List of revolutions and rebellions
This is a list of revolutions and rebellions. (For a list of coups d'tat and coup attempts, see List of coups d'tat and coup attempts).
 1–999 AD
- 6–9: The Pannonians, with the Dalmatians and other Illyrian tribes, revolted against the Roman Empire, and were overcome by Tiberius and Germanicus, after a hard-fought campaign which lasted for three years.
- 9: The Arminius revolt against the Roman Empire; alliance of Germanic tribes led by Arminius ambushed and annihilated three Roman legions led by Publius Quinctilius Varus in the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest.
- 18: The Red Eyebrow Rebellion in China.
- 20: The Green Forest Rebellion in China.
- 60–61: Boudica, queen of the Celtic Iceni people of Norfolk in Roman-occupied Britain, led a major uprising of the Briton tribes against the occupying forces of the Roman Empire.
- 66–70: The Great Jewish Revolt, the first of three Jewish-Roman wars that took place in Iudaea Province against the Roman Empire.
- 69–70: The Batavian rebellion in the Roman province of Germania Inferior.
- 115–117: The Kitos War, the second of the Jewish-Roman wars.
- 132–135: Bar Kokhba's revolt, the third and last of the Jewish-Roman wars.
- 184: Zhang Jiao led an unsuccessful peasant revolt called theYellow Turban Rebellion during the later Han dynasty, which later collapsed due to destabilization and lack of co-ordination with other Yellow Turban forces across China.
- 286: Rebels in Gaul, known as Bagaudae, are crushed by the Caesar Maximian and his subordinate Carausius, working for Augustus Diocletian.
- 496: Mazdak led a Persian socialistic movement and overthrew Shahanshah Kavadh I of the Persian empire.
- 532: The Nika revolt in Constantinople.
- 613: A rebellion by Yang Xuangan in China was crushed by the Sui Dynasty.
- 623: An uprising of Slavs led by Samo against Avars.
- 685–699: The Azraqi Khariji revolt in Iraq and Iran against the Umayyad Caliphate.
- 740: The Zaidi revolt against the Umayyad dynasty.
- 740–743: The Great Berber Revolt in Maghreb against the Umayyads marked the first successful secession from the Arab caliphate (ruled from Damascus).
- 747–750: The Abbasid Revolt overthrew the Umayyad dynasty. When Abbasids declared amnesty for members of the Umayyad family, eighty gathered to receive pardons, and all were massacred.
- 755: Abd ar-Rahman I landed at Almucar in al-Andalus. Abd ar-Rahman I was the founder of a Muslim dynasty that ruled the greater part of Iberia for nearly three centuries.
- 755–763: The Rebellion by powerful Jiedushi An Lushan in Tang Dynasty, which caused heavy damage in China in terms of population and economy.
- 762: Muhammad ibn Abdallah led a failed rebellion in Medina against the second Abbasid Caliph, Al-Mansur.
- 782–785: The Saxon revolt against Charlemagne. Rebellion was part of Saxon Wars.
- 814: Al-Hakam I crushed a rebellion of Iberian Muslims led by clerics in a suburb called al-Ribad on the south bank of the Guadalquivir river.
- 815: Muhammad ibn Ja'far al-Sadiq (Al-Dibaj) lead an unsuccessful revolt against the Abbasid Caliph Al-Ma'mun.
- 817–837: The revolution of the Iranian Khurramites led by Babak Khorramdin.
- 824–836: The revolt of Arab troops in Tunisia against Aghlabids was only put down with the help of the Berbers.
- 828: The failed rebellion by Kim Heon-chang against Silla.
- 845: The rebellion by the famous naval commander Jang Bogo against Silla, ended when Jang was assassinated.
- 861–1003: Ya'qub bin Laith as-Saffar established Saffarid dynasty. He seized control of the Seistan region, conquering modern-day eastern Iran, much of Afghanistan, and parts of Pakistan. Ya'qub bin Laith as-Saffar started his campaign as a bandit and formed his own army.
- 864: Yahya ibn Umar lead an abortive uprising from Kufa against the Abbasid Caliph Al-Musta'in.
- 869–883: The Zanj Rebellion of black African slaves in Iraq. The Zanj Rebellion was crushed in 883 by the Abbasids.
- 875–884: A rebellion by salt smuggler Huang Chao against Tang Dynasty China, which later collapsed due to the destabilization caused by the rebellion.
- 884: Umar ibn Hafsun led anti-Ummayad dynasty forces in southern Spain.
- 899–906: The Qarmatians, an extremist Ismä'ä«lä« Muslim sect centered in eastern Arabia, revolted against Abbasids.
- 943–947: The great revolt of Abu Yazid, a Khariji Berber leader who assembled a large tribal coalition against Fatimid rule.
- 982: The great revolt of the pagan Polabian Slavs of the lower Elbe against the Holy Roman Empire.
The end of the unsuccessful Peasants' Revolt
in England 1381. Rebel leader Wat Tyler is killed while Richard II watches. A second image within the painting shows Richard addressing the crowd.
Bolotnikov's Battle with the Tsar's Army at Nizhniye Kotly Near Moscow
by a Russian painter Ernest Lissner
Episode of the Fronde at the Faubourg Saint-Antoine by the Walls of the Bastille
- 1514: A peasants' war led by Gyrgy Dzsa in the Kingdom of Hungary.
- 1515: The Slovenian peasant revolt.
- 1515–1523: The Frisian rebellion of the Arumer Black Heap, led by Pier Gerlofs Donia and Wijard Jelckama.
- 1519–1523: The first Revolta de les Germanies in Valencia, an anti-monarchist, anti-feudal autonomist movement inspired by the Italian republics.
- 1519–1610: The Jelali revolts in Anatolia against the authority of the Ottoman Empire.
