Marx's Ecology
Materialism and Nature

Foster, John Bellamy
Publisher:  Monthly Review Press
Year Published:  2000
Pages:  288pp   ISBN:  1-58367-012-2
Resource Type:  Book
Cx Number:  CX8848

This account overturns conventional interpretations of Marx. Marx, it is often assumed, cared only about industrial growth and the development of economic forces. John Bellamy Foster examines Marx's neglected writings on capitalist agriculture and soil ecology, philosophical naturalism, and evolutionary theory. He shows that Marx, known as a powerful critic of capitalist society, was also deeply concerned with the changing human relationship to nature.


Table of Contents


The Crisis of Socio-Ecology

1. The Materialist Conception of Nature

Materialism and the Very Early Marx
Epicurus and the Revolution of Science and Reason

2. The Really Earthly Question

The Alienation of Nature and Humanity
Association versus Political Economy

3. Parson Naturalists

Natural Theology
Natural Theology and Political Economy
The First Essay
The Second Essay
Thomas Chalmers and the Bridgewater Treatises

4. The Materialist Conception of History

The Critique of Malthus and the Origins of Historical Materialism
The New Materialism
Historical Geology and Historical Geography
Critique of the True Socialists
The Mechanistic “Prometheanism” of Proudhon
The View of the Communist Manifesto

5. The Metabolism of Nature and Society

Overpopulation and the Conditions of Reproduction of Human Beings
James Anderson and the Origins of Differential Fertility
Liebig, Marx, and the Second Agricultural Revolution

6. The Basis in Natural History for Our View

The Origin of Species
Darwin, Huxley, and the Defeat of Teleology
Marx and Engels: Labor and Human Evolution
The Plight of the Materialists
The Revolution in Ethnological Time: Morgan and Marx
A Young Darwinian and Karl Marx


Dialectical Naturalism
Marxism and Ecology after Engels
Caudwell’s Dialectics
The Dialectical Ecologist
The Principle of Conservation


Subject Headings

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