Jim Crow

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Connexions Library

The Cold War and the Civil Rights Movement: For Black Liberation Through Socialist Revolution!
Cone, Paul
Article
2010
The mass mobilization of black people in the Southern civil rights movement, and the subsequent Northern ghetto rebellions, disrupted and challenged the racist American bourgeois order. It shattered t...
Communist Organizing in the Jim Crow South: What's Not in The Great Debaters
Cane, Don; Zorn, Jacob
Article
2008
The Great Debaters is a well-made movie. But in its paeans to dedication and debate, it downplays the real social struggle that was going on in the U.S. in the 1930s, including by black people in the ...
Connexions Library: Race, Racism, Ethnicity, Multiculturalism Focus
Website
Selected articles, books, websites and other resources on race, racism, ethnicity, multiculturalism, identity.
Connexions Other Voices - May 28, 2017: Resisting Injustice
Diemer, Ulli (ed.)
Serial Publication (Periodical)
2017
In this issue, we look at the relentless persistence of people challenging injustice and entrenched power in places around the world, including Palestine, Korea, China, Canada, and the United States. ...
Convict Labor in America: Book review
Ortiz, Paul
Article
1998
Convict labour, like antebellum slavery, was an American way of life, a cultural practice that tied northern capitalists, plantation owners, university-trained social reformers, federal officials and ...
Freedom Summer, 1964: An Overview
Oppenheimer, Marty
Article
2015
The Mississippi Summer Project of 1964, better known as "Freedom Summer," brought in volunteers to help with attempts to register Black voters who had long been prevented by chicanery and terror from ...
Jim Crow laws: Connexipedia Article
Article
Were state and local laws in the United States enacted between 1876 and 1965.
Little Rock Central High School: Connexipedia Article
Article
The site of forced school desegregation during the American Civil Rights Movement.
Montgomery Bus Boycott
Article
1955
A successful year-long protest against the segregation of buses in Montgomery, Alabama.
The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness
Alexander, Michelle
Book
2010
Argues that Jim Crow and legal racial segregation have been replaced by mass race-based incarceration as a system of social control.
The New Jim Crow: A talk
Alexander, Michelle
Article
2010
Nothing short of a broad-based social movement can address this problem. Such a movement has to be multi-racial: Latinos and women, especially women of color, are the fastest growing segment of the pr...
Religion and the Rise of Labor and Black Detroit: Against The Current vol. 134
Higbee, Mark
Article
2008
Historians and other scholars have given Detroit plentiful attention, including some very important books, yet in this vital new study Angela Dillard manages to approach the Motor City’s past in sever...
Review: Riding the Bus to Freedom: Against The Current vol. 132
Feeley, Dianne
Article
2008
The 1961 Freedom Rides challenged a racially segregated society by openly defying its customs, riding in interracial groups on interstate buses going South and desegregating the stations’ facilities. ...
Slavery by Another Name: The Re-Enslavement of Black Americans from the Civil War to World War II
Blackmon, Douglas A.
Book
2008
An account of how African Americans were forcibly enslaved by a corrupt legal system in the southern States, from the end of the Civil War through WWII.
SNCC at 50
Walker, Corey D.B.
Article
2010
The fiftieth anniversary of the founding of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) is vitally important not just for learning and understanding the past but, more importantly, for imagin...
A Whiff of Jim Crow: Against The Current vol. 153
Miah, Malik
Article
2011
The Republican party and its rightwing base are on a concerted drive to suppress the vote in coming elections. The targets are African Americans, other ethnic minorities, the elderly and young.
'Worse than Slavery': Parchman Farm and the Ordeal of Jim Crow Justice
Oshinsky, David M.
Book
1997
After the abolition of slavery the white rulers of Mississippi developed a new system for keeping the ex-slaves in line: laws were passed to maintain white supremacy, including the system of convict l...

Sources Library

Lynching
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
Lynching is extrajudicial execution carried out by a mob, often by hanging, but also by burning at the stake and shooting, in order to punish an alleged transgressor, or to intimidate, control, or oth...
Nadir of American race relations
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
The "nadir of American race relations" refers to the period in United States history from the end of Reconstruction through the early 20th century, when racism is deemed to have been worse than in any...
Racial segregation
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
Racial segregation is the separation of different kinds of humans (like black and white people) into racial groups in daily life. It may apply to activities such as eating in a restaurant, drinking fr...
Separate but equal
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
Separate but equal was a legal doctrine in United States Constitutional law that justified systems of segregation. Under this doctrine, services, facilities and public accommodations were allowed to b...
16th Street Baptist Church bombing
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
The 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama was bombed by violent racists on Sunday, September 15, 1963. The explosion at the African-American church, which killed four girls, marked a turni...