Spain

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Connexions Library

Age of Extremes: The Short Twentieth Century 1914 - 1991
Hobsbawm, Eric
Book
1994
A overview of the history of the years 1914 - 1991.
The Anarchist Collectives: Workers' Self-Management in the Spanish Revolution 1936-1939
Dolgoff, Sam
Book
1974
Examines the experiments in workers' self-management, both urban and rural, which took place in Spain during the revolution and Civil War.
The brief summer of anarchy: the life and death of Durruti
Enzensberger, Hans Magnus
Article
2016
Hans Magnus Enzensberger’s non-fiction "adventure novel" about Buenaventura Durruti and the Spanish anarchist movement (ca. 1917-1937), first published in Germany in 1972, consisting of a more or less...
Catch your dreams - utopia is possible!: While Marinaleda has its flaws, it reminds us that alternative economic models are not only possible, they already exist.
Barrington-Bush, Liam; Wilton, Jen
Article
2014
Amid Spain's general depression, Marinaleda - an Andalucian town sometimes dubbed the 'communist utopia' - is bucking the moribund trend with a heady mixture of direct action, community-level democrac...
The challenge of Podemos
Barriere, Manel: Durgan, Andy; Robson, Sam
Article
2015
The emergence of so-called populist parties as a response to increasingly discredited political elites is a European-wide phenomenon. In most cases these parties have emerged on the right, if not the ...
A Classic Study Revisited: Against The Current vol. 143
Horn, Gerd-Rainer
Article
2009
Pierre Broué (1926-2005) was one of the few Trotskyist historians who carved out a niche in academia, though this career choice had to overcome many obstacles. Coming of age at a time in France when t...
Collectives in Spain
Leval, Gaston
Article
1938
A contemporary account of the Spanish Anarchist movements during the 1930's by Gaston Leval, a prominent anarcho-syndicalist. Attention focuses on the roles of "agrarian socialism" and education in th...
Collectives in the Spanish Revolution
Leval, Gaston
Book
1971
An account of the collectives set up in Spain during the struggle against Franco.
The Complete Works of Rosa Luxemburg, Volume I: Economic Writings 1
Luxemburg, Rosa (Edited by Peter Hudis
Book
2013
This first volume in Rosa Luxemburg's Complete Works, entitled Economic Writings 1, contains some of Luxemburg's most important statements on the globalization of capital, wage labour, imperialism, an...
Connexions Library: Europe Focus
Website
2009
Selected articles, books, websites and other resources on Europe.
Cooperation at Work: The Mondragon Experience
Bradley, Keith; Gelb, Alan
Book
1983
A guide to work co-operatives, based on the experience of the Mondragon group of co-operatives in Spain.
'Enough is enough!' Corruptopolis board game satirizes sleazy Spanish politicians
Article
2014
A Spanish student has created a new board game, Corruptopolis, satirizing the corrupt practices of Spain's economic and political elite. In Corruptopolis, players work in teams to answer questions abo...
Fascism Shall Not Pass
Ibárruri, Dolores
Article
1936
On all fronts communists, anarchists, socialists and republicans are fighting shoulder to shoulder. We have also been joined by non-party people from town and country, because they too have realized w...
The Historical Failure of Anarchism
Day, Chris
Article
1996
Day examines anarchism's failure to genuinely critique itself, understand history or theory, and grasp the conditions in the world today. "Anti-capitalism doesn't do the victims of capitalism any good...
Hollowing out democracy and law
Malik, Kenan
Article
2017
The recent actions of the Catalan government are not those of politicians respecting democracy. The reaction of the Madrid government, which criminalize political dissent, are equally disturbing.
Homage to Catalonia
Orwell, George
Book
1938
George Orwell's account of his experiences in the Spanish Civil War.
In Spain they are all indignados nowadays
Ainger, Katharine
Article
2013
The indignado protests that flared up two years ago have become a Spanish state of mind.
The March 29 Strike Against Labor Law Reform in Spain: Outline of the Conjuncture
CV
Article
2012
The general strike of March 29, although it mobilized a good part of the population, apparently took place with more pain than glory. Once the day of the strike was over, everything seemed to continue...
Marx and Engels Collected Works Volume 13: Marx and Engels 1854 - 1855
Marx, Karl; Engels, Friedrich
Book
Includes Revolutionary Spain
Marx and Engels Collected Works Volume 23: Marx and Engels 1871 - 1874
Marx, Karl; Engels, Friedrich
Book
Articles on the International, Bakunin, and the Housing Question.
A Marxist History of the World part 86: The Spanish Civil War
Faulkner, Neil
Article
2012
In 1936, after General Franco had led an unsuccessful coup against a democratically elected government, revolution swept across Spain. Neil Faulkner explains why the workers were ultimately defeated.
The No-Nonsense Guide to Terrorism
Barker, Jonathan
Book
2003
An in-depth look at the nature of terrorism that discusses questioning terrorism, assessing it, the difference between state terrorism and group terrorism, morality and history, and war and politics.
"No one represents us": the 15 May movement in the Spanish state
Durgan, Andy & Sans, Joel
Article
2011
On 15 May 2011 thousands of people, mainly young, demonstrated all over the Spanish state under the slogans "For real democracy now" and "We are not commodities in the hands of politicians and bankers...
The November 2011 General Elections in Spain: Indignation Trapped in the Ballot Box
CV
Article
2012
The “outrage” expressed in the Spanish streets, deflated after the electoral ritual, is confronted with the limitations of the movement’s citizen-based abstractions (electoral reform, the affirmation ...
On Catalonia: Debates in the Greek Left
Bellantis, Dimitris
Article
2017
