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Below are groups and resources (books, articles, websites, etc.) related to this topic. Click on an item’s title to go its resource page with author, publisher, description/abstract and other details, a link to the full text if available, as well as links to related topics in the Subject Index. You can also browse the Title, Author, Subject, Chronological, Dewey, LoC, and Format indexes, or use the Search box.
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Connexions Library

Alternative Toronto: 1980 - 1995
A community archive and historical map of Toronto’s alternative cultures, scenes and spaces of the 1980s and early 1990s.
The Amelia Street cottages
Diemer, Ulli
Can brand new buildings be called 'old'?
Ashbridge's Bay: An Anthology of Writings by Those Who Knew and Loved Ashbridge's Bay
Fairfield, George (ed.)
The story of a great freshwater marsh destroyed by urbanization.
Bain Co-op Meets Wages for Housework: A political thriller
Diemer, Ulli
The story of the struggle that gave birth to a housing co-operative and destroyed the credibility of the 'Wages for Housework' sect.
Canada's 1960s: The Ironies of Identity in a Rebellious Era
Palmer, Bryan D.
A history of social movements of the 1960s, including Canada’s student and anti-war movements, the rise of women’s liberation, labour agitation, and Quebec’s independence movement.
The Case for Grassroots Archives
Diemer, Ulli
Grassroots archives play a valuable role in what has been called "the battle of memory". People's history projects such as grassroots archives preserve and share stories of resistance, hidden historie...
Dark Age Ahead
Jacobs, Jane
A dark age is a culture's dead end. Jacobs argues that our society is facing the coming of a dark age.
The East York Workers' Association: A Response to the Great Depression
Schulz, Patricia V.
An account of the activity of relief recipients in the township of East York, an eastern suburb of Toronto, in the 1930s.
East York Workers' Association: Connexipedia article
The East York Workers' Association (EYWA) was an unemployment movement that developed during the Great Depression in the township of East York, Ontario.
Fighting Back: Urban Renewal in Trefann Court
Fraser, Graham
A detailed report on the conflict between city bureaucrats and residents of Trefann Court, a five-block area just east of downtown Toronto. Bent on tearing down as a step towards urban renewal, the pl...
From Politics to Profit: The Commercialization of Canadian Daily Newspapers, 1890-1920
Sotiron, Minko
Analyzes the transformation of Canadian newspapers that occurred between 1890 and 1920 when daily newspapers slowly changed from political mouthpieces to a marketable industry.
Historical Survey of Communities in Toronto: New Communities and the Institutional Church
A review of the phenomenon of community in the city in the sixties and seventies.
A History of Women's Rights in Toronto
Aladejebi, Funké
Whether they were marching in solidarity with the Women's March on Washington or commemorating International Women's Day, women in Toronto have a longstanding tradition of advocating for gender equali...
How We Changed Toronto: The inside story of twelve creative, tumultuous years in civic life, 1969-1980
Sewell, John
By the mid-1960s Toronto was well on its way to becoming Canada's largest and most powerful city. One real estate firm aptly labelled it Boomtown. Expressways, subways, shopping centres, high-rise apa...
Howard Huggett in conversation with Ulli Diemer: Interview May 24, 1989
Huggett, Howard; Diemer, Ulli
An interview with Canadian socialist Howard Huggett. An audio recording of this interview is in the Connexions Library & Archive.
Liberal Dreams and Nature's Limits: Great Cities of North America Since 1600
Lemon, James T.
An exploration of city life through time, focusing on the life [economically, socially, politically, etc.] of five large North American cities at various times in the past - Philadelphia during the ti...
Mackenzie: A political biography of William Lyon Mackenzie
Sewell, John
History has often dismissed William Lyon Mackenzie as a comical figure, or as the political hothead who bungled the Upper Canada Rebellion of 1837. Former Toronto mayor John Sewell suggests he may act...
