Logic

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Connexions Library

Beyond the Hoax: Science, Philosphy and Culture
Sokal, Alan
Book
2008
Exposes the faulty thinking and outright nonsence of the postmodernist critique of science, which asserts that facts, truth, evidence, even reality itself are all merely social constructs.
Conspiracies or Institutions: 9-11 and Beyond
Shalom, Stephen R.; Albert, Michael
Article
2002
Why and how does much (but not all) conspiracy theorizing create a tendency for people to depart from rational analysis?
Critical Theory
Horkheimer, Max
Book
1968
Essays by the founder of the Institute for Social Research in Frankfurt.
Fashionable Nonsense: Postmodern Intellectuals' Abuse of Science
Sokal, Alan; Bricmont, Jean
Book
1997
The authors criticize postmodernism in academia for its misuses of scientific and mathematical concepts in postmodern writing. Fashionable Nonsense examines two related topics: (1) The incompetent and...
Postmodern Disrobed: Review of Intellectual Impostures
Dawkins, Richard
Article
1998
An admirable job of exposing the daffy absurdity of postmodernism intellectuals.
Problems of Knowledge and Freedom: The Russell Lectures
Chomsky, Noam
Book
1971
These lectures explore Bertrand Russell's work on empiricism, morality, linguistics and politics. ...
Radical Digressions 4
Diemer, Ulli
Website
2006
Radical Digressions 5
Diemer, Ulli
Website
2008
Rationality/Science
Chomsky, Noam
Article
1995
Chomsky writes: "It strikes me as remarkable that the left today should seek to deprive oppressed people not only of the joys of understanding and insight, but also of tools of emancipation, informing...
Rough Notes on Hegel's Science of Logic
Dunayevskaya, Raya
Article
1961
Completed by Raya Dunayevskaya (1910-1987) on Jan. 26, 1961, these Notes comprise one of the few studies by a Marxist covering the whole of Hegel's Logic.
The September 11 X-Files
Corn, David
Article
2002
One problem with conspiracy theorizing is that it can distract from the true and (sometimes mundane) misdeeds and mistakes of government.
The Truth About the "9/11 Truth Movement"
Article
2006
A rebuttal of some of the claims made by 9/11 conspiracy theorists.
When 9/11 Conspiracy Theories Go Bad
Corn, David
Article
2002
Aren't these conspiracy theories too silly to address? That should be the case. But, sadly, they do attract people.

Sources Experts & Spokespersons

Sources Library

Begging the question
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
Begging the question is a type of logical fallacy in which the proposition to be proved is assumed implicitly or explicitly in the premise.
Catch-22 (logic)
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
A Catch-22, coined by Joseph Heller in his novel Catch-22, is a logical paradox arising from a situation in which an individual needs something that can only be acquired by not being in that very situ...
Judging Authority
Lipps, Jere
2004
We are often required to accept the word of another person, but how can we best judge whether or not that person is a legitimate authority?
Occam's razor
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
When competing hypotheses are equal in other respects, the principle recommends selection of the hypothesis that introduces the fewest assumptions and postulates the fewest entities while still suffic...

From the Connexions Archives

9/11: Debunking The Myths
Article
2005
Popular Mechanics special report on September 11 conspiracy theories.
911Myths
Website
Skeptical analysis of conspiracy theories about September 11, 2001.