Without the burden of self-censorship or "political correctness" on our backs, let us examine what the possible secession of Catalonia actually means and where it could potentially lead.
Open Veins of Latin America: Five Centuries of the Pillage of a Continent
Galeano, Eduardo
Book
1971
A political economy, a social and cultural narrative, and a powerful description of primitive capital accumulation.
Other Voices: The Connexions Newsletter - November 13, 2014: Libertarian Socialism
Diemer, Ulli (editor); Khan, Tahmid (production)
Serial Publication (Periodical)
2014
The topic of the week is Libertarian Socialism. Articles on no-state solutions in Kurdistan; right-wing dirty tricks used to attack labour and environmental groups; scientists unravelling the risks of...
Pamplona's locksmiths join revolt as banks throw families from their homes
Muñoz, Monica; Tremlett, Giles
Article
2013
In the years of the housing boom, Spain's banks offered 100% mortgages. Now, while receiving millions in public aid, they are throwing people out of their homes. But there's a rebellion under way.
Podemos, Catalonia and the workers' movement in the Spanish state
Sierra, Hector
Article
2017
Following a long period of electoral upheaval and failure of the left, it is argued that the two key areas where the Spanish ruling class could have been confronted was through the workers' movement a...
The Politics of Urban Liberation
Schecter, Stephen
Book
1978
A broad-ranging study which covers the political economy of the urban question and the importance of the city in the history of social revolution. Schechter's evaluation of libertarian insurgency high...
Reassessing Podemos
Brown, Andy
Article
2016
Podemos has come an immense distance in a very short time. It represents a clear choice by millions of people in the Spanish state to vote against corruption, institutionalised greed and contempt for ...
Reflections for the US Occupy Movement: From Barcelona's Neighborhood Assemblies
Gelderloos, Peter
Article
2011
The deeper a struggle’s historical roots, the greater its collective knowledge.
Report from Spain: On the May 15th Movement
Article
2011
A brief account of the culmination of the “May 15th movement” in Barcelona in 2011.
Revolutionary Spain: Articles by Karl Marx in the New-York Herald Tribune
Marx, Karl
Article
1854
The series of articles Revolutionary Spain was written by Marx for the New-York Daily Tribune between August and November 1854. Marx observed all the symptoms of the revolutionary movement in Europe a...
Rooted in the neighbourhood: what happened to Spain's assemblies?
Reyes, Oscar
Article
2012
Oscar Reyes reports on the successes and setbacks of neighbourhood assemblies in Spain.
'68: The Year of the Barricades
Caute, David
Book
1988
Caute's book looks at the explosive year 1968 (while situating it in the context of what had led up to it). One of the great strengths of this excellent book is that it looks at what was happening aro...
The Socialist Register 1966: Volume 3: A Survey of Movements & Ideas
Miliband, Ralph; Saville, John (eds.)
Serial Publication (Periodical)
1966
The Socialist Register 1979: Volume 16: A Survey of Movements & Ideas
Miliband, Ralph; Saville, John (eds.)
Serial Publication (Periodical)
1979
A series of essays on the state of the global economy.
Spain: Madrid and Barcelona show -- the greater the unity on the left, the bigger the win
Nichols, Dick
Article
2015
Once the results of Spain’s May 24, 2015, local and regional elections became known the main lesson for the anti-austerity and anti-capitalist left was simply and starkly obvious: the more united and ...
Spain on Edge
Iglesias, Pablo
Article
2015
An interview with Podemos spokesperson Pablo Iglesias.
SPAIN: Women's Crises: Against The Current vol. 151
Ezquerra, Sandra
Article
2011
Over the past three years there have been numerous debates within the Spanish political and social left about the impact of the current economic crisis on working people, and the (in)efficacy of the m...
Spain's communist model village
Hancox, Dan
Article
2013
Marinaleda, in impoverished Andalusia, used to suffer terrible hardships. Led by a charismatic mayor, the village declared itself a communist utopia and took farmland to provide for everyone. Could it...
The Spanish Holocaust: Inquisition and Extermination in Twentieth-Century Spain
Preston, Paul
Book
2012
Paul Preston charts how and why Franco and his supporters set out to eliminate all ‘those who do not think as we do’ – some 200,000 men, women and children across Spain.
Special Report: Truth, Justice and Reconciliation
Smith, David; Tremlett, Giles; Hodal, Kate; Franklin, Jonathan; Borger, Julian; Brodzinsky, Sibylla
Article
2014
An examination of how countries around the world affected by civil war or internal conflict have approached justice.
Stolen Continents: The "New World" Through Indian Eyes
Wright, Ronald
Book
1992
A history of the Americas through Native eyes.
Ubu Saved From Drowning: Class Struggle and Statist Containment in Portugal and Spain, 1974-1977
Goldner, Loren
Book
2000
The end of the Salazar and Franco regimes on the Iberian peninsula was, in fact, a key moment in the beginning of a period in which literally dozens of dictatorships disappeared, a period in which the...
What is Going On in Spain?: The End of an Era and the Beginning of Podemos
Navarro Vicente
Article
2015
Something is happening in Spain. A party that did not exist one year ago, Podemos, with a clear left-wing program, would win a sufficient number of votes to gain a majority in Spanish Parliament if an...
What is Happening in Catalonia and Spain?
Navarro, Vincente
Unclassified
2017
Vincente Navarro explains the historcal background to the Catalonian independence referendum results in 2017, and notes the political challenges this movement will face.
When Will We See Tanks in Barcelona?: Against The Current vol. 161
Vivas, Esther
Article
2012
The current situation in Spain regarding an independent Catelonia.

