Marx and Engels Collected Works Volume 35
Capital Volume 1

Marx, Karl
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Publisher:  Progress Publishers
Pages:  852pp   ISBN:  0-7178-0535-2 (v. 35)
Resource Type:  Book
Cx Number:  CX6404

Capital. Volume 1.

Abstract: 
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Table of Contents

Karl Marx
CAPITAL, Volume I

Preface to the First German Edition (Marx) 7
Afterword to the Second German Edition (Marx) 12
Preface to the French Edition (Marx) 23
Afterword to the French Edition (Marx) 24
Preface to the Third German Edition (Engels) 27
Preface to the English Edition (Engels) 30
Preface to the Fourth German Edition (Engels) 37
Book I: The Process of Production of Capital
Part I: Commodities and Money
Chapter I Commodities 45

Section 1. The Two Factors of a Commodity: Use Value and Value (the Substance Of Value and the Magnitude of Value)
45

Section 2. The Twofold Character of the Labour Embodied in Commodities
51

Section 3. The Form of Value or Exchange Value
57

A. Elementary or Accidental Form of Value
58

1. The Two Poles of the Expression of Value: Relative Form and Equivalent Form
58

2. The Relative Form of Value
59

(a.) The Nature and Import of This Form
59

(b.) Quantitative Determination of Relative Value
63

3. The Equivalent Form of Value
65

4. The Elementary Form Of Value Considered as a Whole
70

B. Total or Expanded Form of Value
73

1. The Expanded Relative Form of Value
73

2. The Particular Equivalent Form
74

3. Defects of the Total or Expanded Form of Value
74

C. The General Form of Value
75

1. The Altered Character of the Form of Value
76

2. The Interdependent Development of the Relative Form of Value, and Of the Equivalent Form
78

3. Transition from the General Form of Value to the Money Form
80

D. The Money Form
80

Section 4. The Fetishism of Commodities and the Secret Thereof
81
Chapter II. Exchange 94
Chapter III. Money, or the Circulation of Commodities 103

Section 1. The Measure of Values
103

Section 2. The Medium of Circulation
113

a. The Metamorphosis of Commodities
113

b. The Currency of Money
124

c. Coin and Symbols of Value
135

Section 3. Money
140

a. Hoarding
140

b. Means of Payment
145

c. Universal Money
153
Part II: The Transformation of Money into Capital
Chapter IV The General Formula for Capital 157
Chapter V Contradictions in the General Formula of Capital 149
Chapter VI The Buying and Selling of Labour Power 177
Part III: The Production of Absolute Surplus Value
Chapter VII The Labour Process and the Process of Producing Surplus Value 187

Section 1. The Labour Process or the Production of Use Values
187

Section 2. The Production of Surplus Value
196
Chapter VIII Constant Capital and Variable Capital 209
Chapter IX The Rate of Surplus Value 221

Section 1. The Degree of Exploitation of Labour Power
221

Section 2. The Representation of the Components of the Value of the Product by Corresponding Proportional Parts of the Product Itself
230

Section 3. Senior's "Last Hour"
233

Section 4. Surplus Produce
238
Chapter X The Working Day 239

Section 1. The Limits of the Working Day
239

Section 2. The Greed for Surplus Labour. Manufacturer and Boyard
243

Section 3. Branches of English Industry Without Legal Limits to Exploitation
251

Section 4. Day and Night Work. The Relay System
263

Section 5. The Struggle for a Normal Working Day. Compulsory Laws for the Extension of the Working Day from the Middle of the 14th to the End of the 17th Century
270

Section 6. The Struggle for the Normal Working Day. Compulsory Limitation by Law of the Working Time. The English Factory Acts, 1833 to 1864
283

Section 7. The Struggle for the Normal Working Day. Reaction of the English Factory Acts on Other Countries
302
Chapter XI Rate and Mass of Surplus Value 307
PART IV: PRODUCTION OF RELATIVE SURPLUS VALUE
Chapter XII The Concept of Relative Surplus Value 317
Chapter XIII Co-operation 326
Chapter XIV Division of Labour and Manufacture 341

Section 1. Two-fold Origin of Manufacture
341

Section 2. The Detail Labourer and his Implements
344

Section 3. The Two Fundamental Forms of Manufacture: Heterogeneous Manufacture, Serial Manufacture
347

Section 4. Division of Labour in Manufacture, and Division of Labour in Society
356

Section 5. The Capitalistic Character of Manufacture
364
Chapter XV Machinery and Modern Industry 374

Section 1. The Development of Machinery
374

Section 2. The Value Transferred by Machinery to the Product
389

Section 3. The Proximate Effects of Machinery on the Workman
397

a. Appropriation of Supplementary Labour Power by Capital. The Employment of Women and Children
398

b. Prolongation of the Working Day
406

c. Intensification of Labour
412

Section 4. The Factory
420

Section 5. The Strife Between Workman and Machine
430

Section 6. The Theory of Compensation as Regards the Workpeople Displaced by Machinery
440

