchanging human nature. It was literally invented.
Slavery, Race and Ideology in the United States of America
Fields, Barbara Jeanne
Article
1990
Two years ago, a sports announcer in the United States lost his job because he enlarged indiscreetly -- that is, before a television audience -- upon his views about 'racial' differences. Asked why ...
Slavery still shackles Mauritania, 31 years after its abolition
Mark, Monica
Article
2012
Rigid caste system and ruling elite have enabled a centuries-old practice to continue into the 21st century.
Slavery's Harrowing Reality
Santamarina, Xiomara
Article
2014
A review of the film "12 Years as a Slave" in the context of the literary genre of slave narratives.
Sojourner Truth: A Life, a Symbol
Painter, Neil Irvin
Book
A biography of Sojourner Truth, a famous northern slave, born in the 1790's. A devout Christian, she came to symbolize the shame of slavery and the promise of women's emancipation.
Song of the Free: Connexipedia Article
Article
A song written in 1860 about a man fleeing slavery in Tennessee by escaping to Canada via the Underground Railroad.
Stolen Continents: The "New World" Through Indian Eyes
Wright, Ronald
Book
1992
A history of the Americas through Native eyes.
Sugar and Modern Slavery: Haitian Migrant Labour and the Dominican Republic
Plant, Roger
Book
Tracing the roots of the modern Caribbean sugar industry back to the slave era of colonialism, Roger Plant explains how the industry operates today in an environment dominated by the U.S., and why - d...
Sugar The sugar trap: New Internationalist December 2003
Serial Publication (Periodical)
2003
A look into sugar as a consumer product and its corporate globalization. Discusses trade and business of sugar, its history with slavery as well as its effects on the body.
Texas Tough: The Rise of America's Prison Empire
Perkinson, Robert
Book
2010
A history of imprisonment, race, and politics from slavery to the present, with an emphasis on Texas, the most locked-down state in the USA.
Trafficked: For sexual exploitation: New Internationalist September 2007
Serial Publication (Periodical)
2007
A look at slavery and sexual exploitation of women. Discussion of anti-trafficking measures.
Underground Railroad: Connexipedia Article
Article
An informal network of secret routes and safe houses used by 19th century Black slaves in the United States to escape to free states and Canada with the aid of abolitionists who were sympathetic to th...
An Unfinished Revolution: Karl Marx and Abraham Lincoln
Blackburn, Robin
Book
2011
A study of Marx's analysis of the American Civil War as a conflict about slavery, not tarrfifs. Marx saw the north as a bourgeois republic, and the south as expansionist.
Waging the War on Slavery: Against The Current vol. 147
Morrison, Derrick
Article
2010
The settlement of Lawrence in the territory of Kansas, summer of 1856: Pro-slavery and anti-slavery settlers are trying to colonize the territory. The former want a slave-soil, the latter a free-soil ...
The War of Northern Aggression
Oakes, James
Article
2012
A leading Civil War historian challenges the new orthodoxy about how slavery ended in America.
White Cargo: The Forgotten History of Britain's White Slaves in America
Walsh, Michael; Jordan, Don
Book
2008
White Cargo is the story of the thousands of Britons who lived and died in bondage in Britain's American colonies.
The Women Who Gave Us Christmas: Exposing America's Greatest Crime
Katz, William Loren
Article
2010
In 1834, African American and white men and women members of William Lloyd Garrison’s newly formed Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society saw Christmas as an opportunity to expose a hypocritical republic ...
'Worse than Slavery': Parchman Farm and the Ordeal of Jim Crow Justice
Oshinsky, David M.
Book
1997
After the abolition of slavery the white rulers of Mississippi developed a new system for keeping the ex-slaves in line: laws were passed to maintain white supremacy, including the system of convict l...
Year 501: The Conquest Continues
Chomsky, Noam
Book
1993
An examination of the U.S. role in the world placed in the long historical perspective of the 500 years that followed the voyages of Columbus.
Zanj Rebellion: Connexipedia Article
Article
A series of revolts by some 500,000 slaves against their Muslim owners and rulers, 869-883 AD.

Connexions Directory of Groups & Websites

Anti-Slavery International
Anti-Slavery International works at local, national and international levels to eliminate all forms of slavery around the world. Anti-Slavery International, founded in 1839, is the world's oldest int...

Sources Experts & Spokespersons

ibiblio.org
The public's library and digital archive. Home to one of the largest "collections of collections" on the Internet, ibiblio.org is a conservancy of freely available information, including software, music, literature, art, history,...
United Nations Human Rights Council
The Human Rights Council is an inter-governmental body within the UN system made up of 47 States responsible for strengthening the promotion and protection of human rights around the globe. The Council was created by the UN Genera...

