Persons: Europeans

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Adorno, Theodor W.: Connexipedia Article
Article
German-born international intellectual, sociologist, philosopher, musicologist, and composer. (1903-1969).
Asch, Moses: Connexipedia Article
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Founder of Folkways Records. The label, founded in 1948, was instrumental in bringing folk music into the American mainstream. (1905-1986).
Avnery, Uri: Connexipedia Article
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Israeli writer, human rights activist, and founder of the Gush Shalom peace movement. (Born 1923).
Avnery, Uri and Rachel : Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
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Israeli human rights activists, founders of the Gush Shalom peace movement.
Bakunin, Mikhail: Connexipedia Article
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Russian anarchist and revolutionary. (1814-1876).
Beauvoir, Simone de: Connexipedia Article
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French writer, philosopher, feminist, and social theorist. (1908-1986).
Bebel, August: Connexipedia Article
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German social democrat who was one of the founders of the Social Democratic Party of Germany. (1840-1913).
Benjamin, Walter: Connexipedia Article
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German-Jewish Marxist, literary critic, essayist, translator, and philosopher. (1892-1940).
Berger, John: Connexipedia Article
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English art critic, novelist, painter and author. (Born 1926).
Bernstein, Eduard: Connexipedia Article
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German social democratic theoretician and politician, a member of the SPD, and the theorist of "evolutionary socialism" and revisionism. (1850-1932).
Biró, András: Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
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Advcoate for Roma self-reliance and founder of the Hungarian Foundation for Self-Reliance (HFSR). (Born 1925).
Blanqui, Louis Auguste: Connexipedia Article
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French political activist, founder of the revolutionary theory of Blanquism. (1805-1881).
Bolotnikov, Ivan: Connexipedia Article
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The leader of a popular uprising in Russia known as the Bolotnikov rebellion. (Died 1608).
Bordiga, Amadeo: Connexipedia Article
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Italian Marxist, contributor to Communist theory, founder of the Communist Party of Italy, leader of the Communist International and, after World War II, leading figure of the International Communist...
Brecht, Bertolt: Connexipedia Article
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German poet, playwright, theatre director, and radical. (1898-1956).
Brinton, Maurice: Connexipedia Article
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Libertarian socialist writer and neurologist. (1923-2005).
Buber, Martin: Connexipedia Article
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Austrian-born Jewish philosopher best known for his philosophy of dialogue, a religious existentialism centered on the distinction between the I-Thou relationship and the I-It relationship. (1878-1965...
Budiardjo, Carmel: Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
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British human rights activist, founder of the organisation Tapol and a recipient of the Right Livelihood Award.
Bukharin, Nikolai: Connexipedia Article
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Marxist theoretician, Bolshevik revolutionary, and Soviet politician. (1888-1938).
Bukharin, Nikolai: Connexipedia: Entry in Encyclopedia of Marxism Glossary of People
Article
Marxist theoretician, Bolshevik revolutionary, and Soviet politician. (1888-1938).
Cabet, Étienne: Connexipedia Article
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French philosopher and utopian socialist. He was the founder of the Icarian movement and led a group of emigrants to found a new society in the United States. (1788-1856).
Cade, Jack: Connexipedia Article
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The leader of a popular revolt in the 1450 Kent rebellion. (Died 1450.)
Carpenter, Edward: Connexipedia Article
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English socialist poet, anthologist, early gay activist and socialist philosopher. (1844-1929).
Castoriadis, Cornelius: Connexipedia Article
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Greek-French philosopher, libertarian socialist, and psychoanalyst. Author of the The Imaginary Institution of Society, co-founder of the Socialisme ou Barbarie group and 'philosopher of autonomy'. (1...
Cohn-Bendit, Daniel: Connexipedia Article
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Political activist and politician, active in France and Germany. A student leader during the May 1968 revolt in France. (Born 1945).
Comfort, Alex: Connexipedia Article
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Medical professional, gerontologist, anarchist, pacifist, conscientious objector and writer. (1920-2000).
Condorcet, Marquis de: Connexipedia Article
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(1743-1794).French philosopher, mathematician, and early political scientist.
Connolly, James: Connexipedia Article
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Irish and Scottish socialist leader, executed by the British. (1868-1916).
Debord, Guy: Connexipedia Article
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French Marxist theorist, writer, filmmaker, hypergraphist and founding member of the groups Lettrist International and Situationist International. (1931-1994).
Deutscher, Isaac: Connexipedia Article
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Marxist historian, journalist and political activist. (1907-1967).