Mississauga Portraits: Ojibwe Voices from Nineteenth-Century Canada
Smith, Donald, B.
This book is about a group of Mississaugans that few people who live in Mississauga, Ontario, today are likely familiar with. The people profiled are none other than a handful of the original inhabita...
Monographs on the Portuguese
A collection of analytical essays on the Portugese immigrant community in Toronto.
P.I.S.E.M. Materials: Questions Immigrants Raise; Immigrant Life in Toronto; Themes for English language training of Portuguese
Slide Show
Audio-visual materials designed for use in small groups with immigrants to give them information about dealing with alienating elements in their environment.
Queer Progress: From Homophobia to Homonationalism
McCaskell, Tim
A political memoir by a leading gay rights and AIDS activist.
Rear-View Mirror: A Snapshot of Toronto Activist Art (1976-1996)
Constable, Mike (creator)
A snapshot of Toronto activist art from the 1976 general strike to the 1996 Days of Action.
Remembering the Don: A Rare Record of Earlier Times Within the Don River Valley
Sauriol, Charles
Memories of Toronto's Don River in days gone by.
The Riot at Christie Pits
Levitt, Cyril H.; Shaffir, William
Rochdale: The Runaway Collage
Sharpe, David
Toronto's Rochdale College began as an experiment in living and learning, and ended as a symbpl of the flower-child Sixties, a financial and social controversy. Sharpe tells the story of the college's...
Seven News
Serial Publication (Periodical)
Seven News (7 News) was a community newspaper published in the area of Toronto east of downtown which at the time was known as Ward 7. Seven News was published from 1970 to 1985. Seven News is no long...
Seven News: Principles & Purposes
Statement of principles of Seven News, a community newspaper.
Seven News: The Story of a Community Newspaper
Horrocks, Lisa
An essay about the Toronto community newspaper Seven News, written in 1984 by Lisa Horrocks, who was part of Seven News as a staff or board member for a number of years.
Sewell, John: Connexipedia Article
Political activist and writer on municipal affairs. The mayor of Toronto, Canada from 1978 to 1980. (Born 1940).
The Sociology of Political Sects: Four sects in Toronto in 1968-1969
O'Toole, Roger Laurence
PhD Thesis, University of Toronto, 1972
Spadina Labour Lyceum
346 Spadina The Labor Lyceum was the hub of social and political life of several needle trade unions.
Taddle Creek Watershed Initiative
A grassroots alliance working to give new life to Taddle Creek, hidden at the heart of Toronto. Their vision is to 'bring back' parts of the creek by; cleaning the water and revegetating/naturalizing ...
Toronto Before the G20: A History of Violence
Kheraj, Sean
The notion that Toronto is “a city with little history of violent protests” is laughable. Newspapers across North America have spent more than a century reporting on eruptions of violence and protest ...
Toronto Public Library Online
An on-line catalogue of more than one million books, serials, government documents, maps, scores, sound recordings and other materials. Extensive Canadiana and Toronto and Ontario local history sectio...
Toronto's Poor: A Rebellious History
Palmer, Bryan D.; Heroux, Gaetan
Toronto’s Poor reveals the long and too often forgotten history of poor people’s resistance. It details how the homeless, the unemployed, and the destitute have struggled to survive and secure food an...
Up Against City Hall
Sewell, John
John Sewell describes his early life and explains how he accidentally got involved in politics. He tells of his experiences in Trefann Court, and how this opened his eyes to the realities of civic pol...
Wolfe Erlichman in conversation with Ulli Diemer: October 26, 2016
Erlichman, Wolfe; Diemer, Ulli
An interview with Wolfe Erlichman, who worked as a community worker/organizer in Trefann Court in Toronto in the late 1960s.
Working Class Experience: Rethinking the History of Canadian Labour, 1800-1991
Palmer, Bryan D.
From nineteenth-century tavern life to late twentieth-century cinema, from rough canallers and the first stirrings of craft unionism to contemporary public-sector strikes, this books provides a sweepi...

