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  1. The Abolition of the State
    Anarchist & Marxist Perspectives

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 2007
    Both Anarchists and Marxists believe that it will be possible to do away with the state. But what do they mean by that? What is the state, after all? What institutions, if any, would be necessary to replace its functions? Would a transitional “dictatorship of the proletariat” be needed or will it be possible to immediately abolish the state? Does modern technology require a centralized institution such as the state? Throughout the history of revolutions, the people have created workplace councils and neighborhood assemblies--how could these replace the state?
  2. Adventures in Marxism 
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1999
    Marshall Berman explores and rejoices in the emancipatory potential of Marxism.
  3. Against All Odds
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1985
    The shadow haunting the power structure is the danger that those who are controlled will realize they are powerless only so long as they think they are. Once people stop believing they are powerless the whole edifice is in danger of collapse.
  4. Against Capitalism
    The European Left on the March

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 2007
  5. Against the Current
    Resource Type: Serial Publication (Periodical)
    First Published: 1986
    Bi-monthly magazine oriented toward movements for social and economic justice; radical, socialist and feminist in orientation.
  6. All That Our Hands Have Done
    A Pictorial History of Hamilton Workers

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1981
    The story of working people in Hamilton's steel industry.
  7. The American Class System
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1998
  8. The American Socialist Movement: 1897-1912
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1952
    A history of the American Socialist Party, which at its height had over 150,000 dues-paying members, published hundreds of newspapers, and won almost a million votes for its presidential candidate.
  9. The American Worker
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1947   Published: 1972
    A description and analysis of the lives of American factory workrers after the Second World War, written by a young autoworker.
  10. The American Working Class in Historical Persepctive 
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1973
    A review of Jeremy Brecher's Strike! (See CX6590)
  11. Die "andere" Arbeiterbewegung und die Entwicklung der kapitalistischen Repression von 1880 bis zur Gegenwart
    Ein Beitrag zum Neuverständnis d. Klassengeschichte in Deutschland. Mit ausführl. Dokumentation zu Aufstandsbekämpfung, Werkschutz u.a.

    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1976
  12. An Anti-Capitalist Manifesto 
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 2003
    An extended argument about what the anti-capitalist movement should stand for.
  13. Autonomous Struggles and the Capitalist Crisis
    A Workers' Autonomy Pamphlet

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1974
    A Canadian pamphlet with English translations of three articles originating with the Italian autonomist Marxist organization Lotta Continua.
  14. Back To The Future 
    The Continuing Relevance of Marx

    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2000
    Does anyone seriously believe that the Russian workers who invented soviets in 1905 or overthrew the Tsar in 1917 were free of bigotry, of anti-semitism, of sexism, of national chauvinism? Or the Hungarian workers of 1966? Or the French workers of 1968? (In France there had been considerable display of racism toward African immigrants, a racism that was significantly reduced for a while during the events of May 1968.) Were the Polish workers who created Solidarity in 1980 free of anti-semitism, sexism, the influence of the Catholic Church? What is missing in most of these empirical studies is the theory of Marx. They are based on the depths the working class has reached under capitalism, not the peaks. As a result, they are inherently conservative.
  15. 'Be his payment high or low'
    The American Working Class in the Sixties

    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1965
    Whether workers win a particular struggle or are forced to retreat or manage to hold their own varies considerably with time and place and the particular relationship of forces in each factory. What remains constant throughout, however, is the struggle itself and the search for new social forms.
  16. Black Cats, White Cats, Wildcats
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1969
    Direct, shop-floor organization have emerged that are willing and able to call strikes in its own name and fight against both the union and the management in a struggle to assert the power of the working class in production.
  17. Book Review: The Condition of the Working Classes in England
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2013
    Reveiw of Nicholas Comfort, Surrender: How British Industry Gave Up the Ghost, 1952–2012 (2012) and Owen Jones, Chavs: The Demonization of the Working Class (2011).
  18. Break Their Haughty Power 
    Resource Type: Website
    Articles on capitalism, socialism, and revolution, from a left-Marxist perspective.
  19. Build It Now
    Socialism for the Twenty-First Century

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 2006
    Influenced by the dramatic proeesses unfolding in Venezuela, Lebowitz re-imagines a socialism for the twenty-first century that places workers and popular communities at the centre of the project.
  20. Bureau of Public Secrets 
    Resource Type: Website
    Articles from a Situationist perspective.
  21. Burying the White Working Class
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2016
    Liberal condescension towards white workers is code for a broader anti-working class agenda. The white working class is a zombie that doesn't know it's dead. Or if it's not fully zombified yet, its members are all too busy cleaning their AR-15s and posting racist comments on YouTube to vote for a progressive. That is, if they're not already on the Trump bandwagon, which they probably are. At least that's what the Democratic Party wants you to believe.
  22. Canada's 1960s 
    The Ironies of Identity in a Rebellious Era

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 2008
    A history of social movements of the 1960s, including Canada’s student and anti-war movements, the rise of women’s liberation, labour agitation, and Quebec’s independence movement.
  23. The Canadian Jewish Outlook Anthology
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1988
    A broad range of articles about secular Jewish life and socialist values.
  24. The Canadian Labour Movement
    A Short History

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1989
  25. Das Capital, Volume 1 
    A Critical Analysis of Capitalist Production

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1867   Published: 1890
    Marx's great work sets out to grasp and portray the totality of the capitalist mode of production, and the bourgeois society that emerges from it. He describes and connects all its economic features, together with its legal, political, religious, artistic, philosophical and ideological manifestations.
  26. Das Capital, Volume 2
    The Process of Circulation of Capital

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1893   Published: 1956
  27. Das Capital, Volume 3
    The Process of Capitalist Production as a Whole

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1894   Published: 1971
  28. Chavs
    The Demonization of the Working Class

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 2011
    An analysis of Britain's working class and the sociopolitical attitudes regarding them.
  29. "Chavs", class and representation
    A review of Owen Jones, Chavs: The Demonisation of the Working Class

    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2012
    Chavs traces the rise of an offensive caricature of the working class: a racist hooligan, an alcoholic thug; women unable to control their vaginas, men unable to control their fists; brainless, feckless scroungers-working class people, as represented by the term chav, are nothing more than parasitic growths on society. Jones demonstrates how the figure of the chav is used to deflect blame away from the structures that create inequality onto individuals.
  30. China in Revolt
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2012
    Few in the West are aware of the drama unfolding in today’s “epicenter of global labor unrest.” A scholar of China exposes its tumultuous labor politics and their lessons for the Left.
  31. China's Disposable Labor
    Against The Current vol. 140

    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2009
    The global financial crisis has begun to take its toll in China, with a rapid decline in China’s exports. In Guangdong province where the export processing zones house 20 million workers, tens of thousands of migrant workers have been sacked. By comparing various estimates one can conclude that nationally by the beginning of 2009 between four and nine million migrant workers have returned home. Millions more will stay home after the Chinese New Year holiday.
  32. Class and Colour in South Africa 1850-1950
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1969   Published: 1983
    A historical and sociological overview which provides a critical analysis of the Labour and National movements in South Africa and explores how and why the white working class traded its socialist principles for a share of white power. Also examines the interactions between the two wings of the resistance against white domination.
  33. Class Composition and the Theory of the Party at the Origin of the Workers-Councils Movement
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1972
    Re-examines a crucial segment of labour history, the German workers' council experience, which bridges the classical socialist phase of the Second and Third Internationals, and the post-Keynesian period.
  34. The Collected Essays, Journalism and Letters Volume 1: An Age Like This
    Resource Type: Book
  35. Collected Essays, Journalism and Letters Volume 2: My Country Right or Left
    Resource Type: Book
  36. The Collected Essays, Journalism and Letters Volume 3: As I Please
    Resource Type: Book
  37. The Collected Essays, Journalism and Letters Volume 4: 1945-1950
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1968
  38. The Color of Politics
    Race and the Mainsprings of American Politics

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1997
  39. Combatting Racism in the Workplace
    A Course for Workers

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1983
  40. Coming Home to the Struggle
    Against The Current vol. 134

    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2008
    I became a political activist at the age of 12, when I marched for open housing in Evanston, Illinois. We lived next to the Black community in Evanston; African-American students made up 40% of my grade school. At the local YWCA girls club my sister and I were the only whites. The young Black women I became close to helped me overcome painful shyness. Later my father, a Methodist minister, was arrested trying to integrate churches in Jackson, Mississippi.
  41. Common Sense for Hard Times 
    The Power of the Powerless to Cope with Everyday life and Transform Society in The Nineteen Seventies

