Behemoth
The Structure and Practice of National Socialism 1933-1944

Neumann, Franz
Publisher:  Happer Torchbooks, New York, USA
Year Published:  1966   First Published:  1942
Pages:  649pp  
Resource Type:  Book
Cx Number:  CX7317

A study of the structure of German Nazism.

Abstract: 
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Table of Contents

Notes on the Name Behemoth

Introduction: The Collapse of the Weimar Republic
The Empire
The Structure of the Weimar Democracy
The Social Forces
The Decline of Organized Labour
The Counter-Revolution
The Collapse of the Democracy
A Tentative Summary


Part I: The Political Pattern of National Socialism

The Totalitarian State:
The Techniques of Anti -Democratic Constitutional Thought
The Totaliatarioan State
The Synchronization of Political Life
The Totalitarian State in the War

The Revolt of the Party and the 'Movement' State:
The Ideological Protest against the Totalitarian State
The Tripartite State
The Party and the State
The S.S and the Hitler Youth
The Party and the Other Services
Party and State in Italy
The Rational Bureaucracy

The Charismatic Leader in the Leadership State:
The Constitutional Function of the Leader
Luther and Calvin
The Thaumaturgic Kings
The Psychology of Charisma

The Racial People, the Source of Charisma:
Nation and Race
Racism in Germany
Anti-Semitic Theories
Blood Puridication and Anti-Jewish Legislation
Aryanization of Jewish Property
The Philosophy of Anti-Semitism

The Grossdeutsche Reich (Living Space and the Germanic Monroe Doctrine)
The Medieval Heritage
Geopolitics
Population Pressure
The New International Law
The Breaking of the Fetters of Bersailles
The New Neutrality and the Just War
The Germanic Monroe Doctrine
The Folk Group versus Minority
Folk International Law and State Sovereignty
The Scope and Character of the Grossdeutsche Reich

The Theory of Racial Imperialism:
Democracy and Imperialism
The Poletatrian Folk angainst Plutocracies
Pseudo-Marxist Elements in the Social Imperialist Theory
Nationalist Forerunners of Scial Imperialism
German Imperialism
The Social Democrats and Imperialism
Racial Imperialism and the Masses


Part Two: Totalitarian Monopolistic Economy

An Economy Without Economics?
State Capitalism
A National Socialist Economic Theory: The Myth of the Corporate State


The Organization of Business:
The Political Status of Business in the Weimar Re-public
The Political Organization of Business under National Socialism
The Groups
The Chambers
The Executive Machinery of the State
Machinery of Rationalization
Control of Raw Materials
Summary

The Monopolistic Economy:
Property and Contract (Economics and Politics)
The Cartel Policy of National Socialism
The Bruning Dictatorship and the Cartel
The Purge of the Chiesler
Compulsory Cartellization
Preparedness, War, and Cartels
Cartels and Groups
The Growth of Monopolies
Aryanization
Germanization
Technological Changes and Monopolization
The Financing of the New Industries
The Elimination of Small business
The Corporation Structure
Who Are the Monopolists?

The Command Economy:
The Nationalized Sector
The Party Sector (The Goring Combine)
Price Control and the Market
Profits, Investments, and he End of Finance Capitalism
Foreign Trade, Autarky, and Imperialism
The control of labor
The utilization of Man-Power
Fight for Higher Productivity
Conclusion
Efficiency
Profit Motive
Structure
The Failure of Democratic Planning


Part Three: The New Society
The Ruling Class 365

The Ministerial Bureaucracy
The Party Hierarchy
The Civil Services and the Party
The Armed Forces and the Party
The Industrial Leadership
The Agrarian Leadership
The Continental Oil Corporation as a Model for the New Ruling Class


The Ruled Classes 400

National Socialist Principles of Organization
The Working Class under the Weimar Democracy
The Labor Front
The Labor Law
Plant community and Plant Leader
The Plant
The Honor Labor and the Labor Courts
The Regimentation of Leisure
Wages and Incomes as means of Mass Domination
Propaganda and Violence
National Socialist Law and Terror


Behemoth

Behemoth:
Has Germany a Political Theory
Is Germany a State
What Are the Developmental Trends in this Structure?



Notes:
Appendix

Part One

The Political Pattern of National Socialism

The Totalitarian State in the War
The National Leadership
The Formation of the Political Will
Inspector Generals, Commissioners, and Cabinet
The Interior Ministry
The Regional Organization of the Reich
Unification, the Encroachment of the Gau, and National Defense Commissars



The Party as a Machine:
The Reich Leaders
Prominent Nazis in the Government
The Gauleiter
The Party Outside Germany:
The Foreign Organization
The Party in Occupied Europe
The Party Membership







The Rise of Himmler, The Police and S.S.
The Police:
The Order Police
The Security Police and the Security Service
The S.S.


Anti-Semitism

The Scope and Character of the Grossdeutsche Reich:

Types of Territory under German Control-Survey
The Nazi Theory of Military Government
The Administrative Control of the Occupied Territories
The Reich Ministry of the Interior as the Co-ordinating Agency
Annexed and Incorporated Territories
Territories in the Process of Annexation and Incorporation
Appended Territories
Occupied Territories
The Exploitation of Occupied Europe
Political Controls
Economic Controls
In Search of Co-operation with Occupied Europe


Part Two

Totalitarian Monopolistic Economy

Introduction:
The Reorganization of 1942 and the Edict of 2 September 1943

Control Institutions:
The Central Economic Controls and the Ministry for Armaments and War Production
Planing Offices
The Ministry for Armaments and War Production
The War Economy and Armament Office of the Supreme Command of the Armed Forces
The Four Year Plan Office
Commissioners Directly Responsible to Hitler
The Ministry of Economics
The Ministry for Food and Agriculture
Transportation, Power, and Building Controls
The Self-government of Industry
Cartels
Reichsvereinigungen



Methods of Control:
Raw-Material Control
Price and Profit Control


Concentration of Capital:
Rationalization
The Comb-out
Combines and Corporations


Labor Controls:
The Supreme Control Agencies
Labor Exchanges and Trustees of Labor
The Labor Chambers of the German Labor Front
Foreign Labor



Part Three

The New Society

The New Society:
Social Stratification according to the Census of 1939
The Middle Classes
The Civil Service
The Judiciary
The Ruling Class

Index


Subject Headings

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