Setting Up a Nuclear Weapon Free Zone
There are two ways to set up a Nuclear Weapons Free Zone in your area: Hold a referendum during a municipal or provincial election, or introduce a motion at a City or Town Council meeting.
In Lunenburg County we used the second approach—successfully. In early fall we went to four town councils with proposals stating why each community should declare itself a NWFZ. Our appeal included information on NWFZ communities elsewhere in Canada and other countries; an illustration of the proposed sign and its possible locations; and the cost of materials and construction. We also included an estimate of the money and work our group was prepared to contribute and the working of the motion we wanted each council to pass.
Next, we familiarised ourselves with the municipal process. We submitted a typed motion to the municipal clerk so it could be included on the council agenda and copies could be distributed to all council members. (If the members do not receive their agenda and meeting papers well in advance, it’s a good idea to mail individual copies of the motion yourself.)
At the council meeting we kept our presentation from the floor short. Town council meetings take forever and are exhausting so it’s best to assign speaking roles in advance to people who really know the issue and can answer questions from the council.
The questions we faced dealt with legality and costs. The legal issue centred on the claim that towns don’t have the authority to declare themselves NWFZ that only the federal government has this right. In response, your group could have a supporter (ideally a lawyer) cite the numerous communities in Canada that are NWFZs and point out that the laws haven’t interfered. (One might add that Canada has an official NWFZ policy.)
Council may argue: “If the town puts up signs for one group, we’ll have to do it for everybody.” In reply, point out that the town will be declaring itself a NFWZ, thus affirming and publicizing its own decision, not that of your organization.
Finally, the larger centres may fear losing defence contracts and the jobs that go with them. This form of opposition must be anticipated and countered with an effective, well–researched argument. Get help from experts in your community and the resource organizations below.
Encourage the media to attend the council meeting especially if you have friends among reporters and friends on council who can be counted on to make strong arguments in your favour. Prepared news releases can be sent to weekly and community papers and to the local radio station if they do not cover the meeting.
Finally, follow–up details must be worked out. Cost sharing must be arranged—it’s advisable to consult with the town engineer or supervisor of public works well in advance of your council presentation. Signs, posts, and exact locations must meet town criteria. Those put outside the town or city limits may need to be approved by the provincial Department of Highways or Transportation while signs within town limits are subject to town authority, but may need approval or a permit from a county planning commission.
Good luck in declaring your community a NWFZ!
Contact: The Nuclear Weapons Free Zone Clearing House, 25 Dundas Ave, Dundas, ON L9H 4E5 and Project Ploughshares, Conrad Grebel College, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G6.
Reprinted from PEACE Magazine June/July 1987. PEACE Magazine is published bi–monthly. A six issue subscription costs $15.00. Write: PEACE Magazine, 736 Bathurst Street, Toronto, On M5R 2R4 (416)533–7581.
Published in the Connexions Digest, Volume 12, Number 1, Fall 1988.