- 1520–1522: The Revolt of the Comuneros against the rule of Spanish king and Holy Roman Emperor Charles V.
- 1523: The nobility in Jutland rebelled against Christian II of Denmark, forcing him to abdicate and flee the country 1 May.
- 1524–1525: The Peasants' War of in the Holy Roman Empire.
- 1542: The Dacke Feud in Sweden.
- 1549: The Prayer Book Rebellion in Cornwall and Devon, United Kingdom.
- 1549: Kett's Rebellion.
- 1566–1648: Eighty Years' War; revolt of the Low Countries against Spain.
- 1567–1799 and beyond: Philippine revolts against Spain.
- 1568–1571: The Morisco Revolt by the remnants of the Morisco community (Spanish Christian converts from Islam ["crypto-Muslims"] in Granada, Spain.
- 1573: The Croatian and Slovenian peasant revolt.
- 1594–1603: The Nine Years War or Tyrone's Rebellion in Ulster, Ireland against English rule in Ireland.
- 1596: The Club War uprising in Finland.
- 1606–1607: The Bolotnikov rebellion for the abolition of serfdom, which was part of the Time of Troubles in Russia.
- 1618–1625: The Bohemian Revolt against the Habsburgs. Rebellion was part of Thirty Years' War.
- 1637–1638: The Shimabara Rebellion of Japanese Christians.
- 1640: The Portuguese Revolt against Spanish Empire.
- 1640–1652: The Catalan Revolt.
- 1640–1644: The Vlach uprising against Habsburg rule in Moravia.
- 1641: The Irish Rebellion of 1641.
- 1642–1653: The English Revolution, commencing as a civil war between Parliament and the King, and culminating in the execution of Charles I and the establishment of a republican Commonwealth, which was succeeded several years later by the Protectorate of Oliver Cromwell.
- 1644: The Li Zicheng rebellion against the Ming Dynasty.
- 1647: The Naples Revolt.
- 1648: The Khmelnytsky Uprising of Cossacks in Ukraine against Polish nobility in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
- 1648–1653: The Fronde, in France.
- 1664-1670: The Zrinski, Wesselnyi and Frankopan uprising against the Habsburgs.
- 1668: The Sikhs in the Anandpur revolted against the Mughal Empire.
- 1668–1676: The Solovetsky Monastery Uprising.
- 1669: The Jat uprising under Gokula. The Hindu Jats in the Agra district revolted against the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb.
- 1672: The Pasthun rebellion against the Mughals.
- 1672–1674: The Lipka Rebellion, an uprising of Polish Tatars against the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
- 1672–1678: The Messina Revolt. The Sicilian revolt against Spanish rule took place during the Franco-Dutch War of Louis XIV; the rebels were supported by France.
- 1675–1676: King Philip's War between Indians and English settlers, sometimes called Metacom's Rebellion.
- 1676: The Bashkir Rebellion against Russian rule.
- 1680–1692: The Pueblo Revolt against Spanish settlers in New Mexico.
- 1682: The Moscow Uprising of the Moscow Streltsy regiments.
- 1688: The Siamese revolution (1688) the overthrow of pro-foreign Siamese king Narai by Mandarin Petracha.
- 1688: The Glorious Revolution in England overthrew King James II and established a Whig-dominated Protestant constitutional monarchy.
- 1688–1746: The Jacobite Risings were a series of uprisings, rebellions, and wars in the British Isles occurring between 1688 and 1746.
- 1689: Karposh's Rebellion against Ottoman Empire.
- 1693: The second Revolta de les Germanies in Valencia, prompted by feudal taxation.
- 1698: The Streltsy Uprising in Russia.
- 1702–1715: The Camisard Rebellion in France.
- 1703–1711: The R¡kczi Uprising against the Habsburgs.
- 1707–1709: The Bulavin Rebellion in Imperial Russia.
- 1709: Mir Wais Hotak, an Afghani tribal leader, led a successful rebellion against Gurgin Khan, the Persian governor of Kandahar.
- 1715: The First Jacobite Rebellion in the north of England and in Cornwall, advocating the claims of James Stuart, the Old Pretender against the newly-installed House of Hanover.
- 1722: Afghan rebels defeated Shah Sultan Hossein and ended the Safavid dynasty.
- 1743: The Fourth Dalecarlian Rebellion in Sweden.
- 1745–1746: The Jacobite Rising in Scotland.
- 1763–1766: Pontiac's Rebellion by numerous North American Indian tribes who joined the uprising in an effort to drive British soldiers and settlers out of the Great Lakes region.
- 1768: The Rebellion of 1768 by Creole and German settlers objecting to the turnover of the Louisiana Territory from New France to New Spain.
- 1770: The Orlov Revolt in Peloponnese.
- 1773–1775: Pugachev's Rebellion was the largest peasant revolt in Russia's history. Between the end of the Pugachev rebellion and the beginning of the 19th century, there were hundreds of outbreaks across Russia.
- 1775–1783: The American Revolution establishes independence of the thirteen North American colonies from Great Britain, creating the republic of the United States of America.
- 1773–1802?: The Ty SÆ¡n Revolt, annihilation of the ruling Trá»nh and Nguyá»n clans as well as the L Dynasty in äá¡i Viá»t.
- 1780–1782: Jos Gabriel Condorcanqui, known as Tpac Amaru II, raises an indigenous peasant army in revolt against Spanish control of Peru. Juli¡n Apasa, known as Tupac Katari allied with Tupac Amaru and lead an indigenous revolt in Alto Peru (preset day Bolivia) nearly destroying the city of La Paz in a siege.
- 1789: Regarded as one of the most influential of all socio-political revolutions, the French Revolution is associated with the rise of the bourgeoisie and the downfall of the aristocracy.
