Peasants

Below are groups and resources (books, articles, websites, etc.) related to this topic. Click on an item’s title to go its resource page with author, publisher, description/abstract and other details, a link to the full text if available, as well as links to related topics in the Subject Index. You can also browse the Title, Author, Subject, Chronological, Dewey, LoC, and Format indexes, or use the Search box.
Particularly recommended items are flagged with a red logo:

Connexions Library

The Accumulation of Capital
Luxemburg, Rosa
Book
1913
Rosa Luxemburg's analysis of the inherent contradictions of capitalist accumulation.
The Agrarian Question in the Russian Revolution: From Material Community to Productivism, and Back
Goldner, Loren
Article
2014
This article was conceived as Part One of a three-part series which would be: 1) the revolutionary epoch 1917–1923, and the ultimately disastrous international influence of the Russian Revolution, ill...
The Anarchist Collectives: Workers' Self-Management in the Spanish Revolution 1936-1939
Dolgoff, Sam
Book
1974
Examines the experiments in workers' self-management, both urban and rural, which took place in Spain during the revolution and Civil War.
Another Way of Telling
Berger, John; Mohr, Jean
Book
1982
Everyone in the world is familiar with photographs. And yet what is a photograph? What do photographs mean? How can they be used?
Bangladesh: Of Disasters and a Disastrous Development
Gillespie, Peter
Article
Dispossession, disparities in land distribution, and inappropriate development strategies in Bangladesh.
Das Capital, Volume 1: A Critical Analysis of Capitalist Production
Marx, Karl
Book
1867
Marx's great work sets out to grasp and portray the totality of the capitalist mode of production, and the bourgeois society that emerges from it. He describes and connects all its economic features, ...
The Complaint of the Poor Commons of Kent: Connexipedia Article
Article
1450
A manifesto issued by Jack Cade, a Kentish rebel in 1450, before his march on London.
The Complete Works of Rosa Luxemburg, Volume I: Economic Writings 1
Luxemburg, Rosa (Edited by Peter Hudis
Book
This first volume in Rosa Luxemburg's Complete Works, entitled Economic Writings 1, contains some of Luxemburg's most important statements on the globalization of capital, wage labour, imperialism, an...
Connexions Library: Agriculture and Farming Focus
Website
Selected articles, books, websites and other resources on farming and agriculture.
Continuous Excursions: Politics and Personal Life
Colman, Marshall
Book
1982
Colman looks at the idea that 'the personal is political'. He looks at personal life in pre-capitalist societies, the nature of politics and social relations, patriarchy and sexual relations, intimacy...
Democracy Against Capitalism
Wood, Ellen Meiksins
Book
1995
Wood provides a brilliant explication and defense of the key theoretical concepts relevant to socialism, understood to be the most radical social and economic democracy.
A Dictionary of Marxist Thought
Bottomore, Tom
Book
1983
Donghak Peasant Revolution: Connexipedia Article
Article
Was an anti-government, anti-yangban and anti-foreign uprising in 1894.
Don't be Afraid, Gringo: A Honduran Woman Speaks from the Heart
Benjamin, Medea (ed.)
Book
1989
Elvia Alvarado provides a firsthand account of her experiences as a peasant organizer and the efforts of her peasant communities as they struggle to obtain land, food, education, and healthcare.
The English Peasantry in the Later Middle Ages: The Ford Lectures for 1973 and Related Studies
Hilton, Rodney H.
Book
1975
Investigates the question of whether or not peasants might be considered their own social class.
Ethiopia's stolen land.: 'A common property of the nations and peoples'
Stienne, Agnes
Article
2013
Government plans to reform Ethiopia’s agriculture failed to consider the country’s peasant culture, subsistence farming and basic needs such as water to drink. Instead, it let the agrifood and financi...
The History of Costa Rica
Molina, Ivan; Palmer, Steven
Book
1998
An overview of Costa Rican history with an emphasis on how Costa Ricans have been able to make their own history, "though they do not make it just as they choose."
The History of Democracy: A Marxist Interpretation
Roper, Brian S.
Book
2013
Roper traces the history of democracy from ancient Athens to the emergence of liberal representative and socialist participatory democracy. He argues that democracy cannot be understood separately fro...
The Invention of Capitalism: How a Self-Sufficient Peasantry was Whipped Into Industrial Wage Slaves
Levine, Yasha
Article
Levine reviews the transition from peasantry to industrial labour and the impacts of captitalism in workers.