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1976
    Presents a vision of society as it is and as it could be. Putting the problems of contemporary daily life in historical perspective, it reveals that they have their roots in the way our society is organized, and thereby enables us to re-examine our own situation and experience.
  42. The Communist Manifesto 
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1848
    Written by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels as the theoretical and practical platform of the Communist League, a workers' association.
  43. The Complete Works of Rosa Luxemburg, Volume I 
    Economic Writings 1

    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 2013
    This first volume in Rosa Luxemburg's Complete Works, entitled Economic Writings 1, contains some of Luxemburg's most important statements on the globalization of capital, wage labour, imperialism, and pre-capitalist economic formations.
  44. The Condition of the Working Class in England
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1845
  45. Connexions
    Volume 6, Number 4 - November 1981 - Unorganized Workers/Travailleurs Non-Organises

    Resource Type: Serial Publication (Periodical)
    First Published: 1981
  46. Connexions
    Volume 6, Number 5 - January 1982 - Children/Enfants

    Resource Type: Serial Publication (Periodical)
    First Published: 1982
  47. Connexions Digest
    Issue 51 - May 1990 - A Social Change Sourcebook

    Resource Type: Serial Publication (Periodical)
    First Published: 1990
  48. Connexions Library: China Focus
    Resource Type: Website
    Published: 2009
    Selected articles, books, websites and other resources on China.
  49. Connexions Library: Labour and Unions Focus 
    Resource Type: Website
    Published: 2009
    Selected articles, books, websites and other resources on labour and unions.
  50. Connexions Library: Work Focus Page
    Resource Type: Website
    Published: 2009
    Selected articles, books, websites and other resources on work.
  51. Constitution and By-Laws of Industrial Workers of the World
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1905
    The working class and the employing class have nothing in common. There can be no peace so long as hunger and want are found among millions of working people and the few, who make up the employing class, have all the good things of life....
  52. A Contest of Ideas: Capital, Politics and Labor
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 2013
    Compilation and updates of many of Lichtenstein's most provocative and controversial essays and reviews. The author offers perspectives on the relationship of labour and the state, the tensions that sometimes exist between a culture of rights and the idea of solidarity, and the rise of conservatism in politics, law, and intellectual life.
  53. A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy 
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1859
  54. A Critique of Kim Moody's An Injury to All
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1989
    Moody's book is no academic study, but looks at the labor movement "from the bottom up"; the author has witnessed and to some extent participated in the many defeats and handful of victories of the past 15 years.
  55. Critique of Nonviolent Politics 
    From Mahatma Gandhi to the Anti-Nuclear Movement

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1984   Published: 2002
    Ryan accepts that sometimes nonviolence can be effective, but says that sometimes it is not: "a principled insistence on nonviolence can in some circumstances be dangerous to progressive social movements." He says that nonviolence theory "is troubled by moral dogma and mechanical logic."
  56. Democracy Against Capitalism 
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1995
    Wood provides a brilliant explication and defense of the key theoretical concepts relevant to socialism, understood to be the most radical social and economic democracy.
  57. Democracy for the Few 
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1988   Published: 1995
    How does the U.S. political system work and for what purpose? What are the major forces shaping political life and how do they operate? Who governs in the United States? Who gets what, when, how, and why? Who pays and in what ways. These are the central questions investigated in this book.
  58. A Dictionary of Marxist Thought
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1983
  59. The Dodge Revolutionary Union Movement
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1969
    DRUM was formed in May 1968 during the course of a wildcat strike that protested against an increase in production without an increase in man-power. Most of the plant porkchoppers were off in Atlantic City at a union convention and the plant was shut down by a joint effort of older Polish women from the Trim Shop and young black workers.
  60. Down To Earth People
    Beyond Class Reductionism and Postmodernism

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1999
    Working class women and men offer their analysis of the world today and its multi-dimensional inequalities.
  61. Dying for Growth
    Global Inequality and the Health of the Poor

    Resource Type: Book
  62. Economic Power Struggle In The USSR
    Soviet Workers Press For Self-Management

    Resource Type: Article
  63. Educate, agitate, occupy!
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2009
    An account of the occupation Visteon factory in Enfield, London.
  64. The Emergence of the Canadian Working Class Movement
    1845-1875

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1975
  65. Engels, Manchester and the Working Class
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1974
    An account and interpretation of the writing of Friedrich Engels' first major work, The Condition of the Working Class in England in 1844.
  66. Essays in Canadian Working Class History
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1976
  67. Eurocentrism 
    Resource Type: Book
    Amin argues that Eurocentrism is an ideological distortion, a myth and historical fallacy and argues for a new social, economic, cultural and political system based on socialist universalism.
  68. Facing Reality 
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1958   Published: 1974
    Inspired by the October 1956 Hungarian workers' revolution against Stalinist oppression, as well as the U.S. workers' "wild-cat" strikes (against capital and the union bureaucracies), the authors looked ahead to the rise of new mass emancipatory movements by African Americans as well as anti-colonialist/anti-imperialist currents in Africa and Asia. Virtually alone among the radical texts of the time, Facing Reality also rejected modern society's mania for "conquering nature," and welcomed women's struggles "for new relations between the sexes."
  69. Facing Reality 45 Years Later 
    Critical Dialogue with James/Lee/Chaulieu

    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2003
    According to Goldner, "In 1958, Facing Reality was an important book, uncannily anticipatory of the historical period which would unfold over the following 15 years. Its main assertions are still being debated.... What I find most interesting in Facing Reality is not so much the answers it offers as the questions it asks. Those questions revolve around the role of the revolutionary Marxist party today.
  70. The Failure of the Working Class
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1946
    Capitalism cannot be annihilated by a change in the commanding persons; but only by the abolition of commanding. The real freedom of the workers consists in their direct mastery over the means of production. The essence of the future free world community is not that the working masses get enough food, but they direct their work themselves, collectively.
  71. Falling Behind
    The State of Working Canada, 2000

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 2000
    An accessible collation of data and analysis, analyzed from a progressive perspective, about the social and economic realities of working people in Canada.
  72. False Promises 
    The Shaping of American Working Class Consciousness

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1973
  73. False Promises: A Review 
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1974
    False Promises is a strange book. Despite a certain carelessness of presentation, I recommend it to all concerned with the working class for its extensive documentation of the working-class experience, at work, in the larger society, and in the unions. It is imbued with the conception that freedom is the fundamental quality of revolutionary change and it rejects the strangling doctrines and structures of the union movement and of the vanguard parties. Yet it cannot overcome a conception of working-class consciousness which reduces workers to victims and consciousness to verbalizations.
  74. Falsifying History and Ourselves: Anti-Democratic Propaganda in the Classroom
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2001
    Contrary to the views promoted by FHAO, the true facts about Germany during the Holocaust show that 1) working class Germans fought the Nazis; 2) anti-Semitism did not come from ordinary people; and 3) anti-Semitism was a weapon used by Germany's industrial and aristocratic elite to attack not only the Jewish minority but the entire working class.
  75. Farewell to the Working Class
    An Essay on Post-Industrial Socialism

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1980   Published: 1982
    Gorz argues that changes in science and technology have broken the power of industrial workers, especially skilled workers, and that, as a result, they are no longer central to the socialist project.
  76. Fear of Falling
    The Inner Life of the Middle Class

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1989   Published: 1990
    Examines the insecurities of the middle class in an attempt to explain its turn to the right during the past two decades. Fear of Falling traces the myths about the middle class to their roots in the ambition and anxieties that torment it and that have led to its retreat from a responsible leadership role.
  77. For Communism: Propositions on a Strategy for Revolution in the Advanced Capitalist Countries
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1970
    A series of 100 propositions addressing the strategic vacuum on the Italian and European left at the end of the 1960s.
  78. For Workers' Climate Action
    Climate Change and Working-Class Struggle

    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2015
    A new collection of articles and reviews on the fight against dangerous climate change, capitalism and workers' organisation and struggle. Urges the left to reach out to climate activists to make the case that being "anti-capitalist" is important but not enough.
  79. French New Working Class Theories
    From Radical America April 1969

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1969
  80. Genocide by Prescription: The "Natural History" of the Declining White Working Class in America
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2016
    The white working class in the US has been decimated through an epidemic of 'premature deaths' -- a bland term to cover-up the drop in life expectancy in this historically important demographic. This is the first time in the country's 'peacetime' history that its traditional core productive sector has experienced such a dramatic demographic decline -- and the epicenter is in the small towns and rural communities of the United States.
  81. The Ghost of Anarcho-Syndicalism
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1992
    The danger of modern anarchists of falling into the trap of anarcho-syndicalism.
  82. Glaberman, Martin
    Connexipedia Article

