Penal transportation
Connexipedia Article

https://www.connexions.org/CxLibrary/Docs/CxP-Penal_Transportation.htm

Resource Type:  Article
Cx Number:  CX10540

The deporting of convicted criminals to a penal colony. Examples include transportation by France to Devil's Island and by the UK to its colonies in the Americas, from the 1610s through the American Revolution in the 1770s, and then to Australia between 1788 and 1868.

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