Diary of Bergen-Belsen
Levy-Hass, Hanna; with a foreword and afterword by Amira Hass
Book
2009
Hanna Lévy-Hass, a Yugoslavian Jew, emerged a defiant survivor of the Holocaust. Her observations, recorded in her own incomparable voice, shed new light on the lived experience of Nazi internment. Lé...
Dietzgen, Joseph: Connexipedia Article
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Socialist philosopher and Marxist. (1828-1888).
Donia, Pier Gerlofs: Connexipedia Article
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Frisian warrior, pirate, and rebel. (1480-1520).
Dózsa, György: Connexipedia Article
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Leader of a peasants' revolt against the Hungarian landed nobility. (1470-1514).
Dürr, Hans-Peter: Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
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Physicist and peace activist. (Born 1929).
Dutschke, Rudi: Connexipedia Article
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Prominent spokesperson of the German student movement of the 1960s. (1940-1979).
Edelman, Marek: Connexipedia Article
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Jewish-Polish political and social activist and cardiologist. (1919-2009).
Engels, Friedrich: Connexipedia Article
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German author, political theorist, philosopher, and father of communist theory, alongside Karl Marx. (1820-1895).
Equiano, Olaudah: Connexipedia Article
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African former slave involved in the British movement for the abolition of the slave trade. (1745-1797).
Fanon, Frantz: Connexipedia Article
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Psychiatrist, philosopher, revolutionary, and author from Martinique. (1925-1961).
Fowler, Cary: Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Awad Winner
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Winner of the Right Livelihood Award for his work to save the world's genetic plant heritage. (Born 1949).
Fromm, Erich: Connexipedia Article
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Internationally renowned social psychologist, psychoanalyst, humanistic philosopher, and democratic socialist. (1900-1980).
Garcés, Juan: Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
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Human rights activist. (Born 1967).
Genefke, Inge: Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
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Campaigner and worker on behalf of torture victims.
Glezos, Manolis: Connexipedia Article
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Greek left wing politician and writer, known especially for his participation in the World War II resistance. (Born 1922).
Godwin, William: Connexipedia Article
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English journalist, political philosopher and novelist, considered one of the first exponents of utilitarianism, and one of the first modern proponents of anarchism. (1756-1836).
Goldsmith, Edward: Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
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Was an Anglo-French environmentalist, writer and philosopher. (Died 2009).
Gorter, Herman: Connexipedia Article
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Dutch poet and socialist. (1864-1927).
Gorz, André: Connexipedia Article
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Marxist, social philosopher. (1923-2007).
Gramsci, Antonio: Connexipedia Article
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Italian Marxist philosopher, writer, politician and political theorist. (1891-1937).
Guérin, Daniel: Connexipedia Article
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French anarchist and author. (1904-1988).
Guesde, Jules: Connexipedia Article
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French socialist journalist and politician. (1845-1922).
Ha'aretz: Periodical profile
Serial Publication (Periodical)
Israeli daily newspaper
Halper, Jeff: Connexipedia Article
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Co-founder and Coordinator of the Israeli Committee Against House Demolitions (ICAHD). (Born 1946).
Hauser, Monika: Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
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German human rights advocate. (Born 1959).
Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich: Connexipedia Article
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German philosopher, one of the creators of German Idealism. (1770-1831).
Hekmat, Mansoor: Connexipedia Article
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Iranian Marxist theorist and leader of the worker-communist movement. (1951-2002).
Hill, Christopher: Connexipedia Article
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English Marxist historian and author. (1912-2003).
Holbach, Baron d': Connexipedia Article
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French-German author, philosopher, encyclopedist and a prominent figure in the French Enlightenment. (1723-1789).
Horkheimer, Max: Connexipedia Article
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German philosopher and sociologist and member of the Frankfurt School. (1885-1973).
Humboldt, Alexander von: Connexipedia Article
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Naturalist. (1769-1859).
Ikanan, Evaristo Nugkuag: Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
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Activist working to protect the rights of the indigenous people of the Amazon.
Illich, Ivan: Connexipedia Article
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Austrian philosopher, Roman Catholic priest and critic of the institutions of contemporary western culture. (1926-2002).
James, C. L. R.: Connexipedia Article
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Afro-Trinidadian historian, journalist, Marxist, socialist theorist and essayist. (1901-1989).
James, C.L.R.: Connexipedia: Entry in Encyclopedia of Marxism Glossary of People
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Afro-Trinidadian historian, journalist, Marxist, socialist theorist and essayist. (1901-1989).
Jaurès, Jean: Connexipedia Article
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French Socialist leader. (1859-1914).
