Fatal Light Awareness Program
Connexions Directory of Groups & Websites 2017

Dundee Place
1 Adeladaide Street East, PO Box 175
Toronto, ON
M5C 2V9

E-Mail: flap@flap.org
Website: http://www.flap.org

Purpose: Many species of birds, especially the small insect-eaters, migrate at night. Guided in part by the constellations, they are attracted to lights shining from skyscrapers, broadcast towers, lighthouses, monuments and other tall structures. The birds either flutter about the light until they drop from exhaustion, or actually hit the object. Fog, rain or low cloud can make the problem worse. Approximately half of the birds found die from their injuries suffered in the collision. Many require medical attention. Head trauma, broken beaks and feather damage are typical injuries.

After collisions, many birds are just stunned and will revive in a couple of hours. However, if they find themselves trapped in a maze of bright office towers, their chances of making it out alive are slim. Gulls, cats, crows and other predatory animals soon learn to patrol the area in search of an easy meal. Those birds that escape predation often panic as the city fills with people in the morning and then soon hit another window, with fatal results. If they manage to avoid further window collisions, some may slowly starve to death.

The Fatal Light Awareness Program (FLAP) was formed in April 1993 to find a solution to the problem.

Founded: 1993

Geographic Scope: Local

Languages: English

Structure: Non-Profit





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