- 1791–1804: The Haitian Revolution: A successful slave rebellion, led by Toussaint Louverture, establishes Haiti as the first free, black republic.
- 1793–1796: The Revolt in the Vende was popular uprising against the Republican government during the French Revolution.
- 1794: The Polish revolt.
- 1794: Protests over taxes leads to the Whiskey rebellion in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania and the Monongahela Valley. President George Washington invokes martial law and squashes insurrection with 13,000 troops.
- 1795–1796: Rebels in Grenada led by Julien Fdon executed the governor and wrested control of most of the island from Britain, which maintained a stronghold in St. George's, the capital. The goal was to incorporate Grenada into revolutionary France, but Fdon soon disappeared and was never heard from again.
- 1796–1804: The White Lotus Rebellion against the Qing Dynasty of China.
- 1797: The Spithead and Nore mutinies were two major mutinies by sailors of the British Royal Navy.
- 1798: The Irish Rebellion of 1798 failed to overthrow British rule in Ireland.
- pre-1800–1872: Philippines revolts against Spain (See also 1896 and 1898 in this list).
- 1803: The rebellion of Robert Emmet in Dublin, Ireland against British rule.
- 1804–1817: The Serbian revolution against Ottoman rule erupts.
- 1808: The Dos de Mayo Uprising against the occupation of Madrid by French troops.
- 1808–1814: The Peninsula war.
- 1809–1810: The rebellion of Velu Thampi Dalawa of Travancore.
- 1809: The city of Chuquisaca, modern Sucre, starts the Chuquisaca Revolution.
- 1809: The city of La Paz starts the La Paz revolution, headed by Pedro Murillo.
- 1810: The West Florida rebellion against Spain, eventually becomes a short-lived republic.
- 1810–1821: The Mexican War of Independence, a revolution against Spanish colonialism.
- 1810: The Viceroy of the Ro de la Plata Baltasar Hidalgo de Cisneros is deposed during the May Revolution.
- 1812: The peasant rebellion of Hong Gyeong-nae against Joseon Dynasty of Korea.
- 1817: The Pernambucan Revolution, a republican separatist movement which resulted in the creation of the short-lived Republic of Pernambuco (7 March 1817–20 May 1817).
- 1817: The Pentrich Revolution, Derbyshire; an ill-fated attempt to overthrow the Government, unknowingly it was instigated by William Oliver, aka Oliver the Spy. Three men were executed in November 1817, and fourteen men were transported to NSW. The event is known as 'England's Last Revolution' (9–10 June 1817).
- 1820: Radical War or "Scottish Insurrection".
- 1820: Revolutions in Spain and Portugal.
- 1820–1824: The revolutionary war of independence in Peru led by Jos de San Martn.
- 1821–1829: The Greek War of Independence.
- 1822–1823: The republican revolution in Mexico overthrows Emperor Agustn de Iturbide.
- 1825: The Decembrist revolt in Russian Empire.
- 1825–1830: The Java War or Dipanegara Revolution, when the prince of Mataram Islam against the tax and land rent dommination from Dutch.
- 1826: The Janissary revolt in Ottoman Empire.
- 1827–1828: The failed conservative rebellion in Mexico led by Nicol¡s Bravo.
- 1830: The July Revolution, or the French Revolution of 1830, was a revolt by the middle class against Bourbon King Charles X which forced him out of office and replaced him with the Orleanist King Louis-Philippe (the "July Monarchy").
- 1830: The Belgian Revolution was a conflict in the United Kingdom of the Netherlands that began with a riot in Brussels in August 1830 and eventually led to the establishment of an independent, Catholic and neutral Belgium.
- 1830–1831: The November Uprising in Poland.
- 1831: The Merthyr Rising in South Wales.
- 1832–1843: Abdelkader's rebellion in French-occupied Algeria.
- 1834–1859: Imam Shamil's rebellion in Russian-occupied Caucasus.
- 1835–1836: Texas secedes from Mexico in the Texas Revolution.
- 1835–1845: The War of Tatters, Separatists gauchos revolutionaries declared the independence of the Rio Grande do Sul from Brazil.
- 1837–1838: The Rebellions of 1837 and the Upper Canada Rebellion: failed republican revolutions against British rule in Canada.
- 1841–1842: The Afghan uprising. Hostile Afghan tribes massacred Elphinstone's British army including some 12,000 civilian dependents and camp followers.
- 1847: The Maya Rebellion in Yucat¡n.
- 1847: The Taos Revolt in New Mexico against the United States.
- 1848: The Revolutions of 1848 were a wave of failed liberal and republican revolutions that swept Europe.
- 1848: The French Revolution of 1848 led to the creation of the French Second Republic.
- 1848: The Revolutions of 1848 in the Italian states.
- 1848: The Revolutions of 1848 in the German states.
- 1848: The Hungarian Revolution of 1848 grew into a war for independence from Austrian Empire.
- 1848: The Young Irelander Rebellion of 1848 took place during the Great Irish Famine.
- 1848: A rebellion in British-ruled Ceylon.
- 1851–1864: The Taiping Rebellion against the Qing Dynasty of China. In total between 20 and 30 million lives had been lost, making it the second deadliest war in human history.
- 1854: A revolution in Spain against the Moderate Party Government.
- 1854–1873: The Miao Rebellion in China.
- 1854–1855: The Revolution of Ayutla in Mexico.
- 1855–1873: The Panthay rebellion by Chinese Muslims against the Qing Dynasty.
- 1857: The failed Indian rebellion against British East India Company, marking the end of Mughal rule in India. Also known as the 1857 War of Independence and, particularly in the West, the Sepoy Mutiny.
- 1858: The Mahtra War in Estonia.
- 1858–1861: The War of the Reform in Mexico.
