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  1. The ABC of National Liberation Movements
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1969
    A war is politics continued by other, that is forcible, means. Our attitude toward a war must be congruent with our attitude toward the politics of which it is the continuation. This determines our principled position on the question of whether to support or oppose a given war - not primarily our opinion of the men, the government or the class leading the war, not our opinion of their past or present crimes. The latter considerations will be very relevant to how we support or oppose a war, but not to whether we do.
  2. Adventures in Marxism 
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1999
    Marshall Berman explores and rejoices in the emancipatory potential of Marxism.
  3. Against the Current
    Resource Type: Serial Publication (Periodical)
    First Published: 1986
    Bi-monthly magazine oriented toward movements for social and economic justice; radical, socialist and feminist in orientation.
  4. Anarchism vs. Marxism: A few notes on an old theme 
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1978
    Anarchist critiques of Marxism typically reveal a lack of knowledge of what Karl Marx actually wrote, resulting in sterile denunciations of a straw-man opponent.
  5. As We Don't See It 
    Resource Type: Article
    A clarification of Solidarity London's 1968 pamphlet, "As We See It." Distinction is placed between real socialism and the "exploitative privileged minorities" who controll(ed) the USSR and China, as well as the importance of controlling the means of production.
  6. Autonomist Marxism Course Outline
    Resource Type: Article
    An outline of currents of thought and readings related to autonomist Marxism. The term autonomis" is used to designate a dominan characteristic of this particular tradition of radical political thought: the emphasis on the autonomy of the working class in its struggle against capital as well as on the autonomy of various groups of workers vis a vis others of their class.
  7. Bakunin vs. Marx 
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1978
    The anarchist-Marxist split started with Bakunin, who systematically misrepresented Marx's positions.
  8. The Betrayal
    Resource Type: Film/Video
    First Published: 2011
    The filmmaker's personal journey to confront her past, baring her soul to those most hurt by her troubled youth when she ricocheted from far-left radicalism to neo-Nazi fascism out of a desperate need to belong.
  9. Beyond the Fragments 
    Feminism and the Making of Socialism

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1979   Published: 1980
    A call for various fractions of the left to unite and work for a socialism through grass-roots activism.
  10. Break Their Haughty Power 
    Resource Type: Website
    Articles on capitalism, socialism, and revolution, from a left-Marxist perspective.
  11. Das Capital, Volume 1 
    A Critical Analysis of Capitalist Production

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1867   Published: 1890
    Marx's great work sets out to grasp and portray the totality of the capitalist mode of production, and the bourgeois society that emerges from it. He describes and connects all its economic features, together with its legal, political, religious, artistic, philosophical and ideological manifestations.
  12. The Civil War in France 
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1871
    Written by Karl Marx as an address to the General Council of the International, with the aim of distributing to workers of all countries a clear understanding of the character and world-wide significance of the heroic struggle of the Paris Communards of 1871 and their historical experience to learn from.
  13. Common Sense for Hard Times 
    The Power of the Powerless to Cope with Everyday life and Transform Society in The Nineteen Seventies

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1976
    Presents a vision of society as it is and as it could be. Putting the problems of contemporary daily life in historical perspective, it reveals that they have their roots in the way our society is organized, and thereby enables us to re-examine our own situation and experience.
  14. The Communist Manifesto 
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1848
    Written by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels as the theoretical and practical platform of the Communist League, a workers' association.
  15. Connexions Digest
    Issue 51 - May 1990 - A Social Change Sourcebook

    Resource Type: Serial Publication (Periodical)
    First Published: 1990
  16. Connexions Digest
    Issue 52 - August 1990 - A Social Change Sourcebook

    Resource Type: Serial Publication (Periodical)
    First Published: 1990
  17. Connexions Digest
    Issue 53 - January 1991- A Social Change Sourcebook

    Resource Type: Serial Publication (Periodical)
    First Published: 1991
  18. Connexions Library Spotlight
    Featured Resources in the Connexions Library

    Resource Type: Website
    First Published: 2009   Published: 2012
  19. The Conquest of Bread
    Review article