Sources Experts & Spokespersons

Embassy Row
Embassy Row, published by Sources as part of the Parliamentary Names & Numbers directory, lists all embassies and high commissions to Canada, and all Canadian embassies, high commissions and consulates abroad. Each e...
European Union
The European Union (EU) is an economic and political union of 27 member states, located primarily in Europe. It was established by the Treaty of Maastricht on 1 November 1993 upon the foundations of the pre-existing European Econo...
Guggenheim Museum Bilbao
Almost from the moment it opened in 1997, Gehry's Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, with its distinctive titanium curves and soaring glass atrium, was hailed as one of the most important buildings of the 20th century. Gehry's use of cutti...
Museo Nacional del Prado
The Museo del Prado is a museum and art gallery located in Madrid, the capital of Spain. It features one of the world's finest collections of European art, from the 12th century to the early 19th century, based on the former Spani...
NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is an alliance of 26 countries from North America and Europe committed to fulfilling the goals of the North Atlantic Treaty signed on 4 April 1949. In accordance with the Treaty, the f...
United Nations
The United Nations is central to global efforts to solve problems that challenge humanity. Cooperating in this effort are more than 30 affiliated organizations, known together as the UN system. Day in and day out, the UN and its f...

Sources Library

EFJ Backs Spanish Journalists in Protest
Sources News Release
2009
The European Federation of Journalists (EFJ), the regional group of the International Federation of Journalists (IFJ) , today backed the Federation of Journalists Associations of Spain (FAPE) after ...
IFJ Condemns "Flagrant Violation of Press Freedom" After Sentence of Spanish Journalists
Sources News Release
2009
The International Federation of Journalists has strongly condemned a court verdict against two Spanish journalists. The two men, who were charged with "revealing secrets", have been condemned to suspe...
IFJ and EFJ oppose media restrictions in the newly-enacted Spanish Public Security Law
Sources News Release
2015
The International Federation of Journalists (IFJ) and its regional organisation, the European Federation of Journalists (EFJ), have joined their Spanish affiliates FAPE, FESP, FSC-CC.OO. and ELA-Gizal...
Lost children of Francoism
Wikipedia article
The lost children of Francoism were the children abducted from Republican parents, who were either in jail or had been assassinated by Francoist troops, during the Spanish Civil War and Francoist Spai...
Madrid barrio expels 'racist' police patrols
Jeering crowds chase away officers who try to detain immigrants
Tremlett, Giles
2011
Community protests police practice of racial profiling: the protests have been dubbed the "indignant" movement.
Que es Sources?
2009
SOURCES (Fuentes) es el medio interactivo que conecta a los periodistas, editores, autores e investigadores, con las Fuentes de información que necesitan para hacer efectivamente su trabajo.
2011 Spanish protests
Wikipedia article
2011
A series of ongoing demonstrations in Spain.
Why Spain's new gag law is threat to free flow of information
Bergareche,Borja
2015
Spain plans to ban demonstrations in front of government buildings on the basis of 'disturbing public safety'. The people of Spain refuse to accept this censorship and move to repeal the law by the en...

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Embassy Row Online
Website
Contact names and numbers for all embassies to Canada and all Canadian embassies abroad.