Jogiches, Leo: Connexipedia Article
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Marxist revolutionary active in Lithuania, Poland, and Germany. (1867-1919).
Jungk, Robert: Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
Article
Austrian writer, journalists and peace activist who wrote mostly on issues relating to nuclear weapons. (1913-1994).
Karl Marx
Korsch, Karl
Book
1938
It is the purpose of this book to restate the most important principles and contents of Marx's social science in the light of recent historical events and of the new theoretical needs which have arise...
Kautsky, Karl: Connexipedia Article
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German social democrat and a leading theoretician of Marxism. (1854-1938).
Kautsky, Karl: Connexipedia: Entry in Encyclopedia of Marxism Glossary of People
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German social democrat and a leading theoretician of Marxism. (1854-1938).
Kelly, Petra: Connexipedia Article
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Left-wing German politician. (1947-1992).
Kelly, Petra: Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
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Left-wing German politician. (1947-1992).
Kohr, Leopold: Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
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Advocate of human scale, economist, jurist and political scientist. (1909-1994).
Korsch, Karl: Connexipedia Article
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German Marxist theorist. (1886-1961).
Kropotkin, Peter: Connexipedia Article
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Geographer, zoologist, and anarchist. (1842-1921).
Kruhonja, Katarina: Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
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Croatian peace activist. (Born 1962).
Laing, R. D.: Connexipedia Article
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Scottish psychiatrist who wrote extensively on mental illness. (1927-1989).
Langer, Felicia: Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
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Israeli human rights lawyer, winner of the Right Livelihood Award.
Larkin, James: Connexipedia Article
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Irish trade union leader and socialist activist. (1876-1947).
Lemke, Birsel: Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
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Turkish environmentalist. (Born 1950).
Leon, Abraham: Connexipedia Article
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Jewish Trotskyist activist and theorist. (1918-1944).
Liebknecht, Karl: Connexipedia Article
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German socialist, revolutionary, and a co-founder of the Spartacist League. (1871-1919).
Liebknecht, Wilhelm: Connexipedia Article
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German social democrat, one of the founders of the SPD. (1826-1900).
Lilburne, John: Connexipedia Article
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English political agitator before, during and after English Civil Wars 1642-1650. (1614-1657).
Longuet, Jenny: Connexipedia Article
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Socialist activist. Daughter of Jenny von Westphalen and Karl Marx. (1844-1883).
Love and Capital: Karl and Jenny Marx and the Birth of a Revolution
Gabriel, Mary
Book
2011
A biography of Karl and Jenny Marx.
Lukács, Georg: Connexipedia: Entry in Encyclopedia of Marxism Glossary of People
Article
Hungarian Marxist philosopher, writer, literary critic, and socialist. (1885-1971).
Lukács, György: Connexipedia Article
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Hungarian Marxist philosopher, writer, literary critic, and socialist. (1885-1971).
Makhno, Nestor: Connexipedia Article
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Ukrainian anarcho-communist guerrilla leader. (1888-1934).
Malatesta, Errico: Connexipedia Article
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Italian anarcho-communist. (1853-1932).
Malik, Kenan: Connexipedia Article
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Writer, lecturer and broadcaster. (Born 1962).
Mann, Tom: Connexipedia Article
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British trade unionist. (1856-1941).
Marat, Jean-Paul: Connexipedia Article
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Radical journalist and politician from the French Revolution. (1743-1793).
Marcuse, Herbert: Connexipedia Article
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Marxist philosopher, political theorist and sociologist. (1898-1979).
Marek Edelman: A True Mensch
Rosenberg, David
Article
2009
To be a Jew means always being with the oppressed and never the oppressors.
Marx, Eleanor: Connexipedia Article
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Socialist author and activist. (1855-1898).
Marx, Karl: Connexipedia Article
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German philosopher, political economist, historian, political theorist, sociologist, communist, and revolutionary, whose ideas are credited as the foundation of modern communism. (1818-1883).
Mattick, Paul: Connexipedia Article
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Marxist writer and activist. (1904-1981).
Mehring, Franz: Connexipedia Article
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German socialist publicist, politician and historian. (1846-1919).
Mer-Khamis, Arna: Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
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Israeli educator and human rights activist. (1929-1995).
Michel, Louise: Connexipedia: Entry in Encyclopedia of Marxism Glossary of People
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French anarchist, school teacher and medical worker. (1830-1905).
Miliband, Ralph: Connexipedia Article
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Marxist political theorist and sociologist. (1924-1994).
Morris, William: Connexipedia Article
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British artist, designer, author, and socialist. (1834-1896).