    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2016
    Kropotkin’s classic, The Conquest of Bread, reveals problems of radical politics and organisation that remain vital today, argues Dominic Alexander.
  20. Democracy Against Capitalism 
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1995
    Wood provides a brilliant explication and defense of the key theoretical concepts relevant to socialism, understood to be the most radical social and economic democracy.
  21. Democracy Against Politics
    Against The Current vol. 136

    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2008
    “¡Que se vayan todos!” shouted rebellious crowds during the Argentine economic crisis of 2001, “Out with them all!” The call soon spread throughout Latin America: for a new politics without politicians and a new society without social elites. Many radicals have been inspired by the movements that seemed to rise with so much energy and idealism from this foundational fire. Others have been quick to criticize the inadequacy of movements which seem to have forgotten that economic exploitation is more fundamental than political oppression, and that exploitation is held up by political power which must be seized rather than ignored.
  22. The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte 
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1852
    Marx wrote The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Napoleon between December 1851 and March 1852. The "Eighteenth Brumaire" refers to November 9, 1799 in the French Revolutionary Calendar -- the day the first Napoleon Bonaparte had made himself dictator by a coup d'etat. Marx traces how the conflict of different social interests manifest themselves in the complex web of political struggles, and in particular the contradictory relationships between the outer form of a struggle and its real social content.
  23. The Enemy of Nature 
    The End of Capitalism or the End of the World?

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 2002   Published: 2007
    We live in and from nature, but the way we have evolved of doing this is about to destroy you. Capitalism and its by-products -- imperialism, war, neoliberal globalization, racism, poverty, and the destruction of community -- are all playing a part in the destruction of our ecosystem.
  24. Facing Reality 
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1958   Published: 1974
    Inspired by the October 1956 Hungarian workers' revolution against Stalinist oppression, as well as the U.S. workers' "wild-cat" strikes (against capital and the union bureaucracies), the authors looked ahead to the rise of new mass emancipatory movements by African Americans as well as anti-colonialist/anti-imperialist currents in Africa and Asia. Virtually alone among the radical texts of the time, Facing Reality also rejected modern society's mania for "conquering nature," and welcomed women's struggles "for new relations between the sexes."
  25. Fictitious Capital for Beginners 
    Imperialism, 'Anti-Imperialism', and the Continuing Relevance of Rosa Luxemburg

    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2007
    Rosa Luxemburg's framework enabled her to see how capitalism could ultimately destroy society - barbarism, in her words, or the 'mutual destruction of the contending classes' as the Communist Manifesto put it in 1847 - by being required to turn more and more to primitive accumulation and non-reproduction, a prophecy we see materializing before our eyes today.
  26. Fictitious Capital and the Transition Out of Capitalism 
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2005
    To understand the weight of fictitious capital in the current context, it is necessary to look beyond the merely economic to the class struggle. Despite the colossal efforts of ideology to deny or trivialize social antagonism, everything today is shaped by class struggle, both the one-sided class struggle waged for 30 years by the capitalist class, and even more so the potential threat of a two-sided struggle to re-emerge into the open.
  27. Gramsci's Marxism
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1976
    Carl Boggs introduces Gramsci as one of the first marxist theorists to grapple with the problems of revolutionary change in advanced capitalist society and as the first to identify the importance of the ideological-cultural struggle against bourgeois values.
  28. The Grundrisse 
    Outlines of the Critique of Political Economy

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1857   Published: 1973
    Marx wrote this huge manuscript as part of his preparation for what would become A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy (published in 1859) and Capital (published 1867). The series of seven notebooks were rough-drafted by Marx, chiefly for purposes of self-clarification, during the winter of 1857-8. The manuscript became lost in circumstances still unknown and was first effectively published, in the German original, in 1953.
  29. The Historical Failure of Anarchism 
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1996
    Day examines anarchism's failure to genuinely critique itself, understand history or theory, and grasp the conditions in the world today. "Anti-capitalism doesn't do the victims of capitalism any good if you don't actually destroy capitalism," Day writes. 'Anti-statism' doesn't do the victims of the state any good if you don't actually smash the state. Anarchism has been very good at putting forth visions of a free society and that is for the good. But it is worthless if we don't develop an actual strategy for realizing those visions.
  30. Ideas and Action
    Periodical profile published 1981

    Resource Type: Serial Publication (Periodical)
    First Published: 1981
    Archive of some articles published in Ideas and Action, a radical paper published by the Workers Solidarity Alliance from 1981 to 1997.
  31. Interview with Ellen Meiksins Wood 
    Democracy & Capitalism: Friends or Foes?

