Remembering the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre
Publisher: Red Pepper
Date Written: 30/11/2018
Year Published: 2018
Resource Type: Article
Cx Number: CX23177
A look back at the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre of April 13, 1919, where British colonial forces opened fire on peaceful Indian protesters. The massacre stands as a pivotal moment in Indian history that laid bare the true face of British Imperialism.
Some of these militants gathered fateful afternoon in April 1919 within an enclosed garden in Amritsar called the Jallianwala Bagh. They were joined by other citizens, tradesmen, merchants, women, children and passers-by who were in the city to celebrate the occasion of Baisakhi. Many had come there from the nearby Golden Temple to escape the blistering hot sun. Some were simply idling around not even paying attention to the small protest gathered there.
But as far as the British, and one ruthless Brigadier-General Reginald Dyer, were concerned this was a moment of rebellion, insurrection, the seeds of a movement to violently overthrow the Raj. In the days preceding this gathering, there had indeed been violence in the city limits due to the haphazard execution of the Rowlatt Act, but General Dyer's state of mind that afternoon was simple: he had warned people not to gather there, and had no qualms in shooting them down if they disobeyed him.