Müntzer, Thomas: Connexipedia Article
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An early Reformation-era German theologian and Anabaptist. (1488-1525).
Neill, A. S.: Connexipedia Article
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Scottish progressive educator, author and founder of Summerhill school. (1883-1973).
Nettlau, Max: Connexipedia Article
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German anarchist and historian. (1865-1944).
Nin, Andrés: Connexipedia Article
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Spanish Communist revolutionary. (1892-1937).
An Opposing Man: The Autobiography of a Romantic Revolutionary
Fischer, Ernst
Book
1969
The memoirs on Ernst Fischer, a socialist literary and art critic.
Orwell, George: Connexipedia Article
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British author. (1903-1950).
Ossietzky, Carl von: Connexipedia Article
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German radical pacifist. (1889-1938).
Owen, Robert: Connexipedia Article
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English social reformer. (1771-1858).
Tom Paine, restless democrat: Profile of a radical
Marqusee, Mike
Article
2009
Mike Marqusee celebrates the life, work and ideas of the great revolutionary who declared that "my country is the world and my religion is to do good."
Pankhurst, Emmeline: Connexipedia Article
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English women's suffrage movement leader. (1858-1928).
Pannekoek, Anton: Connexipedia Article
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Scientist and Marxist. (1873-1960).
Pilecki, Witold: Connexipedia Article
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A member of the Polish resistance and the only known person to volunteer to be imprisoned at Auschwitz concentration camp. (1901-1948).
Politkovskaya, Anna: Connexipedia Article
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Russian journalist, author and human rights activist. (1958-2006).
Proudhon, Pierre-Joseph: Connexipedia Article
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French politician, mutualist philosopher and socialist. (1809-1865).
Reclus, Élisée: Connexipedia Article
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French geographer, writer and anarchist. (1830-1905).
Reich, Wilhelm: Connexipedia Article
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Psychiatrist and psychoanalyst. (1897-1957).
Rosa Luxemburg in Retrospect
Mattick, Paul
Article
1978
Mattick reconsiders the legacy of Rosa Luxemburg, particularly her critique of Bolshevism and her economic theory.
Rowbotham, Sheila: Connexipedia Article
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British socialist feminist theorist and writer. (Born 1943).
Rühle, Otto: Connexipedia Article
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German Marxist. (1874-1943).
Russell, Bertrand: Connexipedia Article
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Philosopher, logician, mathematician, pacifist, social critic. (1872-1970).
Saint-Simon, Henri de: Connexipedia Article
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French utopian socialist thinker. (1760-1825).
Santas, Apostolos: Connexipedia Article
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Greek veteran of the Resistance against the Axis Occupation of Greece during World War II. (Born 1922).
Sartre, Jean-Paul: Connexipedia Article
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French philosopher. (1905-1980).
Scargill, Arthur: Connexipedia Article
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British trade unionist and political party leader. (Born 1938).
Scholl, Hans: Connexipedia Article
Article
A member of the White Rose resistance movement in Nazi Germany. (1918-1943).
Scholl, Sophie: Connexipedia Article
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A member of the White Rose non-violent resistance group in Nazi Germany. (1921-1943).
Schweitzer, Albert: Connexipedia Article
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German-French theologian, musician, philosopher, and physician. (1875-1965).
Serge, Victor: Connexipedia Article
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Writer and revolutionary. (1890-1947).
Shahak, Israel: Connexipedia Article
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Polish-born Israeli chemist, professor, radical political thinker and author and activist for the defense of the human and civil rights. (1933-2001).
Singer, Daniel: Connexipedia Article
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Socialist writer and journalist. (1926-2000).
Sofri, Adriano: Connexipedia Article
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Italian radical intellectual, a journalist and a writer. (Born 1942).
Souchy, Augustin: Connexipedia Article
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German anarchist, antimilitarist, and journalist. (1892-1984).
Sousa Mendes, Aristides de: Connexipedia Article
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Portuguese diplomat who ignored and defied the orders of his own government for the safety of war refugees fleeing from invading German military forces in the early years of World War II. (1885-1954).
Spartacus: Connexipedia Article
Article
Leader of major slave revolt against the Roman Empire. (c. 109 BC-71 BC).
Spurr, Richard: Connexipedia Article
Article
English cabinet maker and lay preacher who was imprisoned for his part in leading the political movement Chartism. (1800-1855).
Terselic, Vesna: Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
Article
Croatian peace activist. (Born 1962).
Thompson, E. P.: Connexipedia Article
Article
English historian, writer, socialist and peace campaigner (1924-1993).
