Celebrating World Press Freedom Day
Canadian group not dealing with major free expression issue
By Nick Fillmore
Canadian Journalists for Free Expression (CJFE), a non-profit organization I worked with for 14 years, is one of dozens of groups from around the world that is celebrating the importance of an unencumbered media on World Press Freedom Day today, May 3.
CJFE has an almost 30 year history of carrying out vital press freedom work throughout the developing world with its own programs and, in particular, through the creation and operation of the International Freedom of Expression eXchange (IFEX), a worldwide network of 88 groups . Working with other groups, lives have been saved and entire nations of people have gained the right to express themselves.
The group has just published its most elaborate ever, 46-page Free Expression in Canada Review. The report addresses a number of important issues, such as access to information, digital surveillance, and the failure to protect the country’s whistleblowers. The Review should result in more people becoming involved in CJFE, which is important.
But with this anniversary of World Press Freedom Day, I feel it’s important to explain how CJFE comes up short when addressing the free expression problems we face here in Canada.
It’s not only in developing countries where journalists lack rights. In fact, Canada is facing its greatest public information crisis in many years.
It is true that mainstream journalism is adversely affected by the economic downturn and the loss of millions of dollars in advertising revenues to Internet-based companies. But this is not what I’m referring to. There are still the resources to do a better job.
The “mugging” of journalism
The big problem is the “mugging” of a lot of critically important journalism.
I’m talking about how corporate-owned mainstream news organizations restrict the freedom of journalists and prevent the public from having access to a wide variety of important news and opinion articles. This lack of balanced information affects everything from people having the information they need to decide how to vote to all of us better understanding how power is exercised in our communities.
The censorship consists of banning some topics and discussions and filtering out stories and ideas that do not fit the current mainstream media agenda. Mainstream editors have learned what kinds of stories should be carried. Forced to work in this restrictive atmosphere, many journalists practice self-censorship to protect their jobs. If you contradict the usually unspoken rules, you don’t work.
At just about every major news organization – with the exception of The Toronto Star – independent and left-leaning columnists have been replaced mostly by a horde of ranting right-wing zealots.
People in positions of authority and those with lots of power benefit from news management. But folks such as labour leaders, environmental activists, feminists, or spokespeople for poverty organizations are seldom given a chance to be prominent in news coverage.
The greatest manipulators are the giant media corporations Bell/CTV, Shaw/Global, Quebecor/Sun Media, Post Media, and The Globe and Mail. While the CBC has some excellent current affairs programming, its news departments tend to follow the lead of the safe road set by the privates.
And there’s more: Most serious is the fact that corporate media have adopted the agenda of big business by supporting the far right neo-liberal economics – but they have declared the topic to be taboo in mainstream media. The theory is that giving total freedom to corporations is the best way to run a country but, in reality, neo-liberalism is destroying the lives of millions of Canadians.
This whole area is an issue of right-wing corporate-controlled news and information supplanting independent, liberal and left-wing thinking and expression. Without these stories and opinions being expressed, democracy is limited in Canada.
CJFE should investigate media suppression
Given the seriousness of this problem, media control and manipulation should be CJFE’s number one priority. Yet it’s nowhere on the group’s agenda.
CJFE should conduct a full investigation of the extent of media suppression in Canada. But this is very unlikely to happen because the organization’s direction is pretty much controlled by the same corporations that suppress the news in the country.
The group’s slippery slide into corporate control began in the 1980s when I worked there. Money was in short supply, so CJFE started holding annual banquets to raise extra cash.
Like so many other would-be progressive organizations that rely heavily on corporate donations, CJFE work in Canada is now financially and mentally controlled by money donated by Big Business . Scotiabank was the key donor at last fall’s fundraising dinner. Other donors included CTV, international financial services company Sun Life Financial, financial risk management firm Aon Hewitt, The billionaire Thomson family’s Globe and Mail, public relations firm Media Profile, National public relations, and OMNI Media, an audio distribution company.
Meanwhile, the 14-member Board of Directors is made up of eight journalists, while six other people come from the corporate world. Included are three lawyers, an executive from a professional search firm, a public relations man from Sun Life, and the part owners of a magazine.
Other countries have greater press freedom
The broader issue beyond the failure of CJFE is the failure of the Canadian mainstream journalism community to establish an independent voice for itself. Unlike journalists in some European countries, such as Denmark, reporters, editors and other media workers here have very little, if any, control over their work.
Perhaps their lack of commitment to journalistic principles can be blamed on their cultural inheritance. After all, most journalists are products of our valueless education system, the pro-business environment we live in, and the consumerism that surrounds us.
Interestingly, Canadian journalists could learn a lot about responsibility and the role of media from journalists in any one of a number of developing countries. While neo-liberalism is a taboo topic in Canadian mainstream media, many Southern journalists insist on the right to debate the controversial economic system. Just two examples: South Africa and the Philippines.
I doubt that many developing country journalists, men and women who put their life on the line too frequently, would stand for the subservient role forced upon mainstream journalists in Canada.
CJFE can change. If members across the country took an interest in the integrity of the organization, they can toss out the current Board and elect members who oppose a close relationship with corporate Canada. Funding from Big Business could be phased out over a period of time. Much of the revenue could be replaced by employing new, creative fundraising activities.
However it chooses to go about it, CJFE needs to regain its independence so it can speak out on any issue without fear of the consequences of reprisal.
Nick Fillmore is a Toronto freelance journalist and social activist. He was one of the founders of Canadian Journalists for Free Expression, the International Freedom of Expression eXchange and the Canadian Association of Journalists. This article originally appeared on The Tyee and is reprinted with permission by the author. Nick’s blog can be visited at: http://nickfillmore.blogspot.ca
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