Connexions Directory of Groups & Websites

Connexions Archive & Library
The Connexions Archive & Library is Toronto-based project dedicated to keeping alive the rich history of grassroots movements for social justice. Connexions preserves 'alternative' histories that r...
Seven News
A community newspaper based in the 'Ward 7' area of Toronto: east of downtown, from Sherbourne Street to Logan Avenue, including Don Vale, Cabbagetown, Regent Park, Riverdale, St. Jamestown. Seven New...

Sources Experts & Spokespersons

Canadian Encyclopedia
The full text of The Canadian Encyclopedia and its related resources has been made available online by the Historica Foundation as a public service since 1999. Since its publication in book form in 1985, The Canadian Encyclopedia ...

Sources Library

Along the Shore: Rediscovering Toronto's Waterfront Heritage
Fairburn, M. Jane
Toronto area residents and visitors who are curious about the history of some of the city's outstanding waterfront features will like M. Jane Fairburn's Along the Shore. The book offers a trove of his...
Approaches to Poverty in the Toronto School Board, 1970 - 1990
No Shallow Roots
Gaskell, Jane; Laura-Lee, K; Katrina, P
Published in Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis: Research and Practice. December, 2009
Garner, Hugh
Depicts life in the Toronto neighbourhood of Cabbagetown during the Depression.
Cabbagetown in Pictures
Kelly, Colleen
Photos of Toronto's historic Cabbagetown, with accompanying text.
Cabbagetown, Remembered
Rust-D'Eye, George
Stories and photographs of the Toronto neighbourhood known as old Cabbagetown.
'Equality Now!': Race, Racism and Resistance in the 1970s Toronto
PhD thesis, Queen's University, 2012
Kierylo, Malgorzata
Gooderham and Worts
Wikipedia article
Gooderham and Worts was a Canadian company that was once the largest distiller of alcoholic beverages in Canada. Its former manufacturing facilities on the Toronto Waterfront are today the well-known ...
Historial Maps of Toronto
A collection of maps to amuse, delight and inform
The Ojibwa of Southern Ontario
Schmalz, Peter S.
A history of the Ojibwa in Southern Ontario.
Parkdale in Pictures
Its Development to 1889
Laycock, Margaret; Myrvold, Barbara
The formative years of a Toronto city neighbourhood.
Reclaiming the Don
An Environmental History of Toronto's Don River Valley
Bonnell, Jannifer L.
Illuminates the impact of the Don River Valley on Toronto's development and unearths the missing story of the relationship between the river, the valley, and the city.
Sci-fi author Judith Merril and the very real story of Toronto's Spaced Out Library
A prolific author and pioneer Merril's donation of 5,000 items started the Toronto Public Library's massive speculative fiction collection.
Bradbeer, Janice
The story of Judith Merril's work promoting and developing Science-fiction writing in Canada, and the founding of the Rochdale Library, which later became the Spaced Out Library.
The Streets Belong to the People
Expressway Disputes in Canada, c. 1960 - 75
Robinson, Danielle
PhD Thesis, McMaster University, 2012
SUPA, Selma, and Stevenson
The Politics of Solidarity in mid-1960s Toronto
Churchill, David S
Published in Journal of Canadian Studies, 41 (Spring 2010)
Todmorden Mills
A Human and Natural History
Herzber, Louise; Juhola, Helen
An urban natural history pamphlet.
Toronto Rocks
The Geological Legacy of the Toronto Region
Eyles, Nick; Clinton, Laura
Toronto’s urban geology.
Urban amenities; erotic anxieties
Baths, lavatories, and the YMCA: The politics of bodies in civic space
Bebout, Rick
A history of public baths, in particular public baths and similar spaces in Toronto in the last century, and the changing perceptions and uses of such spaces by the public, in particular the treatment...
Vintage Toronto
Photos of old Toronto.
The Ward
The Life and Loss of Toronto's First Immigrant Neighbourhood
Lorinc, John; McClelland, Michael; Scheinberg, Ellen; Taylor, Tatum
The story of the growth and destruction of Toronto’s first 'priority neighbourhood.'
When a hurricane swept through Toronto, this firefighter made the heartbreaking first rescue attempt
Hurricane Hazel caused 81 deaths and more than $1B in damages in 2017 dollars
Boisvert, Nick
On the wet and windy evening of Oct. 15, 1954, Hurricane Hazel was bearing down on the city. The fire department was to take no unnecessary risks in the storm, which had already claimed more than 400 ...

From the Connexions Archives

Making the Scene: Yorkville and Hip Toronto, 1960-1970
PhD Thesis, Queen's University, 2007
Henderson, Stuart Robinson
The Uncomfortable Pew: Christianity, the New Left, and the Hip counterculture in Toronto, 1965-1975
PhD Thesis, York University, 2011
Douvill, Bruce Michael