Thompson, William: Connexipedia Article
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Irish political and philosophical writer and social reformer, developing from utilitarianism into an early critic of capitalist exploitation whose ideas influenced the Cooperative, Trade Union and Cha...
Thompson, William
Article
Born with the proverbial silver-spoon in his mouth, William Thompson (1775-1833) devoted his life to ameliorating the condition of those less fortunate than himself.
Tolstoy, Leo: Connexipedia Article
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Russian author. (1828-1910).
Trotsky, Leon: Connexipedia Article
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Russian revolutionary. (1879-1940).
Turner, John F. Charlewood: Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
Article
Advocate for the rights of people to build, manage and sustain their own shelter and communities. (Born 1927).
Vaneigem, Raoul: Connexipedia Article
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Belgian writer and philosopher. (Born 1934).
Vanunu, Mordechai: Connexipedia: Right Livelihood Award Winner
Article
Israeli nuclear technician who publicly revealed the extent of Israel's illegal nuclear weapons program and was subsequently kidnapped and jailed by Israel. (Born 1963).
Wallenberg, Raoul: Connexipedia Article
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A Swedish humanitarian who worked in Budapest, Hungary, during World War II to rescue Jews from the Holocaust. (1912-1947?)
Wilberforce, William: Connexipedia Article
Article
British politician, philanthropist and a leader of the movement to abolish the slave trade. (1759-1833).
William Morris: From Romantic to Revolutionary
Thompson, E. P.
Book
1955
A biography of the nineteenth-century socialist, designer, artist, and intellectual William Morris.
Winstanley, Gerrard: Connexipedia Article
Article
English Protestant religious reformer and political activist, a member of the True Levellers. (1609-1676).
Wollstonecraft, Mary: Connexipedia Article
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British writer, philosopher, and feminist. (1759-1797).
Zasulich, Vera: Connexipedia Article
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Russian Marxist and revolutionary 1849-1919.
Zetkin, Clara: Connexipedia Article
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German socialist. (1857-1933).
Zinoviev, Grigory: Connexipedia Article
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Bolshevik revolutionary and Soviet Communist. (1883-1936).
Zola, Émile: Connexipedia Article
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French writer. (1840-1902).

Sources Library

Adolf Anderssen
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
Chess player.
Bannister, Roger
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
British runner, first to run the mile in under four minutes.
Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg
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Claus Philipp Maria Justinian Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg (15 November 1907 – 21 July 1944) was a German army officer and Catholic aristocrat who was one of the leading members of the failed 20 Jul...
Jörg Friedrich
Jörg Friedrich is a Berlin-based author of books on history commonly described as an "independent German Historian". Friedrich is best known for his publication Der Brand (2002) in which he portrays t...
George Orwell: A Life
Crick, Bernard
1980
A biography of George Orwell.
André Gide
Wikipedia article
French author and winner of the Nobel Prize in literature .
Eric Hobsbawm 1917-2012
Historian in the Marxist tradition with a global reach
Kettle, Martin; Wedderburn, Dorothy
2012
The historian Eric Hobsbawm dies at 95.
Joan of Arc
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1412
A peasant girl born in what is now eastern France who claimed divine guidance, she led the French army to several important victories during the Hundred Years' War.
Ingemar Johansson
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Boxer.
Emanuel Lasker
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Chess player and mathematician.
Niemoller, Martin
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Friedrich Gustav Emil Martin Niemoller (14 January 1892 – 6 March 1984) was a German anti-Nazi theologian and Lutheran pastor. He is best known as the author of the poem First they came....
Nurmi, Paavo
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Finnish runner.
Quisling, Vidkun
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Vidkun Abraham Lauritz Jonssøn Quisling (July 18, 1887- October 24, 1945) was a Norwegian army officer and politician, who served as President of occupied Norway. Today in Norway and other parts of t...
Riefenstahl, Leni
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Helene Bertha Amalie "Leni" Riefenstahl; 22 August 1902 - 8 September 2003) was a German film director, actress and dancer widely noted for her aesthetics and innovations as a filmmaker. Her most famo...
Schlechter, Carl
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Chess player.
Scott, Walter
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Sir Walter Scott (15 August 1771 - 21 September 1832) was a Scottish historical novelist, playwright, and poet, popular throughout much of the world during his time.
Sorel, Georges
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Georges Eugène Sorel (2 November 1847 in Cherbourg – 29 August 1922 in Boulogne-sur-Seine) was a French philosopher and theorist of revolutionary syndicalism. His notion of the power of myth in peo...
Steinitz, Wilhelm
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Chess player.