    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1996
    Postmodernist pluralism, just like the old variety, obscures the realities of power in capitalist societies. It also disarms and disintegrates the opposition to capitalism. Postmodernism brings us back to the old and uncritical forms of capitalist ideology, which leave the system fundamentally unchallenged. Marxism -- historical materialism -- is the best foundation for an understanding of the society in which we live and therefore also the best guide in our search for a better one.
  32. Introduction to Capital 
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1932
    Marx's book on capital, like Plato's book on the state, like Machiavelli's Prince and Rousseau's Social Contract, owes its tremendous and enduring impact to the fact that it grasps and articulates, at a turning point of history, the full implications of the new force breaking in upon the old forms of life. All the economic, political, and social questions, upon which the analysis in Marx's Capital theoretically devolves, are today world-shaking practical issues, over which the real-life struggle between great social forces, between states and classes, rages in every corner of the earth.
  33. Karl Marx 
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1938
    It is the purpose of this book to restate the most important principles and contents of Marx's social science in the light of recent historical events and of the new theoretical needs which have arisen under the impact of those events. In so doing we shall deal throughout with the original ideas of Marx himself rather than with their subsequent developments brought about by the various 'orthodox' and 'revisionist, dogmatic and critical, radical and moderate schools of the Marxists on the one hand, and their more or less violent critics and opponents on the other hand.
  34. Karl Marx: Essential Writings
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1972
    A selection of Marx's writings ranging from his early works on philosophy, religion, alienation, and Hegelianism, through the materialist conception of history, the theoretical analysis of capitalism, and the politics of revolution. Bender provides informatative introductions setting the context for each set of materials.
  35. Karl Marx's Theory of Revolution 
    Volume I: State and Bureaucracy

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1977
    A wide-ranging and thorough exposition of Marx's views on democracy.
  36. Karl Marx's Theory of Revolution 
    Volume II: The Politics of Social Classes

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1978
    Draper ranges through the development of the thought of Marx and Engels on the role of classes in society.
  37. Karl Marx's Theory of Revolution
    Volume III: The Dictatorship of the Proletariat

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1986
    Hal Draper examines how Marx and Marxism dealt with the issue of dictatorship in relation to the revolutionary use of force and repression, particularly as this debate has centered on the use of the term "dictatorship of the proletariat." Draper strips away the layers of misinterpretation and misinformation that have accumulated over the years to show what Marx and Engels themselves meant by the term.
  38. Karl Marx's Theory of Revolution 
    Volume IV: Critique of Other Socialisms

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1990
    Much of Karl Marx's most important work came out of his critique of other thinkers, including many socialists who differed significantly in their conceptions of socialism. Draper looks at these critiques to illuminate what Marx's socialism was, as well as what it was not.
  39. Karl Marx's Theory of Revolution
    Volume 5: War & Revolution

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 2005
    The subject of this volume is Marx and Engels' views on the relation between war and revolution. Its thesis is that, over the course of decades, their views on this question changed -- evolved is a better word -- although, in this case as in others, they wrote no definitive statement of their views. Instead, we have a considerable corpus of ad hoc responses to the events of the hour, many of them politically explosive, from which we have to reconstruct, not a line, but an approach. To complicate things further, many of these crises, while they were the news of the day at the time, have since faded from memory.
  40. The "Labor Aristocracy" and Working-Class Struggles: Consciousness in Flux, Part 2
    Against The Current vol. 124

    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2006
    Whatever the theoretical and empirical problems with the economics of the labor aristocracy thesis, its defenders still claim that well paid workers have generally been more reformist and conservative in their politics than lower paid workers. They point to the example of mostly white New York City construction workers ("hardhats") attacking antiwar demonstrators in the Spring of 1970; and contrast them with the militancy and progressive politics of some of the recent "Justice for Janitors" campaigns.
  41. Leading Principles of Marxism: A Restatement 
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1937
    Marx's study of society is based upon a full recognition of the reality of historical change. Marx treats all conditions of existing bourgeois society as changing, ie more exactly, as conditions in the process of being changed by human actions. Bourgeois society is not, according to Marx, a general entity which can be replaced by another stage in a historical movement. It is both the result of an earlier phase and the starting point of a new phase, of the social class war which is leading to a social revolution.
  42. Lenin and Luxemburg: Negation in theory and Praxis
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1970
  43. Let's Stop Kidding Ourselves About the NDP
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1989
    Canadian socialists are terribly reluctant to give up their illusions about the NDP.
  44. A libertarian Marxist tendency map
    Connexipedia Article