- 1859: The Second Italian War of Independence.
- 1861–1865: The American Civil War in the United States, between the United States and the Confederate States of America, which was formed out of eleven southern states.
- 1861–1866: Quantrill's Raiders in Missouri.
- 1862: The Sioux Uprising in Minnesota.
- 1862–1877: The Muslim Rebellion by Chinese Muslims against the Qing Dynasty.
- 1863: The New York Draft Riots.
- 1863–1865: The January Uprising was the Polish uprising against the Russian Empire.
- 1865: The Morant Bay rebellion.
- 1866: The Uprising of Polish political exiles in Siberia.
- 1866–1868: The Meiji Restoration and modernization revolution in Japan. Samurai uprising leads to overthrow of shogunate and establishment of "modern" parliamentary, Western-style system.
- 1867: The Fenian Rising: an attempt at a nationwide rebellion by the Irish Republican Brotherhood against British rule.
- 1868: The Glorious Revolution in Spain deposes Queen Isabella II.
- 1868: In the Grito de Lares, rebels proclaim the independence of Puerto Rico from Spain.
- 1869–1870: The Red River Rebellion, the events surrounding the actions of a provisional government established by Mtis leader Louis Riel at the Red River Settlement, Manitoba, Canada.
- 1871: The Paris Commune.
- 1871–1872: Porfirio Daz rebels against President Benito Ju¡rez of Mexico.
- 1871: The liberal revolution in Guatemala.
- 1875: The Deccan Riots.
- 1875: The Herzegovinian rebellion, the most famous of the rebellions against the Ottoman Empire in Herzegovina; unrest soon spread to other areas of Ottoman Bosnia.
- 1875: The Stara Zagora uprising, a revolt by the Bulgarian population against Ottoman rule.
- 1876: The second rebellion by Porfirio Daz against President Sebasti¡n Lerdo de Tejada of Mexico.
- 1876: The April uprising, a revolt by the Bulgarian population against Ottoman rule.
- 1877: The Satsuma Rebellion of Satsuma ex-samurai against the Meiji government.
- 1882: The Urabi Revolt: an uprising in Egypt on June 11, 1882 against the Khedive and European influence in the country. It was led by and named after Colonel Ahmed Urabi.
- 1885: A peasant revolt in the Ancash region of Peru led by Pedro Pablo Atuspara succeeds in occupying the Callejn de Huaylas for several months.
- 1885: The North-West Rebellion of Mtis in Saskatchewan.
- 1888: The Rebellion of Peasant in Banten, Indonesia.
- 1893: A liberal revolt brings Jos Santos Zelaya to power in Nicaragua.
- 1894–1895: The Donghak Peasant Revolution: Korean peasants led by Jeon Bong-jun revolted against Joseon Dynasty; the revolt was crushed by Japanese and Chinese intervention, leading to First Sino-Japanese War.
- 1895: The revolution against President Andrs Avelino C¡ceres in Peru ushers in a period of stable constitutional rule.
- 1896–1898: The Philippine Revolution, a war of independence against Spanish rule directed by the Katipunan society.
- 1898: The Dukchi Ishan (Andican Uprising): Kirgiz, Uzbek, and Kipcak peoples rebelled against Tsarist Russia in Turkestan (Fargana Valley).
- 1898: A mob of white supremacists forced out the city government of Wilmington, North Carolina.
- 1899–1901: The Boxer Rebellion against foreign influence in areas such as trade, politics, religion and technology that occurred in China during the final years of the Qing Dynasty.
1917 - Execution at Verdun sometime in 1916
- 1910–1920: The Mexican Revolution overthrows the dictator Porfirio Daz; seizure of power by Institutional Revolutionary Party.
- 1910: The republican revolution in Portugal.
- 1910–1911: The Sokehs Rebellion erupts in German-ruled Micronesia. Its primary leader, Somatau, is executed soon after being captured.
- 1911: The Xinhai Revolution overthrows the ruling Qing Dynasty and establishment of the Republic of China.
- 1914: The Ten Days War was a shooting war involving irregular forces of coal miners using dynamite and rifles on one side, opposed to the Colorado National Guard, Baldwin Felts detectives, and mine guards deploying machine guns, cannon and aircraft on the other, occurring in the aftermath of the Ludlow Massacre. The Ten Days War ended when federal troops intervened.
- 1914: The Boer Revolt against the British in South Africa.
- 1915: The Armenian Revolt in city of Van against the Ottomans in Turkey.
- 1916: The Easter Rising in Dublin, Ireland during which the Irish Republic was proclaimed.
- 1916: An anti-French uprising in Algeria.
- 1916: The Central Asian Revolt started when the Russian Empire government ended its exemption of Muslims from military service.
- 1916–1917: The Tuareg rebellion against French colonial rule of the area around the Ar Mountains of northern Niger.
- 1916–1918: The Arab Revolt with the aim of securing independence from the Ottoman Empire.
- 1916–1923: The Irish War of Independence, the period of nationalist rebellion, guerrilla warfare, political change and civil war which brought about the establishment of the independent nation, the Irish Free State.
- 1916–1947: Gandhi's struggle against the British for Indian Independence.
- 1917: The French Army Mutinies.
- 1917: The February Revolution overthrows Tsar Nicholas II in Russia.
- 1917: The Green Corn Rebellion takes place in rural Oklahoma.
- 1917: The October Revolution in Russia: Bolshevik seizure of power in Russia and the establishment of the Soviet Union, sparking the Russian Civil War.
- 1918: The Finnish Civil War.
- 1918: The Christmas Uprising in Montenegro: Montenegrins (ZelenaÅ¡i) rebelled against unification of Kingdom of Montenegro with Kingdom of Serbia.