    Resource Type: Article
    An influential American Marxist, teacher, and autoworker. (1918-2001).
  83. Martin and Jessie Glaberman Collection
    Papers, 1939-2001

    Resource Type: Unclassified
    The papers of the Marxist radicals Martin Glaberman and Jessie Glaberman, now housed at Wayne State University.
  84. Glaberman, Martin - Writings - Index
    Resource Type: Article
    Writings of Martin Glaberman (1918-2001).
  85. Global Labor: Socialist Register 2001
    Review published in Against The Current Vol. 95

    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2001
    For all intents and purposes, I discovered the Socialist Register during the early '90s. When I say "discovered" I, of course, do not mean that I was the first to come across it. Rather, having heard of it for years, I actually read it.
  86. A Guide to Working Class History
    Second Edition

    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1974
    A guide to resources about the history of working people in North America. The bulk of it is about the United States; the final section is on Canada.
  87. Hamburg at the Barricades 
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1925   Published: 1977
    Articles by the revolutionary journaliist Larissa Reissner, covering the Hamburg uprising of 1923 and the life and times for Germany in the years 1923-1925.
  88. Harlan County USA 
    Resource Type: Film
    First Published: 1976
    An effort of 180 coal miners and their wives to strike for benefits at the Eastover Coal Company's Brookside Mine in Harlan County, southeast Kentucky in 1973.
  89. Here We Go Again, Trash-Talking The Working Class
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2016
    This column begins with a brief story about the author's two grandmothers who lived in trailer homes.
  90. The Hidden Injuries of Class
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1966   Published: 1972
    Sennett and Cobb look at human relations between people of different classes and analyze everyday life and ordinary situations to identify class signals that make people feel inadequate.
  91. The Historical Moment That Produced Us 
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2010
    As we emerge, hopefully, from this dismal period of rollback, we recall Rosa Luxemburg's remark, shortly before her murder in 1919: "The revolution says: I was, I am, I shall be!" We assert the ongoing reality of communism, "the real movement developing before our eyes," as Marx put it in the Manifesto. Like Hegel's "knights of history," we locate our identities not in any immediacy but in the emerging new universal that must be the cutting edge of the next global offensive.
  92. The History of Costa Rica
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1998   Published: 2007
    An overview of Costa Rican history with an emphasis on how Costa Ricans have been able to make their own history, "though they do not make it just as they choose."
  93. The History of Democracy 
    A Marxist Interpretation

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 2013
    Roper traces the history of democracy from ancient Athens to the emergence of liberal representative and socialist participatory democracy. He argues that democracy cannot be understood separately from the social and economic contexts in which democratic states operate.
  94. Hogtown
    Working Class Toronto at the Turn of the Century

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1974
  95. How the Unions Killed the Working Class Movement
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2006
    An analysis of how the vertical integration of unions disempowers workers and forces them to use captilist systems such as courts instead of relying on friendship and solidarity.
  96. Hungary 56 
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1964   Published: 1968
    The Hungarian Revolution was far more than a national uprising or than an attempt to change one set of rulers for another. It was a social revolution in the fullest sense of the term.
  97. The Idea of May Day on the March
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1913
    The brilliant basic idea of May Day is the autonomous, immediate stepping forward of the proletarian masses, the political mass action of the millions of workers who otherwise are atomized by the barriers of the state in the day-to-day parliamentary affairs, who mostly can give expression to their own will only through the ballot, through the election of their representatives.
  98. Ideas and Action
    Periodical profile published 1981

    Resource Type: Serial Publication (Periodical)
    First Published: 1981
    Archive of some articles published in Ideas and Action, a radical paper published by the Workers Solidarity Alliance from 1981 to 1997.
  99. International Workingmen's Association (The First International)
    Connexipedia Article

    Resource Type: Article
    An international socialist organization which aimed at uniting a variety of different left-wing political groups and trade union organizations that were based on the working class and class struggle.
  100. The Invading Socialist Society
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1947
    History has shown that in moments of great social crisis, its farthest flights fall short of the reality of the proletarian revolution. Never was the proletariat so ready for the revolutionary struggle, never was the need for it so great, never was it more certain that the proletarian upheaval, however long delayed, will only the more certainly take humanity forward in the greatest leap forward it has hitherto made. The periods of retreat, of quiescence, of inevitable defeats are mere episodes in the face of the absolute nature of the crisis.
  101. Ireland and the Irish Question
    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1971
    Brings together all of Marx's and Engels' writing on Ireland in one volume.
  102. Is that an archive in your basement... or are you just hoarding?
    Sources News Release

    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2012
    Are you an 'accidental archivist'? Have you been saving the publications and documents produced by the social justice projects you've been involved in? Then Connexions would like to hear from you.
  103. It's Our Own Knowledge
    Labour, Public Education, and Skills Training

    Resource Type: Book
  104. James Green's Death in the Haymarket
    Against The Current vol. 125

    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2006
    James Green's Death in the Haymarket tells the story of the anarcosyndicalist militants accused of perpetrating the throwing of a bomb that killed police at a workers’ rally at the Haymarket in Chicago on May 4, 1886. They were subsequently framed, convicted, and four martyrs hanged by the judicial system of Cook County on “Black Friday,” November 11, 1887.
  105. Jews, Marxism and the Worker's Movement
    Resource Type: Website
    A subject index of texts from Marx, Engels, Lenin, Trotsky, Leon and Luxemburg; texts from the Jewish Socialist & Labor Movement and the impact of the Russian Revolution on Jews.
  106. Jim Crutchfield's I.W.W. Page
    Resource Type: Website
    Historic documents on the Industrial Workers of the World (Wobblies).
  107. Justice for All: the Struggle for Worker Rights in Egypt
    A Report by the Solidarity Center

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 2010
    A report on recent workers' struggles in Egypt, against falling wages, oppressive working conditions, and violations of workers' rights, in the face of an authoritarian and repressive government.
  108. Karl Marx: Essential Writings
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1972
    A selection of Marx's writings ranging from his early works on philosophy, religion, alienation, and Hegelianism, through the materialist conception of history, the theoretical analysis of capitalism, and the politics of revolution. Bender provides informatative introductions setting the context for each set of materials.
  109. Karl Marx's Theory of Revolution
    Volume III: The Dictatorship of the Proletariat

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1986
    Hal Draper examines how Marx and Marxism dealt with the issue of dictatorship in relation to the revolutionary use of force and repression, particularly as this debate has centered on the use of the term "dictatorship of the proletariat." Draper strips away the layers of misinterpretation and misinformation that have accumulated over the years to show what Marx and Engels themselves meant by the term.
  110. Keystone XL opponents need a jobs program 
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2015
    The victorious Keystone campaign also exposed the perennial Achilles' heel of those who are fighting against climate change: We are often painted by our opponents and perceived by the public as caring more about the environment than about jobs. The neglected half of the job for environmental advocates is to ourselves become the voice for job creation. We need to develop robust programs to put unemployed pipefitters, teamsters, and others back to work. Indeed, the prerequisite for every environmental campaign should be a plausible and detailed jobs program. The sustainability movement must be a voice for workers, students, and others who want to both save the earth and promote appropriate economic development.
  111. The "Labor Aristocracy" and Working-Class Struggles: Consciousness in Flux, Part 2
    Against The Current vol. 124

    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2006
    Whatever the theoretical and empirical problems with the economics of the labor aristocracy thesis, its defenders still claim that well paid workers have generally been more reformist and conservative in their politics than lower paid workers. They point to the example of mostly white New York City construction workers ("hardhats") attacking antiwar demonstrators in the Spring of 1970; and contrast them with the militancy and progressive politics of some of the recent "Justice for Janitors" campaigns.
  112. Labor on the Ropes
    Against The Current vol. 135

    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2008
    In U.S. Labor in Trouble and Transition, Kim Moody focuses on why the organized labor movement went into decline and points to potential signs of revival. The author’s explanation begins with the worsening economic situation in the 1970s and a harsher anti-union climate, both politically and in the workplace, as “business refined its ability to act as a class.”
  113. LabourStart
    Resource Type: Website
    A major site with information about labour activities throughout the world.
  114. Lessons From the Working Class
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2013
    Acuna tries not to romanticize the working class, but he considers them his teachers.
  115. Letter from Marty Glaberman to Zerowork
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1977
    Martin Glaberman explains some of his criticism of the Zerowork journal.
  116. Liberty Against the Law
    Some Seventeenth-century Controversies