Section 7. Repulsion and Attraction Of Workpeople by the Factory System. Crises in the Cotton Trade
450

Section 8. Revolution Effected in Manufacture, Handicrafts, and Domestic Industry by Modern Industry
462

a. Overthrow of Co-operation Based on Handicraft and on the Division of Labour
462

b. Reaction of the Factory System on Manufacture and Domestic Industries
464

c. Modern Manufacture
466

d. Modern Domestic Industry
468

e. Passage of Modern Manufacture, and Domestic Industry into Modern Mechanical Industry. The Hastening of This Revolution by the Application Of the Factory Acts to Those Industries
473

Section 9. The Factory Acts Sanitary and Educational Clauses of the Same Their General Extension in England
483

Section l0. Modern Industry and Agriculture
505
PART V: THE PRODUCTION OF ABSOLUTE and RELATIVE SURPLUS VALUE
Chapter XVI Absolute and Relative Surplus Value 509
Chapter XVII Changes Of Magnitude in the Price of Labour Power and in Surplus Value 519

I. Length of the Working Day and Intensity of Labour Constant Productiveness of Labour Variable
520

II. Working Day Constant. Productiveness of Labour Constant. Intensity of Labour Variable
524

III. Productiveness and Intensity of Labour Constant. Length of the Working Day Variable
526

IV. Simultaneous Variations in the Duration, Productiveness, and Intensity of Labour
527

(1.) Diminishing Productiveness of Labour with a Simultaneous Lengthening of the Working Day
528

(2.) Increasing Intensity and Productiveness of Labour with Simultaneous Shortening of the Working Day
530
Chapter XVIII Various Formulae for the Rate of Surplus Value 531
Part VI: Wages
Chapter XIX The Transformation of the Value (and Respectively the Price) of Labour Power into Wages 535
Chapter XX Time Wages 542
Chapter XXI Piece Wages 550
Chapter XXII National Differences of Wages 558
Part VII: The Accumulation of Capital
Chapter XXIII Simple Reproduction 565
Chapter XXIV Conversion of Surplus Value into Capital 578

Section 1. Capitalist Production on a Progressively Increasing Scale. Transition of the Laws of Property that Characterise Production of Commodities into Laws of Capitalist Appropriation
578

Section 2. Erroneous Conception, by Political Economy, of Reproduction on a Progressively Increasing Scale
584

Section 3. Separation of Surplus Value into Capital and Revenue. The Abstinence Theory
587

Section 4. Circumstances that, Independently of the Proportional Division Of Surplus Value into Capital and Revenue Determine the Amount of Accumulation. Degree of Exploitation of Labour Power. Productivity of Labour. Growing Difference in Amount Between Capital Employed and Capital Consumed. Magnitude of Capital Advanced
595

Section 5. The So-called Labour Fund
604
Chapter XXV The General Law of Capitalist Accumulation 607

Section 1. The Increased Demand for Labour Power that Accompanies Accumulation, the Composition of Capital Remaining the Same
607

Section 2. Relative Diminution of the Variable Part of Capital Simultaneously with the Progress of Accumulation and of the Concentration that Accompanies it
616

Section 3. Progressive Production of a Relative Surplus Population or Industrial Reserve Army
623

Section 4. Different Forms of the Relative Surplus Population. The General Law of Capitalistic Accumulation
634

Section 5. Illustrations of the General Law of Capitalist Accumulation
642

(a) England from 1846 - 1866
642

(b) The Badly Paid Strata of the British Industrial Class
648

(c) The Nomad Population
657

(d) Effect of Crises on the Best Paid Part of the Working Class
660

(e) The British Agricultural Proletariat
665

(f) Ireland
688
Part VIII: The So-Called Primitive Accumulation
Chapter XXVI The Secret of Primitive Accumulation 704
Chapter XXVII Expropriation of the Agricultural Population from the Land 707
Chapter XXVIII Bloody Legislation Against the Expropriated, from the End of the 15th Century. Forcing down of Wages by Acts of Parliament 723
Chapter XIX Genesis of the Capitalist Farmer 731
Chapter XXX Reaction of the Agricultural Revolution on Industry. Creation of the Home Market for Industrial Capital 733
Chapter XXXI Genesis of the Industrial Capitalist 738
Chapter XXXII Historical Tendency of Capitalist Accumulation 748
Chapter XXXIII The Modern Theory of Colonisation 751


Notes and Indexes
Notes 765
Name Index 808
Index of Quoted and Mentioned Literature 816
Index of Periodicals 852


Illustrations
Title Page of the First German Edition of Volume I of Capital 2
Marx's letter to Lachatre of March 18, 1872, the facsimile of which is given in the French edition of Volume I of Capital 25
Title page of the first English edition of Volume I of Capital 31

Subject Headings