- 1918: The Wilhelmshaven mutiny.
- 1918: The German Revolution overthrows the Kaiser; establishment of the Weimar Republic.
- 1918–1919: A wave of strikes and student unrest shakes Peru. These events influence two of the dominant figures of Peruvian politics in the 20th century: Vctor Ral Haya de la Torre and Jos Carlos Mari¡tegui.
- 1918–1919: The Greater Poland Uprising (1918-1919) Polish uprising against German authorities.
- 1918–1920: The Georgian-Ossetian conflict (1918-1920), the southern Ossetians revolted against Georgian rule.
- 1918–1921: The Ukrainian Revolution.
- 1918–1922: The Third Russian Revolution, a failed anarchist revolution against Bolshevism.
- 1918–1931: The Basmachi Revolt against Soviet Russia rule in Central Asia.
- 1919–1920: The Euphrates Revolt, Iraqi insurgents revolt against British and British-Indian troops, attempting to create a Muslim regime or the restoration of Turkish rule.
- 1919–1921: The Tambov Rebellion, one of the largest peasant rebellions against the Bolshevik regime during the Russian Civil War.
- 1919–1921: The Silesian Uprisings of the ethnic Poles against Weimar rule.
- 1919–1922: The Turkish War of Independence commanded by Mustafa Kemal Atatrk.
- 1919: The German Revolution.
- 1919: A revolution in Hungary, resulting in the short-lived Hungarian Soviet Republic.
Soldiers assembled in front of the Throne Hall, Siam, 24 June 1932
- 1930: The Brazilian Revolution of 1930 led by Getlio Vargas.
- 1930: The Salt Satyagraha, a campaign of non-violent protest against the British salt tax in colonial India.
- 1932: The Constitutionalist Revolution against the provisional president Getlio Vargas led Brazil to a short civil war.
- 1932: The Aprista revolt in Trujillo, Peru.
- 1932: The Siamese coup d'tat of 1932, sometimes called the "Promoters Revolution", ends absolute monarchy in Thailand.
- 1933: The popular revolution against Cuban dictator Gerardo Machado.
- 1934: In October, workers including radical socialists and anarchists stage coups in the Spanish regions of Asturias and Catalonia. The immediate cause was the entrance of a right-wing Catholic party into the government of the unstable Second Spanish Republic. The Asturian uprising was put down by General Francisco Franco.
- 1936: The Febrerista Revolution, led by Rafael Franco, ended oligarchic Liberal Party rule in Paraguay.
- 1936: General Francisco Franco led a coup and started the Spanish Civil War, leading to the Spanish Revolution.
- 1936–1939: A period of so-called "military socialism" in Bolivia follows a revolution in which celebrated war hero David Toro takes power. A constitution establishing a corporative state is promulgated in 1938, following the nationalization of Standard Oil and the passage of progressive labor laws.
- 1937–1938: The Dersim Rebellion was the most important Kurdish rebellion in modern Turkey.
- 1937: The "Jornadas de Mayo", a workers' revolution in Catalonia.
- 1938–1948: The Zionist Revolution, or the period of Jewish guerrilla warfare, the spread words of terror,and the application of duress upon farmers to sell their lands; against the normal Palestinians supported by the British Empireand European nations, in Palestine which brought about the establishment of the State of Israel.
Patrol of Lieut. StanisÅaw Jankowski
("Agaton") from Battalion PiäÅä
, 1 August 1944: "W-hour" (17:00)
The PLA enters Beijing in the Pingjin Campaign
and control the later capital of PRC
- 1940–1944: The Insurgency in Chechnya.
- 1940–1947: Mohammad Ali Jinnah's struggle for an separate state for the Muslims of India.
- 1941: The June Uprising against the Soviet Union in Lithuania.
- 1941–1945: Yugoslav People's Liberation War against the Axis Powers in World War II.
- 1941-1944: Greek Resistance
- 1942: Sri Lankan soldiers ignite the Cocos Islands Mutiny in an unsuccessful attempt to transfer the islands to Japanese control.
- 1942: The destruction of the German garrison in Lenin.
- 1943: The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising.
- 1943: The uprising at Treblinka extermination camp.
- 1943: The uprising at Sobibr extermination camp.
- 1943: The Woyane Rebellion in northern Ethiopia threatens to topple the newly restored government, and is put down with British help.
- 1943-1945: Italian Resistance Movement against the Fascist Italian Social Republic, culminating in the 25th April final insurrection in Northern Italy.
- 1944: The Guatemalan Revolution overthrows the dictator Federico Ponce Vaides by liberal military officers.
- 1944: The Warsaw Uprising was an armed struggle during the Second World War by the Polish Home Army (Armia Krajowa) to liberate Warsaw from German occupation and Nazi rule. It started on 1 August 1944.
- 1944: The Paris Uprising staged by the French Resistance against the German Paris garrison.
- 1944: The Slovak National Uprising against Nazi Germany.
- 1944: The uprising at Auschwitz extermination camp.
- 1944–1947: A Communist-friendly government was installed in Bulgaria following a coup d'tat and the Soviet invasion.
- 1944: Following the liberation of Albania, the Communist Party of Albania under Enver Hoxha consolidated its control and declared the People's Republic of Albania in January 1946.
- 1944–1949: The Greek Civil War.
- 1944–1965: The Forest Brothers Rebellion in Baltic states against Soviet Union.
- 1945–1949: The Indonesian National Revolution against Dutch after their independence from Japan. Led by Soekarno, Hatta, Tan Malaka, etc. with the Dutch led by Van Mook.
- 1945: The Prague uprising against German occupation during World War II.
- 1945: The August Revolution led by Ho Chi Minh declared the independence of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam from French rule.
- 1945: A democratic revolution in Venezuela, led by Rmulo Betancourt.