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1996
  117. Life After Death for Labor?
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 2015
    A review of Stanley Aronowitz's book "The Death and Life of American Labor: Toward a New Workers’ Movement."
  118. Life in the Factory
    Resource Type: Article
    This pamphlet concerns itself with the life of the working class in the process of production. and seeks to understand what the workers are thinking and doing while actually at work on the bench or on the line. Romano, himself a factory worker, has contributed greatly to such an understanding by his description, based upon years of study and observation, of the life of workers in modern mass production.
  119. Live Working or Die Fighting 
    How the Working Class Went Global

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 2010
    Mason realtes a series of struggles for worker and human rights over the past two hundred years and compares them to current struggles.
  120. The Making of E.P. Thompson 
    Marxism, Humanism, and History

    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1981
  121. The Making of Jericho Road
    Against The Current vol. 132

    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2008
    An interview with Michael Honey. The paperback edition of Michael Honey’s Going Down Jericho Road: The Memphis Strike, Martin Luther King’s Last Campaign is released this January 2008.
  122. The Making of the English Working Class 
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1963   Published: 1968
    Discusses the development of a working class consciousness from the 1790s to the Great Reform Bill
  123. Manifestos, Programs, Visions 
    Selected Manifestos - Political Statements - Programs

    Resource Type: Website
    First Published: 1649   Published: 2016
    A selection of left manifestos, programs, poltical statements and visions from the 1600s to today.
  124. Manoeuvres from above, movements from below: Greece under Tsipras
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2015
    The Syriza left is at a crossroads. For all the belief that Syriza is a different kind of party, one that transcends the division between reform and revolution and therefore should be the home for the entire left, its left faces exactly the same problem as the reformist left in social democracy -- the trap of impotence. This article is written in the spirit of offering an alternative, around which the left as a whole can unite.
  125. Marx and Engels Collected Works Volume 4
    Marx and Engels 1844 - 1845

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1845
    Includes The Holy Family, or Critique of Critical Criticism, and The Condition of the Working-Class in England.
  126. Marx and the Working Class
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1999
    Francis Wheen's 1999 biography of Marx, from which this is extracted, painted a warts-and-all portrait which shatters all the romantic and orthodox-Marxist idealisations of the founder of modern communism, while leaving intact and perhaps clearer than ever, Marx’s essential humanist and critical insights into the trajectory of modernity.
  127. Marxism and the Trade Unions
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1970
    Draper argues that essentially, no Marxist group has ever carried on any systematic revolutionary work in trade unions.
  128. Marxism and Workers' Organisation
    Writings of Marxists on Trade Unions, the General Strike, Soviets and Working Class Organisation

    Resource Type: Website
  129. Marxism.ca
    Resource Type: Website
    Published: 2016
    A gateway to resources about Marxism compiled by Connexions.
  130. A Marxist History of the World part 100: 1968-1975: the workers' revolt
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2012
    As the crisis of capitalism spread around the world, the working class took centre stage – but the revolt did not result in successful revolution anywhere.
  131. A Marxist History of the World part 51: The origins of the Labour Movement
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2011
    Capitalism's industrial revolution gave birth to its own gravediggers, argues Neil Faulkner as he examines the rise and fall of Chartism.
  132. A Marxist History of the World part 55: The Making of the Working Class
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2011
    The development of capitalism entails two complementary processes. The first, explored in MHW 54, is competitive capital accumulation. The second, explored here, is the making – and continual re-making – of the working class.
  133. A Marxist History of the World part 67: Reform or Revolution?
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2012
    The world Socialist movement was blown apart as its members supported the First World War. Neil Faulkner looks at how the question of reform or revolution lay behind the split.
  134. A Marxist History of the World part 73: 1917: the October Insurrection
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2012
  135. A Marxist History of the World part 79: Revolt in the Colonies
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2012
    The anti-colonial revolts of the early 20th century were inspired by radical ideas, but, as the examples of Ireland, India and Mexico show, history exacts a heavy price for political timidity.
  136. A Marxist History of the World part 85: June 1936: the French general strike and factory occupations
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2012
    In the mid-1930s French workers launched a wave of strikes and occupations. Neil Faulkner explains how the Stalinised Communist Party worked to contain this resistance.
  137. A Marxist History of the World part 92: The Great Boom
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2012
    In the first three decades after the war, the world economy experienced unprecedented growth rates and falling unemployment. But the boom rested on unstable foundations.
  138. Marxists Internet Archive 
    Resource Type: Website
    Large archive of the writings of Marx and Engels and of others in the Marxist tradition. Searchable.
  139. Marx's Theory of Working-Class Precariousness
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2016
    In the last decade and a half the concept of worker precariousness has gained renewed currency among social scientists. This trend grew more pronounced after the Great Financial Crisis of 2007–2009, which left in its wake a period of deep economic stagnation that still persists in large parts of the global economy. Most scholars define precariousness by reference to what workers lack, including such factors as: ready access to paid employment, protection from arbitrary firing, possibility for advancement, long-term job stability, adequate safety, development of new skills, living wages, and union representation.
  140. The Mass Strike, the Political Party and the Trade Unions 
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1906
    Luxemburg writes that "the mass strike in Russia [in 1905] has been realised not as means of evading the political struggle of the working-class, and especially of parliamentarism, not as a means of jumping suddenly into the social revolution by means of a theatrical coup, but as a means, firstly, of creating for the proletariat the conditions of the daily political struggle and especially of parliamentarism. The revolutionary struggle in Russia, in which mass strikes are the most important weapon, is, by the working people, and above all by the proletariat, conducted for those political rights and conditions whose necessity and importance in the struggle for the emancipation of the working-class Marx and Engels first pointed out, and in opposition to anarchism fought for with all their might in the International."
  141. The Meaning of Socialism
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1961   Published: 1969
    Paul Cardan's 1961 discussion of modern conceptions of socialism, and the future of socialist movements.
  142. Militant as Hell on the Waterfront
    The Political Thought of Stan Weir

    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2007
    New Beginnings looks at the life of workplace militant and writer, Stan Weir.
  143. Miners and Steelworkers
    Labour in Cape Breton

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1976
  144. Mineworkers of Guyana
    The Making of a Working Class

    Resource Type: Book
    Written by a former worker who himself grew up on Alcan's Plantation Mackenzie bauxite mine in Guyana, this is a readable account of the life and history of a Third World working class. It throws new light on the constantly recurring themes of company exploitation, trade union democracy, and the limits of nationalization in transforming management-worker relations.
  145. Mining Town Crisis
    Globalization, Labour and Resistance in Sudbury

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 2008
  146. Misrepresenting the White Working Class: What the Narrating Class Gets Wrong
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2016
    Most of the time the white working class is invisible in the U.S. But during elections there is a flurry of attention to this "demographic" among political reporters and operatives.
  147. Modern Capitalism and Revolution
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1959   Published: 1975
    For revolutionaries one central point must be grasped to understand how the system works: the struggle of human beings against their alientation, and the ensuing conflict and split in all spheres, aspects and moments of socia life. As long as this struggle is there there ruling strata will continue to be unable to organise their system in a coherent way, and society will lurch from one accident to another. These are the conditions for revolutionary activity in the present epoch -- and they are amply sufficient.
  148. Modern Politics
    Resource Type: Book
  149. Monographs on the Portuguese
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1975
    A collection of analytical essays on the Portugese immigrant community in Toronto.
  150. More Unequal
    Aspects of Class in the United States

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 2007
    Looks at class from a global vantage point integrating discussions of race, gender, and class, and the emergence of an international capitalist class.
  151. The Myth of the Labor Aristocracy, Part 1
    Against The Current vol. 123

    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2006
    The persistence of reformism and outright conservatism among workers, especially in the imperialist centers of North America, Western Europe and Japan, has long confounded revolutionary socialists. The broadest outlines of Marxist theory tell us that capitalism creates it own "gravediggers" - a class of collective producers with no interest in the maintenance of private ownership of the means of production. The capitalist system's drive to maximize profits should force workers to struggle against their employers, progressively broaden their struggle and eventually overthrow the system and replace it with their democratic self-rule.
  152. New Democracy Internet site
    Resource Type: Website
    Supports a democratic revolution to overthrow corporate capitalism, but opposes socialism. Features short articles on labour issues, the deficit, education.
  153. New Hogtown Press
    Connexipedia Article

    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2010
    New Hogtown Press was a Canadian left-wing publisher active during the 1970s and 1980s.
  154. The new socialist revolution
    An introduction to its theory and strategy

