Pakistan: Bloody Origins of the Z.A. Bhutto Regime
Part One: Hidden History of the 1968-69 Workers Upsurge
Publisher: Workers Vanguard
Date Written: 28/11/2014
Year Published: 2014 First Published: 2013
Resource Type: Article
Cx Number: CX17721
Pakistans 1965 war with India over Kashmir -- a reactionary war in which the working class had no side -- was a key turning point in Bhuttos career. The Pakistani military's poor showing provoked a bitter backlash against the regime among much of the population. Following the signing of a January 1966 armistice agreement in Tashkent, student demonstrations erupted in cities throughout the country. Despite being a principal architect of the war, Bhutto emerged as a national hero, denouncing the Tashkent accords (which he had helped negotiate) and accusing the regime of having given away at the peace table what the generals claimed they had won on the battlefield. In November 1967, Bhutto launched his Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) based on a combination of virulent anti-Indian chauvinism, "socialist" demagogy and paeans to Islam.