    Resource Type: Article
    This tendency map was produced by Chris Wright for endpage.com, now part of the libcom.org library - it is designed to trace some of the important tendencies in libertarian Marxism. Contains a brief written history with links to key individuals, groups and publications, and a graphic map.
  45. Rosa Luxemburg 
    A letter about Rosa Luxemburg's contribution to Marxism

    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2000
    In a time when the socialist movement was evolving in directions increasingly removed from Marx's positions -- Social Democratic reformism on the one hand, and Leninist bureaucratic centralism on the other -- Luxemburg was the leading exponent of a Marxism in the spirit of Marx.
  46. Luxemburg versus Lenin 
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1935
    On many essential points the conceptions of Luxemburg differ from those of Lenin as day from night, or -- the same thing -- as the problems of the bourgeois revolution from those of the proletarian.
  47. Manifestos, Programs, Visions 
    Selected Manifestos - Political Statements - Programs

    Resource Type: Website
    First Published: 1649   Published: 2016
    A selection of left manifestos, programs, poltical statements and visions from the 1600s to today.
  48. Marx, Karl
    Connexipedia: Entry in Encyclopedia of Marxism Glossary of People

    Resource Type: Article
    Brief biography of Karl Marx. (1818-1883).
  49. Marx Myths & Legends
    Resource Type: Website
    A critical reading of the work of Karl Marx now requires us to lay to one side the myths and legends which have obscured his ideas over the past one hundred and twenty years- distortions and misinterpretations to which perhaps no thinker has been more prone. In one sense, this is not difficult, because there is enough of his writing preserved, albeit in translation, for any of us to read Marx in his own words. Most however have been unwilling or unable to do this. The fifty volumes of the Marx-Engels Collected Works are forbidding, and when beginning as one almost inevitably does, with the received wisdom surrounding Marx’s name, there is much to discourage a reader from seriously taking on the task of understanding Marx. The aim of this project is thus to begin to challenge some of those myths in order to clear the way for a fresh reading of Marx that will hopefully be less prone to the distortions, misunderstandings and blatant falsehoods that have so far surrounded Marx. We believe that what Marx had to say remains of considerable relevance to an understanding of problems we face today, but that a reading of Marx now must maintain a critical caution which does not merely reproduce received ideas- positive or negative- about Marx’s work.
  50. Marx, theoretician of anarchism 
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1973
    Under the name communism, Marx developed a theory of anarchism; and further, in fact it was he who was the first to provide a rational basis for the anarchist utopia and to put forward a project for achieving it.
  51. Marxism and Freedom 
    From 1776 to Today

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1958   Published: 1971
    Dunayevskaya argues that Marx's theory is the generalisation of the instinctive striving of the proletariat for a new social order, a truly human society.
  52. Marxism.ca
    Resource Type: Website
    Published: 2016
    A gateway to resources about Marxism compiled by Connexions.
  53. The Mass Strike, the Political Party and the Trade Unions 
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1906
    Luxemburg writes that "the mass strike in Russia [in 1905] has been realised not as means of evading the political struggle of the working-class, and especially of parliamentarism, not as a means of jumping suddenly into the social revolution by means of a theatrical coup, but as a means, firstly, of creating for the proletariat the conditions of the daily political struggle and especially of parliamentarism. The revolutionary struggle in Russia, in which mass strikes are the most important weapon, is, by the working people, and above all by the proletariat, conducted for those political rights and conditions whose necessity and importance in the struggle for the emancipation of the working-class Marx and Engels first pointed out, and in opposition to anarchism fought for with all their might in the International."
  54. The Meaning of Socialism
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1961   Published: 1969
    Paul Cardan's 1961 discussion of modern conceptions of socialism, and the future of socialist movements.
  55. Modern Capitalism and Revolution
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1959   Published: 1975
    For revolutionaries one central point must be grasped to understand how the system works: the struggle of human beings against their alientation, and the ensuing conflict and split in all spheres, aspects and moments of socia life. As long as this struggle is there there ruling strata will continue to be unable to organise their system in a coherent way, and society will lurch from one accident to another. These are the conditions for revolutionary activity in the present epoch -- and they are amply sufficient.
  56. Multiculturalism or World Culture? 
    On a "Left"-Wing Response to Contemporary Social Breakdown