Karl Marx's Theory of Revolution: Volume I: State and Bureaucracy
Draper, Hal
Book
1977
A wide-ranging and thorough exposition of Marx's views on democracy.
Karl Marx's Theory of Revolution: Volume II: The Politics of Social Classes
Draper, Hal
Book
1978
Draper ranges through the development of the thought of Marx and Engels on the role of classes in society.
The Land Grabbers: The New Fight over Who Owns the Earth
Pearce, Fred
Book
2012
How Wall Street, Chinese billionaires, oil sheikhs, and agribusiness are buying up huge tracts of land in a hungry, crowded world.
Man's Worldly Goods: The Story of the Wealth of Nations
Huberman, Leo
Book
1936
Huberman sets out to explain history using economic theory, and to explain economic theory using history. He tries to explain, in terms of the development of economic thought, why certain doctrines ar...
Marx and Engels Collected Works Volume 26: Engels 1882 - 1889
Engels, Friedrich
Book
1889
Includes Manuscripts on Early German History and The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State, and Ludwig Feuerbach and the End of Classical German Philosophy, and The Role of Force in His...
Marx and Engels Collected Works Volume 27: Engels 1890 - 1895
Engels, Friedrich
Book
1895
Includes The Foreign Policy of Russian Tsardom, and A Critique of the Draft Social-Democratic Program of 1891, and On the History of Early Christianity, and The Peasant Question in France and Germany
Marx at the Margins: On Nationalism, Ethnicity, and Non-Western Societies
Anderson, Kevin B.
Book
2010
Marx’s critique of capital was far broader than is usually supposed. To be sure, he concentrated on the labor-capital relation within Western Europe and North America. But at the same time, he expen...
A Marxist History of the World part 32: Lord, burgher, and peasant in medieval Europe
Faulkner, Neil
Article
2011
Feudalism is often portrayed as a stagnant system where little changed over centuries. The reality was a system that was more dynamic and productive than anything before it argues Neil Faulkner.
A Marxist History of the World part 33: The class struggle in medieval Europe
Faulkner, Neil
Article
2011
Despite dominating western Europe in the 11th century by the 14th century Feudalism was faced with a crisis that generated a wave of revolutionary struggle. Neil Faulkner looks at the causes and outco...
A Marxist History of the World part 65: The 1905 Revolution: Russia's great dress rehearsal
Faulkner, Neil
Article
2012
Neil Faulkner looks at how the Russian Revolution of 1905 helped Leon Trotsky formulate an answer to the century-old riddle of Russian history: what form must the revolution take in order to be victor...
A Marxist History of the World part 66: The Ottoman Empire and the 1908 'Young Turk' Revolution
Faulkner, Neil
Article
2012
Neil Faulkner looks at how the revolution that began in Turkey in 1908 initiated a process that would transform the middle east over the following two decades.
A Marxist History of the World part 80: Stalinism: the bitter fruit of revolutionary defeat
Faulkner, Neil
Article
2012
Neil Faulkner looks at the time when the Bolshevik regime turned in on itself and morphed into a mockery of its socialist ideals.
A Marxist History of the World part 9: How History Happens
Faulkner, Neil
Article
2010
The complex societies that emerged from the division of society into classes also created societies that were wasteful, violent, stagnant and crisis prone. Understanding why is the key to how history ...
A Marxist History of the World part 93: Maoist China
Faulkner, Neil
Article
2012
After the revolution of 1949, the Chinese Communists resorted to state capitalism to force the country’s industrialisation. The consequences were disastrous.
A Marxist History of the World part 97: Che Guevara and the Cuban Revolution
Faulkner, Neil
Article
2012
The reforms that Fidel Castro introduced after the overthrow of the Batista dictatorship were real, but they were bestowed from above and straitjacketed by poverty.
On Pre-Capitalist Social Formations and the Peasantry
Engels, Friedrich; Marx, Karl
Article
Peasant, Citizen and Slave: The Foundations of Athenian Democracy
Wood, Ellen Meiksins
Book
1997
Wood argues that, despite the importance of slavery in Athenian society, the most distinctive characteristic of Athenian democracy was the unprecedented prominence it gave to free labour. Wood argues ...
The Peasant Question in France and Germany
Engels, Friedrich
Article
1894
Part of the current debate around agrarian issues in which Engels discusses a policy of alliance between the working class and the working peasantry.
The Peasant War in Germany
Engels, Friedrich
Book
1850