- 1946: The Royal Indian Navy Mutiny takes place in Bombay, and spreads to different parts of British India, demanding Indian independence.
- 1947: Three months after an abortive coup, civil war broke out in Paraguay. The rebellion was crushed by the government of dictator Higinio Mornigo.
- 1946–1951: The Telengana Rebellion: a Communist-led peasant revolt in Hyderabad State, India.
- 1947–1952: In the Albanian Subversion, the intelligence services of the United States and Britain deployed exiled fascists, Nazis, and monarchists in a failed attempt to foment a counterrevolution in Communist-ruled Albania.
- 1947: Angami Zapu Phizo declared the independence of Nagaland from India only to be subdued by the Indian army.
- 1947: The 228 Massacre occurred following discontent and resentment of the native Taiwanese under the early rule of the KMT of the island.
- 1948: The Costa Rican Civil War precipitated by the vote of the Costa Rican Legislature, dominated by pro-government representatives, to annul the results of the presidential election of 1948.
- 1948: Following the liberation of Korea, Marxist former guerrillas under Kim Il Sung work to rapidly industrialize the country and rid it of the last vestiges of "feudalism.".
- 1948–1960: The Malayan Emergency.
- 1949: The Communist-led Chinese Revolution under chairman Mao overthrows the ruling Nationalist Party and establishes the People's Republic of China.
Barricades in Algiers. "Long live Massu" (Vive Massu
) is written on the banner. (January 1960)
(left), with his arm around second-in-command, Ernesto "Che" Guevara
, in their Sierra de Cristal Mountain stronghold in Oriente Province Cuba, 1958.
Portuguese soldiers in Angola
- 1961–1975: The Angolan War of Independence began as an uprising against forced cotton harvesting, and became a multi-faction struggle for control of Portugal's Overseas Province of Angola.
- 1962–1974: The leftist African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde (PAIGC) wages a revolutionary war of independence in Portuguese Guinea. In 1973, the independent Republic of Guinea-Bissau is proclaimed, and the next year the republic's independence is recognized by the reformist military junta in Lisbon.
- 1962: The military coup of 1962 in Burma, led by General Ne Win, who became the country's strongman.
- 1962: A revolution in northern Yemen overthrew the imam and established the Yemen Arab Republic.
- 1963–1967: The Aden Emergency was an insurgency against British crown forces in the eastern and southern parts of what is now the country of Yemen on the southern Arabian Peninsula.
- 1963-1969: The Bale revolt in southern Ethiopia, was a guerrilla war by local Somali and Oromo against Amhara settlers.
- 1964: The Zanzibar Revolution overthrew the 157-year-old Arab monarchy, declared the People's Republic of Zanzibar, and began the process of unification with Julius Nyerere's Tanganyika.
- 1964–1979: The Rhodesian Bush War, also known as the Second Chimurenga or the Liberation Struggle, was a guerrilla war which lasted from July 1964 to 1979 and led to universal suffrage, the end of white-rule in Zimbabwe Rhodesia, and the creation of the Republic of Zimbabwe.
- 1964: The October Revolution in Sudan, driven by a general strike and rioting, forced President Ibrahim Abboud to transfer executive power to a transitional civilian government, and eventually to resign.
- 1964–1975: The Mozambican Liberation Front (FRELIMO), formed in 1962, commenced a guerrilla war against Portuguese colonialism. Independence was granted on June 25, 1975; however, the Mozambican Civil War complicated the political situation and frustrated FRELIMO's attempts at radical change. The war continued into the early 1990s after the government dropped Marxism as the state ideology.
- 1964–present: The Colombian Armed Conflict.
- 1965: The March Intifada in Bahrain: a Leftist uprising demanding an end to the British presence in Bahrain.
- 1966: Kwame Nkrumah is removed from power in Ghana by coup d'tat.
- 1966–1993: A guerrilla warfare was conducted against the government of Franois Tombalbaye from the Sudan-based group FROLINAT.
- 1966–1998: The Ulster Volunteer Force was recreated by militant Protestant British loyalists in Northern Ireland to wage war against the Irish Republican Army and the Roman Catholic community at large.
- 1967–1968 Iraqi communists launched an insurgency in southern Iraq.
- 1967–1970: Biafra: The former eastern Nigeria unsuccessfully fought for a breakaway republic of Biafra, after the mainly Ibo people of the region suffered pogroms in northern Nigeria the previous year.
- 1967: The Naxalite Movement begins in India, led by the AICCCR.
- 1967: Anguillans resentful of Kittitian domination of the island expelled the Kittitian police and declared independence from the British colony of Saint Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla. British forces retook the island in 1969 and made Anguilla a separate dependency in 1980. There was no bloodshed in the entire episode.
- 1968: The revolution in the Republic of Congo.
- 1968: Student protests and riots in Egypt in the wake of the Six-Day War lead to the ratification of the March 30 Program to deepen democratic processes.
- 1968: The May 1968 revolt: students' and workers' revolt against the government of Charles de Gaulle in France.
- 1968: A coup by Juan Velasco Alvarado in Peru, followed by radical social and economic reforms.
- 1968: A failed attempt by leader Alexander Dubäek to liberalise Czechoslovakia in defiance of the Soviet-supported communist state culminates in the Prague Spring.
- 1969–1998: The Troubles: the Provisional Irish Republican Army and other Republican Paramilitaries waged an armed campaign against British Security forces and Loyalist Paramilitaries in an attempt to bring about a United Ireland.
- 1969: A mass movement of workers, students, and peasants in Pakistan forced the resignation of President Mohammad Ayub Khan.
- 1969: Somalia's multiparty system supplanted by a military socialist government under Siad Barre.