    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1973
    Chapter 6 - Strategy and Tactics. The first task of the revolutionary movement, its most important task within the next few years, is to destroy bourgeois hegemony and develop a radical consciousness among each of the potential constituencies for revolutionary action.
  155. A New Type of Political Organization?
    The Greater Toronto Workers' Assembly

    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2010
  156. The Newsletter
    Periodical profile

    Resource Type: Serial Publication (Periodical)
    First Published: 1973   Published: 1974
    Inactive/Defunct Periodical
    Newsletter published in 1973 and 1974 by the New Tendency, a loose collaboration of indepedent leftists primarily based in Toronto, Windsor, Winnipeg, and Kitchener-Waterloo. Articles dealt with workplace issues, labour unions, workers autonomy and related topics. A total of five-and-a-half issues were published. Copies of the newsletters are available in the Connexions Archive.
  157. The Newsletter #3
    Resource Type: Serial Publication (Periodical)
    First Published: 1973
  158. Nickel and Dimed
    On (Not) Getting By In America

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 2001
    Millions of Americans work full-time, year-round, for poverty-level wages. Barbara Ehrenreich decided to join them, inspired in part by the rhetoric surrounding welfare reform, which promised that any job equals a better life. But how can anyone survive, let alone prosper, on six to seven dollars an hour?
  159. The No-Nonsense Guide to Class, Caste & Hierarchies 
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 2002
    Concentrates mainly on the history of social hierarchy in Western civilization, and particularly the struggles of the working class.
  160. No Power Greater
    A Century of Labour in British Columbia

    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1967
  161. The Not-So-Secret History of Capitalism
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2013
    This is a coda to my review of Paul Collier’s book Exodus. I questioned the moral and social arguments that Collier employs to justify his arguments, and suggested that there is often a chasm between that evidence and Collier’s more contentious arguments, while many of his policy prescriptions are morally questionable.
  162. Notebook of an Agitator
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1958   Published: 1973
    Over 100 articles from the pen of an active participant in the events of thirty years of labor history. Cannon covers the campaigns to save Sacco and Vanzetti, the historic strikes of the 1930s, the Korean War, mcCarthyism, and prize fighting, movies, and the Catholic Church.
  163. Notes from a Revolution Dying
    Against The Current vol. 134

    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2008
    In June 1922, five years on from the Russian Revolution, a group of Moscow communists gathered to discuss a letter by Vladimir Petrzhek, an auto worker, tendering his resignation from the communist (or Bolshevik) party. Petrzhek was one of the worker communists who swelled the party’s ranks during the civil war of 1918-19, when the communist “Reds” had defended the revolution from the western-supported “White” generals.
  164. On the First International
    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1973
  165. On The Non-Formation of a Working-Class Political Party in the U.S., 1900-1945
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1983   Published: 2002
    Thus the basic thesis presented here is that no major working-class political party developed in the U.S. in the 20th century because in the U.S., in contrast to all other major capitalist countries, capitalism made the transition to the intensive ("Taylorist" or "Fordist") phase of accumulation without requiring the participation of a working-class political party in the state.
  166. On to Ottawa Trek
    Connexipedia: Article in the Canadian Encyclopedia

    Resource Type: Article
    In 1935, 1500 residents of federal unemployment relief camps in BC went on strike and moved by train and truck to Vancouver, spurred by angry concern for improved conditions and benefits in the camps. They then began a trek to Ottawa, but were stopped by police in Regina.
  167. On Unions and the Class Struggle
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1969   Published: 1973
    Written during the wave of workers' struggles known as the Italian hot autumn of 1969, when the autonomous struggles of the working class reached an unprecedented level, laying bare the character and function of the unions.
  168. On workplace organisation
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1997
    A look at the exchange between Stan Weir and Sam Friedman on workplace organisation.
  169. One Big Union
    An Outline of a Possible Industrial Organization of the Working Class, with Chart

    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1911
    This is the first edition of a booklet that was revised and republished many times by both the I. W. W. and Daniel De Leon's "Detroit I. W. W." (later the W. I. I. U.), to which the author defected in 1913. Later editions are available on this site: 1919 and ca. 1924.
  170. Ontological "Difference" and the Neo-Liberal War on the Social 
    Deconstruction and Deindustrialization

    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2001
    We have today legions of people with a smattering of knowledge turning out reams of books filled with buzz words that could be (and have been) produced by a computer program, and could be (and are) picked up in peer-group shop talk in a few months at the nearest humanities program or academic conference. Everyone these people don't like is trapped in a "gaze"; everyone "constitutes" their "identity" by "discourse"; to the fuddy-duddy "master narratives" that talk about such indelicate subjects as world accumulation these people counterpose "pastiche" and "bricolage", the very idea of being in any way systematic smacking of "totalitarianism"; it is blithely assumed that everyone except heterosexual white males now and for all time have been "subversives" (one wonders why we are still living under capitalism); a crippling relativism makes it somehow "imperial" to criticize public beheadings in Saudi Arabia or cliterodectomy practiced on five-year old girls in the Sudan.
  171. Ordinary People
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2001
    When we talk about revolution, we aren't talking about pie in the sky or something that's never existed. We're talking about reshaping the world with the very best values that we practice now, today, in our families, with our friends and co-workers, with our students and patients. We believe that the smallest acts of kindness and the most public, collective acts of revolution are on a continuum of struggle to make the world the way we believe it should be.
  172. Organizing for Workers' Power
    Beyond Trade Unionism & Vanguardism

    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1968   Published: 1969
    A discussion of the problem of "vanguardism," and the role of leadership in revolutionary organization, and its evolution through different stages of class struggle, by Adriano Sofri of the Italian socialist group Lotta Continua, with an introduction by militants in southern Ontario.
  173. Organizing "The Poor" - Against The Working Class
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1971
    The newly found "poor" have become a focus for middle class activists. Having learned in the schools and universities that the working class either did not exist or that if it existed, it was co-opted and apathetic and could not possible act as the agent for social change, they found it "refreshing" to locate this new constituency.
  174. Other Voices: The Connexions Newsletter - April 9, 2016
    Corporate Crime

    Resource Type: Serial Publication (Periodical)
    First Published: 2016
    Corporations have increasingly become legally unaccountable for their behaviour. Yet all too often corporations break the law and engage in criminals acts which would be severely punished if they were committed by ordinary individuals. These illegal acts range from deliberate health and safety violations that cost lives, to land seizures, to environmental negligence that contaminates lands and waters. Most of these illegal acts are never prosecuted, and those that are, are usually dealt with by a fine that corporations can treat as a cost of doing business.
    There are movements demanding that corporations be held accountable for their crimes in a serious way, and, specifically, that corporate executives should face jail time when the corporation they are in charge of engage in behaviour that causes death, injury, and illness. Our topic of the week for this issue of Other Voices is Corporate Crime, and a number articles, as well as a book, a film, and a website, explore aspects of the problem.
  175. Other Voices: The Connexions Newsletter - May 7, 2016
    Tax Evasion

    Resource Type: Serial Publication (Periodical)
    First Published: 2016
    Employing a network of accountants, tax lawyers, corporate shells, tax havens, secret bank accounts, and other methods, the 1% have become extremely adept at evading even the low rates of taxation they are subjected to.
  176. Out of the Driver's Seat
    Marxism in North America Today

    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1974
    Outlines the political perspective of the Windsor-based Labour Centre in the wake of divisions in the Centre in 1974. Issues explored include the nature of the working class, women in the working class, gay rights, and students rights.
  177. OWS and the working class
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2012
    As frustrating as this may sound to the left, who are justifiably excited over a revival of radical politics, many workers cannot see the movement’s relevancy to their own lives, yet still feel the pangs of the crisis perhaps more painfully than most.
  178. Pain on Their Faces
    Testimonies on the Paper Mill Strike, Jay, Manie, 1987-1988

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1998
    An accourt of an epic struggle by workers and their community against a powerful and aggressive corporation -- a strike by 1,250 workers against the International Paper Company in Jay, Maine, in 1987-88. Over 40- testimonies by strikers and their supporters explain in their own words the significance of this struggle for themselves, their families, their community and future generations.
  179. Pannekoek and Gorter's Marxism
    Resource Type: Book
    Published: 1978
    Anton Pannekoek and Herman Gorter were leading spokespersons for 'council communism.' They argued for the primacy of workers' own organizations, defending their importance agains the parliamentarists and Bolsheviks who saw in the party the nub of working-class organization, and against the anarchists who saw anathema in all organization. This volume contains represenative texts by Pannekoek and Goter, with an introduction by the editor.
  180. Pannekoek's "The Party and the Working Class"
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1941
  181. Party and Working Class
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1936
    We are only at the very earliest stages of a new workers' movement. The old movement was embodied in parties, and today belief in the party constitutes the most powerful check on the working class' capacity for action. That is why we are not trying to create a new party.
  182. A People's History of the World 
    From the Stone Age to the New Millennium

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1999
    Harman describes the shape and course of human history as a narrative of ordinary people forming and re-forming complex societies in pursuit of common human goals.
  183. Plunderbund and Proletariat
    A History of the IWW in B.C.

