The Lands We Lost

Ware, Reuben
Publisher:  Union of British Columbia Indian Chiefs, Vancouver, Canada
Year Published:  1974  
Pages:  278pp   Price:  15  
Resource Type:  Book
Cx Number:  CX878

The Lands We Lost is a history of the cut-off lands and land losses from Indian reserves in British Columbia.

Abstract:  The Lands We Lost is a history of the cut-off lands and land losses from Indian reserves in British Columbia. "Cut-off" lands are defined as any lands taken from a reserve, or lands lost after establishment of the reserve system (as distinct from aboriginal land claims), e.g. by encroachment of whites, government surveys, Federal Orders-in-Council under the Indian Act, and especially the historic McKenna-McBride Royal Commission on Indian Affairs in British Columbia (this last amounting to a loss of over 36,000 acres including the abolition of entire reserves).

The text examines methods of cut-offs, cites major examples of each, and suggests, future research directions relevant to contemporary land claims. The study begins in pre-colonial British Columbia (1850-71) and documents Federal-Provincial conflicts over India lands through the era of the Indian Reserve Commission (1871-1912), the McKenna-McBride Commission (1912-16), and beyond (since 1924). The period since 1924 includes references to surveys; Provincial Orders-in-Council; surrenders/sales under the Indian Act; pipelines, hydro lines, and other rights of way; War Measures Act; and forced removal.

The book has four parts: I. Introduction - Land Lost From Indian Reserves; II. Historical Survey of Reserve Land Policy; III. Appendices (12, the bulk of which relate to the McKenna-McBride Commission); IV. Band Index.

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