Sources Library

African slave trade
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
African slaves became part of the Atlantic slave trade, from which comes the modern, Western conception of slavery, as an institution of African-descended slaves and non-African slave owners.
Cherokee freedmen controversy
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
An ongoing political and tribal dispute between the Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma and descendants of the Cherokee Freedmen regarding tribal citizenship.
The City in History
Its Origins, Its Transformations, and Its Prospects
Mumford, Lewis
1961
Beginning with an interpretation of the origin and nature of the city, Mumford follows the city's development from Egypt and Mesopotamia through Greece, Rome, and the Middle Ages to the modern world.
Deep in the Swamps, Archaeologists Are Finding How Fugitive Slaves Kept Their Freedom
Grant, Richard; photographs by Allison Shelley
2016
The Great Dismal Swamp was once a thriving refuge for runaways. Archaeologists are learning more about their free communities.
History of slavery
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
The history of slavery covers systems throughout human history in which one human being is legally the property of another, can be bought or sold, is not allowed to escape and must work for the owner ...
The Irish Slaves: What They Will Never, Ever Tell You in History Class or Anywhere Else
2013
The first slaves imported into the American colonies were 100 White children. They arrived during Easter, 1619, four months before the arrival of a the first shipment of Black slaves. Mainstream histo...
Islam and slavery
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
Historically, the major juristic schools of Islam traditionally accepted the institution of slavery. The Islamic prophet Muhammad and many of his companions bought, sold, freed, and captured slaves.
I've Got a Home in Glory Land: A Lost Tale of the Underground Railroad
Smardz Frost, Karolyn
2007
The archaeological discovery in Toronto of the remains of a house belonging to former slaves, Thornton and Lucie Blackburn, key figures in the Underground Railroad.
Judaism and slavery
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
Judaism's religious texts contain numerous laws governing the ownership and treatment of slaves.
Labour camp
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
A labour camp is a simplified detention facility where inmates are forced to engage in penal labor. Labour camps have many common aspects with slavery and with prisons.
Odalisque
An odalisque (Turkish: Odal?k) was a female slave in an Ottoman seraglio. She was an assistant or apprentice to the concubines and wives, and she might rise in status to become one of them. Most odali...
Sexual slavery
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
Sexual slavery or forced sexual slavery is the organized coercion of unwilling people into different sexual practices.
Slavery
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
Slavery is a system in which human beings are the property of others. Slaves can be held against their will from the time of their capture, purchase or birth, and deprived of the right to leave, to re...
Slavery in ancient Greece
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
Slavery was common practice and an integral component of ancient Greece throughout its rich history, as it was in other societies of the time including ancient Israel and early Christian societies.
Slavery in ancient Rome
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
Slavery in antiquity
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
Slavery in the ancient world, specifically, in Mediterranean cultures, comprised a mixture of debt-slavery, slavery as a punishment for crime, and the enslavement of prisoners of war.
Slavery in Brazil
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
Slavery in Brazil shaped the country's social structure and ethnic landscape. During the colonial epoch and for over six decades after the 1822 independence, slavery was a mainstay of the Brazilian ec...
Slavery in Britain and Ireland
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
Slavery in Britain and Ireland dated from before Roman occupation. Chattel slavery virtually disappeared after the Norman Conquest. It was finally abolished by the Slavery Abolition Act 1833 (which ma...
Slavery in Canada
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
Slavery in what now comprises Canada existed into the 1830s, when slavery was officially abolished. Some slaves were of African descent, while others were aboriginal (typically called panis, likely a ...
Slavery in India
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
The history of slavery in India is complicated by the presence of factors which relate to the definition, ideological and religious perceptions, difficulties in obtaining and interpreting written sour...
Slavery in Iran
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
A History of slavery in Iran during various ancient, medieval and modern periods is catalogued by archaeological and historical records.
Slavery in Japan
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
During most of the history of the country, the practice of slavery in Japan involved only indigenous Japanese, as the export and import of slaves was significantly restricted by isolation of the group...
Slavery in Libya
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
Slavery in Libya has a long history and a lasting impact on the Libyan culture. Slavery in Libya is closely connected with the wider context of slavery in north Africa.
Slavery in Mauritania
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
Slavery in Mauritania is an entrenched phenomenon the national government has repeatedly tried to abolish, banning the practice in 1905, 1981, and August 2007. The descendants of black Africans abduct...
Slavery in medieval Europe
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
Slavery in early medieval Europe was relatively common. It was widespread at the end of antiquity. The etymology of the word slave comes from this period, the word sklabos meaning Slav.
Slavery in modern Africa
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Slavery in Africa continues today. Slavery existed in Africa before the arrival of Europeans - as did a slave trade that exported millions of Africans to North Africa, the Middle East, and the Persian...
Slavery in Romania
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Slavery (Romanian: robie) existed on the territory of present-day Romania from before the founding of the principalities of Wallachia and Moldavia in 13th–14th century, until it was abolished in sta...
Slavery in Sudan
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Since 1995, international rights organizations such as Human Rights Watch and CASMAS have reported that slavery in Sudan is a common fate of captives in the Second Sudanese Civil War. Pro-government m...
Slavery in the Ottoman Empire
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Slavery was an important part of Ottoman society until the Ottoman Empire forbade the slavery of Caucasians (including Georgians, Armenians, and Circassians) in the early 19th century.
Slavery in the Spanish New World colonies
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Slavery in the Spanish colonies began with the enslavement of the local indigenous peoples in their homelands. Enslavement and production quotas were used to force the local labor to bring a return on...
Slavery in the United States
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Slavery in the United States was a form of unfree labor which existed as a legal institution in North America for more than a century before the founding of the United States in 1776, and continued mo...
Slavery on the Barbary Coast
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Slavery on the Barbary Coast was a form of unfree labour which existed between the 16th and 18th centuries in the Barbary Coast area of North Africa.
Thrall
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hrall was the term for a slave or unfree servant in Scandinavian culture during the Viking Age. Thralls were the lowest in the social order and usually provided unskilled labour during the Viking era...
An Unfinished Revolution - Book Review
Against The Current vol. 159
Morrison, Derrick
2012
Review of An Unfinished Revolution: Karl Marx and Abraham Lincoln, by Robin Blackburn.
U.S. Elites
The Original Gangsters
Alexandrov, Nick
2016
Donald Trump is at home in the underworld. Tom Robbins writes that the de facto GOP nominee "has encountered a steady stream of mob-tainted offers that he apparently couldn't refuse" in his decades in...
WAZ-IFJ Prize for Courage in Journalism Goes to a Team of Hungarian Authors
Sources News Release
2010
The WAZ Media Group and the International Federation of Journalists (IFJ) will present the team of Hungarian authors József Gelei (50) and László Murányi (54) the "WAZ-IFJ Prize for Courage in Journal...