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1975
    A history of working class struggle from the workers' perspective.
  184. Pocket History of the British Working Class
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1942   Published: 1964
    A brief history of the British working class.
  185. The Politics of Urban Liberation
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1978
    A broad-ranging study which covers the political economy of the urban question and the importance of the city in the history of social revolution. Schechter's evaluation of libertarian insurgency highlights the importance of movements from below dealing with housing, transportation and other issues of daily life.
  186. Portugal: The Impossible Revolution?
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1977
    The story of what happened in Portugal between April 25, 1974 and November 25, 1975, as seen and felt by a deeply committed participant.
  187. Preface to Martin Glaberman's Four Essays on the Working Class
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1975
    Glaberman insists that the working class is not merely a victim of capitalism. Working people are active participants in creating their own consciousness, their methods of struggle and their own history.
  188. Promoting Unity and Solidarity
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1996
    I think that the current situation calls instead for a strategy that emphasizes working-class solidarity among a plurality of working-class organizations. This solidarity must bridge the divide between industrial and other workers, union and non-union workers, white and non-white workers, public and private sector workers, and so on.
  189. Race and Class: The Wealth Gap
    Against The Current vol. 88

    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2000
    Politicians and government officials point to the historic low unemployment level in the Black community as signs of a strong economy and a future where whites and African Americans will finally have an opportunity for an equal share of the American dream. While it is true that long-term unemployment for the African-American population is in the single digits for the first time, the wealth gap between white and Black families continues to widen. According to government statistics Black households' wealth average one-twelfth that of white households.
  190. Radical America - Volume 6, No. 3 - May - June 1972
    Resource Type: Serial Publication (Periodical)
    First Published: 1972
  191. Rank and File Networks: A Way to Fight Concessions
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1983
    Suggests rank and file networks to fight workplace closings and to circumvent the official unions.
  192. Rank and File 
    Personal Histories of Working Class Organizers

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1973   Published: 1974
    A collection of stories and recollections from labour movement organizers.
  193. Rebels, Reds, Radicals 
    Rethinking Canada's Left History

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 2005
    McKay looks at the history of the left in Canada as a series of experiments in "living otherwise" -- efforts to work out ways of life and thought strategically opposed to the prevailing liberal-capitalist order.
  194. Recast Dreams
    Class and Gender Consciousness in Steeltown

    Resource Type: Book
  195. Red City, Blue Period
    Social Movements in Picasso's Barcelona

    Resource Type: Book
  196. The Red Menace 
    A libertarian socialist newsletter

    Resource Type: Serial Publication (Periodical)
    First Published: 1975   Published: 1980
    Articles on topics such as socialism, Marxism, anarchism, work, popular education, organizing, wages for housework, Leninism, bureaucracy, hierarchy, jargon, prostitution, obscenity, science fiction, and terrorism.
  197. A Red Metamorphosis
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2014
    The following essay has been written and published in response to increasing requests from researchers for information on the background and development of historian Terry Irving and his approach to history.
  198. Rediscovering Two Labor Intellectuals
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2004
    Steve Early reviews collections of writings by Martin Glaberman and Stain Weir.
  199. A Reluctant Memoir of the '50s and '60s
    Against The Current vol. 134

    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2008
    I have been asked to write a memoir that would give a sense of the old left/new left realities of the 1950s and ‘60s. That seems quite odd to me (why would I be writing such a thing?), until I look in the mirror and see this old guy looking back at me. As I reflect, it does seem to me that I went through a lot of experience, met a lot of people, and perhaps learned from all that…So I will share some of my story.
  200. The Remaking of the American Working Class
    The Restructuring of Global Capital and the Recomposition of Class Terrain

    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1981   Published: 1999
    Today, one can only be practical by posing contemporary problems where they have, in fact, always been located: not in the "factory", the material condensation of the capitalist juridical entity par excellence the enterprise, but at the level of the total worker (Gesamtarbeiter) and his alienated phantom, the total capital.
  201. Response to George Fish
    Against The Current vol. 133

    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2008
    George Fish raises an important point about the “taking personal responsibility” debate taking place within the Black community, especially at the academic and leadership level. But his criticism of my argument that it is a “secondary factor” to prevalent institutional racism is way off.
  202. Revolutionary Politics and the Cuban Working Class
    Torchbook Edition

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1970
    A study of Cuban workers after consolidation of the Castro regime.
  203. The Road to Wigan Pier
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1937
    George Orwell's investigation of an English working class community in the 1930s.
  204. The Role of the Individual and the Group in the Creation of Work Cultures
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1980
    Stan Weir compares wildcat strikes in Poland and San Diego and their basis in the 'informal work group'.
  205. Rosa Luxemburg
    Abridged Edition

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1966   Published: 1969
    A biography of Luxemburg by a British academic.
  206. Rosa Luxemburg 
    Selected Political Writings

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1972
    A selection of Rosa Luxemburg's writings which highlight her outstanding contributions to the theory and practice of revolutionary socialism.
  207. The Rosa Luxemburg Reader 
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 2004
    A definitive one-volume collection of Luxemburg's writings.
  208. Rosa Luxemburg, Women's Liberation, and Marx's Philosophy of Revolution 
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1981   Published: 1982
    Part I - Rosa Luxemburg as Theoretician, as Activist, as Internationalist. Part II - The Women's Liberation Movement as Revolutionary Force and Reason. Part III - Karl Marx: From Critic of Hegel to Author of Capital and Theorist of "Revolution in Permanence."
  209. The Russian Revolution Ninety Years After
    Against The Current vol. 131

    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2007
    The October Revolution of 1917 in Russia was the most influential political event of the 20th century. But since history is written by the victors, it is not well known that October was the opening shot of a vast and powerful challenge to capitalism that swept the industrial world and had strong echoes in colonial countries. Between 1918 and 1921 union membership and days lost in strikes everywhere reached new heights, while the ranks of the revolutionary wing of the socialist movement swelled.
  210. Scattered Sand
    The Story of China's Rural Migrants

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 2012
    Each year, 200 million workers from China’s vast rural interior travel between cities and provinces in search of employment: the largest human migration in history. This indispensable army of labour accounts for half of China’s GDP, but is an unorganized workforce — “scattered sand,” in Chinese parlance — and the most marginalized and impoverished group of workers in the country.
  211. Seeds of Fire 
    A People's Chronology

    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2012
    Recalling events that happened on this day in history. Memories of struggle, resistance and persistence.
  212. A Seventh Man
    A book of images and work about the experience of migrant workers in Europe

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1975
    Images, poetry, quotes and short written pieces that portray the experiences of male migrant workers in Europe.
  213. She never was afraid
    The biography of Annie Buller

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1976
    The story of Annie Buller, a Canadian trade union activist and Communist.
  214. Short History of the World Working-Class Movement from Lassalle to Neo-Liberalism
    The Distorting Hegemony of the Unproductive Middle Classes

    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1988
    This essay is a kind of "thought experiment", attempting to trace the career and impact of the "man of negation", ultimately theorized by Hegel as the "Prussian monarch" who "universally labors" in the realm of the state (and hence art, philosophy and religion) but whose "labor" does not transform nature, does not engage in what the Theses on Feuerbach call "sensuous transformative activity".
  215. Social Anarchism, Individualist Anarchism, the State and Leninism
    A Reply to the International Socialist Organization

    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2009
    I take it that social or Left-anarchism and libertarian socialism are the same thing. Both stand opposed to Leninism, and both stand opposed to individualist anarchism.
  216. Social and Sexual Revolution 
    Essays on Marx and Reich

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1979
    A collection of essays by Bertell Ollman. Ollman tackles issues such as Karl Marx's concepts of class, class consciousness, and communism; he argues for the absorption of Wilhelm Reich's insights about the social function of sexual repression in maintaining capitalist relations; and he dicusses the various problems involved in trying to teach 'Marxism' in an academic context without destroying its central purpose as an instrument of class struggle.
  217. Socialism.ca 
    Resource Type: Website
    Published: 2016
    A gateway to resources about socialism, socialist history, and socialist ideas, compiled by Connexions.
  218. The Socialist Register 1964
    Volume 1: A Survey of Movements & Ideas