    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1991   Published: 2000
    Post-modernists are profoundly bored by any questions of economics and technology which cannot be connected to cultural differences. The implicit agenda of the multiculturalists is to present the values associated with intensive capitalist accumulation as "white male", so "non-white" peoples such as Japanese or Koreans who currently embody those values with a greater fervour than most "whites" are ignored.
  57. The National Question 
    Selected Writings by Rosa Luxemburg

    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1976
    In her penetrating analysis of nationalism, Rosa Luxemburg argues that the formula of "the right of nations to self-determination" is essentially not a political or programmatic guide to the nationality question, but only a means of avoiding that question.
  58. The New Left Reader
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1969
    An anthology of writings from the 1960s New Left.
  59. Obsolete Communism
    The Left-Wing Alternative

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1968   Published: 1969
    An account of the May 1968 uprising in Paris, positing a left radical alternative to the encrusted beliefs of the old left and the right. A comment on power, on bureaucracy, and on the paths to liberation.
  60. Organizational Questions of the Russian Social Democracy 
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1904
    Rosa Luxemburg's contribution to the debate within the Russian Social Democratic movement on party organization and democratic centralism. Luxemburg joins Trotsky in warning of the dangers inherent in centralism and argues against the concentration of power in a Central Committee. From a Socialist Revolutionary perspective Luxemburg puts forward compelling arguments against Lenin's conception of the revolutionary party.
  61. Organizing for Workers' Power!
    Resource Type: Article
    Allan Engler, author of Economic Democracy, critiques segments of the left for largely ignoring working class power. Recognizing that social change can only be carried through by the working class, Engler puts forth a series of demands designed to facilitate solidarity and comraderie with and among workers.
  62. Radical America - Wikipedia article
    Connexipedia Article

    Resource Type: Article
  63. Radical Digressions 
    Resource Type: Website
    First Published: 2006   Published: 2010
    Ulli Diemer's website/blog featuring comment from a radical left-libertarian perspective.
  64. Red Rosa 
    A Graphic Biography of Rosa Luxemburg

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 2015
    A giant of the political left, Rosa Luxemburg is one of the foremost minds in the canon of revolutionary socialist thought. Red Rosa gives Luxemburg her due as a radical and human being. In this beautifully drawn work of graphic biography, writer and artist Kate Evans has opened up her subject’s intellectual world to a new audience, grounding Luxemburg’s ideas in the realities of an inspirational and deeply affecting life.
  65. Redefining Revolution
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1963   Published: 1974
    Modern society certainly remains profoundly divided. It constantly functions against the immense majority of working people. In everyday life the exploited defend themselves against exploitation by part of every single one of their everyday gestures. The present crisis of humanity, it is true, will only be solved by a socialist revolution. But these ideas risk remaining empty abstractions, pretexts for sermons or for a blind, spasmodic activism if one doesn't try to understand the new ways in which the division of society assumes concrete form today, how modern capitalism functions, the new forms taken today by the working class struggle against the ruling classes and their system, and unless one seriously tries to understand what — under these conditions — a new revolutionary activity integrated to the real struggle of people in society might mean and how it could be linked to a coherent and lucid understanding of the world. To achieve this what is needed is nothing less than a radical theoretical and practical renewal.
  66. Religion and the Rise of Labor and Black Detroit
    Against The Current vol. 134

    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2008
    Historians and other scholars have given Detroit plentiful attention, including some very important books, yet in this vital new study Angela Dillard manages to approach the Motor City’s past in several crucial yet previously neglected ways. What’s most valuable about the book is her attempt to encompass such subjects as race, labor radicalism, Black religion and the civil rights movement all in one narrative.
  67. Reluctant Memoir, Part 2
    Against The Current vol. 135