The Peasant War in Germany was the first history book to assert that the real motivating force behind the Reformation and 16th-century peasant war was socio-economic (class conflict) rather than "mere...
Peasants and Classes: A Study in Differentiation in Bangladesh
Rahman, Atiur
Book
1989
Dr. Rahman shows how in Bangladesh old relations of production and exchange are changing, poor peasants are being dispossessed as the rich enlarge their landholdings, and proletarianization is making ...
Peasants' War: Connexipedia Article
Article
A popular revolt that took place in Europe during 1524-1525.
A People's History of the World: From the Stone Age to the New Millennium
Harman, Chris
Book
1999
Harman describes the shape and course of human history as a narrative of ordinary people forming and re-forming complex societies in pursuit of common human goals.
Peter Maurin's Vision for the Catholic Worker, an Idea Whose Time has Come
Terrell, Brian
Article
2017
Today it seems obvious that a return to the land, to a proper relationship with creation and to meaningful, productive work is integral to the aims of the Catholic Worker movement. For much of its his...
Postcolonial Theory and the Specter of Capital
Chibber, Vivek
Book
2013
Against the thesis that Western subalterns are made of different stuff, Chibber argues that human beings are, at their core, not that different across contexts. The winds of history and culture may ch...
A Quiet Violence: View from a Bangladesh Village
Hartmann, Betsy; Boyce, James
Book
In this book, two Bengali-speaking Americans take the reader to a Bangladesh village where they lived for nine months. There the reader meets some of the world's poorest people, and some of the not-so...
Readings from the Peasants' Revolt
Bragg, Melvyn
Article
2002
Melvyn Bragg follows his long historical exploration of the Routes of English with Voices of the Powerless, in which he explores the lives of the ordinary working men and women of Britain at six criti...
Red Emma Speaks: Selected Writings and Speeches by Emma Goldman
Goldman, Emma (edited by Shulman, Alix Kates)
Book
1972
A collection of essays which provide a comprehensive view of Emma Goldman's theories and beliefs.
Relentless Persistence: Nonviolent Action in Latin America
McManus, Philip and Schlabach, Gerald (ed.)
Book
1991
There is in Latin America a tradition of "firmeza permanente," relentless persistence, which has enabled the people to preserve parts of their culture during five centuries of conquest and oppression.
Rosa Luxemburg, Women's Liberation, and Marx's Philosophy of Revolution
Dunayevskaya, Raya
Book
1981
Part I - Rosa Luxemburg as Theoretician, as Activist, as Internationalist. Part II - The Women's Liberation Movement as Revolutionary Force and Reason. Part III - Karl Marx: From Critic of Hegel to Au...
The Russian Revolution
Luxemburg, Rosa
Book
1918
The basic lesson of every great revolution, the law of its being, decrees: either the revolution must advance at a rapid, stormy, resolute tempo, break down all barriers with an iron hand and place it...
The Russian Revolution Ninety Years After: Against The Current vol. 131
Mandel, David
Article
2007
The October Revolution of 1917 in Russia was the most influential political event of the 20th century. But since history is written by the victors, it is not well known that October was the opening sh...
Selections from the Prison Notebooks
Gramsci, Antonio
Book
1951
Gramsci's Notebooks cover a wide range of subjects including history, culture, politics, and philosophy.
Transforming Power: From the Personal to the Political
Rebick, Judy
Book
2009
Rebick champions new ways of achieving political goals by emphasizing co-operation and consensus over confrontation and partisanship.
With the Peasants of Aragon: Libertarian Communism in the Liberated Area of Spain
Bauer, Agustín Souchy; Bluestein, Abe (trans.)
Book
1937
The story of how Aragón peasants collectivised the land and established libertarian communism beginning in 1936.

Connexions Directory of Groups & Websites

Bureau of Public Secrets
Articles from a Situationist perspective.

Sources Experts & Spokespersons

Marxists Internet Archive
Large archive of the writings of Marx and Engels and of others in the Marxist tradition. Searchable.

Sources Library

Peon
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
The words peon and peonage are derived from the Spanish peón. It has a range of meanings but its primary usage is to describe laborers with little control over their employment conditions.
Serfdom
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
Serfdom is the socio-economic status of unfree peasants under feudalism, and specifically relates to Manorialism. It was a condition of bondage or modified slavery which developed primarily during the...