    Resource Type: Serial Publication (Periodical)
    First Published: 1964
  219. The Socialist Register 1967
    Volume 4: A Survey of Movements & Ideas

    Resource Type: Serial Publication (Periodical)
    First Published: 1967
  220. The Socialist Register 1968
    Volume 5: A Survey of Movements & Ideas

    Resource Type: Serial Publication (Periodical)
    First Published: 1968
  221. The Socialist Register 1972
    Volume 9: A Survey of Movements & Ideas

    Resource Type: Serial Publication (Periodical)
    First Published: 1972
  222. The Socialist Register 1975
    Volume 12: A Survey of Movements & Ideas

    Resource Type: Serial Publication (Periodical)
    First Published: 1975
  223. The Socialist Register 1978
    Volume 15: A Survey of Movements & Ideas

    Resource Type: Serial Publication (Periodical)
    First Published: 1978
  224. The Socialist Register 1981
    Volume 18: A Survey of Movements & Ideas

    Resource Type: Serial Publication (Periodical)
    First Published: 1981
  225. The Socialist Register 1982
    Volume 19: A Survey of Movements & Ideas

    Resource Type: Serial Publication (Periodical)
    First Published: 1982
  226. The Socialist Register 1983
    Volume 20: A Survey of Movements & Ideas

    Resource Type: Serial Publication (Periodical)
    First Published: 1983
  227. The Socialist Register 1985/1986
    Volume 22: Social Democracy and After

    Resource Type: Serial Publication (Periodical)
    First Published: 1986
  228. Socialist Register 1989
    Volume 25: Revolution Today. Aspirations and Realities

    Resource Type: Serial Publication (Periodical)
    First Published: 1989
  229. Socialist Register 1991
    Volume 27: Communist Regimes the Aftermath

    Resource Type: Serial Publication (Periodical)
    First Published: 1991
  230. Sociology Misconstrues the Working Class
    Part I: Class conflict in the workplace

    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1971
  231. Sociology Misconstrues the Working Class
    Part II: Class conflict outside the workplace

    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1972
  232. Soviets in Italy
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1920   Published: 1973
    Articles which Antonio Gramsci wrote for the weekly Turin journal Ordine Nuovo during 1919 and 1920.
  233. Spontaneity and Organization: Some Comments
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1973
    A contribution to a symposium on Jeremy Brecher's book Strike!
  234. Steel Strike
    Hamilton 1946

    Resource Type: Book
  235. Strata in the Working Class
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1947
    Many of the lowest union officials have been separated from the ranks to some extent and try to keep their jobs to keep the protection and favors which the job gives them. The lowest layers of the union leadership also develop a legitimate organizational loyalty to their union. They are the conscious union propagandists. But while this is a necessity in the building and maintenance of any organization, in times of crisis this loyalty can temporarily retard good union militants from striking out on a new road.
  236. Strike! 
    The True History of Mass Insurgence from 1877 to the Present

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1972   Published: 1997
    A history-from-below that brings to light strikes as authentic revolutionary movements against the establishments of state, capital, and trade unionism.
  237. Strikes, List of
    Connexipedia Article

    Resource Type: Article
    The following is a list of deliberate absence from work related to specific working conditions (strikes) or due to general unhappiness with the political order (general strikes).
  238. Suburban Sweatshops: The Fight for Immigrant Rights
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 2007
    Jennifer Gordon discusses her years spent working with the organization she founded, the Long Island-based Workplace Project.
  239. Sweat and Struggle
    Working Class Struggles In Canada 1789 - 1899

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1974
  240. Syriza and Sanders: "Just Say 'No'" to Neo-liberalism
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2015
    Hopes for Syriza's negotiations with the banking troika in the EU simmered and even boiled over among elements of the left, especially after the vaunted "No" referendum vote suggested that the Greeks would not succumb to another wave of austerity measures but would instead stand firm, even if this meant potentially leaving the EU. We have seen these hopes dashed by the subsequent "negotiations," in which Tsipras seemed to have negotiated backwards, arriving at an agreement that was worse than the one rejected by the Greek voters in the referendum vote.
  241. A Tale of Two Offices
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1977
    Daily life and offices politics viewed through the experience of working in two libraries with very different management styles.
  242. Targeting Iran
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 2007
    A critical analysis of the Bush administration's policies towards Iran.
  243. Technology, the Labor Process, and the Working Class
    Monthly Review July-August 1976

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1976
  244. Theories of Patriarchy
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2006
    The most persistent and widespread theory around the women’s movement today is that of patriarchy. This is justified by pointing to the existence of women’s oppression in societies other than those of western capitalism.
  245. Theses On The Fight Of The Working Class Against Capitalism
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1947
    Extension of the strike to ever larger masses, the only tactics appropriate to wrench concessions from capital, is fundamentally opposed to the Trade Union tactics to restrict the fight and to put an end to it as soon as possible. Such wild strikes in the present times are the only real class fights of the workers against capital. Here they assert their freedom, themselves choosing and directing their actions, not directed by other powers for other interests.
  246. Towards Workers' Climate Action
    Book review

    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2016
    A review of a book and a pamphlet by Paul Hampton, both on the urgent need for workers' action on climate change.
  247. Traces of Magma 
    An Annotated Bibliography of Left Literature

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1983
    An annotated bibliography of left wing novels which deal with the lives of working people during the twentieth century.
  248. Trade Union
    Connexipedia Article

    Resource Type: Article
  249. The Trade Union Movement of Canada, 1827-1959
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1967   Published: 1968
    An account of trade union evolution as a whole for the period 1827-1959, as well as an ouline of continuing sphere's of Labour's effort, such as organization of the unorganized, the fight for better conditions, legislative and political action, peace and Canadian independence.
  250. Travails of U.S. Labor
    Against The Current vol. 84

    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2000
    A Short History of the U.S. Working Class is an excellent introduction for the “workers and students” whom Paul Le Blanc commendably defines as its principal audience. The language is clear and accessible, the text enlivened by illustrations, and perhaps most distinctive and useful are the many pages of reference at the back of the book. These include a bibliographical essay which cites movies as well as books (135-157), a nineteen-page glossary, a timeline of the period from 1775 to 1990, a U.S. labor history chronology, and an unusually comprehensive index.
  251. A Troublemaker's Handbook 
    How to Fight Back Where You Work -- And Win!

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1991   Published: 2005
    An organizing manual for workers dealing with both major issues and everyday problems in the workplace.
  252. 25 Years After the Gdansk Uprising
    Against The Current vol. 121

    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2006
    Suzi Weissman interviews David Ost. The occupation of the Gdansk shipyard by Polish workers in 1980, demanding recognition of their independent trade union Solidarnosc, rocked the Eastern bloc and inspired the world. A quarter century later, Communist rule is only a bad memory but the present realities for the Polish working class are a grim choice between neoliberalism and reactionary psedo-populism. The following interview with David Ost, conducted by Suzi Weissman November 28, 2005 for her radio program “Beneath the Surface” on KPFK in Los Angeles (90.7 FM), explores what’s happened to post-Solidarity Poland. It has been edited for publication here.
  253. Uncommon People
    Resistance, Rebellion and Jazz

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1998
    Essays on the history of working men and women from the late 18th to the late twentieth century discussing British working class traditions, political radicalism of 19th century shoemakers, peasants and politics, revolution, sex and jazz.
  254. Unions vs. Workers in the Seventies
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1972
    The tightly knit structures of the big industrial unions leave no room for maneuvering. There is no reasonable way in which young workers can use the union constitution to overturn and overhaul the union structure. The constitution is against them; the money and jobs available to union bureaucrats are against them. And if these fail, the forces of law and order of city, state and federal governments are against them. If that were not enough, the young workers in the factories today are expressing the instinctive knowledge that even if they gained control of the unions and reformed them completely, they would still end up with unions - organizations which owe their existence to capitalist relations of productions.
  255. Unions with Leaders Who Stay on the Job (a.k.a. Class War Lessons)
    Resource Type: Article
    Stan Weir writes about direct action and on-the-job union leadership as a merchant marine in the 1940s.
  256. Unity Begins Somewhere
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1996
    Though the industrial workers can be as paralyzed as any group of workers in the face of restructuring, though they can lose any particular strike, and though genuine class consciousness is never automatic; whenever there is a major working class upheaval industrial workers play a leading role.
  257. Unity brings strength
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1989
    The NDP puts too much emphasis on electioneering and not enough on economic action.
  258. The Unknown Dimension 
    European Marxism Since Lenin

