Libya

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Connexions Library

African Migrants Bought and Sold Openly in 'Slave Markets' in Libya
Kamal, Baher
Article
2017
Hundreds of migrants along North African migration routes are being bought and sold openly in modern day 'slave markets' in Libya, survivors have told the United Nations migration agency, which warned...
Climate Crisis Threatens Food Security of Iran, Kuwait, Libya, Maldives, Togo, Comoros, and Many Other Countries
Article
2012
Climate crisis is threatening seafood and fish in gulfs, seas, and oceans. As a result, countries dependent mainly on fish and seafood are threatened.
Connexions Library: Africa Focus
Website
Selected articles, books, websites and other resources on Africa.
The "Decent Left" and the Libya Intervention: A Reply to Michael Bérubé
Gibbs, David N.
Article
2011
Western elites were perfectly comfortable with Gaddafi’s oppressive rule, including his use of torture. These states only broke with Gaddafi when his hold on power tottered, in response to the Arab Sp...
Destroying Libya's Welfare State: NATO's Great Victory
Kovalik, Dan
Article
2011
For NATO, its corporate allies, and its media mouthpieces, such prosperity for workers simply will not do. We live in a world where austerity for the workers is the order of the day – for those in Lib...
Dirty Wars: Britain's Collusion with Radical Islam
Curtis, Mark
Book
2008
Historian Mark Curtis, presents the history of the British government's sponsorship of radical Islamic terrorism, from Iran, Afghanistan and Libya to the July 7 bombings.
The Dreadful Chronology of Gaddafi's Murder
Welzenbach, Chris
Article
2016
Since 2003, Gaddafi had worked hard to repair his reputation for financing terrorism; his proposal for a trans-African banking system never reached fruition. Freedom and justice were never part of the...
The Great Libya War Fraud
Article
2016
Coming so soon after the incomplete but still damning exposure of the Iraq deception - with the bloodbath still warm - the media's deep conformity and wilful gullibility on the 2011 Libyan war left ev...
Hailed as a Model for Successful Intervention, Libya Proves to be the Exact Opposite
Greenwald, Glenn
Article
2015
Advocates of the U.S. intervention in Lybia regard the event as a proof of success. Greenwald discusses why things are working in the opposite way.
Here's the Key Question in the Libyan War: As the "Humanitarian Warriors" Gloat...
Johnstone, Diana
Article
2011
My principal opposition to this recent war is precisely that, at a time when even some in Washington were hesitant, the "humanitarian interventionists", with their sophistic pretense of "protecting in...
An Interview With Noam Chomsky on Obama's Human Rights Record: Nothing Can Justify Torture
Bailey, Eric
Article
2012
America's human rights record under the administration of President Obama and the military intervention policies that have seen increased use during the Arab Spring.
Killing Hope: U.S. Military and CIA Interventions Since World War II
Blum, William
Book
2008
Is the United States a force for democracy? William Blum serves up a forensic overview of U.S. foreign policy spanning sixty years. For those who want the details on the U.S.'s most famous actions (Ch...
Libya: From Colony to Revolution
St John, Ronald Bruce
Book
2011
Provides the background to the Libyan revolution by discussing its history from colonization up through the 2011 rebellion/foreign intervention that ousted Mu'ammar al-Qadafi.
Libya and the Arab Uprisings: Against The Current vol. 152
The Editors
Serial Publication (Periodical)
2011
The sweeping upheavals in Arab countries and North Africa continue to unfold. Among these events, the uprising in Libya and the subsequent United Nations/NATO intervention have provoked intense contro...
Libya's Hell, Enabled by Canadian Humanitarians: Who Will Protect Libyans Now?
Dobbin, Murray
Article
2013
One of the darkest and most shameful chapters in Western military intervention continues to play out in spades in Libya. Recent news from Benghazi revealed that one of the (literally hundreds) of murd...
Libya's second civil war: From armed resistance to jihadist networks
Haimzadeh, Patrick
Article
2015
With the events that led to Gaddafi's fall, a civil war between local groups and rival militias started in Libya. Four years later IS has appeared, and the country seems on the brink of collapse.
Massacres That Matter - Part 1 - 'Responsibility To Protect' In Egypt, Libya And Syria
Edwards, David
Article
2013
Where offending states fail to live up to this responsibility by inflicting genocide, ethnic cleansing and other crimes against humanity on their own people, the international community has a responsi...
Necessary Illusions: Thought Control in Democratic Societies
Chomsky, Noam
Book
1989
An inquiry into the nature of the media and the role of intellectuals in "a political system where the population cannot be disciplined by force, and thus must be subjected to more subtle forms of ide...
Overthrowing other people's governments: The Master List
Blum, William
Article
2013
Instances of the United States overthrowing, or attempting to overthrow, a foreign government since the Second World War.
Paula Broadwell, Whistleblower: It's More Than a Sex Scandal
Gardner, Fred
Article
2012
We await the follow-up to Paula Broadwell’s assertion that two prisoners were being held at the CIA “annex” near the consulate in Benghazi at the time of the assault that left Ambassador Christopher S...
Press for Conversion #51: May 2003
Serial Publication (Periodical)
2003
Why is the U.S. government reviled by so many people in the Middle East and North Africa? This issue looks at the past 50 years of wars and regime changes in the region and unveils a consistent patter...
Qadhafi's Libya
Bearman, Jonathan
Book
The author follows the evolution of a backward tribal society into one of the most militant Arab states, a significant force within OPEC, and a troublesome puzzle for the superpowers. He gives a blow-...
The Real Terror Network: Terrorism in Fact and Propaganda
Herman, Edward S.
Book
1982
Herman sets out to show that the U.S. ignores or sponsors terror by authoritarian states that are allied with U.S. interests.
The Six Most Disastrous Interventions of the 21st Century
Leupp, Gary
Article
2015
On October 2, 2015, President Barack Obama, alluding to Russia's decision to launch air strikes in Syria, told reporters at the White House that for Russia to view the forces targeted "from the perspe...
Understanding Power: The Indispensable Chomsky
Chomsky, Noam; edited by Peter R. Mitchell and John Schoeffel
Book
2001
In a series of enlightening and wide-ranging discussions, all published here for the first time, Chomsky radically reinterprets the events of the past three decades, covering topics from foreign polic...
US Consulate Killings - Spontaneous Religious or Planned Political?
Edwards, David
Article
2012
On September 11, four Americans, including the US ambassador, were killed in an attack on the US consulate in Benghazi, Libya. The following day, the BBC's Lunchtime News reported that the killings we...
War crime: NATO deliberately destroyed Libya's water infrastructure
Ahmed, Nafeez
Article
2015
The military targeting of civilian infrastructure, especially of water supplies, is a war crime under the Geneva Conventions. Yet this is precisely what NATO did in Libya. Since then, the country's wa...
Where War Reporting Goes Wrong: A Diary of Four Wars
Cockburn, Patrick
Article
2013
The four recent conflicts in Afghanistan, Iraq, Libya and Syria have been propaganda wars in which newspaper, television and radio journalists played a central role. In all wars there is a difference ...
Why Qaddafi had to go: African gold, oil and the challenge to monetary imperialism
Brown, Ellen
Article
2016
What was NATO's violent intervention in Libya really all about? Now we know, writes Ellen Brown, thanks to Hillary Clinton's recently published emails. It was to prevent the creation of an independent...
Why the rise of fascism is again the issue
Pilger, John
Article
2015
Fascism is preserved as history, as flickering footage of goose-stepping blackshirts, their criminality terrible and clear. Yet in the same liberal societies, whose war-making elites urge us never to ...