    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2008
    I think it was in 1963 that I first became aware of Students for a Democratic Society (SDS). My older sister Patty had married a very nice guy named Earl Brecher, with whom she went to Liberia as one of the first Peace Corps volunteers, in a program, sending idealistic college graduates to “help” downtrodden areas in Asia, Africa, and Latin America, launched by the Kennedy administration.
  68. Revolution Re-Assessed 
    Politics of Human Liberation

    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1980
    The political objectives and beliefs of the Australian-based Libertarian Socialist Organisation.
  69. Rosa Luxemburg 
    Selected Political Writings

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1972
    A selection of Rosa Luxemburg's writings which highlight her outstanding contributions to the theory and practice of revolutionary socialism.
  70. The Rosa Luxemburg Reader 
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 2004
    A definitive one-volume collection of Luxemburg's writings.
  71. Rosa Luxemburg, Women's Liberation, and Marx's Philosophy of Revolution 
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1981   Published: 1982
    Part I - Rosa Luxemburg as Theoretician, as Activist, as Internationalist. Part II - The Women's Liberation Movement as Revolutionary Force and Reason. Part III - Karl Marx: From Critic of Hegel to Author of Capital and Theorist of "Revolution in Permanence."
  72. Selections from the Prison Notebooks 
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1951   Published: 1973
    Gramsci's Notebooks cover a wide range of subjects including history, culture, politics, and philosophy.
  73. Social Reform or Revolution 
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1900   Published: 1908
    Rosa Luxemburg's attack on reformism.
  74. Socialism and Revolution 
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1967   Published: 1973
    Representative democracy in every industrially advanced country is in a state of profound crisis. But we have been accustomed for so long to accept democracy in the form of its outward appearances and parliamentary institutions that its decay often does not become apparent to us until those institutions have been either brushed aside or reduced to a purely decorative role.
  75. Socialisme ou Barbarie
    Connexipedia Article

    Resource Type: Article
    A French-based radical libertarian socialist group of the post-World War II period which existed from 1948 until 1965. Socialisme ou Barbarie was critical of Leninism, rejecting the idea of a revolutionary party, and placing an emphasis on the importance of workers' councils, and saw the daily struggles of working people as creating the true content of socialism.
  76. Society of the Spectacle 
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1967   Published: 2005
    An analysis of modern society and how it can be changed, written in the form of 221 theses. The first thesis reads: "In societies dominated by modern conditions of production, life is presented as an immense accumulation of spectacles. Everything that was directly lived has receded into a representation." Translator Ken Knabb describes the book as "an effort to clarify the nature of the society in which we find ourselves and the advantages and drawbacks of various methods for changing it. Every single thesis has a direct or indirect bearing on issues that are matters of life and death."
  77. Structuralism as Defense of the Bureaucratic Status Quo 
    A Dialectical Critique of Althusserian Theory

    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1974
    Althusserian theory is deeply conservative and puts obstacles in the way of seeing the truly revolutionary currents that exist in the modern world.
  78. Student Protest
    The Student Radical in Search of issues....or, please don't shoot the Piano Player

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1968
  79. Tide Turning in Latin America?
    Against The Current vol. 131

    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2007
    NACLA’s first volume in its new series, Dispatches from Latin America: On the Frontlines Against Neoliberalism, reported on an array of popular initiatives and left-leaning regimes across the continent. The second volume, Latin America After Neoliberalism, is also a collection of essays; but this one is organized by themes and more academic, though still accessible. The book is a useful guide for activists wanting a better understanding of the profound transformations underway in the region.
  80. Trotskyism and the vanguard party 
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1974
    One of the most consistent achievements of the Trotskyists over the years has been to drive people away from radical politics. The number of burned-out and alienated ex-Trotskyists greatly exceeds the number of active Trotskyists. Their transparently manipulative tactics in the organizations they infiltrate tend to drive ordinary members away, forever wary of anyone identified as a Trotskyist.
  81. The Two Souls of Socialism 
    Socialism from Above vs. Socialism from Below