- 1969–present: Communist insurgency by the New People's Army in the Philippines.
returns to Iran after 14 years exile on February 1, 1979
- 1980: National Socialist Council of Nagaland launches its struggle against Indian rule and the establishment of the greater Nagaland.
- 1980: The Santo Rebellion in the Anglo-French condominium of New Hebrides
- 1980–2000: The Communist Party of Peru launched the internal conflict in Peru.
- 1981: Assassination of Ziaur Rahman in Bangladesh sparks protests and riots.
- 1982: General Hussain Muhammad Ershad seizes power through a bloodless coup, deposing president Abdus Sattar in Bangladesh.
- 1983: Overthrow of the ruling Conseil de Salut du peuple (CSP) by Marxist forces led by Thomas Sankara in Upper Volta, renamed Burkina Faso in the following year.
- 1983: Prime Minister of Grenada, Maurice Bishop, overthrown and subsequently executed by high-ranking government officials.
- 1983 Beginning on July 23, 1983, there was an on-and-off insurgency against the Government of Sri Lanka by the the LTTE, also known as the Tamil Tigers.
- 1983–2005: The Second Sudanese Civil War was largely a continuation of the First Sudanese Civil War, and one of the longest lasting and deadliest wars of the later 20th century.
- 1984-1999: Kurdish uprising for independence from the Republic of Turkey
- 1984–1985: Pro-independence FLNKS forces in New Caledonia revolt following an election boycott and occupy the town of Thio from November 1984 to January 1985. Thio is retaken by the French after the assassination of loi Machoro, the security minister in the FLNKS provisional government and the primary leader of the occupation.
- 1985: Soviet and Afghanistan P.O.W. rose against their captors at Badaber base.
- 1986: The People Power Revolution peacefully overthrows Ferdinand Marcos after his two decade rule in the Philippines.
- 1986: Khalistan Commando Force started armed movement for the establishment of Khalistan, an independent Sikh homeland. The movement, as is the case with other Sikh nationalistic movements, was fueled in part by the Indian army's Operation Blue Star. The armed struggle resulted in thousands of mostly civilian deaths.
- 1987–1991: The First Intifada, or the Palestinian uprising, a series of violent incidents between Palestinians and Israelis.
- 1988–1991: The Pan-Armenian National Movement frees Armenia from Soviet rule.
- 1988: The 8888 Uprising In Burma or Myanmar.
- 1989: Armed resistance breaks out in the Kashmir valley against Indian oppression.
- 1989: The Singing Revolution, bloodless overthrow of communist rule in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
- 1989: The violent Caracazo riots in Venezuela. In the next few years, there are two attempted coups and President Carlos Andrs Prez is impeached.
- 1989: The Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 were a series of demonstrations led by students, intellectuals and labour activists in the People's Republic of China between 15 April and 4 June 1989.
- 1989: The bloodless Velvet Revolution overthrows the communist regime in Czechoslovakia.
- 1989: The Romanian Revolution violently overthrows the communist state in Romania.
Russian Mil Mi-8
helicopter downed by Chechens near Grozny
, December 1994
- 1990–present: United Liberation Front of Asom launch major violent activities against Indian rule in Assam.To date, the resulting clashes with the Indian army have left more than 10,000 dead.
- 1990–1995: The Log Revolution in Croatia starts, triggering the Croatian War of Independence.
- 1990–1995: The First Tuareg Rebellion in Niger and Mali.
- 1991: The Kurdish uprising against Iraqi President Saddam Hussein in Iraqi Kurdistan.
- 1991: The Shiite Uprising in Karbala, Iraq.
- 1991: The Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front take control of Addis Ababa, the capital of Ethiopia, after dictator Haile Mariam Mengistu flees the country, bringing an end to the Ethiopian Civil War
- 1992–1995: Bosnian War of Independence.
- 1992: An Afghan uprising against the Taliban by United Islamic Front for the Salvation of Afghanistan, or the Northern Alliance.
- 1994: The 1990s Uprising in Bahrain, Shiite-led rebellion for the restoration of democracy in Bahrain.
- 1994: The Zapatista Rebellion: an uprising in the Mexican state of Chiapas demanding equal rights for indigenous peoples and in opposition to growing neoliberalism in North America.
- 1994–1996: The First Chechen Rebellion against Russia.
- 1996: An Islamic movement in Afghanistan led by the Taliban established Taliban rule.
- 1997: The 1997 rebellion in Albania sparked by Ponzi scheme failures.
- 1997–1999: The Kosovo Rebellion against Yugoslavia.
- 1998: The election in Venezuela of socialist leader Hugo Ch¡vez is called the Bolivarian Revolution.
- 1998: The Indonesian Revolution of 1998 resulted the resignation of President Suharto after three decades of the New Order period.
- 1999–present: The Second Chechen Rebellion against Russia.
- 1999: The Iran student protests, July 1999 were, at the time, the most violent protests to occur against the islamic regime of Iran.
- 2000–present: The Second Intifada a continuation of the First Intifada. The wave of violence that began in September 2000 between Palestinian Arabs and Israelis.
- 2000: The bloodless Bulldozer Revolution, first of the four colour revolutions, overthrows Slobodan MiloÅ¡eviä's rgime in Yugoslavia.
- 2001: The 2001 Macedonia conflict.
- 2001–present: The Taliban insurgency following the 2001 war in Afghanistan which overthrow Taliban rule.
- 2001: The 2001 EDSA Revolution peacefully ousts Philippine President Joseph Estrada after the collapse of his impeachment trial.
- 2001: Supporters of Philippines former president Joseph Estrada violently and unsuccessfully stage a rally, so-called the EDSA Tres, in an attempt of returning him to power.
- 2003: The Rose Revolution, second of the colour revolutions, displaces the president of Georgia, Eduard Shevardnadze, and calls new elections.