Connexions Directory of Groups & Websites

Centre for Research on Globalization
An independent research and media group of writers, scholars and activists. Publishes news articles, commentary, background research and analysis on a broad range of issues, focussing on social, econo...
Near East Cultural and Educational Foundation of Canada
NECEF is an academically oriented volunteer organization whose extensive international network of individuals and NGO's with expertise about and concern for the Arab World includes a Canadian speakers...

Sources Experts & Spokespersons

African Union
The African Union (abbreviated AU in English, and UA in its other official languages) is an intergovernmental organization consisting of 53 African states. Established on 9 July 2002, the AU was formed as a successor to the Organi...
Community of Sahelo-Saharan States
CEN-SAD was established in February 1998 by six countries, but since then its membership has grown to 28. One of its main goals is to achieve economic unity through the implementation of the free movement of people and goods in or...
Embassy Row
Embassy Row, published by Sources as part of the Parliamentary Names & Numbers directory, lists all embassies and high commissions to Canada, and all Canadian embassies, high commissions and consulates abroad. Each e...
League of Arab States
A regional organization of Arab states in Southwest Asia, and North and Northeast Africa. The Arab League currently has 22 members and four observers. The main goal of the league is to "draw closer the relations between member Sta...
United Nations
The United Nations is central to global efforts to solve problems that challenge humanity. Cooperating in this effort are more than 30 affiliated organizations, known together as the UN system. Day in and day out, the UN and its f...

Sources Library

Global Press Freedom Declines in Every Region for First Time Israel, Italy and Hong Kong Lose Free Status
Sources News Release
2009
Journalists faced an increasingly grim working environment in 2008, with global press freedom declining for a seventh straight year and deterioration occurring for the first time in every region, acco...
Middle East & North Africa: Region performs poorly, Israel nose-dives
Sources News Release
2009
For the first time Israel is not at the head of the Middle Eastern countries in the press freedom index. By falling 47 places to 93rd position, it is now behind Kuwait (60th), United Arab Emirates (86...
Moroccan journalists face charges of defaming Qaddafi
Sources News Release
2009
The Committee to Protect Journalists is dismayed by the start of court proceedings today against five Moroccan journalists charged with publicly harming Libyan leader Muammar Qaddafi and hurting his d...
Newspaper editor gunned down on Benghazi street
Sources News Release
2014
Reporters Without Borders condemns in the strongest terms newspaper editor Muftah Bu Zeid's murder in Benghazi. Gunmen in a car shot Zeid three times in the head and abdomen shortly after he got out o...
Rendition ordeal raises new questions about secret trials
Fatima Bouchar's story reveals involvement of the British government
Cobain, Ian
2012
Investigative reporting on the rendition (initiated by British intelligence officers) of Libyian Islamist militants who sought to oust Muammar Gaddafi.
Slavery in Libya
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
Slavery in Libya has a long history and a lasting impact on the Libyan culture. Slavery in Libya is closely connected with the wider context of slavery in north Africa.
UN 'Travesty': Resolutions Of Mass Destruction - Part 1
2012
Far from bringing an end to the violence, UN Resolution 1973 unleashed overwhelming Western force in pursuit of regime change, in a war that was fought to the bitter end. To ensure the right outcome, ...
Woman journalist found with throat cut in southern Libya
Sources News Release
2014
Reporters Without Borders is shocked to learn that Naseeb Miloud Karfana, a TV journalist based in the southern city of Sabha, was murdered on 29 May.

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Embassy Row Online
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Contact names and numbers for all embassies to Canada and all Canadian embassies abroad.