    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1960   Published: 1970
    It was Marx who finally brought the two ideas of socialism and democracy together, because he developed a theory which made the synthesis possible for the first time. The heart of the theory is this proposition: that there is a social majority which has the interest and motivation to change the system, and that the aim of socialism can be the education and mobilization of this mass-majority. This is the exploited class, the working class, from which comes the eventual motive-force of revolution. Hence, a socialism-from-below is possible, on the basis of a theory that sees the revolutionary potentialities in the broad masses, even if they seem backward at a given time and place. Marxism came into being in self-conscious struggle against the advocates of the Educational Dictatorship, the Savior-Dictators, the revolutionary elitists, the communist authoritarians, as well as the philanthropic dogooders and bourgeois liberals.
  82. The Unknown Dimension 
    European Marxism Since Lenin

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1972
    The radical intellectual tradition of European post-Leninist Marxism, so different from the dogma of the orthodox leftist parties, is an unknowwn dimension. This anthology sets out to recover this Marxist tradition and to restore the centrality of Marxist revolutionary thought and practice.
  83. Walking: We Ask Questions 
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2003
    An essay from the book We Are Everywhere by the Notes From Nowhere Collective.
  84. We Can Change the World 
    The Real Meaning Of Everyday Life

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1991
    Stratman draws on his experiences as a parent in the Boston school busing battle and later as Washington director of the National PTA, interviews with British coal miners and striking American meatpackers, and wide ranging research and historical analysis, to show that fundamental social change is possible. The key to changing the world he argues, lies in a different view of ordinary people.
  85. What is Class Consciousness?
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1934   Published: 1971
    Critical of what he saw as Marxism's overly materialistic explanations, Reich proposes the perspectives of psychology and psychotherapy could revitalise radical political thought and the socialist movement.
  86. What is Libertarian Socialism? 
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1977
    Revolution is a collective process of self-liberation: people and societies are transformed through their struggles for freedom and for a better world.
  87. Who Advocates Spontaneity? 
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1973
    The working class can come to understand its power to act only by acting.
  88. Why I am a Marxist 
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1935
    For the Marxist, there is no such thing as 'Marxism' in general any more than there is a 'democracy' in general, a 'dictatorship' in general or a 'state' in general. There is only a bourgeois state, a proletarian dictatorship or a fascist dictatorship, etc. And even these exist only at determinate stages of historical development, with corresponding historical characteristics, mainly economic, but conditioned also in part by geographical, traditional, and other factors. With the deferent levels of historical development, with the different environments of geographical distribution, with the well-known differences of creed and tendency among the various Marxist schools, there exist, both nationally and internationally, very different theoretical systems and practical movements which go by the name of Marxism.
  89. Why the Working Class? 
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2016
    Workers are at the heart of the capitalist system. And that's why they are at the centre of socialist politics.
  90. Wobblies & Zapatistas 
    Conversations on Anarchism, Marxism and Radical Theory

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 2008
    Wobblies and Zapatistas offers readers an encounter between two generations and two traditions. Staughton Lynd and Andrej Grubacic meet in dialogue in an effort to bring together the anarchist and Marxist traditions, to discuss the writing of history by those who make it, and to remind us of the idea that 'my country is the world'.
  91. Wood, Ellen Meiksins
    Connexipedia Article

    Resource Type: Article
    Marxist scholar. (Born 1942).
  92. Worker-Student Action Committees France May '68 
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1969
    An account of the May-June 1968 events in Paris. The authors state that "our intention is not to 'clarify' the sequence of events which took place in France in order to make possible a ritual repetition of these events, but rather to contrast the limited views we had of the events at the time we were engaged in them, with the views we have gained from further action in different contexts."
  93. The World Turned Upside Down
    Radical Ideas During the English Revolution

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1984
    Hill looks at radical groups such as the Diggers, Levellers, Ranters, and others, whose ideas threatened to overturn the established order in the mid-seventeenth century.
  94. Writings on the Paris Commune 
    Resource Type: Book
    Hal Draper's compilation of all the writings by Marx and Engels on the Paris Commune of 1871, when a working-class-led revolution took power and established a new type of state for the first time in the history of the world - temporarily, in one city.

Experts on Teor¡a pol¡tica radical in the Sources Directory

  1. Ulli Diemer
  2. Marxists Internet Archive

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