- 2003–present: The Iraqi insurgency refers to the armed resistance by diverse groups within Iraq to the U.S. occupation of Iraq and to the establishment of a liberal democracy therein.
- 2003–present: The Darfur rebellion led by the two major rebel groups, the Sudan Liberation Movement (SLM/A) and the Justice and Equality Movement, recruited primarily from the land-tilling Fur, Zaghawa, and Massaleit ethnic groups.
- 2004–present: The Shi'ite Uprising against the US-led occupation of Iraq.
- 2004: After Viktor Yanukovych was declared the winner of a presidential election in Ukraine, the Orange Revolution arose and installed him as president, believing the election to have been fraudulent. This was the third colour revolution.
- 2004: A failed attempt at popular colour-style revolution in Azerbaijan, led by the groups Yox! and Azadlig.
- 2004–present: The Naxalite insurgency in India, led by the Communist Party of India (Maoist).
- 2005: The Cedar Revolution, triggered by the assassination of former Prime Minister Rafik Hariri, asks for the withdrawal of Syrian troops from Lebanon.
- 2005: The Tulip Revolution (a.k.a. Pink/Yellow Revolution) overthrows the President of Kyrgyzstan, Askar Akayev, and set new elections. This is the fourth colour revolution.
- 2006–present: 2006 democracy movement in Nepal.
- 2006: The 2006 Oaxaca protests demanding the removal of Ulises Ruiz Ortiz, the governor of Oaxaca state in Mexico.
- 2006–present: The Mexican Drug War.
- 2007: The popular uprising against the terrorist organization al-Qa'eda by residents of Anbar Province, Iraq.
- 2007–present: The Civil war in Ingushetia within Russia.
- 2007–2009: The Second Tuareg Rebellion in Niger.
- 2007: The Burmese anti-government protests, including the Saffron Revolution of Burmese Buddhist monks.
- 2008: A Shiite uprising in Basra.
- 2009: After the disputed Iranian presidential election, an uprising known as the Green Movement started in Iran, demanding the resignation of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.
- 2009: 2009 Bangladesh Rifles revolt took place in Dhaka, Bangladesh killing 57 army officers.
- 2009: In January, a popular uprising called the saucepan revolution brought down the Icelandic government 2009 Icelandic financial crisis protests, after the collapse of the Icelandic financial system in October 2008.
- 2010: 2010 Kyrgyzstani uprising.
- 2010: Riots in Bangkok.
 Cultural, intellectual, philosophical and technological revolutions
The term revolution is also used to denote trends which have resulted in great social changes outside the political sphere, such as changes in mores, culture, philosophy or technology. Many have been global, while others have been limited to single countries. Such revolutions include, in alphabetical order:
- The Agricultural Revolutions, which include:
- The Commercial Revolution: A period of European economic expansion, colonialism, and mercantilism which lasted from approximately the sixteenth century until the early eighteenth century.
- The Counterculture of the 1960s (approximately 1960–1973) was a social revolution that originated in the United States and United Kingdom, and eventually spread to other western nations. The themes of this movement included the anti-war movement, rebellion against conservative norms, drug use, and the sexual revolution (see below).
- The Sexual revolution: A change in sexual morality and sexual behavior throughout the Western world, mainly during the 1960s and 1970s.
- The Cultural Revolution: A struggle for power within the Communist Party of China, which grew to include large sections of Chinese society and eventually brought the People's Republic of China to the brink of civil war, and which lasted from 1966 to 1976.
- The Digital Revolution: The sweeping changes brought about by computing and communication technology, starting from circa 1950 with the creation of the first general-purpose electronic computers.
- The Industrial Revolution: The major shift of technological, socioeconomic and cultural conditions in the late 18th and early 19th centuries that began in Britain and spread throughout the world.
- The Price revolution: A series of economic events from the second half of the 15th century to the first half of the 17th, the price revolution refers most specifically to the high rate of inflation that characterized the period across Western Europe.
- The Quiet Revolution: A period of rapid change in Quebec, Canada, in the 1960s. This leads to the separatist movement for Quebec sovereignty and two referendums.
- The Scientific revolution: A fundamental transformation in scientific ideas around the 16th century.
- The Upper Paleolithic Revolution: The emergence of "high culture", new technologies and regionally distinct cultures.
- ^ Jason Burke, "Dig uncovers Boudicca's brutal streak", The Observer, 3 December 2000
- ^ History and chronology of Rebellion in Roman Empire
- ^ Zanj rebellion
- ^ Timur, Encyclopdia Britannica
- ^ Shimabara Rebellion (Japanese history)
- ^ The Slave Revolts
- ^ Summary: the First Anglo-Afghan War, 1838–42
- ^ Kunnen-Jones, Marianne (2002-08-21). "Anniversary Volume Gives New Voice To Pioneer Accounts of Sioux Uprising". University of Cincinnati. http://www.uc.edu/news/sioux.htm. Retrieved 2007-06-06.
- ^ Renowned author to speak about 1863 New York draft riots at Fairfield University's DiMenna-Nyselius Library press release Fairfield University
- ^ How The Only Coup D'Etat In U.S. History Unfolded. NPR/Weekend Edition Sunday, August 17, 2008.
- ^ Analysis: roots of the conflict between Georgia, South Ossetia and Russia
- ^ I. Baltic Prisoners of the Gulag Revolts of 1953 - L. Latkovskis
- ^ Tripp, Charles (2005). A History of Iraq. Cambridge University Press. pp. 188–189,196. ISBN 9780521702478.
- ^ Ibid., pp. 116-126.
- ^ Kashmir insurgency
- ^ Five Dead in Assam - Dawn
- ^ Iraq insurgency: People rise against al-Qa'eda
 See also
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