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Amadeo Bordiga and the Myth of Antonio Gramsci: Chiaradia, John
Looking at the conflicting roles of Amadeo Bordiga and Antonio Gramsci in the history of the Italian Communist Left in the years between 1912 and 1926.
Bread and Wine
One of the 20th century's essential novels depicting Fascism's rise in Italy. Set and written in Fascist Italy, this book exposes that regime's use of brute force for the body and lies for the mind. T...
The Complete Works of Rosa Luxemburg, Volume I: Economic Writings 1
Luxemburg, Rosa (Edited by Peter Hudis
This first volume in Rosa Luxemburg's Complete Works, entitled Economic Writings 1, contains some of Luxemburg's most important statements on the globalization of capital, wage labour, imperialism, an...
Fascism and Big Busness
A history of the rise of fascism in Europe and the role of big business in supporting fascism.
Carl Boggs introduces Gramsci as one of the first marxist theorists to grapple with the problems of revolutionary change in advanced capitalist society and as the first to identify the importance of t...
The Italian Factory Occupations of 1920: When 600,000 workers seized control of their workplaces
During the month of September, 1920, a widespread occupation of Italian factories by their workforces took place, which originated in the auto factories, steel mills and machine tool plants of the met...
Karl Marx's Theory of Revolution: Volume II: The Politics of Social Classes
Draper ranges through the development of the thought of Marx and Engels on the role of classes in society.
The Lost Partisans
Italy's April 25 holiday marks the anniversary of the country's liberation from fascism. This day in 1945, antifascist partisan units freed the northern industrial centers of Milan and Turin from the ...
A Marxist History of the World part 76: Italy's 'Two Red Years'
Like Germany, Italy was on the brink of revolution in the summer of 1920, after the strains of imperialist war had levered open deep fractures in an unstable social order.
Mussolini & Syndicalism
Mussolini succeeded in persuading thousands of syndicalists including the main leaders of the syndicalist movement to support Italy's entry into the First World War. A majority of syndicalists, howeve...
The occupation of the factories: Italy 1920 - Paolo Spriano
Spriano, Paolo; Williams, Gwyn A (translator)
The story of the mass wave of strikes and factory occupations which swept Italy 1920-21 told from the documents and accounts of the time. Written in 1964 and translated into English in 1975 by Gwyn A ...
Proletarian Order: Antonio Gramsci, Factory Councils and the origins of communism in Italy
Williams, Gwyn A.
Williams' book is sympathetic to the libertarian contribution to the Italian movement after World War I and I highly recommend it.
Examines the Communist administration of the city of Bologna.
Seeds of Fire: A People's Chronology
Recalling events that happened on this day in history. Memories of struggle, resistance and persistence.
Understanding Power: The Indispensable Chomsky
Chomsky, Noam; edited by Peter R. Mitchell and John Schoeffel
In a series of enlightening and wide-ranging discussions, all published here for the first time, Chomsky radically reinterprets the events of the past three decades, covering topics from foreign polic...
Fascist paramilitary groups operating in the Italian Social Republic (in northern Italy).
March on Rome
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
The March on Rome (Marcia su Roma) was a march, in October 1922, by which Italian dictator Benito Mussolini's National Fascist Party (Partito Nazionale Fascista, or PNF) came to power in Italy (Regno ...