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Connexions Library

Age of Extremes: The Short Twentieth Century 1914 - 1991
Hobsbawm, Eric
A overview of the history of the years 1914 - 1991.
Connexions Library: Europe Focus
Selected articles, books, websites and other resources on Europe.
Forty years after the portuguese Carnation Revolution
Costa, Jorge Duarte
On the eve of April 25, 1974, Portuguese society was smouldering from contradictions accumulated in half a century of dictatorship. At the heart of these contradictions was a war that lasted thirteen ...
40 years ago: the grandeur and the limits of the Portuguese Revolution
Palheta, Ugo
The Portuguese Revolution plunged its roots in the crisis of the Salazar regime. A fascist dictatorship based on a reactionary ideology which would serve as inspiration for the Vichy regime, the Estad...
Fragmented Power: Portugal in Revolution, 1974-1975
Greene, Doug Enaa
In Portugal the underground Armed Forces Movement's long-planned coup d'etat to bring down the Estado Novo regime was a success; however it was relatively short-lived despite the modest intentions of ...
From mobilisation to resistance: Portugal's struggle against austerity
Principe, Catarina
Portugal has been subjected to increasingly harsh austerity policies that have led the country into a recession of historic proportions, the result being mass impoverishment.
From Portugal to Egypt: a Cautionary Tale: The Anti-Empire Report
Blum, William
The events in Egypt cannot help but remind me of Portugal. Here, there, and everywhere, now and before, the United States of America, as always, is petrified of anything genuinely progressive or socia...
Open Veins of Latin America: Five Centuries of the Pillage of a Continent
Galeano, Eduardo
A political economy, a social and cultural narrative, and a powerful description of primitive capital accumulation.
Overthrowing other people's governments: The Master List
Blum, William
Instances of the United States overthrowing, or attempting to overthrow, a foreign government since the Second World War.
The Politics of Urban Liberation
Schecter, Stephen
A broad-ranging study which covers the political economy of the urban question and the importance of the city in the history of social revolution. Schechter's evaluation of libertarian insurgency high...
Swift, Richard
The revolutionary process in Portugal is not one that lends itself very easily to a coherent political analysis. Political leadership is quickly thrown up by the creative energy of the workers and pea...
Portugal: The Impossible Revolution (review)
Freedman, Fred
Book offers a clear analysis of events in Portugal 1974-1975.
Portugal: The Impossible Revolution?
Mailer, Phil,
The story of what happened in Portugal between April 25, 1974 and November 25, 1975, as seen and felt by a deeply committed participant.
Portuguese Workers vs. Austerity: Against The Current vol. 158
Mortágua, Joana
The General Strike of March 22, 2012 was the second called by the Portuguese trade unions since the IMF/European Commission/European Central Bank (“Troika”) intervened a year ago to impose austerity m...
Red Menace #1: Volume 1, Number 1 - February 1976
The first issue of The Red Menace, a libertarian socialist newsletter.
Red Menace #2: Volume 2, Number 1 - Summer 1977
Serial Publication (Periodical)
A Libertarian Socialist Newsletter
Review of the Press: Portugal 1974
Diemer, Ulli
The subtext of mainstream media coverage of social upheavals in post-fascist Portugal is that a return to dictatorship is necessary and inevitable to preserve the social order.
The Slave Trade: The Story of the Atlantic Slave Trade 1440 - 1870
Thomas, Hugh
A comprehensive history of the Atlantic slave trade in which approximiately eleven million black slaves were carried from Africa to the Americas to work on plantations, in mines, or as servants in hou...
The Socialist Register 1973: Volume 10: A Survey of Movements & Ideas
Miliband, Ralph; Saville, John (eds.)
Serial Publication (Periodical)
Stolen Continents: The "New World" Through Indian Eyes
Wright, Ronald
A history of the Americas through Native eyes.
Ubu Saved From Drowning: Class Struggle and Statist Containment in Portugal and Spain, 1974-1977
Goldner, Loren
The end of the Salazar and Franco regimes on the Iberian peninsula was, in fact, a key moment in the beginning of a period in which literally dozens of dictatorships disappeared, a period in which the...

Connexions Directory of Groups & Websites

Bureau of Public Secrets
Articles from a Situationist perspective.
Red Menace, The
The online archive of the libertarian socialist newsletter The Red Menace. Articles on socialism, Marxism, anarchism, work, popular education, organizing, wages for housework, Leninism, bureaucracy, h...

Sources Experts & Spokespersons

Community of Portuguese-speaking Countries
A Comunidade dos Pa¡ses de L¡ngua Portuguesa - CPLP ‚ o foro multilateral privilegiado para o aprofundamento da amizade m£tua e da coopera‡ao entre os seus membros. Criada em 17 de Julho de 1996, a CPLP goza de personalidade jur¡d...
Embassy Row
Embassy Row, published by Sources as part of the Parliamentary Names & Numbers directory, lists all embassies and high commissions to Canada, and all Canadian embassies, high commissions and consulates abroad. Each e...
European Union
The European Union (EU) is an economic and political union of 27 member states, located primarily in Europe. It was established by the Treaty of Maastricht on 1 November 1993 upon the foundations of the pre-existing European Econo...
International Centre for Migration Policy Development
The International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD) was founded in 1993, upon the initiative of Austria and Switzerland. The organization was created to serve as a support mechanism for informal consultations, and to...
NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is an alliance of 26 countries from North America and Europe committed to fulfilling the goals of the North Atlantic Treaty signed on 4 April 1949. In accordance with the Treaty, the f...
United Nations
The United Nations is central to global efforts to solve problems that challenge humanity. Cooperating in this effort are more than 30 affiliated organizations, known together as the UN system. Day in and day out, the UN and its f...

From the Connexions Archives

Embassy Row Online
Contact names and numbers for all embassies to Canada and all Canadian embassies abroad.
Radical America - Volume 9, Number 6 - November-December 1975
Revolution in Portugal
Serial Publication (Periodical)
Articles on the Portuguese revolution of 1975.
The Red Menace
A libertarian socialist newsletter
Serial Publication (Periodical)
Articles on topics such as socialism, Marxism, anarchism, work, popular education, organizing, wages for housework, Leninism, bureaucracy, hierarchy, jargon, prostitution, obscenity, science fiction, ...