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1972
    The radical intellectual tradition of European post-Leninist Marxism, so different from the dogma of the orthodox leftist parties, is an unknowwn dimension. This anthology sets out to recover this Marxist tradition and to restore the centrality of Marxist revolutionary thought and practice.
  259. U.S. Labor's Subterranean Fire
    Against The Current vol. 131

    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2007
    The broad outlines of the crisis of the U.S. labor movement -— sharply declining union density, concession bargaining, failures to organize the growing non-union manufacturing and service sectors, the labor officialdom’s reliance on institutionalized labor-management cooperation schemes — are familiar to readers of Against the Current. The roots of this crisis — the dominance of bureaucratic business unionism and the weakness of rank-and file-led reform movements from below — are also well-known.
  260. The Uses of Literacy
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1957
    In this partly autobiographical book Hoggart observes the loss of an authentic popular culture and denounces the imposition of mass culture by the culture industries.
  261. The Wages of Whiteness
    Race and the Making of the American Working Class

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1991
    A book that has reoriented how historians look at the American working class.
  262. What Do We Do Now? Building a Social Movement in the Aftermath of Free Trade 
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1989
    We have the potential to create a social movement in this country that goes beyond single-issue organizing to work toward an integrated vision of a more just and caring society.
  263. What is Class Consciousness?
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1934   Published: 1971
    Critical of what he saw as Marxism's overly materialistic explanations, Reich proposes the perspectives of psychology and psychotherapy could revitalise radical political thought and the socialist movement.
  264. What Is Important?
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1979
    It is necessary to demolish the monstrously false idea that the problems that workers see are not important, that there are more important ones which only "theorists" and politicians can speak about.
  265. What's the Matter with Kansas? 
    How Conservatives Won the Heart of America

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 2004
    Explores the rise of conservative populism in the United States through the lens of Frank's native state of Kansas. According to his analysis, the political discourse of recent decades has dramatically shifted from the class animus of traditional leftism to one in which "explosive" cultural issues, such as abortion and gay marriage, are used to redirect anger towards "liberal elites."
  266. Who Advocates Spontaneity? 
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1973
    The working class can come to understand its power to act only by acting.
  267. Whose side are you on? The mundane decline of labour history
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2011
    The following polemical intervention by Humphrey McQueen is published as a contribution to understanding the nature, and practice, of radical history.
  268. Why environmentalists must support workers' struggles 
    Global Capitalism is the Real Enemy

    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2013
    This is to specifically address class struggle as it relates to the ecological crisis. It will not address all the other (many!) reasons that working class struggle must be waged and supported.
  269. Why Marx Was Right 
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 2011
    Eagleton takes common objections to Marxism and demonstrates how and why they are wrong.
  270. Why the Industrial Working Class Still Matters
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1995
    It is evident today that the vast majority of the population (perhaps 80% of the workforce) live and reproduce themselves only through wage-labor that produces surplus value, regardless of the nature of the commodity (good or service) they produce. Whatever the changing weight of the industrial sector of this enormous, working majority, it is clear that the working class as a whole is proportionately far larger today than at the time of classical Marxist writers.
  271. Why the Working Class? 
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2016
    Workers are at the heart of the capitalist system. And that's why they are at the centre of socialist politics.
  272. Wildcat Strikes in China
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2010
  273. William Morris
    From Romantic to Revolutionary

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1955   Published: 1977
    A biography of the nineteenth-century socialist, designer, artist, and intellectual William Morris.
  274. The William Morris Internet Archive
    Resource Type: Website
    A subarchive of the Marxists Internet Archive, featuring the works of the English socialist, writer, and artist William Morris.
  275. Wobblies & Zapatistas 
    Conversations on Anarchism, Marxism and Radical Theory

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 2008
    Wobblies and Zapatistas offers readers an encounter between two generations and two traditions. Staughton Lynd and Andrej Grubacic meet in dialogue in an effort to bring together the anarchist and Marxist traditions, to discuss the writing of history by those who make it, and to remind us of the idea that 'my country is the world'.
  276. Women at Work - Ontario, 1850- 1930
    Resource Type: Book
  277. Worker-Student Action Committees France May '68 
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1969
    An account of the May-June 1968 events in Paris. The authors state that "our intention is not to 'clarify' the sequence of events which took place in France in order to make possible a ritual repetition of these events, but rather to contrast the limited views we had of the events at the time we were engaged in them, with the views we have gained from further action in different contexts."
  278. Workers Against the Monolith
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1974
    How the so-called Communist parties became forces of order and counter-revolution.
  279. The workers' government
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2007
    The biggest far left organisations in Italy to emerge from the great wave of struggle from 1968 to 1975 changed their strategy to one of focussing on the formation of a ‘left’ government within the existing parliamentary set-up.
  280. Workers have to deal with their own reality and that transforms them
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1997
    I think self-activity is the response of working people to the nature of their lives and work. Sometimes it's good, sometimes it's bad, sometimes it's quiet. Part of the reality is that we're going through a considerable technological revolution, which means that experiences, even jobs, that people depended on and know about, begin to disappear. To expect workers to say, "Yesterday, they automated my factory; today, I know exactly what to do about it," is Utopian. It takes a while. It takes a generation. Workers will learn.
  281. A Workers' Inquiry
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1880
  282. Workers of America, Unite! Racism is a Trade Union Issue
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2015
    The American working class is the most powerful in the world, is the most productive in the world and we operate the largest and most profitable economy in the world. American workers are also represented by national unions that have the most resources, the biggest staffs and the largest bank accounts, greater than any other trade unions in the world. Yet, without question, American labour is politically the weakest in the world among the large economies, largely because we remain so violently divided.
  283. Workers and Trade Unions for Climate Solidarity
    Tackling climate change in a neoliberal world

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 2015
    Paul Hampton, a Marxist trade union researcher in Britain, addresses the role of workers in the climate justice movement, as well as the tasks of revolutionaries.
  284. The Working Class and Social Change
    Four Essays on the Working Class

    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1975
    A study of "The Working Class," and the complexities of its definition as economic categories diffused from profound bases of social demarcation during the 1960's.
  285. Working Class Communism
    A Review of the Literature

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1971
  286. Working Class Experience 
    Rethinking the History of Canadian Labour, 1800-1991

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1983   Published: 1992
    From nineteenth-century tavern life to late twentieth-century cinema, from rough canallers and the first stirrings of craft unionism to contemporary public-sector strikes, this books provides a sweeping interpretive study of the history of the Canadian working class since 1800.
  287. Working Class Hero
    A New Strategy for Labor

    Resource Type: Book
  288. Working Class Toronto at the Turn of the Century
    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1973
  289. The working class, trade unions and the left: the contours of resistance
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 2013
    Vernell talks about the attacks of the British government to stabilise capitalism, as well as the response of the working class.
  290. Working For Wages
    The Roots of Insurgency

    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1999
    One of the crucial elements of our subject is contradiction. It is the element that is most difficult for traditional social science to comprehend and deal with. As a result, the conclusions and findings of academic research tend to be tentative and conservative.... The ordinary understanding of working-class activity is based on the idea that consciousness leads to, or causes, action. It would seem more valid to say that action leads to consciousness or, more precisely, that activity and consciousness interact in ways that are rarely predictable.
  291. Working Hours
    Resource Type: Article
    In this article written around 1972, Guido Viale, a member of the Italian socialist group Lotta Continua, discusses the struggle for less work and shorter hours.
  292. Working in Steel
    The Early Years in Canada, 1883-1935

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1988
    Examines the huge steel plants that were built at the turn of the twentieth century in Sydney and New Glasgow, Nova Scotia, and Trenton, Hamilton, and Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario. Emphasizes the importance of changes in the work world for the larger patterns of working-class life.
  293. Working People
    An Illustrated History of Canadian Labour

    Resource Type: Book
    First Published: 1980
  294. The Writings of David Roediger
    Resource Type: Article
    First Published: 1997
    Roediger criticizes Marxists for too often reducing racial discrimination to conflicts over resources, such as jobs or housing, that are manipulated by a society's upper classes in order to divert attention from the real sources of inequality. Such a focus, he argues, ignores the manner in which race and racial consciousness is integrally tied to class formation and working-class consciousness.

Experts on Clase obrera in the Sources Directory

  1. International Labour Organization
  2. International Labor Rights Forum
  3. Marxists Internet Archive

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